Pregnancy over age 50
Pregnancy over age 50 has, over recent years, become more possible for women, due to recent advances in assisted reproductive technology, in particular egg donation. Typically, a woman's fecundity ends with menopause, which by definition is 12 consecutive months without having had any menstrual flow at all. During perimenopause, the menstrual cycle and the periods become irregular and eventually stop altogether, but even when periods are still regular, the egg quality of women in their forties is typically dramatically lower than in younger women, making the likelihood of conceiving a healthy baby also dramatically lower, particularly after age 42. Men, in contrast, generally remain fertile throughout their lives, although the risk of genetic defects is greatly increased due to the paternal age effect. Other sources claim that men might experience a decline in fertility starting in their late 30s.
In the United States, between 1997 and 1999, 539 births were reported among mothers over age 50 (four per 100,000 births), with 194 being over 55. Among 12,549 African and Middle Eastern immigrant mothers, confirmed by DNA testing, two were found to be older than fifty; the oldest mother being 52.1 years at conception (and the youngest mother 10.7 years old). According to statistics from the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, in the UK more than 20 babies are born to women over age 50 per year through in-vitro fertilization with the use of donor oocytes (eggs).
Maria del Carmen Bousada de Lara is the oldest verified mother; she was aged 66 years 358 days when she gave birth to twins; she was 130 days older than Adriana Iliescu, who gave birth in 2005 to a baby girl. In both cases the children were conceived through IVF with donor eggs. The oldest verified mother to conceive naturally (listed currently in the Guinness Records) is Dawn Brooke (UK); she conceived a son at the age of 59 years in 1997 while taking estrogen.
The risk of pregnancy complications increases as the mother's age increases. Risks associated with childbearing over the age of 50 include an increased incidence of gestational diabetes, hypertension, delivery by caesarean section, miscarriage, preeclampsia, and placenta previa. In comparison to mothers between 20 and 29 years of age, mothers over 50 are at almost three times the risk of low birth weight, premature birth, and extremely premature birth; their risk of extremely low birth weight, small size for gestational age, and fetal mortality was almost double.
Cases of pregnancy over 50
Facts about the conception of pregnancies in this age group can be difficult to determine, but they are nearly always due to the use of IVF with donor eggs.
|Age of mother||Date||Mother||Father||Nature of conception||Country||Notes|
|50 years||1899 1899||Bitzis Pooley, GeorgiaGeorgia Bitzis Pooley||Her husband||Natural conception||United States||Georgia Bitzis Pooley, the first known Greek woman to immigrate to Chicago, Illinois, gave birth to her last child in 1899 at the age of 50, having conceived naturally.|
|50 years||1960 1960||Madame L.||Her husband||Natural conception||Ukraine||The 'Book of Records of Ukraine. Man and Society. In the world of science and technology' by Matsenko G.O., reports, at page 18, the case of Mrs. L., a resident of Pidvolochysk, Ternopil oblast, south-east of the country, happy to have had a baby at age 50.|
|50 years||1996-07 July 1996||Bershak, JudyJudy Bershak||David Cook, her 31-year-old husband, General Attorney Assistant of California||IVF with oocytes donation||United States||Judy Bershak of Los Angeles, California, gave birth to her first child, daughter Sarah, in 1996 at the age of 50. Bershak got married at the age of 44, and after failing in conceiving naturally and adopting, she went through IVF treatment with oocyte donation and became pregnant after first attempt.|
|50 years||1997-02-20 February 1997||Fillippini, CherylCheryl Fillippini||Robert Fillippini, her 49-year-old husband||IVF||United States||Cheryl Fillippini of Lompoc, California, gave birth to quadruplets, three girls, Rebecca, Amanda, and Sydney, and a boy, Robert, on February 20, 1997, by Caesarean section, in Santa Barbara, at the age of 50, after IVF treatment. Fillippini and her husband had 10 children altogether from their previous marriages, but wanted to have a child together.|
|50 years||2010-05-22 May 2010||Parisi, Heather ElizabethHeather Elizabeth Parisi||Umberto Maria Unzollin, her 42-year-old third husband, contractor||Natural conception||Italy||Heather Elizabeth Parisi, Italian-American singer and actress, already mother of two daughters of her previous unions, Rebecca Jewel Manenti, 16, and Jacqueline Lune di Giacomo, 10, gave birth on May 22, 2010, in Vicenza, Italy, to twin girls, Elizabeth Jaden and Dylan Maria, naturally conceived with her 42-year-old third husband contractor, Umberto Maria Unzollin.|
|50 years||2010-06 June 2010||Krupenik, SvetlanaSvetlana Krupenik||Her 62-year-old husband||IVF||Ukraine||Svetlana Krupenik gave birth to a girl in Kiev, Ukraine, in June 2010, at the age of 50, after IVF treatment. She and her 62-year-old husband were trying to conceive for 30 years.|
|50 years||2011-01 January 2011||Noda, SeikoSeiko Noda||Her partner||IVF||Japan||Japanese politician Seiko Noda gave birth to a boy in Tokyo conceived through in vitro fertilization. After years of unsuccessful fertility treatments and several miscarriages, Noda decided to receive assistance from an American egg donor.|
|50 years||2011-06-15 June 2011||Nicholas, AntheaAnthea Nicholas||Peter Byrnes, her 54-year-old husband||Natural conception||Australia||Anthea Nicholas, from Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, is believed to be the oldest primigravida having naturally conceived in Australia. Anthea and her husband Peter were told in 2006 that they could not have children. As a result of a medical concern, in 2010, Peter researched and developed a personal diet and health regime which enabled him to return to perfect health and subsequently corrected a sperm imperfection, which, within months of his recovery, resulted in the completely unexpected pregnancy of Anthea, while she presented then clinical signs of menopause. Anthea gave birth to her son, Nicholas Jay, on June 15, 2011.|
|50 years ¾||2010-08 August 2010||Ezekiel, AggieAggie Ezekiel||Wilson Brown, her son-in-law (gestational surrogate)||Post-menopausal IVF||Canada||Aggie Ezekiel of Edmonton, Alberta, already a mother of three adult daughters with her husband Johnny Ezekiel, gave birth in August 2010 to her own granddaughter Clare At the age of 50 years ¾. She chose to act as a surrogate mother for her daughter, Tinna (age 28), who happened to be born without a uterus and had one of her ovaries removed at the age of 21. Aggie had been premenopausal for two years and could not produce the child herself, so she had to undergo fertilization hormone to boost her menstrual cycles so that the matrix can accommodate two to seven eggs retrieved by her daughter and fertilized in vitro with the sperm from her daughter's partner, Wilson Brown. One of the two implanted embryos happened to appear in a lateral position in Aggie's uterus as a result of which she conceived her granddaughter through caesarean section. The girl weighed 8.69 lb (3.94 kg) and did not breath on her own. As a result, she was placed on an oxygen machine for an hour to clear her lungs. Tinna and Wilson separated shortly before the birth of their daughter. The young biological mother decided to bring the child to Fort McMurray, 330 km north-east of Edmonton with her husband, Sean Noseworthy.|
