Prefecture-level city

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Prefecture-level municipality
Prefecture-level city
Prefectural-level city
China Prefectural-level cities.png
Simplified Chinese 地级市
Traditional Chinese 地級市
Literal meaning Regional-level municipality
A road sign shows distance to the "Huangshi urban area" (黄石市区) rather than simply "Huangshi" (黄石). This is a useful distinction, because the sign is located already within Huangshi prefectural level city (immediately upon entering its Yangxin County from the neighboring Xianning), but still 100 kilometres (62 mi) from the Huangshi main urban area.

A prefectural-level municipality (Chinese: 地级市), prefectural-level city or prefectural city; formerly known as province-controlled city (Chinese: 省辖市) from 1949 to 1983, is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China (PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure. Prefectural level cities form the second level of the administrative structure (alongside prefectures, leagues and autonomous prefectures). Administrative chiefs (mayors) of prefectural level cities generally have the same rank as a division chief (Chinese: 司长) of a national ministry. Since the 1980s, most former prefectures have been renamed into prefectural level cities.

A prefectural level city is a "city" (Chinese: ; pinyin: shì) and "prefecture" (Chinese: 地区; pinyin: dìqū) that have been merged into one unified jurisdiction. As such it is simultaneously a city, which is a municipal entry with subordinate districts, and a prefecture with subordinate county-level cities and counties which is an administrative division of a province.

A prefectural level city is often not a "city" in the usual sense of the term (i.e., a large continuous urban settlement), but instead an administrative unit comprising, typically, a main central urban area (a city in the usual sense, usually with the same name as the prefectural level city), and its much larger surrounding rural area containing many smaller cities, towns and villages. The larger prefectural level cities span over 100 kilometres (62 mi).

Prefectural level cities nearly always contain multiple counties, county level cities, and other such sub-divisions. This results from the fact that the formerly predominant prefectures, which prefectural level cities have mostly replaced, were themselves large administrative units containing cities, smaller towns, and rural areas. To distinguish a prefectural level city from its actual urban area (city in the strict sense), the term 市区 shìqū ("urban area"), is used.

The first prefectural level cities were created on 5 November 1983. Over the following two decades, prefectural level cities have come to replace the vast majority of Chinese prefectures; the process is still ongoing.

Most provinces are composed entirely or nearly entirely of prefectural level cities. Of the 22 provinces and 5 autonomous regions of the PRC, only 9 provinces (Yunnan, Guizhou, Qinghai, Heilongjiang, Sichuan, Gansu, Jilin, Hubei, Hunan) and 3 autonomous regions (Xinjiang, Tibet, Inner Mongolia) have at least one or more second level or prefectural level divisions that are not prefectural level cities.

Criteria that a prefecture must meet to become a prefectural level city:

  • An urban centre with a non-rural population over 250,000
  • gross output of value of industry of 200,000,000 RMB (US$32 million)
  • the output of tertiary industry supersedes that of primary industry, contributing over 35% of the GDP[1]

15 large prefectural level cities have been granted the status of sub-provincial city, which gives them much greater autonomy.

Shijiazhuang and Zhengzhou are the largest prefectural level cities with populations approaching or exceeding some sub-provincial cities.

A sub-prefecture-level city is a county-level city with powers approaching those of prefectural level cities.

Classification[edit]

There are total of three classification of prefecture-level city:

Cartographic expression and statistics[edit]

In Europe and North America, cities are generally represented as points, while counties are represented as areas. Thus, Bloomington, Indiana is indicated on the map by a point, which is distinct from, and enclosed by, the area of Monroe County, Indiana. In China, however, large cities such as City of Xianning may, in reality, contain both urban and rural elements. Moreover, they may enclose counties or other cities. On a less detailed map, City of Xianning would be indicated by a point, more or less corresponding to the coordinates of its city government. Other populous areas may also be exhibited as points, such as County of Tongshan, with no indication that County of Tongshan is, in fact, enclosed by City of Xianning. On a more detailed map, City of Xianning would be drawn as an area, similar to a county of the United States, and County of Tongshan would be drawn as a smaller area within City of Xianning.

This convention may lead to difficulty in the identification of places mentioned in older sources. For example, Guo Moruo writes that he was born in Town of Shawan, within Prefecture of Leshan, and attended primary school in Town of Jiading. A modern map is unlikely to show either town: Shawan, because it is too small, and Jiading, because it is the seat of City of Leshan, and is therefore indicated on the map by a point labelled "Leshan." A more detailed map would show Shawan as a district within City of Leshan, but Jiading would still be missing.

