Prefecture-level city

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Prefecture-level municipality
Prefecture-level city
Prefectural-level city
China Prefectural-level cities.png
Simplified Chinese 地级市
Traditional Chinese 地級市
Literal meaning Regional-level municipality
A road sign shows distance to the "Huangshi urban area" (黄石市区) rather than simply "Huangshi" (黄石). This is a useful distinction, because the sign is located already within Huangshi prefectural level city (immediately upon entering its Yangxin County from the neighboring Xianning), but still 100 kilometres (62 mi) from the Huangshi main urban area.

A prefectural-level municipality (Chinese: 地级市), prefectural-level city or prefectural city is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China (PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure. Prefectural level cities form the second level of the administrative structure (alongside prefectures, leagues and autonomous prefectures). Administrative chiefs (mayors) of prefectural level cities generally have the same rank as a division chief (Chinese: 司长) of a national ministry. Since the 1980s, most former prefectures have been renamed into prefectural level cities.

A prefectural level city is a "city" (Chinese: ; pinyin: shì) and "prefecture" (Chinese: 地区; pinyin: dìqū) that have been merged into one unified jurisdiction. As such it is simultaneously a city, which is a municipal entry with subordinate districts, and a prefecture with subordinate county-level cities and counties which is an administrative division of a province.

A prefectural level city is often not a "city" in the usual sense of the term (i.e., a large continuous urban settlement), but instead an administrative unit comprising, typically, a main central urban area (a city in the usual sense, usually with the same name as the prefectural level city), and its much larger surrounding rural area containing many smaller cities, towns and villages. The larger prefectural level cities span over 100 kilometres (62 mi).

Prefectural level cities nearly always contain multiple counties, county level cities, and other such sub-divisions. This results from the fact that the formerly predominant prefectures, which prefectural level cities have mostly replaced, were themselves large administrative units containing cities, smaller towns, and rural areas. To distinguish a prefectural level city from its actual urban area (city in the strict sense), the term 市区 shìqū ("urban area"), is used.

The first prefectural level cities were created on 5 November 1983. Over the following two decades, prefectural level cities have come to replace the vast majority of Chinese prefectures; the process is still ongoing.

Most provinces are composed entirely or nearly entirely of prefectural level cities. Of the 22 provinces and 5 autonomous regions of the PRC, only 9 provinces (Yunnan, Guizhou, Qinghai, Heilongjiang, Sichuan, Gansu, Jilin, Hubei, Hunan) and 3 autonomous regions (Xinjiang, Tibet, Inner Mongolia) have at least one or more second level or prefectural level divisions that are not prefectural level cities.

Criteria that a prefecture must meet to become a prefectural level city:

  • An urban centre with a non-rural population over 250,000
  • gross output of value of industry of 200,000,000 RMB (US$32 million)
  • the output of tertiary industry supersedes that of primary industry, contributing over 35% of the GDP[1]

15 large prefectural level cities have been granted the status of sub-provincial city, which gives them much greater autonomy.

Shijiazhuang and Zhengzhou are the largest prefectural level cities with populations approaching or exceeding some sub-provincial cities.

A sub-prefecture-level city is a county-level city with powers approaching those of prefectural level cities.

Classification[edit]

There are total of thee classification of prefecture-level city:

Cartographic expression and statistics[edit]

In most European or North American countries, there a clear distinction between "cities" and counties, prefectures, etc. The former are typically thought of as a "point" objects, and shown on maps with a circle or other such scale-less sign; the latter, if shown at all, are shown as areas with clearly defined borders. The distinction is obvious, since e.g. Bloomington, Indiana, or Penticton, British Columbia, are always thought of as distinct objects from, respectively, Monroe County, Indiana or the Regional District of Okanagan-Similkameen, for which they are their respective seats of governments. In China, however, the same name (e.g., 咸宁市 (Xianning Shi) in Chinese, or Xianning [City] in English) are used to refer both to an entire "prefectural level city" and to its urban core (what one would call a "city" in Europe or North America). This results in somewhat different mapping conventions used in China vs. most other countries.