|51 years||1988 1988||, IrinaIrina||Her husband||Natural conception||Russia||Irina had an accident at the age of 25 and was told by the doctors that she was unable to have children. Later she married, and after many years of marriage eventually became pregnant and gave birth to her only son at the age of 51 in 1988.|
|51 years||1997-03-17 March 1997||Barbeau, AdrienneAdrienne Barbeau||Billy Van Zandt, her husband||Natural conception||United States||American actress Adrienne Barbeau gave birth to twin sons, Walker Steven and William Dalton, on March 17, 1997, at the age of 51. After marrying Billy Van Zandt in 1992 she started trying have a child, tried in vitro fertilization unsuccessfully, but later became pregnant naturally.|
|51 years||1998 1998||Unidentified||Anonymous sperm donor||IVF with ICSI||India||51-year-old Bodo woman, from states of the far north-eastern India, bordering Tibet and Buthan, gave birth after IVF treatment with intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).|
|51 years||2000 2000||Edwards, ElizabethElizabeth Edwards||John Edwards, her husband, former U.S. Senator and Vice Presential nominee||IVF with oocytes donation supposed||United States||Elizabeth Edwards, wife of the former U.S. Senator and Vice Presidential nominee John Edwards, gave birth to son Jack in 2000 at the age of 51. The couple decided to have more children after one of their two children—a 16-year-old son—was killed in a car accident in 1996. Mrs. Edwards had also had a daughter, Emma Claire, at the age of 49. Some fertility experts believe she used donor's oocytes ; Elizabeth Edwards remained silent on this question.|
|51 years||2001-07 July 2001||Unidentified||Her second husband||IVF with oocytes donation||Ukraine||51-year-old woman gave birth to twins, a boy and a girl, in Kiev, Ukraine in July 2001, after IVF treatment with oocytes donation. She decided to have children at such a late age after getting married for the second time.|
|51 years||2001-08-01 August 2001||Zantua, MorganMorgan Zantua||Georges Zantua, her 57-year-old second husband||Natural conception||United States||Morgan Zantua, of Tacoma, Washington, gave birth to her first child, daughter Auriel, on August 1, 2001, in Los Angeles, at the age of 51. She was married a second time at age 44, had a miscarriage and decided not to try to have children, and then unexpectedly found out she was pregnant at age 51.|
|51 years||2006-12 December 2006||Grainson, SarajeanSarajean Grainson||David Grainson, her second husband, former priest||IVF with oocytes donation||United States||Sarajean Grainson of Long Island, New York, gave birth to a son, Luke, in December 2006 at the age of 51, after IVF treatment with oocytes donation. Grainson and her second husband David, former priest, had twins, Matthew and David, in June 2008. Sarajean Grainson also had three adult children from her first marriage.|
|51 years||2007-09-28 September 2007||Palmeira Serrão, RosineteRosinete Palmeira Serrão||Her son-in-law (gestational surrogate)||IVF with her daughter's oocytes (gestational surrogate)||Brazil||Rosinete Palmeira Serrão gave birth to her own twin grandsons, Antonio Bento and Vitor Gabriel, at a hospital in Recife, Brazil, on September 28, 2007 at the age of 51, after choosing to act as a gestational surrogate for her 27-year-old daughter, Claudia Michelle Serrão Pereira, who had tried to become pregnant for four years. Under Brazilian law, a surrogate mother is required to be one's close relative, so Serrao volunteered because Claudia had no sisters. The children were conceived through artificial insemination using Claudia's eggs and her husband's sperm.|
|51 years||2009-12 December 2009||Makhtur, AnitaAnita Makhtur||Her husband, Indian origin as her||IVF with her own unfrozen oocytes||India||Anita Makhtur, previously childless Indian woman, gave birth to twin boys in December 2009, at the age of 51, after IVF treatment. She was unable to get pregnant for 23 years because of fibroma uteri and had two unsuccessful IVF tries. She is probably the oldest woman who had IVF using her own unfrozen oocytes.|
|51 years||2013 2013||Mrs Rashmi Verma||Her husband, Mr. A. K. Verma||IVF||India||Mrs (Dr.) Rashmi Verma gave birth to a daughter (Lalli) in Delhi India in 2013 at the age of 51. Mrs. Rashmi Verma and her husband decided to go through fertility treatment after accidental death of their only child Amritanshu Verma |
|51 years||2015 2015||Sebastiana Maria da Conceicao||Her husband||Natural conception||Brazil||Sebastiana Maria da Conceicao, gave birth to her 21st child in the city of Aracaju, Brazil in May 2015, at the age of 51. The little boy joined the family of 10 brothers and 10 sisters, of whom 18 were alive. “I had my first son when I was 13, I was still a child, I didn’t know much. But after, at an older age, I started to have one after the other,” Sebastiana said.|
|52 years||2001-10 October 2001||Leibovitz, AnnieAnnie Leibovitz||Anonymous sperm donor||Natural conception||United States||American portrait photographer Annie Leibovitz was 52 when she gave birth to her daughter Sarah in October 2001.|
|52 years||2003-08-28 August 2003||Belyavskaya, LyudmilaLyudmila Belyavskaya||Alexander Belyavsky, her husband, Russian actor||Natural conception||Russia||Lyudmila Belyavskaya, second wife of Russian actor Aleksandr Borisovich Belyavskiy (known as Alexander Belyavsky), gave birth to her first child, daughter Alexandra, in Moscow, Russia, on August 28, 2003, at the age of 52, after a natural conception.|
|52 years||2007-05 May 2007||Unidentified||Her son-in-law (gestational surrogate)||IVF with oocytes donation (gestational surrogate)||Greece||52-year-old woman gave birth to her own twin grandchildren in Greece in May 2007, after choosing to act as a gestational surrogate, by IVF with oocytes donation, for her infertile daughter. Under the laws of Greece, a surrogate mother is required to be under 50, but in this case an exception was made.|
|52 years||2008-06 June 2008||Johnston, KarenKaren Johnston||Roger Johnston, her 53-year-old husband||IVF||United Kingdom||Karen Johnston of Bicester, England, gave birth to a girl, Willow, in June 2008, at the age of 52, after undergoing IVF treatment in Czech Republic. She was already a mother of 7, always alternating boy and girl also —Daniel (♂) 33, Jemma (♀) 28, Scott (♂) 27, Amy (♀) 26, Aiden (♂) 17, Bethany (♀) 14, Joseph (♂) 13—, and had two twins —Imogen (♀) & Asa (♂)— in July 2010 also after IVF treatment in the same Czech clinic.|
|52 years||2011-01-10 January 2011||Colonges, CatherineCatherine Colonges||Alain Colonges, her 51-year-old husband||Natural conception||France||Catherine Colonges, French woman from Togo, of Limogne-en-Quercy, Lot, France, gave birth to triplets, a girl Léonore, and two boys, Elian and Alexis, in Toulouse, France, at the age of 52, after conceiving naturally with her husband Alain. Mrs Colonges already has a 30-year-old and a 27-year-old son, a 15-year-old daughter and three grandchildren.|