Statistics of China such as population and industrial activity are generally reported along prefectural city lines. Thus, the relatively unknown City of Huangshi has 2.5 million residents, more than most European capitals, but upon closer inspection, the city covers an area almost 100 kilometers across. Furthermore, Huangshi contains several other cities, such as City of Daye. If a person wished to calculate the population of the urban area of Huangshi, and had a map of Huangshi, and a table of its population by district, the task might not be easy. The urban area might be split between several districts, and some of those districts may include rural elements as well.

Prefecture-level city list[edit]

As of February 2016, there are 293 Prefecture-level city in total:

City Chinese Province Area
(K㎡)
Founded
(PRC)
Former divisions
Anqing 安庆市 Anhui 13,528 1979-11-04 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Bengbu 蚌埠市 Anhui 5,912 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Bozhou 亳州市 Anhui 8,429 2000-05-21 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Chizhou 池州市 Anhui 8,272 2000-06-25 Reorganized from Chizhou Prefecture (池州地区)
Chuzhou 滁州市 Anhui 13,398 1992-12-20 Reorganized from Chuxian Prefecture (滁县地区)
Fuyang 阜阳市 Anhui 9,775 1996-01-01 Reorganized from Fuyang Prefecture (阜阳地区)
Hefei 合肥市 Anhui 11,496 1949-10-01 Carved out of Hefei County (合肥县)
Huaibei 淮北市 Anhui 2,732 1960-04-16 Upgraded from Huaibei Mining District (淮北矿区)
Huainan 淮南市 Anhui 5,650 1952-06-02 Upgraded from Huainan Mining District (淮南矿区)
Huangshan 黄山市 Anhui 9,807 1987-11-27 Reorganized from Huizhou Prefecture (徽州地区)
Lu'an 六安市 Anhui 15,452 1999-09-02 Reorganized from Lu'an Prefecture (六安地区)
Ma'anshan 马鞍山市 Anhui 4,042 1956-10-12 Upgraded from Ma'anshan Mining District (马鞍山矿区)
Suzhou 宿州市 Anhui 9,787 1998-12-06 Reorganized from Suxian Prefecture (宿县地区)
Tongling 铜陵市 Anhui 3,008 1971-12-11 Reorganized from Tongling Prefecture (铜陵特区)
Wuhu 芜湖市 Anhui 5,987 1972-12-30 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Xuancheng 宣城市 Anhui 12,340 2000-06-25 Reorganized from Xuancheng Prefecture (宣城地区)
Fuzhou 福州市 Fujian 11,788 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Longyan 龙岩市 Fujian 19,052 1996-11-20 Reorganized from Longyan Prefecture (龙岩地区)
Nanping 南平市 Fujian 26,312 1994-09-05 Reorganized from Nanping Prefecture (南平地区)
Ningde 宁德市 Fujian 13,644 1999-11-14 Reorganized from Ningde Prefecture (宁德地区)
Putian 莆田市 Fujian 3,895 1983-09-09 Carved out of Putian County (莆田县)
Quanzhou 泉州市 Fujian 10,864 1985-05-14 Reorganized from Jinjiang Prefecture (晋江地区)
Sanming 三明市 Fujian 23,191 1983-04-28 Reorganized from Sanming Prefecture (三明地区)
Xiamen 厦门市 Fujian 1,516 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Zhangzhou 漳州市 Fujian 12,608 1985-05-14 Reorganized from Longxi Prefecture (龙溪地区)
Baiyin 白银市 Gansu 21,210 1985-05-14 Upgraded from Baiyin District, Lanzhou (兰州市白银区)
Dingxi 定西市 Gansu 20,330 2003-04-04 Reorganized from Dingxi Prefecture (定西地区)
Jiayuguan 嘉峪关市 Gansu 2,935 1971-09-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Jinchang 金昌市 Gansu 8,927 1981-02-09 Carved out of Yongchang County (永昌县)
Jiuquan 酒泉市 Gansu 189,997 2002-06-18 Reorganized from Jiuquan Prefecture (酒泉地区)
Lanzhou 兰州市 Gansu 13,083 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Longnan 陇南市 Gansu 27,838 2004-01-11 Reorganized from Longnan Prefecture (陇南地区)
Pingliang 平凉市 Gansu 11,169 2002-06-02 Reorganized from Pingliang Prefecture (平凉地区)
Qingyang 庆阳市 Gansu 27,119 2002-06-22 Reorganized from Qingyang Prefecture (庆阳地区)
Tianshui 天水市 Gansu 14,431 1985-07-08 Reorganized from Tianshui Prefecture (天水地区)
Wuwei 武威市 Gansu 33,238 2001-05-09 Reorganized from Wuwei Prefecture (武威地区)