Typically, a less detailed map - one that does not show administrative divisions below the provincial level - would merely mark the location of the urban core (or, more precisely, that of the city government) with a circle, just like cities are shown on a map of a European or American country. The circle would be labeled with the name of the city (e.g. 咸宁市 (Xianning Shi) in Chinese, or Xianning in English) rather than, for example, that of the district within which the urban core may be located. The same map may also show other sufficiently large populated places within the same prefectural level city, labeling them based on what third level administrative units they correspond to. For example, along with Xianning, a map may show Tongshan without indicating in any way that administratively, the latter is part of the former.

A more detailed map (e.g., a typical provincial map) would also show the border of each second level administrative unit (such as a prefectural level city), much like an American county may be shown on a US state map. In this case, the same unit name (such as 咸宁市, Xianning [City]) would be used to label the entire area. Within it, the division of the second level unit into third level units may be shown as well.

This convention may sometimes make it difficult to identify places mentioned in older sources with places shown on modern maps. For example, Guo Moruo tells in his autobiography that he was born in the small town of Shawan, Leshan Prefecture, and attended primary school in Jiading, the main town of the prefecture. A typical modern map is unlikely to show either town: Shawan, because it's too small, and Jiading, because it is the seat of government for the today's prefectural level city of Leshan, and thus is marked on a modern map by a circle labeled "Leshan". A more detailed map (or Google Maps) would show Shawan District within Leshan, but, most likely, no Jiading per se - just Jiading Street (嘉定路) within Leshan's urban area.

Chinese statistical data (area, population, industrial production value, etc.) are typically reported for the entire prefectural level city, as well as for its constituent third level units. Thus, a person not familiar with these conventions may be surprised to learn that a comparatively little known city of Huangshi, Hubei, has 2.5 million residents - more than most European capital cities - until he or she realizes that this number corresponds to an entire prefectural level area of almost 100 kilometres (62 mi) across, covering several places (such as Daye) that are described as (county level) "cities" in their own right. Even if the reader has a map and the data for individual third level units, arriving to the population count for the actual main urban area of a prefectural level city may not be easy, because it may be split between several districts, some of which may stretch far out into the rural area as well.

Prefecture-level city list[edit]

As of October 2015, there are 291 Prefecture-level city in total:

City Chinese Province Area
(K㎡)
Founded
(PRC)
Anqing 安庆市 Anhui 13,535 1979-11-04
Bengbu 蚌埠市 Anhui 5,912 1949-10-01
Bozhou 亳州市 Anhui 8,429 2000-05-21
Chizhou 池州市 Anhui 8,272 2000-06-25
Chuzhou 滁州市 Anhui 13,398 1992-12-20
Fuyang 阜阳市 Anhui 9,775 1996-01-01
Hefei 合肥市 Anhui 11,496 1949-10-01
Huaibei 淮北市 Anhui 2,732 1960-04-16
Huainan 淮南市 Anhui 2,674 1952-06-02
Huangshan 黄山市 Anhui 9,807 1987-11-27
Lu'an 六安市 Anhui 18,061 1999-09-02
Ma'anshan 马鞍山市 Anhui 4,042 1958-10-22
Suzhou 宿州市 Anhui 9,787 1998-12-06
Tongling 铜陵市 Anhui 2,921 1971-12-11
Wuhu 芜湖市 Anhui 5,987 1972-12-30
Xuancheng 宣城市 Anhui 12,340 2000-06-25
Fuzhou 福州市 Fujian 11,788 1949-10-01
Longyan 龙岩市 Fujian 19,052 1996-11-20
Nanping 南平市 Fujian 26,312 1994-09-05
Ningde 宁德市 Fujian 13,644 1999-11-14
Putian 莆田市 Fujian 3,895 1983-09-09
Quanzhou 泉州市 Fujian 10,864 1985-05-14
Sanming 三明市 Fujian 23,191 1983-04-28
Xiamen 厦门市 Fujian 1,516 1949-10-01
Zhangzhou 漳州市 Fujian 12,608 1985-05-14
Baiyin 白银市 Gansu 21,210 1985-05-14
Dingxi 定西市 Gansu 20,330 2003-04-04
Jiayuguan 嘉峪关市 Gansu 2,935 1971-09-10
Jinchang 金昌市 Gansu 8,927 1981-02-09
Jiuquan 酒泉市 Gansu 189,997 2002-06-18
Lanzhou 兰州市 Gansu 13,083 1949-10-01
Longnan 陇南市 Gansu 27,838 2004-01-11
Pingliang 平凉市 Gansu 11,169 2002-06-02
Qingyang 庆阳市 Gansu 27,119 2002-06-22
Tianshui 天水市 Gansu 14,431 1985-07-08
Wuwei 武威市 Gansu 33,238 2001-05-09
Zhangye 张掖市 Gansu 40,826 2002-03-01
Chaozhou 潮州市 Guangdong 3,098 1991-12-07
Dongguan 东莞市 Guangdong 2,512 1988-01-07
Foshan 佛山市 Guangdong 3,875 1975-11-22
Guangzhou 广州市 Guangdong 7,436 1954-06-19
Heyuan 河源市 Guangdong 15,644 1988-01-07
Huizhou 惠州市 Guangdong 11,159 1988-01-07
Jiangmen 江门市 Guangdong 9,554 1975-11-22
Jieyang 揭阳市 Guangdong 5,269 1991-12-07
Maoming 茂名市 Guangdong 11,345 1975-11-22
Meizhou 梅州市 Guangdong 15,925 1988-01-07
Qingyuan 清远市 Guangdong 19,265 1988-01-07
Shantou 汕头市 Guangdong 2,123 1975-11-22
Shanwei 汕尾市 Guangdong 4,957 1988-01-07
Shaoguan 韶关市 Guangdong 18,398 1975-11-22
Shenzhen 深圳市 Guangdong 2,007 1979-03-05
Yangjiang 阳江市 Guangdong 8,006 1988-01-07
Yunfu 云浮市 Guangdong 7,778 1994-04-05
Zhanjiang 湛江市 Guangdong 11,692 1975-11-22
Zhaoqing 肇庆市 Guangdong 15,006 1988-01-07
Zhongshan 中山市 Guangdong 1,770 1988-01-07
Zhuhai 珠海市 Guangdong 1,696 1979-03-05
Baise 百色市 Guangxi 36,206 2002-06-02
Beihai 北海市 Guangxi 3,337 1983-10-08
Chongzuo 崇左市 Guangxi 17,331 2002-12-23