|52 years, 4 months||1757-06-11 June 1757||Despeignes Blouin, JulienneJulienne Despeignes Blouin||Pierre Blouin, her 61-year-old husband||Natural conception||France||Julienne Despeignes wife Blouin, French woman from Ercé-en-Lamée, in Brittany, 35 km south Rennes, France, born on February 13, 1705, gave birth to her last daughter, Magdelaine, on June 11, 1757, at the age of 52 years and almost 4 months, after conceiving naturally with her husband Pierre. Mrs Blouin born Despeignes had already had 12 children, of which, at 44 years, in February 1749, before having two others, at 45 and 49 years, two twins of opposite sex, as she herself had a twin brother.|
|53 years||1992-11-10 November 1992||Shearing, MaryMary Shearing||Don Shearing, her 32-year-old second husband||IVF with oocytes donation||United States||Mary Shearing, a 53-year-old Californian woman, former amateur body builder, became pregnant with the help of medical technology in New York, New York, after married 7 years earlier Don Shearing, a 21 years younger man, gave birth on November 10, 1992 to about 12 weeks premature twin girls, at Martin Luther Hospital. The first baby, Amy Leigh, born naturally, was 2 pounds, 2 ounces. Her sister, Kelly Ann, born by Caesarean section, weighed 2 pounds, 12 ½ ounces.|
|53 years||1992-12-28 December 1992||Wesolowski, GeraldineGeraldine Wesolowski||Her son (gestational surrogate)||IVF with her daughter-in-law's oocytes (gestational surrogate)||United States||Geraldine Wesolowski of New York, New York, gave birth to her own grandson Matthew on December 28, 1992 at the age of 53, after IVF treatment in Christian Fertility Institute in Easton, Pennsylvania, in order to act as a gestational surrogate for her 31-year-old son Mark Wesolowski and his 32-year-old wife, Susan Cooper Wesolowski, who underwent hysterectomy at age 21 after the birth of her first son died at 2, and was not able to have children. It was believed that Geraldine Wesolowski, who was postmenopausal, was then the oldest woman in the United States to give birth through in vitro fertilization. That led to appearances on the Oprah Winfrey and Montel Williams television shows, according to Dr. Ida M. Campagna, the Amherst-based obstetrician who delivered Matthew. Matthew died in 2010 due to injuries sustained in a car accident.|
|53 years||2005-09 September 2005||Casserley, AnnieAnnie Casserley||Her son-in-law (gestational surrogate)||IVF with her daughter's genetically selected oocytes (gestational surrogate)||United Kingdom||Annie Casserley gave birth to her own granddaughter Annie Trinity Hattersley in United Kingdom in September 2005, at the age of 53, after choosing to act as a gestational surrogate for her 35-year-old daughter, Emma Hattersley, who has a rare cancer-like condition, Histiocytosis X, making her unable to withstand pregnancy.|
|53 years||2008-06 June 2008||Grainson, SarajeanSarajean Grainson||David Grainson, her second husband, former priest||IVF with oocytes donation||United States||Sarajean Grainson of Long Island, New York, gave birth to twin sons, Matthew and David, in June 2008 at the age of 53, after IVF treatment with oocytes donation. Grainson and her second husband David, former priest, already had a son Luke in December 2006. Sarajean Grainson also had three adult children from her first marriage.|
|53 years||2008-12 December 2008||Dramis, AdeleAdele Dramis||Her husband||IVF with oocytes donation||Italy||Adele Dramis, an Italian woman of Greek origin, gave birth to twins, a boy, Vicenzo, and a girl, Rosa, in Naples, Italy, in late December 2008, at the age of 53. She had been trying to get pregnant since she got married at age 45, and after years of trying she decided to receive IVF treatment.|
|53 years||2011-06-04 June 2011||Fehér, AnnaAnna Fehér||Her husband||IVF||Hungary||Hungarian actress Anna Fehér gave birth to her first child, a son, László Barnabás, on June 4, 2011, at the age of 53. She has been trying to conceive for ten years.|
|54 years||2000 2000||Shevchenko, GalinaGalina Shevchenko||Her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Russia||Galina Shevchenko gave birth to twin sons in Russia in 2000 at the age of 54. Shevchenko and her husband decided to go through fertility treatment after accidental death of their only son. It was the first case of successful case of IVF treatment of a postmenopausal woman in Russia.|
|54 years||2007-01 January 2007||Unidentified||Her husband||IVF with oocytes donation||Czech Republic||54-year-old woman gave birth to a daughter in Prague in "U Apolináře" clinic in January 2007, after IVF treatment with oocytes donation.|
|54 years||2009-11 November 2009||Unidentified||Her 71-year-old husband, previously childless||IVF with oocytes donation supposed||Israel||54-year-old woman gave birth to twins, boy and girl, in Bnei Brak, Israel, in November 2009. Her 71-year old husband became a first time father, while she had adult children from a previous marriage.|
|54 years||2010-07 July 2010||Johnston, KarenKaren Johnston||Roger Johnston, her 55-year-old husband||IVF||United Kingdom||Karen Johnston of Bicester, England, gave birth to twins, a boy, Asa, and a girl, Imogen, in July 2010, at the age of 54, after undergoing IVF treatment in Czech Republic. She was already a mother of 8, always alternating boy and girl also —Daniel (♂) 33, Jemma (♀) 28, Scott (♂) 27, Amy (♀) 26, Aiden (♂) 17, Bethany (♀) 14, Joseph (♂) 13, Willow (♀) 2—. Her eighth child was born in June 2008 also after IVF treatment in the same Czech clinic.|
|54 years||2011-08-15 August 2011||Couto dos Santos, SolangeSolange Couto dos Santos||Jamerson de Andrade, her second husband||Natural conception||Brazil||Brazilian actress Solange Couto dos Santos, already mother of a son, Márcio Felipe, and a daughter, Morena Mariah, of her previous marriage, gave birth to her third child, a son, named Benjamin, on August 15, 2011, at the age of 54, after a natural conception.|
|54 years, 1 month, 10 days||1916-02-10 February 1916||Pearce, ElizabethElizabeth Pearce||Her husband||Natural conception||United Kingdom||Mrs Elizabeth Pearce of Biterne, Southampton, England, gave birth to her youngest child on February 10, 1916, when she was 54 years and 40 days old.|
|54 years, 10 months||2000-01 January 2000||Garcia, AraceliaAracelia Garcia||Her husband||Natural conception||United States||Aracelia Garcia of Sunnyside, Washington, astounded doctors when she naturally conceived (without hormonal treatment) all-female triplets in 1999 at the age of 54. She delivered by Caesarean section in early January 2000 three healthy girls, named Arianna, Brianna and Cecelia, to play on initials A, B, C.|
|55 years||1998-04-18 April 1998||Fudel, MerrylMerryl Fudel||Anonymous sperm single donor||IVF||United States||Merryl Fudel, a five-time divorcee from San Diego, gave birth to quadruplets, three girls and a boy, on April 18, 1998, at the age of 55, after IVF treatment. She is probably the oldest woman who gave birth to quadruplets. Three girls and one boy were born at 27 weeks, the smallest of them weighted only 10 oz at birth. One of the girls died 8 days later. Fudel surrendered two other girls for adoption, so only the boy remained with mother.|