Zhangye 张掖市 Gansu 40,826 2002-03-01 Reorganized from Zhangye Prefecture (张掖地区)
Chaozhou 潮州市 Guangdong 3,098 1991-12-07 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Dongguan 东莞市 Guangdong 2,512 1988-01-07 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Foshan 佛山市 Guangdong 3,875 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Guangzhou 广州市 Guangdong 7,436 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Heyuan 河源市 Guangdong 15,644 1988-01-07 Upgraded from Heyuan County (河源县)
Huizhou 惠州市 Guangdong 11,159 1988-01-07 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Jiangmen 江门市 Guangdong 9,554 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Jieyang 揭阳市 Guangdong 5,269 1991-12-07 Upgraded from Jieyang County (揭阳县)
Maoming 茂名市 Guangdong 11,345 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Meizhou 梅州市 Guangdong 15,925 1988-01-07 Reorganized from Meixian Prefecture (梅县地区)
Qingyuan 清远市 Guangdong 19,265 1988-01-07 Upgraded from Qingyuan County (清远县)
Shantou 汕头市 Guangdong 2,123 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Shanwei 汕尾市 Guangdong 4,957 1988-01-07 Carved out of Haifeng County (海丰县)
Shaoguan 韶关市 Guangdong 18,398 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Shenzhen 深圳市 Guangdong 2,019.95 1979-03-05 Upgraded from Bao'an County (宝安县)
Yangjiang 阳江市 Guangdong 8,006 1988-01-07 Upgraded from Jieyang County (阳江县)
Yunfu 云浮市 Guangdong 7,778 1994-04-05 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Zhanjiang 湛江市 Guangdong 11,692 1975-11-22 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Zhaoqing 肇庆市 Guangdong 15,006 1988-01-07 Reorganized from Zhaoqing Prefecture (肇庆地区)
Zhongshan 中山市 Guangdong 1,770 1988-01-07 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Zhuhai 珠海市 Guangdong 1,696 1979-03-05 Upgraded from Zhuhai County (珠海县)
Baise 百色市 Guangxi 36,206 2002-06-02 Reorganized from Baise Prefecture (百色地区)
Beihai 北海市 Guangxi 3,337 1983-10-08 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Chongzuo 崇左市 Guangxi 17,331 2002-12-23 Reorganized from Nanning Prefecture (南宁地区)
Fangchenggang 防城港市 Guangxi 6,227 1993-05-23 Upgraded from Fangcheng County (防城县) & Fangcheng Port District (防城港区)
Guigang 贵港市 Guangxi 10,596 1995-10-27 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Guilin 桂林市 Guangxi 27,809 1961-11-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Hechi 河池市 Guangxi 33,494 2002-06-18 Reorganized from Hechi Prefecture (河池地区)
Hezhou 贺州市 Guangxi 11,855 2002-06-18 Reorganized from Hezhou Prefecture (贺州地区)
Laibin 来宾市 Guangxi 13,386 2002-09-29 Reorganized from Liuzhou Prefecture (柳州地区)
Liuzhou 柳州市 Guangxi 18,652 1961-11-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Nanning 南宁市 Guangxi 22,341 1961-12-23 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Qinzhou 钦州市 Guangxi 10,783 1994-06-28 Reorganized from Qinzhou Prefecture (钦州地区)
Wuzhou 梧州市 Guangxi 12,582 1961-11-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Yulin 玉林市 Guangxi 12,839 1997-04-22 Reorganized from Yulin Prefecture (玉林地区)
Anshun 安顺市 Guizhou 9,269 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Anshun Prefecture (安顺地区)
Bijie 毕节市 Guizhou 26,852 2011-10-22 Reorganized from Bijie Prefecture (毕节地区)
Guiyang 贵阳市 Guizhou 8,035 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Liupanshui 六盘水市 Guizhou 9,914 1978-12-18 Reorganized from Liupanshui Prefecture (六盘水地区)
Tongren 铜仁市 Guizhou 18,002 2011-10-22 Reorganized from Tongren Prefecture (铜仁地区)
Zunyi 遵义市 Guizhou 30,750.41 1997-06-10 Reorganized from Zunyi Prefecture (遵义地区)
Danzhou 儋州市 Hainan 3,400 2015-02-19 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Haikou 海口市 Hainan 2,315 1986-05-31 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Sansha 三沙市 Hainan 13 2012-06-21 Upgraded from XNZ Islands Authority (西沙群岛、南沙群岛、中沙群岛办事处)