Fangchenggang 防城港市 Guangxi 6,227 1993-05-23
Guigang 贵港市 Guangxi 10,596 1995-10-27
Guilin 桂林市 Guangxi 27,809 1961-11-25
Hechi 河池市 Guangxi 33,494 2002-06-18
Hezhou 贺州市 Guangxi 11,855 2002-06-18
Laibin 来宾市 Guangxi 13,386 2002-09-29
Liuzhou 柳州市 Guangxi 18,652 1961-11-25
Nanning 南宁市 Guangxi 22,341 1961-12-23
Qinzhou 钦州市 Guangxi 10,783 1994-06-28
Wuzhou 梧州市 Guangxi 12,582 1961-11-25
Yulin 玉林市 Guangxi 12,839 1997-04-22
Anshun 安顺市 Guizhou 9,269 2000-06-23
Bijie 毕节市 Guizhou 26,852 2011-10-22
Guiyang 贵阳市 Guizhou 8,035 1949-10-01
Liupanshui 六盘水市 Guizhou 9,914 1978-12-18
Tongren 铜仁市 Guizhou 18,002 2011-10-22
Zunyi 遵义市 Guizhou 30,763 1997-06-10
Danzhou 儋州市 Hainan 3,400 2015-02-19
Haikou 海口市 Hainan 2,315 1986-05-31
Sansha 三沙市 Hainan 13 2012-06-21
Sanya 三亚市 Hainan 1,918 1987-11-20
Baoding 保定市 Hebei 22,136 1983-11-15
Cangzhou 沧州市 Hebei 13,488 1983-11-15
Chengde 承德市 Hebei 39,719 1983-11-15
Handan 邯郸市 Hebei 12,047 1983-11-15
Hengshui 衡水市 Hebei 8,758 1996-05-31
Langfang 廊坊市 Hebei 6,420 1988-09-13
Qinhuangdao 秦皇岛市 Hebei 7,813 1983-03-03
Shijiazhuang 石家庄市 Hebei 14,530 1978-03-11
Tangshan 唐山市 Hebei 13,829 1978-03-11
Xingtai 邢台市 Hebei 12,143 1983-11-15
Zhangjiakou 张家口市 Hebei 36,303 1983-11-15
Daqing 大庆市 Heilongjiang 21,643 1965-12-28
Harbin 哈尔滨市 Heilongjiang 53,186 1954-06-19
Hegang 鹤岗市 Heilongjiang 14,665 1966-02-08
Heihe 黑河市 Heilongjiang 68,285 1993-02-08
Jiamusi 佳木斯市 Heilongjiang 32,470 1983-10-08
Jixi 鸡西市 Heilongjiang 22,551 1966-02-08
Mudanjiang 牡丹江市 Heilongjiang 38,827 1983-10-08
Qiqihar 齐齐哈尔市 Heilongjiang 44,287 1964-01-15
Qitaihe 七台河市 Heilongjiang 6,221 1983-10-08
Shuangyashan 双鸭山市 Heilongjiang 22,802 1966-02-08
Suihua 绥化市 Heilongjiang 35,211 1999-12-28
Yichun 伊春市 Heilongjiang 32,800 1979-12-14
Anyang 安阳市 Henan 7,355 1982-03-10
Hebi 鹤壁市 Henan 2,299 1974-01-19
Jiaozuo 焦作市 Henan 4,072 1974-01-19
Kaifeng 开封市 Henan 6,247 1961-12-25
Luohe 漯河市 Henan 2,617 1986-01-18
Luoyang 洛阳市 Henan 15,492 1964-04-30
Nanyang 南阳市 Henan 26,591 1994-07-01
Pingdingshan 平顶山市 Henan 7,874 1969-03-15
Puyang 濮阳市 Henan 4,266 1983-09-01
Sanmenxia 三门峡市 Henan 10,475 1986-01-18
Shangqiu 商丘市 Henan 10,658 1997-06-10
Xinxiang 新乡市 Henan 8,629 1982-03-10
Xinyang 信阳市 Henan 18,819 1998-06-09
Xuchang 许昌市 Henan 4,977 1986-01-18
Zhengzhou 郑州市 Henan 7,507 1949-10-01
Zhoukou 周口市 Henan 11,968 2000-06-08
Zhumadian 驻马店市 Henan 14,974 2000-06-08