|55 years||2000-02-22 February 2000||McReavy Nolen, MarilynMarilyn McReavy Nolen||Randy Nolen, her 48-year-old husband||IVF with oocytes donation||United States||Marilyn Nolen (born McReavy), former Olympic athlete and volleyball coach at St. Louis University, gave birth to twin sons, Travis and Ryan, on February 22, 2000, at the age of 55. She married her husband Randy Nolen in 1988, and since that were trying to have a child, and after 10 years with no success they decided in 1998 to go through IVF.|
|55 years||2004-12 December 2004||Cade, TinaTina Cade||Jason Hammond, her 29-year-old son-in-law (gestational surrogate)||IVF with her daughter's oocytes (gestational surrogate)||United States||Tina Cade, from Virginia, gave birth to her own triplet grandchildren, two boys, Aaron and Kai, and a girl, Simone, in December 2004, at the age of 55, acting as a surrogate mother for her 29-year-old daughter Camille Hammond and her husband Jason. Camille suffers from endometriosis and had tried six attempts of IVF, but had been unsuccessful each time, and then Ms Cade has offered her help.|
|55 years||2007-07 July 2007||Mensah, VeronicaVeronica Mensah||Atsu Dikenou, a fellow Ghanaian||IVF||United States||Veronica Mensah of Lithonia, Georgia, gave birth to twins, boy and girl, Daniel Atsu and Diana Atsupui, in July 2007, at the age of 55. The children are named Dikenou after their genitor. She was trying to have children since she was 25, and after 30 years she decided to through IVF, which was done in her native Ghana.|
|55 years||2007-08-27 August 2007||"Brinda"||"Alagappan", her 57-year-old husband||IVF with oocytes donation and ICSI||India||Indian woman named "Brinda" from Bhadravathi, Karnataka, gave birth to twin sons, Akash and Rishikesh, on August 27, 2007, in Chennai, at the age of 55. She and her husband "Alagappan" were childless for 28 years due to lack of sufficient number of his sperms (oligospermia), so they decided to go through in vitro fertilization (IVF) with oocytes donation and intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).|
|55 years||2008 2008||Unidentified||Unknown||IVF||South Korea||A 55-year-old Korean gave birth at Seoul, South Korea, in 2008 (date not sure), with the help of the team of Dr. Kim Ahm who followed, after, "Park", the 57-year-old woman become a mother at Seoul in late September 2012.|
|55 years||2008-11-21 November 2008||Unidentified||Anonymous sperm single donor||IVF||Austria||55-year-old single woman gave birth to twin girls in Graz, Austria on November 21, 2008, by Caesarian section. She became pregnant after IVF abroad. The father is anonymous.|
|55 years||2010-11-26 November 2010||Nannini, GiannaGianna Nannini||Her partner||Natural conception, on hormone replacement therapy (HRT)||Italy||On November 26, 2010, 55 year old Italian singer Gianna Nannini gave birth to her first child, a girl named Penelope, having conceived naturally following fertility treatments.|
|55 years, 3 days||1936 1936||Wilson, WinifredWinifred Wilson||Her husband||Natural conception||United Kingdom||Winifred Wilson, from Eccles, west of Manchester, England, who gave birth to her 10th child at the age of 55 years and 3 days in 1936, was the oldest British mother until September 1987, when Kathleen Campbell, from Nottingham, England, gave birth at 55 years and 141 days.|
|55 years, 2 months, 10 days||1931-3-17 March 1931||Higgins, MaryMary Higgins||Her husband||Natural conception||Ireland||Mrs Mary Higgins of Cork City, Ireland, born on January 7, 1876, gave birth to her first child when she was 55 years and 69 days old, on March 17, 1931, St-Patrick Day, Irish National Day. The case was reported on July 5, 1932.|
|55 years, 4 months, 19 days||1987-09-09 September 1987||Campbell, KathleenKathleen Campbell||Sydney Campbell, her 65-year-old husband||Natural conception||United Kingdom||Kathleen Campbell of Kimberley, Nottinghamshire, England, born on April 21, 1932, and already grandmother by one of her six elder children ages 16 to 22, gave birth by Caesarean section to her 7th child, a 6 lb 7 oz (2.920 kg) son named Isaac Joby, on September 9, 1987, at the age of 55 years and 141 days, having conceived naturally.|
55 years ¾|
(also 51 years ¾)
|1999-03-22 March 1999||Lyon, PaulinePauline Lyon||David Lyon, her 54-year-old second husband||IVF||United Kingdom||Pauline Lyon, born in late March 1943, gave birth to a son, Brodie, at Hinchingbrooke Hospital, Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, England, on March 22, 1999, at the age of 55 years and 11 months ¾, after IVF treatment. She had also given birth to a girl at age 51 after the same treatment, and Lyon and her second husband wanted their daughter to have a sibling. Lyon also had an adult daughter from her first marriage.|
|56 years||2001-05-24 May 2001||Bezant, LynnLynn Bezant||Derek Bezant, her husband||IVF with oocytes donation||United Kingdom||Lynn Bezant of Croughton, Northamptonshire gave birth to twins, girl and boy, Susan and David, by Caesarean section, on May 24, 2001, at the age of 56, after receiving fertility treatment. Bezant, who already had three adult children with her husband Derek, received donor eggs which had been fertilised with her husband's sperm. The couple had always wanted a larger family but had failed after Bezant gave birth to stillborn twins and then suffered a miscarriage.|
|56 years||2006 2006||Unidentified||Unknown||IVF with oocytes donation||Australia||A 56-year-old woman, from Queensland, Australia, gave birth to a baby, in 2006, after IVF treatment with oocytes donation.|
|56 years||2008-01-10 January 2008||Akhmadeeva, RaisaRaisa Akhmadeeva||Rachid Akhmadeeva, her husband||Natural conception supposed||Russia||Raisa Akhmadeeva gave birth to her first child, a boy, in Ulyanovsk, Russia on January 10, 2008, at the age of 56. Her husband Rachid has already three children from his previous marriage, but they always wanted to have a child together.|
|56 years||2008-10-11 October 2008||Dalenberg, JacilynJacilyn Dalenberg||Joe Coseno, her son-in-law (gestational surrogate)||IVF with her daughter's oocytes (gestational surrogate)||United States||Jacilyn Dalenberg (former Wooster) of Mansfield, Ashland, Ohio, gave birth to her own triplet granddaughters, Elisabeth Jacilyn, and twins Carmina Ann and Gabriella Claire, on October 11, 2008, at the age of 56, acting as a surrogate mother for her daughter Kim Wooster Coseno and her husband Joe Coseno. Already mother of two children, a girl, Brittni (Wilkinson) and a boy, Colin (Anderson), of her two previous companions, Kim Wooster became sterile after giving birth to her son.|
|56 years||2010-05-26 May 2010||De Ambrosis, GabriellaGabriella De Ambrosis||Luigi De Ambrosis, her 69-year-old husband||IVF with oocytes donation||Italy||Gabriella De Ambrosis gave birth to her first child, daughter Viola, on May 26, 2010 in Italy, at the age of 56, after IVF treatment abroad. Gabriella married her husband Luigi in 1990 and were trying many years to conceive naturally and also had two requests for adoption turned down. In September 2011 an Italian court has ordered their daughter to be taken into care after ruling that librarian Gabriella, 57, and her retired husband, 70, were too old.|
|56 years||2014-11-25 November 2014||"Tessa"||Anonymous sperm donor||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Canada||"Tessa", a 56-year-old Toronto lawyer, gave birth to a baby boy on November 25, 2014, after IVF treatment with oocytes donation. She was single and had three adult children from her provious marriage.|