Sanya 三亚市 Hainan 1,918 1987-11-20 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Baoding 保定市 Hebei 22,135 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Cangzhou 沧州市 Hebei 13,488 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Chengde 承德市 Hebei 39,719 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Handan 邯郸市 Hebei 12,066.18 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Hengshui 衡水市 Hebei 8,758 1996-05-31 Reorganized from Hengshui Prefecture (衡水地区)
Langfang 廊坊市 Hebei 6,420 1988-09-13 Reorganized from Langfang Prefecture (廊坊地区)
Qinhuangdao 秦皇岛市 Hebei 7,813 1983-03-03 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Shijiazhuang 石家庄市 Hebei 14,530 1978-03-11 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Tangshan 唐山市 Hebei 13,829 1978-03-11 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Xingtai 邢台市 Hebei 12,143 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Zhangjiakou 张家口市 Hebei 36,303 1983-11-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Daqing 大庆市 Heilongjiang 21,643 1965-12-28 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Harbin 哈尔滨市 Heilongjiang 53,186 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Hegang 鹤岗市 Heilongjiang 14,665 1966-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Heihe 黑河市 Heilongjiang 68,285 1993-02-08 Reorganized from Heihe Prefecture (黑河地区)
Jiamusi 佳木斯市 Heilongjiang 32,470 1983-10-08 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Jixi 鸡西市 Heilongjiang 22,551 1966-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Mudanjiang 牡丹江市 Heilongjiang 38,827 1983-10-08 Reorganized from Mudanjiang Prefecture (牡丹江地区)
Qiqihar 齐齐哈尔市 Heilongjiang 44,287 1964-01-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Qitaihe 七台河市 Heilongjiang 6,221 1983-10-08 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Shuangyashan 双鸭山市 Heilongjiang 22,802 1966-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Suihua 绥化市 Heilongjiang 35,211 1999-12-28 Reorganized from Suihua Prefecture (绥化地区)
Yichun 伊春市 Heilongjiang 32,800 1979-12-14 Reorganized from Yichun Prefecture (伊春地区)
Anyang 安阳市 Henan 7,355 1982-03-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Hebi 鹤壁市 Henan 2,299 1974-01-19 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Jiaozuo 焦作市 Henan 4,072 1974-01-19 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Kaifeng 开封市 Henan 6,247 1961-12-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Luohe 漯河市 Henan 2,617 1986-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Luoyang 洛阳市 Henan 15,492 1964-04-30 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Nanyang 南阳市 Henan 26,591 1994-07-01 Reorganized from Nanyang Prefecture (南阳地区)
Pingdingshan 平顶山市 Henan 7,874 1969-03-15 Reorganized from Pingdingshan Prefecture (平顶山特区)
Puyang 濮阳市 Henan 4,266 1983-09-01 Upgraded from Puyang County (濮阳县)
Sanmenxia 三门峡市 Henan 10,475 1986-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Shangqiu 商丘市 Henan 10,658 1997-06-10 Reorganized from Shangqiu Prefecture (商丘地区)
Xinxiang 新乡市 Henan 8,629 1982-03-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Xinyang 信阳市 Henan 18,819 1998-06-09 Reorganized from Xinyang Prefecture (信阳地区)
Xuchang 许昌市 Henan 4,977 1986-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Zhengzhou 郑州市 Henan 7,507 1949-10-01 Upgraded from Zheng County (郑县)
Zhoukou 周口市 Henan 11,968 2000-06-08 Reorganized from Zhoukou Prefecture (周口地区)
Zhumadian 驻马店市 Henan 14,974 2000-06-08 Reorganized from Zhumadian Prefecture (驻马店地区)
Ezhou 鄂州市 Hubei 1,505 1983-08-19 Upgraded from Echeng City (鄂城市) & Echeng County (鄂城县)