Ezhou 鄂州市 Hubei 1,505 1983-08-19
Huanggang 黄冈市 Hubei 17,453 1995-12-23
Huangshi 黄石市 Hubei 4,576 1950-08-30
Jingmen 荆门市 Hubei 12,100 1983-08-19
Jingzhou 荆州市 Hubei 14,104 1994-09-29
Shiyan 十堰市 Hubei 23,698 1973-02-17
Suizhou 随州市 Hubei 9,636 2000-06-25
Wuhan 武汉市 Hubei 8,483 1954-06-19
Xiangyang 襄阳市 Hubei 19,626 1979-06-21
Xianning 咸宁市 Hubei 10,019 1998-12-06
Xiaogan 孝感市 Hubei 8,941 1993-04-10
Yichang 宜昌市 Hubei 21,081 1979-06-21
Changde 常德市 Hunan 18,190 1988-01-23
Changsha 长沙市 Hunan 11,816 1949-10-01
Chenzhou 郴州市 Hunan 19,342 1994-12-17
Hengyang 衡阳市 Hunan 15,300 1980-02-20
Huaihua 怀化市 Hunan 27,573 1997-11-29
Loudi 娄底市 Hunan 8,110 1999-01-20
Shaoyang 邵阳市 Hunan 20,822 1980-02-20
Xiangtan 湘潭市 Hunan 5,005 1980-02-20
Yiyang 益阳市 Hunan 12,320 1994-04-07
Yongzhou 永州市 Hunan 22,259 1995-11-21
Yueyang 岳阳市 Hunan 14,858 1983-02-08
Zhangjiajie 张家界市 Hunan 9,534 1988-05-18
Zhuzhou 株洲市 Hunan 11,248 1956-11-30
Baotou 包头市 Inner Mongolia 27,652 1950-02-13
Bayannur 巴彦淖尔市 Inner Mongolia 66,263 2003-12-01
Chifeng 赤峰市 Inner Mongolia 90,064 1983-10-10
Hohhot 呼和浩特市 Inner Mongolia 17,344 1950-01-18
Hulunbuir 呼伦贝尔市 Inner Mongolia 262,062 2001-10-10
Ordos 鄂尔多斯市 Inner Mongolia 86,881 2001-02-26
Tongliao 通辽市 Inner Mongolia 59,364 1999-01-13
Ulanqab 乌兰察布市 Inner Mongolia 54,795 2003-12-01
Wuhai 乌海市 Inner Mongolia 1,754 1975-08-30
Changzhou 常州市 Jiangsu 4,374 1962-06-25
Huai'an 淮安市 Jiangsu 10,047 1983-01-18
Lianyungang 连云港市 Jiangsu 7,614 1962-06-25
Nanjing 南京市 Jiangsu 6,586 1953-12-17
Nantong 南通市 Jiangsu 8,001 1962-06-25
Suqian 宿迁市 Jiangsu 8,462 1996-07-19
Suzhou 苏州市 Jiangsu 8,488 1962-06-25
Taizhou 泰州市 Jiangsu 5,788 1996-07-19
Wuxi 无锡市 Jiangsu 4,628 1949-10-01
Xuzhou 徐州市 Jiangsu 11,258 1962-06-25
Yancheng 盐城市 Jiangsu 16,972 1983-01-18
Yangzhou 扬州市 Jiangsu 6,592 1983-01-18
Zhenjiang 镇江市 Jiangsu 3,847 1983-01-18
Fuzhou 抚州市 Jiangxi 18,817 2000-06-23
Ganzhou 赣州市 Jiangxi 39,379 1998-12-24
Ji'an 吉安市 Jiangxi 25,341 2000-05-11
Jingdezhen 景德镇市 Jiangxi 5,270 1953-06-15
Jiujiang 九江市 Jiangxi 18,823 1980-03-28
Nanchang 南昌市 Jiangxi 7,402 1949-10-01
Pingxiang 萍乡市 Jiangxi 3,802 1970-03-10
Shangrao 上饶市 Jiangxi 22,791 2000-06-23
Xinyu 新余市 Jiangxi 3,178 1983-07-27
Yichun 宜春市 Jiangxi 18,707 2000-05-22
Yingtan 鹰潭市 Jiangxi 3,554 1983-07-27
Baicheng 白城市 Jilin 25,683 1993-06-14
Baishan 白山市 Jilin 17,485 1985-02-04