|56 years||2014-12-27 December 2014||McLaughlin, Lisa SwintonLisa Swinton McLaughlin||Michael McLaughlin, her husband||IVF||United States||Lisa Swinton McLaughlin, the medical director for the American Red Cross in Baltimore, gave birth to premature twin boys on December 27, 2014, at the age of 56, after more than 10 years of fertility treatment attempts. She was discharged from hospital on December 31, but was still suffering from the stomach pain, and died at home of a bowel obstruction on January 4, 2015, while her sons were still in the hospital.|
|56 years, 11 months, 27 days||2004-11-09 November 2004||St. James, AletaAleta St. James||Two anonymous sperm donors||IVF with oocytes donation||United States||Aleta St. James, born on November 12, 1947, gave birth to twins, a boy and a girl, Francesca and Gian, at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York, New York on November 9, 2004, just three days before her 57th birthday, after having undergone IVF treatment using donor eggs.|
|57 years||1996-03-14 March 1996||Surkova, NatalyaNatalya Surkova||Her second husband||Natural conception, on hormone replacement therapy (HRT)||Russia||Natalya Surkova became the oldest mother in Russia after giving birth to her daughter Sasha on March 14, 1996, at the age of 57. She became pregnant after 1.5 years of hormonal treatment, having been established in premenopausal. Surkova, a divorced mother of two adult children, decided to have one more child because her new partner was childless.|
|57 years||1998-12-12 December 1998||Cates, JudithJudith Cates||Carl M. Cates Jr, her 48-year-old husband||IVF||United States||Judith Cates of Evansville, Indiana gave birth to twin girls, Margaret Jan Marie (Maggi) and Carli Sue Morgan (Carli), on December 12, 1998, at the age of 57. She got pregnant after IVF treatment, and she has said that she and her husband, Carl, are often mistaken for grandparents.|
|57 years||2005-04-20 April 2005||Swain, RosieRosie Swain||Jay Swain, her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||United States||Rosie Swain naturally gave birth to twins, girl and boy, Diana and Christian, in USA on April 20, 2005, at the age of 57. Swain and her husband Jay, who already were six times grandparents and four times great-grandparents, by her six eldests, decided to go through IVF in order to give their last child, 6-year-old son Jimmy, a sibling close in age.|
|57 years||2008-03-28 March 2008||Tollefsen, SusanSusan Tollefsen||Nick Mayer, her 46-year-old partner||IVF with oocytes donation||United Kingdom||Susan Tollefsen, English woman Norway native, of Laindon, Essex, England, gave birth to her first child, daughter Freya, on March 28, 2008, at the age of 57, after IVF treatment with oocytes donation. She was refused to be treated in Britain due to her age, so she went to Russia and Poland to receive IVF. Two years later she was willing to have one more child, this time she was accepted at London Women's Clinic, and became the oldest woman in Britain who was offered this kind of treatment, but later she decided not to risk her health.|
|57 years||2008-07-13 July 2008||"Vera"||Her husband||Natural conception||Ukraine||57-year-old woman gave birth to a son, Andrei, in Kiev, Ukraine by Caesarean section on June 13, 2008 at the age of 57. Her first son died at age 20, later she gave birth to twin boys, but they died after 10 days, so she and her husband decided to try once again.|
|57 years||2010 2010||Unidentified||Unknown||IVF with oocytes donation||Australia||A 57-year-old woman gave birth to a baby in 2010, in Perth, Western Australia, after IVF treatment with oocytes donation.|
|57 years||2010-08 August 2010||Butler, PamelaPamela Butler||Her son-in-law (gestational surrogate)||IVF with her daughter's oocytes (gestational surrogate)||United Kingdom||57-year-old Pamela Butler, of Blackwood, Wales, gave birth to a boy, Josef, in August 2010 via surrogacy. Her 35-year-old daughter, Nichola, had tried to have a baby on her own and failed. Pamela Butler became Britain's oldest surrogate mother.|
|57 years||2010-11 November 2010||Unidentified||Anonymous Indian sperm donor||IVF||Australia||57-year-old Indian woman gave birth to a girl in Melbourne, Australia, in November 2010, after IVF with sperm donated from India, setting a record to become the oldest mother in Australia.|
|57 years||2011-09 September 2011||Sofia, SilvanaSilvana Sofia||Her 70-year-old husband||IVF with oocytes donation||Italy||Silvana Sofia, 57-year-old woman doctor, gave birth to female twins, Karola Pia and Adriana Cristina, in Salerno, Italy in September 2011. Her husband was 70 years old at that time.|
|57 years||2012-09-26 September 2012||"Park"||Her 60-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||South Korea||A 57-year-old Korean (born in 1955), nicknamed "Park", gave birth by caesarean section performed at 36 weeks, to two girls, fraternal twins, weighing, respectively, 2.230 kg and 2.630 kg, on September 26, 2012, at the Obstetric Asan Medical Center, at Seoul, South Korea. After 27 years to try unsuccessfully to conceive naturally with her husband, because of the obstruction of her fallopian tubes, the menopause had occurred when she was 45 years old, twelve years before. She therefore had to resort to IVF with donated oocytes, fertilized by the sperm of her 60-year-old husband.|
57 years, 4 months|
(also 52 and 55 years)
|1972-11-24 November 1972||Martin, AnnaAnna Martin||Raymond Martin, her 55-year-old husband||Natural conception||United States||Anna Martin, of Broken Arrow, near Tulsa, Oklahoma, already mother of six children, the eldest, Louis, was then 25, gave birth by Caesarean section to a daughter, Mary-Jane, on November 24, 1972, at the age of 57 years and 4 months. She already had her previous children, a daughter, in summer 1967, at the age of 52, then a son, Donnie-Ray, in summer 1970, at the age of 55.|
|57 years, 4 months, 7 days||1956-10-18 October 1956||Kistler, Ruth AliceRuth Alice Kistler||Her husband||Natural conception, on hormone replacement therapy (HRT)||United States||Ruth Alice Kistler of Portland, Oregon, gave birth to a daughter, Susan, in Los Angeles, California, on October 18, 1956, at the age of 57 years and 129 days. The birth predated the advent of in-vitro fertilization (IVF) making Kistler one of the oldest women known to have conceived naturally. Born in June 1899, she died in 1982, at the age of 82 or 83, while her daughter was 25 or 26.|
|58 years||1818-12-24 December 1818||Saunders, Mrs GeorgeMrs George Saunders||Her husband||Natural conception||United Kingdom||The Royal Cornwall Gazette of January 2, 1819, reporting the birth of twins, on previous Christmas Eve (December 24, 1818), to Mrs George Saunders, wife of a London shoemaker, in the 59th year of her age. Her last previous child had been born 35 years before that.|
|58 years||1995 1995||Bacco, EmiliaEmilia Bacco||Her husband||IVF with oocytes donation||Italy||Emilia Bacco, 58-year-old Italian woman from Salerno, Italy, gave birth to twin boys in 1995, after IVF treatment with oocytes donation fertilized by her husband's sperm.|