Huanggang 黄冈市 Hubei 17,453 1995-12-23 Upgraded from Huanggang Prefecture (黄冈地区)
Huangshi 黄石市 Hubei 4,576 1950-08-30 Reorganized from Huangshi Special District (黄石特区)
Jingmen 荆门市 Hubei 12,100 1983-08-19 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Jingzhou 荆州市 Hubei 14,104 1994-09-29 Reorganized from Jingzhou Prefecture (荆州地区)
Shiyan 十堰市 Hubei 23,698 1973-02-17 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Suizhou 随州市 Hubei 9,636 2000-06-25 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Wuhan 武汉市 Hubei 8,483 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Xiangyang 襄阳市 Hubei 19,626 1979-06-21 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Xianning 咸宁市 Hubei 10,019 1998-12-06 Reorganized from Xianning Prefecture (咸宁地区)
Xiaogan 孝感市 Hubei 8,941 1993-04-10 Reorganized from Xiaogan Prefecture (孝感地区)
Yichang 宜昌市 Hubei 21,081 1979-06-21 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Changde 常德市 Hunan 18,190 1988-01-23 Reorganized from Changde Prefecture (常德地区)
Changsha 长沙市 Hunan 11,816 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Chenzhou 郴州市 Hunan 19,342 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Chenzhou Prefecture (郴州地区)
Hengyang 衡阳市 Hunan 15,300 1980-02-20 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Huaihua 怀化市 Hunan 27,573 1997-11-29 Reorganized from Huaihua Prefecture (怀化地区)
Loudi 娄底市 Hunan 8,110 1999-01-20 Reorganized from Loudi Prefecture (娄底地区)
Shaoyang 邵阳市 Hunan 20,822 1980-02-20 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Xiangtan 湘潭市 Hunan 5,005 1980-02-20 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Yiyang 益阳市 Hunan 12,320 1994-04-07 Reorganized from Yiyang Prefecture (益阳地区)
Yongzhou 永州市 Hunan 22,259 1995-11-21 Reorganized from Lingling Prefecture (零陵地区)
Yueyang 岳阳市 Hunan 14,858 1983-02-08 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Zhangjiajie 张家界市 Hunan 9,534 1988-05-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Zhuzhou 株洲市 Hunan 11,248 1956-11-30 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Baotou 包头市 Inner Mongolia 27,652 1950-02-13 Inherited from Nationalist government
Bayannur 巴彦淖尔市 Inner Mongolia 66,263 2003-12-01 Reorganized from Bayannur League (巴彦淖尔盟)
Chifeng 赤峰市 Inner Mongolia 90,064 1983-10-10 Reorganized from Ju'ud League (昭乌达盟)
Hohhot 呼和浩特市 Inner Mongolia 17,344 1950-01-18 Inherited from Nationalist government
Hulunbuir 呼伦贝尔市 Inner Mongolia 262,062 2001-10-10 Reorganized from Hulunbuir League (呼伦贝尔盟)
Ordos 鄂尔多斯市 Inner Mongolia 86,873.55 2001-02-26 Reorganized from Ihju League (伊克昭盟)
Tongliao 通辽市 Inner Mongolia 59,364 1999-01-13 Reorganized from Jirem League (哲里木盟)
Ulanqab 乌兰察布市 Inner Mongolia 54,795 2003-12-01 Reorganized from Ulanqab League (乌兰察布盟)
Wuhai 乌海市 Inner Mongolia 1,754 1975-08-30 Upgraded from Uda City (乌达市) & Haibowan City (海勃湾市)
Changzhou 常州市 Jiangsu 4,374 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Huai'an 淮安市 Jiangsu 10,047 1983-01-18 Reorganized from Huaiyin Prefecture (淮阴地区)
Lianyungang 连云港市 Jiangsu 7,614 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Nanjing 南京市 Jiangsu 6,586 1953-12-17 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Nantong 南通市 Jiangsu 8,001 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Suqian 宿迁市 Jiangsu 8,462 1996-07-19 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Suzhou 苏州市 Jiangsu 8,488 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Taizhou 泰州市 Jiangsu 5,788 1996-07-19 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Wuxi 无锡市 Jiangsu 4,628 1949-10-01 Carved out of Wuxi County (无锡县)
Xuzhou 徐州市 Jiangsu 11,258 1962-06-25 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Yancheng 盐城市 Jiangsu 16,972 1983-01-18 Reorganized from Yancheng Prefecture (盐城地区)