Changchun 长春市 Jilin 20,565 1954-06-19
Jilin 吉林市 Jilin 27,722 1949-10-01
Liaoyuan 辽源市 Jilin 5,125 1983-08-30
Siping 四平市 Jilin 14,323 1983-08-30
Songyuan 松原市 Jilin 20,159 1992-06-06
Tonghua 通化市 Jilin 15,698 1985-02-04
Anshan 鞍山市 Liaoning 9,252 1954-06-19
Benxi 本溪市 Liaoning 8,413 1954-06-19
Chaoyang 朝阳市 Liaoning 19,736 1984-06-30
Dalian 大连市 Liaoning 13,238 1954-06-19
Dandong 丹东市 Liaoning 15,030 1949-10-01
Fushun 抚顺市 Liaoning 11,344 1954-06-19
Fuxin 阜新市 Liaoning 10,445 1949-10-01
Huludao 葫芦岛市 Liaoning 10,434 1989-06-12
Jinzhou 锦州市 Liaoning 10,059 1949-10-01
Liaoyang 辽阳市 Liaoning 4,741 1965-12-27
Panjin 盘锦市 Liaoning 4,121 1984-06-05
Shenyang 沈阳市 Liaoning 12,980 1954-06-19
Tieling 铁岭市 Liaoning 13,029 1984-06-30
Yingkou 营口市 Liaoning 5,262 1949-10-01
Guyuan 固原市 Ningxia 13,450 2001-07-07
Shizuishan 石嘴山市 Ningxia 5,208 1975-11-23
Wuzhong 吴忠市 Ningxia 21,420 1998-05-11
Yinchuan 银川市 Ningxia 8,874 1958-08-11
Zhongwei 中卫市 Ningxia 17,448 2003-12-31
Haidong 海东市 Qinghai 13,202 2013-02-08
Xining 西宁市 Qinghai 7,679 1956-07-14
Ankang 安康市 Shaanxi 23,535 2000-06-23
Baoji 宝鸡市 Shaanxi 18,162 1971-10-05
Hanzhong 汉中市 Shaanxi 27,093 1996-02-21
Shangluo 商洛市 Shaanxi 19,581 2001-08-31
Tongchuan 铜川市 Shaanxi 3,881 1966-06-24
Weinan 渭南市 Shaanxi 13,033 1994-12-17
Xi'an 西安市 Shaanxi 10,106 1954-06-19
Xianyang 咸阳市 Shaanxi 10,283 1983-09-09
Yan'an 延安市 Shaanxi 37,032 1996-11-05
Yulin 榆林市 Shaanxi 42,923 1999-12-05
Binzhou 滨州市 Shandong 9,156 2000-06-10
Dezhou 德州市 Shandong 10,361 1994-12-17
Dongying 东营市 Shandong 8,617 1982-11-10
Heze 菏泽市 Shandong 12,256 2000-06-23
Jinan 济南市 Shandong 8,177 1949-10-01
Jining 济宁市 Shandong 11,191 1983-08-30
Laiwu 莱芜市 Shandong 2,246 1992-11-22
Liaocheng 聊城市 Shandong 8,721 1997-08-29
Linyi 临沂市 Shandong 17,192 1994-12-17
Qingdao 青岛市 Shandong 11,064 1949-10-01
Rizhao 日照市 Shandong 5,359 1989-06-12
Tai'an 泰安市 Shandong 7,762 1985-03-27
Weifang 潍坊市 Shandong 16,138 1983-08-30
Weihai 威海市 Shandong 5,797 1987-06-15
Yantai 烟台市 Shandong 13,654 1983-08-30
Zaozhuang 枣庄市 Shandong 4,564 1961-09-12
Zibo 淄博市 Shandong 5,964 1961-09-12
Changzhi 长治市 Shanxi 13,945 1975-07-09
Datong 大同市 Shanxi 14,056 1972-03-09
Jincheng 晋城市 Shanxi 9,425 1985-04-30
Jinzhong 晋中市 Shanxi 16,391 1999-09-24
Linfen 临汾市 Shanxi 20,301 2000-06-23
Lüliang 吕梁市 Shanxi 21,140 2003-10-23
Shuozhou 朔州市 Shanxi 10,626 1988-03-24