|58 years||2001-06 June 2001||"Pragna"||Her husband||IVF with oocytes donation||India||"Pragna", 58-year-old Indian woman, from Mumbai, Maharashtra, gave birth to a son, by Caesarean section, in June 2001.|
|58 years||2002-09 September 2002||Bosher, JanetJanet Bosher||Donated embryos' genitor||IVF with embryos donation||United Kingdom||Janet Bosher gave birth to her twins children Sarah and James in London in September 2002, at the age of 58, after IVF treatment with donated embryos, her partner Martin Maslin, also apparently sterile, at the Professor Ian Craft's private clinic. In January 2003, Martin Maslin died from a heart attack at age 64, five months after the twins' birth. After his death the wisdom of a couple close to retirement age having fertility treatment was debated.|
|58 years||2003-03-08 March 2003||Ellis, SamiraSamira Ellis||Her companion||IVF with oocytes donation||Sweden||Samira Ellis, an Israeli native, gave birth to twins, boy, Elias, and girl, Solva, in Sweden on March 8, 2003, at the age of 58.|
|58 years||2006-12-01 December 2006||Stopler, AnnAnn Stopler||Ayal Chomsky, her son-in-law (gestational surrogate)||IVF with her daughter's oocytes (gestational surrogate)||United States||Ann Stolper, of Delray Beach, Florida, gave birth to her own twin granddaughters, Itai & Maya, in USA on December 1, 2006, at the age of 58, acting as a surrogate mother for her daughter Caryn Stopler Chomsky and her husband Ayal Chomsky. Caryn Chomsky had had a hysterectomy at age 25 as she had been diagnosed with cervical cancer, and was not be able to have children the traditional way.|
|58 years||2010-05-31 May 2010||"Cicly"||Her husband||IVF||India||An Indian woman named Cicly of Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam district gave birth to a boy in St George Hospital on May 31, 2010, at the age of 58, after IVF treamment, with her owns eggs supposedly. Cicly’s first son had died many years ago at the age of three and her second son died at the age of 16 in an accident in 2008. She and her husband then decided to try to have one more child.|
|58 years||2010 2010||Unidentified||Her husband||IVF with oocytes donation||Italy||58-year-old woman of Turin, Italy, gave birth to a daughter, in 2010, after IVF treatment with oocytes donation.|
|58 years||2011-09 September 2011||Unidentified||Her 65 or 72-year-old husband||IVF with oocytes donation||Italy||A 58-year-old woman gave birth to twins, a boy and a girl, in Milan, Italy, in September 2011, after IVF treatment abroad with donor eggs. The woman and her 65-year-old (72 yo according another source) husband, mechanic, were trying to conceive naturally for 27 years.|
|58 years||2012-05-09 May 2012||Montuori, Maria AddolorataMaria Addolorata Montuori||Salvatore Manzo, her 59-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF with oocytes donation||Italy||Maria Addolorata Montuori, a 58-year-old woman from Boscoreale, near Naples, Campania, Italia, gave birth to triplets, one girl, Giovanna, and two boys, Alessandro and Adriano, on May 9, 2012, at the General Hospital of aples, after postmenopausal IVF treatment, with oocytes donation fertilized by sperm of her husband, Salvatore Manzo, 59 years.|
|58 years, 4 months||2004-12 December 2004||Cohen, LaurenLauren Cohen||Frank Garcia, her 39-year-old second husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||United States||Lauren Cohen of Paramus, New Jersey, born on August 11, 1946, already mother of a 26-year-old daughter, Renee, of her first marriage, gave birth to a daughter, Raquel, in New York, New York, in December 2004, at the age of 58 years and 4 months. Lauren Cohen and her husband, Frank Garcia, will still have twins together through IVF in May 2006, using the husband's sperm and oocytes from a donor. The couple, faced with either giving away the embryos left over from the first IVF treatment or letting them be destroyed, decided to try again. As to why she chose to have children at such a late age, with a husband approximately 20 years her junior, Lauren Cohen stated, "I just thought it would be unfair to Frank for him to marry me and never have the opportunity to have a child. He never asked me to have a child, but I knew it would make him happy".|
|58 years, 5 months||2007-12 December 2007||Katicelik, TürkanTürkan Katicelik||Selim Katicelik, her 64-year-old husband||IVF with anonymous 25-year-old donor's ovocytes||Germany||Türkan Katicelik, a Turkish woman living in Aschaffenburg, Germany gave birth to a daughter, Karya, in December 2007. The child weighed 2.1 kg, was 46 cm tall and was delivered by caesarean section. She had had several miscarriages before she gave birth to her first child. She used IVF with an anonymous 25 year old donor's oocytes. In 2008, she announced she was a bit younger than had previously been reported, due to a mistake in the official registration. She would be 60 in July, 2009, meaning she had been about 58 ½ at the birth.|
|58 years ½||1998 1998||Fu-mei, LinLin Fu-mei||Her husband||Natural conception, on hormone replacement therapy (HRT)||Republic Of China||Lin Fu-mei, of Republic of China (Taiwan), whose age was reported between 58 and 59, gave birth to twin daughters in 1998.|
|59 years||1993-12-25 December 1993||F., JenniferJennifer F.||Her 45-year-old husband||IVF with oocytes donation||United Kingdom||Jennifer F. (not released name), millionnaire British businesswoman, gave birth to twin boys in a London hospital on December 25, 1993, at the age of 59, after undergoing IVF treatment in Rome, Italy, with the help of Dr. Severino Antinori. The oocytes from an Italian 22-year-old donor and the sperm of Jennifer's 45-year-old husband were used. This case produced much ethical debate in UK.|
|59 years||1997-08-20 August 1997||Brooke, DawnDawn Brooke||Raymond Brooke, her 64-year-old husband||Natural conception, on hormone replacement therapy (HRT)||United Kingdom||Dawn Brooke of Guernsey, Channel Islands, gave birth to a son by Caesarian section on August 20, 1997, at the age of 59. She became pregnant unexpectedly, initially mistaking the symptoms she experienced for cancer, and is the oldest mother currently known to have conceived naturally. It has been speculated that the hormone replacement therapy which she had may have contributed to her ability to ovulate past menopause.|
|59 years||2002-12 December 2002||Wulf, JaniseJanise Wulf||Scott Wulf, her 45-year-old second husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||United States||Janise Wulf of Redding, California, gave birth to a boy, Ian, her 11th child, in late 2002, at the age of 59. The baby was delivered by Caesarean section, and was conceived through in-vitro fertilization (IVF). Her doctor stated that, for women over 35, giving birth can have risks, but he agreed to oversee the procedure because Wulf was in good health. She and her second husband, Scott, said that they decided to have children together because Scott had not had any children in his previous marriage. Of the 10 children Wulf had previously, the oldest was 37 at the time of the birth, and the youngest was 21. Janise Wulf also has 15 grandchildren and 1 great-grandchild.|