Yangzhou 扬州市 Jiangsu 6,592 1983-01-18 Reorganized from Yangzhou Prefecture (扬州地区)
Zhenjiang 镇江市 Jiangsu 3,847 1983-01-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Fuzhou 抚州市 Jiangxi 18,817 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Fuzhou Prefecture (抚州地区)
Ganzhou 赣州市 Jiangxi 39,379 1998-12-24 Reorganized from Ganzhou Prefecture (赣州地区)
Ji'an 吉安市 Jiangxi 25,341 2000-05-11 Reorganized from Ji'an Prefecture (吉安地区)
Jingdezhen 景德镇市 Jiangxi 5,270 1953-06-15 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Jiujiang 九江市 Jiangxi 18,823 1980-03-28 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Nanchang 南昌市 Jiangxi 7,402 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Pingxiang 萍乡市 Jiangxi 3,802 1970-03-10 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Shangrao 上饶市 Jiangxi 22,791 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Shangrao Prefecture (上饶地区)
Xinyu 新余市 Jiangxi 3,178 1983-07-27 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Yichun 宜春市 Jiangxi 18,707 2000-05-22 Reorganized from Yichun Prefecture (宜春地区)
Yingtan 鹰潭市 Jiangxi 3,554 1983-07-27 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Baicheng 白城市 Jilin 25,683 1993-06-14 Reorganized from Baicheng Prefecture (白城地区)
Baishan 白山市 Jilin 17,485 1985-02-04 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Changchun 长春市 Jilin 20,565 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Jilin 吉林市 Jilin 27,722 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Liaoyuan 辽源市 Jilin 5,125 1983-08-30 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Siping 四平市 Jilin 14,323 1983-08-30 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Songyuan 松原市 Jilin 20,159 1992-06-06 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Tonghua 通化市 Jilin 15,698 1985-02-04 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Anshan 鞍山市 Liaoning 9,252 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Benxi 本溪市 Liaoning 8,413 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Chaoyang 朝阳市 Liaoning 19,736 1984-06-30 Reorganized from Chaoyang Prefecture (朝阳地区)
Dalian 大连市 Liaoning 13,238 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Dandong 丹东市 Liaoning 15,030 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Fushun 抚顺市 Liaoning 11,344 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Fuxin 阜新市 Liaoning 10,445 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Huludao 葫芦岛市 Liaoning 10,434 1989-06-12 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Jinzhou 锦州市 Liaoning 10,059 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Liaoyang 辽阳市 Liaoning 4,741 1965-12-27 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Panjin 盘锦市 Liaoning 4,121 1984-06-05 Upgraded from Panjin County (盘山县)
Shenyang 沈阳市 Liaoning 12,980 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Tieling 铁岭市 Liaoning 13,029 1984-06-30 Reorganized from Tieling Prefecture (铁岭地区)
Yingkou 营口市 Liaoning 5,262 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Guyuan 固原市 Ningxia 13,450 2001-07-07 Reorganized from Guyuan Prefecture (固原地区)
Shizuishan 石嘴山市 Ningxia 5,208 1975-11-23 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Wuzhong 吴忠市 Ningxia 21,420 1998-05-11 Reorganized from Yinnan Prefecture (银南地区)
Yinchuan 银川市 Ningxia 8,874 1958-08-11 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Zhongwei 中卫市 Ningxia 17,448 2003-12-31 Upgraded from Zhongwei County (中卫县)
Haidong 海东市 Qinghai 13,202 2013-02-08 Reorganized from Haidong Prefecture (海东地区)
Xining 西宁市 Qinghai 7,679 1956-07-14 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Ankang 安康市 Shaanxi 23,535 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Ankang Prefecture (安康地区)