Taiyuan 太原市 Shanxi 6,909 1949-10-01
Xinzhou 忻州市 Shanxi 25,154 2000-06-14
Yangquan 阳泉市 Shanxi 4,559 1972-03-09
Yuncheng 运城市 Shanxi 14,183 2000-06-14
Bazhong 巴中市 Sichuan 12,292 2000-06-14
Chengdu 成都市 Sichuan 12,098 1949-10-01
Dazhou 达州市 Sichuan 16,605 1999-06-20
Deyang 德阳市 Sichuan 5,911 1983-08-18
Guang'an 广安市 Sichuan 6,344 1998-07-31
Guangyuan 广元市 Sichuan 16,310 1985-02-08
Leshan 乐山市 Sichuan 12,759 1985-02-11
Luzhou 泸州市 Sichuan 12,232 1983-03-03
Meishan 眉山市 Sichuan 7,134 2000-06-10
Mianyang 绵阳市 Sichuan 20,257 1985-02-08
Neijiang 内江市 Sichuan 5,386 1985-02-11
Nanchong 南充市 Sichuan 12,514 1993-07-02
Panzhihua 攀枝花市 Sichuan 7,440 1965-04-22
Suining 遂宁市 Sichuan 5,326 1985-02-08
Ya'an 雅安市 Sichuan 15,303 2000-06-14
Yibin 宜宾市 Sichuan 13,271 1996-10-05
Zigong 自贡市 Sichuan 4,382 1949-10-01
Ziyang 资阳市 Sichuan 7,971 2000-06-14
Lhasa 拉萨市 Tibet 31,662 1960-01-07
Chamdo 昌都市 Tibet 110,154 2014-10-20
Nyingchi 林芝市 Tibet 116,175 2015-03-16
Shigatse 日喀则市 Tibet 182,000 2014-06-26
Karamay 克拉玛依市 Xinjiang 7,734 1982-02-16
Turpan 吐鲁番市 Xinjiang 70,049 2015-03-16
Ürümqi 乌鲁木齐市 Xinjiang 13,788 1949-10-01
Baoshan 保山市 Yunnan 19,637 2000-12-30
Kunming 昆明市 Yunnan 21,473 1949-10-01
Lincang 临沧市 Yunnan 24,469 2003-12-26
Lijiang 丽江市 Yunnan 21,219 2002-12-26
Pu'er 普洱市 Yunnan 45,385 2003-10-30
Qujing 曲靖市 Yunnan 29,855 1997-05-06
Yuxi 玉溪市 Yunnan 15,285 1997-12-13
Zhaotong 昭通市 Yunnan 23,021 2001-01-13
Hangzhou 杭州市 Zhejiang 16,596 1949-10-01
Huzhou 湖州市 Zhejiang 5,794 1983-07-27
Jiaxing 嘉兴市 Zhejiang 3,915 1983-07-27
Jinhua 金华市 Zhejiang 10,919 1985-05-15
Lishui 丽水市 Zhejiang 17,298 2000-05-20
Ningbo 宁波市 Zhejiang 9,365 1949-12-20
Quzhou 衢州市 Zhejiang 8,837 1985-05-15
Shaoxing 绍兴市 Zhejiang 8,256 1983-07-27
Taizhou 台州市 Zhejiang 9,413 1994-08-22
Wenzhou 温州市 Zhejiang 11,784 1949-11-06
Zhoushan 舟山市 Zhejiang 1,440 1987-01-23

Dissolved Prefecture-level cities[edit]

City Chinese Province Founded Dissolved
Chaohu 巢湖市 Anhui 1999-07-09 2011-07-14
Yumen 玉门市 Gansu 1958-02-15 1961-11-15
Tianjin 天津市 Hebei 1958-02-11 1967-01-02
Shashi 沙市市 Hubei 1979-06-21 1994-09-29
Gongzhuling 公主岭市 Jilin 1985-02-04 1985-12-19
Meihekou 梅河口市 Jilin 1985-02-04 1985-12-19
Chongqing 重庆市 Sichuan 1954-06-19 1997-03-14
Fuling 涪陵市 Sichuan 1995-11-05 1997-03-14
Wanxian 万县市 Sichuan 1992-12-11 1997-03-14
Dongchuan 东川市 Yunnan 1958-10-20 1998-12-06

See also[edit]

References[edit]