|59 years||2004-10 October 2004||Lennon, SandraSandra Lennon||Michaël Lennon, her second husband, allegedly, an anonymous sperm donor finally||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation fertilized by her husband's sperm allegedly, anonymous donor's finally||United Kingdom||Sandra Lennon of Byfleet, Surrey gave birth to her son Alex in October 2004, at the age of 59. It was her second child born after IVF treatment, the first of them, son Joshua, had been born in the beginning of 2003. Both boys were conceived with oocytes donation fertilised by her husband's sperm. Lennon, who has two adult children from her first marriage, told that she decided to go through IVF after she met her second husband, Michael. But later it was revealed that though they are officially married, they have never lived together and Michael did not even know that Alex had been born until two weeks after the birth.|
|59 years||2005-09-13 2005||Glazyrina, SvetlanaSvetlana Glazyrina||Ilgizar Glazyrin, her 50-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Russia||Svetlana Glazyrina, of Sochi, Russia, gave birth to her first child, a boy, Camille Rinat, weighing 3.8 kg and 54 cm tall, on September 13, 2005, at the age of 59. She had been trying to have children since her marriage at age 44. After seven unsuccessful pregnancies she decided to go through IVF treatment.|
|59 years||2008 2008||Unidentified||Her 71-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||United Kingdom||59-year-old British Indian woman gave birth in the English Midlands to twin girls conceived by IVF in India. The woman's husband was 72 years old at the moment of birth.|
|59 years||2008-09-06 September 2008||Unidentified||Her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with Vietnamese donor's oocytes||France||59-year-old Frenchwoman of Vietnamese origin gave birth by Caesarian section to two boys and a girl on September 6, 2008. The woman is thought to have resorted to a private Vietnamese clinic willing to overlook the age limit for egg donation and IVF, set at 45 in Vietnam. Egg donations are authorised in France, but most fertility clinics set a maximum age limit of 42 for would-be mothers.|
|59 years, 9 months, 11 days||2006-05-22 May 2006||Cohen, LaurenLauren Cohen||Frank Garcia, her 40-year-old second husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||United States||Lauren Cohen of Paramus, New Jersey, born on August 11, 1946, already mother of a 27-year-old daughter, Renee, of her first marriage, gave birth to twins, a boy and a girl, Giselle & Gregory, in New York, New York, on May 22, 2006, at the age of 59 years, 9 months, and 11 days. Lauren Cohen and her husband, Frank Garcia, had previously had a daughter, Raquel, together through IVF in December 2004, using the husband's sperm and an egg from a donor. The couple, faced with either giving away the embryos left over from the first IVF treatment or letting them be destroyed, decided to try again. As to why she chose to have children at such a late age, with a husband approximately 20 years her junior, Lauren Cohen stated, "I just thought it would be unfair to Frank for him to marry me and never have the opportunity to have a child. He never asked me to have a child, but I knew it would make him happy".|
|60 years||1997-11 November 1997||Jeffrey Buttle, Elizabeth Ann "Liz"Elizabeth Ann "Liz" Jeffrey Buttle||Her boyfriend||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||United Kingdom||Elizabeth Ann Jeffrey "Liz" Buttle, of Wales, already mother of a 41-year-old daughter, Belinda, she had at the age of 19, gave birth to a son, Joe, in November 1997, at the age of 60, after she had informed doctors that she was 49, although she was 59 actually, in order to be eligible for IVF. Buttle's husband died of a heart attack several years earlier; she started a new relationship and was desperate to have another child. Her only previous child, daughter Belinda, was born in 1956, when Liz was 19, so she is probably the woman with the longest interval between two births. As of September 2006, Buttle was still alive.|
|60 years||2001-07 July 2001||Unidentified||Her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Japan||60-year-old Japanese woman became the oldest mother in Tokyo, Japan when gave birth to her first child in July 2001, after IVF treatment received in USA using her husband's sperm and oocytes donated by an Asian woman.|
|60 years||2001-08 August 2001||"Aruna"||Her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||India||"Aruna", a 60-year-old Indian woman, from Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, gave birth to a son in August 2001, conceived by IVF treatment with oocytes donation. She and her husband married 29 years earlier, was remained childless, after 3 abortions of previa pregnancies.|
|60 years||2007-05-22 May 2007||Birnbaum, FriedaFrieda Birnbaum||Ken Birnbaum, her 63-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||United States||Dr Frieda Birnbaum of Saddle River, New Jersey, gave birth to twin sons, Jake and Jared, on May 22, 2007, at the age of 60. The babies weighed 4 lb 11 oz (2.12 kg) each and were delivered by Caesarean section. Frieda Birnbaum underwent IVF at a South African fertility clinic specializing in older women. She and her husband, who have a 6-year-old son and two adult children, a 33-year-old son and a 29-year-old daughter, said that they wanted their younger son to have siblings close in age. Hospital officials believe Dr Frieda Birnbaum may be the oldest woman to give birth to twins in the United States.|
|60 years||2009-02 February 2009||Hayer, RanjitRanjit Hayer||Jagir Hayer, her 60-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Canada||Ranjit Hayer of Calgary, Alberta, gave birth to twin boys, in February 2009, at the age of 60, became pregnant through fertility treatments and IVF practiced in India, after several miscarriages in several years.|
|60 years||2010-05-25 May 2010||Cheng, WuWu Cheng||Wu Jingzhou, her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||China||Wu Cheng, 60-year-old Chinese woman, gave birth to twin girls prematurely via Caesarean section in Hefei on May 25, 2010. The woman and her husband decided to go through IVF treatment after the death of their 28-year-old daughter Tingting and son-in-law. The woman has said: "The girls give me and my husband the courage to live on. Despite the fact that we are old, we have the confidence to bring them up."|
|60 years||2010-09-28 September 2010||Unidentified||Her son-in-law (gestational surrogate)||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with her daughter's oocytes (gestational surrogate)||Brazil||60-year-old Brazilian woman from Rio de Janeiro gave birth to her own granddaughter Alice on September 28, 2010, after choosing to act as a gestational surrogate for her 32-year-old daughter, who is infertile. Under Brazilian law, a surrogate mother is required to be one's close relative.|
|60 years||2015-01-26 January 2012||Ben, RajuRaju Ben||Hawa Singh, her 68-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||India||Raju Ben of gave birth to a son in Jaipur in January 2012, at the age of 60 (some sources cite 65). Married for 40 years, she suffered with four miscarriages in the past and had multiple surgeries on her tubes & uterus because of tuberculosis, ovarian cysts, etc., thus making her impossible to conceive, so she and her husband decided to try IVF.|