Baoji 宝鸡市 Shaanxi 18,162 1971-10-05 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Hanzhong 汉中市 Shaanxi 27,093 1996-02-21 Reorganized from Hanzhong Prefecture (汉中地区)
Shangluo 商洛市 Shaanxi 19,581 2001-08-31 Reorganized from Shangluo Prefecture (商洛地区)
Tongchuan 铜川市 Shaanxi 3,881 1966-06-24 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Weinan 渭南市 Shaanxi 13,033 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Weinan Prefecture (渭南地区)
Xi'an 西安市 Shaanxi 10,106 1954-06-19 Downgraded from municipality (直辖市)
Xianyang 咸阳市 Shaanxi 10,283 1983-09-09 Reorganized from Xianyang Prefecture (咸阳地区)
Yan'an 延安市 Shaanxi 37,032 1996-11-05 Reorganized from Yan'an Prefecture (延安地区)
Yulin 榆林市 Shaanxi 42,923 1999-12-05 Reorganized from Yulin Prefecture (榆林地区)
Binzhou 滨州市 Shandong 9,156 2000-06-10 Reorganized from Binzhou Prefecture (滨州地区)
Dezhou 德州市 Shandong 10,361 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Dezhou Prefecture (德州地区)
Dongying 东营市 Shandong 8,617 1982-11-10 Carved out of Huimin Prefecture (惠民地区)
Heze 菏泽市 Shandong 12,256 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Heze Prefecture (菏泽地区)
Jinan 济南市 Shandong 8,177 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Jining 济宁市 Shandong 11,191 1983-08-30 Reorganized from Jining Prefecture (济宁地区)
Laiwu 莱芜市 Shandong 2,246 1992-11-22 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Liaocheng 聊城市 Shandong 8,721 1997-08-29 Reorganized from Liaocheng Prefecture (聊城地区)
Linyi 临沂市 Shandong 17,192 1994-12-17 Reorganized from Linyi Prefecture (临沂地区)
Qingdao 青岛市 Shandong 11,064 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Rizhao 日照市 Shandong 5,359 1989-06-12 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Tai'an 泰安市 Shandong 7,762 1985-03-27 Reorganized from Tai'an Prefecture (泰安地区)
Weifang 潍坊市 Shandong 16,138 1983-08-30 Reorganized from Weifang Prefecture (潍坊地区)
Weihai 威海市 Shandong 5,797 1987-06-15 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Yantai 烟台市 Shandong 13,654 1983-08-30 Reorganized from Yantai Prefecture (烟台地区)
Zaozhuang 枣庄市 Shandong 4,564 1961-09-12 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Zibo 淄博市 Shandong 5,964 1961-09-12 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (专辖市)
Changzhi 长治市 Shanxi 13,945 1975-07-09 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Datong 大同市 Shanxi 14,056 1972-03-09 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Jincheng 晋城市 Shanxi 9,425 1985-04-30 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Jinzhong 晋中市 Shanxi 16,391 1999-09-24 Reorganized from Jinzhong Prefecture (晋中地区)
Linfen 临汾市 Shanxi 20,301 2000-06-23 Reorganized from Linfen Prefecture (临汾地区)
Lüliang 吕梁市 Shanxi 21,140 2003-10-23 Reorganized from Lüliang Prefecture (吕梁地区)
Shuozhou 朔州市 Shanxi 10,626 1988-03-24 Upgraded from Shuo County (朔县) & Pinglu County (平鲁县)
Taiyuan 太原市 Shanxi 6,909 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Xinzhou 忻州市 Shanxi 25,154 2000-06-14 Reorganized from Xinzhou Prefecture (忻州地区)
Yangquan 阳泉市 Shanxi 4,559 1972-03-09 Upgraded from prefecture-controlled city (地辖市)
Yuncheng 运城市 Shanxi 14,183 2000-06-14 Reorganized from Yuncheng Prefecture (运城地区)
Bazhong 巴中市 Sichuan 12,292 2000-06-14 Reorganized from Bazhong Prefecture (巴中地区)
Chengdu 成都市 Sichuan 14,312 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Dazhou 达州市 Sichuan 16,605 1999-06-20 Reorganized from Dachuan Prefecture (达川地区)
Deyang 德阳市 Sichuan 5,911 1983-08-18 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Guang'an 广安市 Sichuan 6,344 1998-07-31 Reorganized from Guang'an Prefecture (广安地区)
Guangyuan 广元市 Sichuan 16,310 1985-02-08 Upgraded from Guangyuan County (广元县)
Leshan 乐山市 Sichuan 12,759 1985-02-11 Reorganized from Leshan Prefecture (乐山地区)
Luzhou 泸州市 Sichuan 12,232 1983-03-03 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Meishan 眉山市 Sichuan 7,134 2000-06-10 Reorganized from Meishan Prefecture (眉山地区)
Mianyang 绵阳市 Sichuan 20,257 1985-02-08 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Neijiang 内江市 Sichuan 5,386 1985-02-11 Reorganized from Neijiang Prefecture (内江地区)
Nanchong 南充市 Sichuan 12,514 1993-07-02 Reorganized from Nanchong Prefecture (南充地区)
Panzhihua 攀枝花市 Sichuan 7,440 1965-04-22 Upgraded from Panzhihua Special District (攀枝花特区)
Suining 遂宁市 Sichuan 5,326 1985-02-08 Upgraded from Suining County (遂宁县)
Ya'an 雅安市 Sichuan 15,303 2000-06-14 Reorganized from Ya'an Prefecture (雅安地区)
Yibin 宜宾市 Sichuan 13,271 1996-10-05 Reorganized from Yibin Prefecture (宜宾地区)
Zigong 自贡市 Sichuan 4,382 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Ziyang 资阳市 Sichuan 5,757 2000-06-14 Reorganized from Ziyang Prefecture (资阳地区)
Lhasa 拉萨市 Tibet 31,662 1960-01-07 Carved out of Changchub Jurisdiction (绛曲基巧)
Qamdo 昌都市 Tibet 110,154 2014-10-20 Reorganized from Qamdo Prefecture (昌都地区)
Nyingchi 林芝市 Tibet 116,175 2015-03-16 Reorganized from Nyingchi Prefecture (林芝地区)
Shannan 山南市 Tibet 79,699 2016-01-07 Reorganized from Shannan Prefecture (山南地区)
Xigazê 日喀则市 Tibet 182,000 2014-06-26 Reorganized from Xigazê Prefecture (日喀则地区)
Hami 哈密市 Xinjiang 138,919 2016-01-07 Reorganized from Hami Prefecture (哈密地区)
Karamay 克拉玛依市 Xinjiang 7,734 1982-02-16 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Turpan 吐鲁番市 Xinjiang 70,049 2015-03-16 Reorganized from Turpan Prefecture (吐鲁番地区)
Ürümqi 乌鲁木齐市 Xinjiang 13,788 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Baoshan 保山市 Yunnan 19,637 2000-12-30 Reorganized from Baoshan Prefecture (保山地区)
Kunming 昆明市 Yunnan 21,473 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Lincang 临沧市 Yunnan 24,469 2003-12-26 Reorganized from Lincang Prefecture (临沧地区)
Lijiang 丽江市 Yunnan 21,219 2002-12-26 Reorganized from Lijiang Prefecture (丽江地区)
Pu'er 普洱市 Yunnan 45,385 2003-10-30 Reorganized from Simao Prefecture (思茅地区)
Qujing 曲靖市 Yunnan 29,855 1997-05-06 Reorganized from Qujing Prefecture (曲靖地区)
Yuxi 玉溪市 Yunnan 15,285 1997-12-13 Reorganized from Yuxi Prefecture (玉溪地区)
Zhaotong 昭通市 Yunnan 23,021 2001-01-13 Reorganized from Zhaotong Prefecture (昭通地区)
Hangzhou 杭州市 Zhejiang 16,596 1949-10-01 Inherited from Nationalist government
Huzhou 湖州市 Zhejiang 5,794 1983-07-27 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Jiaxing 嘉兴市 Zhejiang 3,915 1983-07-27 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Jinhua 金华市 Zhejiang 10,919 1985-05-15 Reorganized from Jinhua Prefecture (金华地区)
Lishui 丽水市 Zhejiang 17,298 2000-05-20 Reorganized from Lishui Prefecture (丽水地区)
Ningbo 宁波市 Zhejiang 9,365 1949-12-20 Carved out of Yin County (鄞县)
Quzhou 衢州市 Zhejiang 8,837 1985-05-15 Upgraded from county-level city (县级市)
Shaoxing 绍兴市 Zhejiang 8,256 1983-07-27 Reorganized from Shaoxing Prefecture (绍兴地区)
Taizhou 台州市 Zhejiang 9,413 1994-08-22 Reorganized from Taizhou Prefecture (台州地区)
Wenzhou 温州市 Zhejiang 11,784 1949-11-06 Carved out of Yongjia County (永嘉县)
Zhoushan 舟山市 Zhejiang 1,440 1987-01-23 Reorganized from Zhoushan Prefecture (舟山地区)

Dissolved Prefecture-level cities[edit]

City Chinese Province Founded Dissolved
Chaohu 巢湖市 Anhui 1999-07-09 2011-07-14
Yumen 玉门市 Gansu 1958-02-15 1961-11-15
Tianjin 天津市 Hebei 1958-02-11 1967-01-02
Shashi 沙市市 Hubei 1979-06-21 1994-09-29
Gongzhuling 公主岭市 Jilin 1985-02-04 1985-12-19
Meihekou 梅河口市 Jilin 1985-02-04 1985-12-19
Chongqing 重庆市 Sichuan 1954-06-19 1997-03-14
Fuling 涪陵市 Sichuan 1995-11-05 1997-03-14
Wanxian 万县市 Sichuan 1992-12-11 1997-03-14
Dongchuan 东川市 Yunnan 1958-10-20 1998-12-06

See also[edit]

References[edit]