|60 years||2015-05-30 May 2015||Patel, PunjibenPunjiben Patel||Ranchhod Patel, her 65-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||India||Punjiben Patel of Vond village of Bhachau in Kutch district, Gujarat, gave birth to a son in May 2015, at the age of 60. Married in 1982, she and her husband failed to conceive naturally. Patel became pregnant after the first attempt of IVF.|
|60 years, 10 months, 19 days||2010-01-11 January 2010||Triff, Lia GeorgiaLia Georgia Triff||Prince Paul-Philippe von Hohenzollern al Romania, her 62-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with allegedly one of her frozen oocytes||Romania||Princess Lia Georgia Triff, wife of Prince Paul-Philippe Hohenzollern of Romania, gave birth in Romania to the Prince Carol Ferdinand Hohenzollern on January 11, 2010 ; born on February 23, 1949, she was then 60 years, 10 months, and 19 days. She previously had a daughter born in 1973 from her first union. Later, Lia Triff alleged that she used her own frozen eggs.|
|61 years||1988-01-16 January 1988||Tuaileva, CeciliaCecilia Tuaileva||Her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Australia||Cecilia Tuaileva, Australian woman, gave birth to a son on January 16, 1988, at the age of 61. She has used IVF with oocytes donation fertilized by her husband's sperm.|
|61 years||1992-07-27 July 1992||Cantadori, LilianaLiliana Cantadori||Her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Italy||Liliana Cantadori gave birth to a son in Modena, Italy on July 27, 1992, at the age of 61. She used IVF with oocytes donation fertilized by her husband's sperm.|
|61 years||2002-12-15 December 2002||Unidentified||Her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Austria||An unnamed Austrian woman gave birth to her second child, a daughter weighing 6 lb (2.72 kg), on December 15, 2002 at the age of 61 in Graz. She will still give birth to another child, a boy, in early March 2007 at the age of 66. Her oldest child, a daughter, is then 25. Both pregnancies over 60 were made possible by IVF. The second will overseen by Severino Antinori. This may be the only known case in the world of two pregnancies and births at over age 60.|
|61 years||2007-02-19 February 2007||Unidentified||Her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Denmark||61-year-old woman, from Vanlose, Copenhague, Denmark, gave birth to a daughter on February 19, 2007, in Copenhague, conceived by IVF treatment practiced in England, with oocytes donation.|
|61 years||2007 2007||Unidentified||Her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Switzerland||61-year-old woman became first-time mother in Switzerland in 2007, after becoming pregnant abroad by IVF treatment with oocytes donation, a procedure which is banned in the Helvetic Confederation. Another woman gave birth the same year in the country to twin boys at the age of 61years ¾.|
|61 years||2009-02-10 February 2009||Unidentified||Her son-in-law (gestational surrogate)||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with her daughter's oocytes (gestational surrogate)||Japan||61-year-old woman gave birth to her own grandson in Nagano, northwestern Tokyo, Japan, on February 10, 2009, after choosing to act as a gestational surrogate for her daughter, who has no uterus and could not become pregnant herself. She would be the oldest surrogate mother recorded in Japan.|
|61 years||2011-02-13 February 2011||Casey, KristineKristine Casey||Her 42-year-old son-in-law (gestational surrogate)||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with her daughter's oocytes (gestational surrogate)||United States||Kristine Casey gave birth to her own grandson Finnean Lee on February 13, 2011, at Prentice Women's Hospital in Chicago, Illinois, at the age of 61. She chose to act as a surrogate for her 36-year-old daughter Sara Connell, who is infertile. Kidney complications affecting the surrogate mother shortly after birth were quickly resolved.|
|61 years||2012-10-26 October 2012||Asti, Antônia LetíciaAntônia Letícia Asti||Her 55-year-old husband, José César Asti||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with her own frozen oocytes||Brazil||Antônia Letícia Asti, a Brazilian woman from Santos, 40 km south-east São Paulo, State of São Paulo, gave birth, two months before term, to twins, Sofia and Roberto, weighing 900 g (less than 2 lb) each, on October 26, 2012, one week after her a 61st birthday, after a postmenopausal IVF treatment using her own frozen oocytes fertilized by her husband (age 55 at the twins birth) remaining after their three previous unsuccessful attempts since 1992.|
|61 years ¾||2007 2007||Unidentified||Her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Switzerland||Swiss woman became first-time mother in 2007, giving birth to twins, at the age of 61 years ¾. She became pregnant abroad at the age of 61 after IVF treatment with oocytes donation, a procedure which is banned in Switzerland. A fellow woman, became pregnant by the same means at 60, still abroad, gave birth to a son at 61 the same year.|
|62 years||1992-08 August 1992||Ditessa, ConcettaConcetta Ditessa||her 53-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocyte donation||Italy||Concetta Ditessa, a housewife from a Calabrian village in southern Italy, was due to give birth to a boy in August 1992. She was impregnated with an egg from a 30-year-old woman that was fertilized with sperm from Ditessa's husband, who is 53. There is no trace of an article about her childbirth, but her pregnancy referred to around 6 months of gestation, she probably has not had a miscarriage at this stage.|
|62 years||2001-05-14 May 2001||Salomone, JeanineJeanine Salomone||Robert Salomone, her 52-year-old brother||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocyte donation||France||Jeanine Salomone, French retired teacher, gave birth to a son, Benoît-David, on May 14, 2001, in Fréjus, Var, France, at the age of 62. It is against the law in France for post-menopausal women to receive IVF so she went to the USA for treatment. The case caused some ethical debate because the two eggs donated to Jeanine by a Californian woman were inseminated with sperm from Jeanine's brother, Robert: one was brought to term by Jeanine, the other by the donor as surogate, who will give birth the week after, on May 22, 2001, to Marie-Cécile, her biological daughter promised to Jeanine. Their doctor was not informed that Jeanine and Robert were sister and brother; he thought that they were a married couple. The infants were reportedly born into a fraught family atmosphere in which Jeanine and Robert hate each other and are wrangling over a family inheritance.|
|62 years||2004-04-12 April 2004||Bhavani, AmmaAmma Bhavani||Anonymous sperm donor||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||India||Amma Bhavani, of Thiruvananthapuram, southern India, gave birth to a son by Caesarean section on April 12, 2004, at the age of 62, after an IVF treatment with oocytes donation fertilized by sperm taken from the sperm bank. The boy named Kannan drowned in a bucket in 2006, and in 2008 Bhavani, aged 66, was preparing for the second IVF attempt.|
|62 years||2006-02-19 February 2006||Wulf, JaniseJanise Wulf||Scott Wulf, her 48-year-old second husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||United States||Janise Wulf of Redding, California, gave birth to a boy, Adam Charles, her 12th child, on February 19, 2006, at the age of 62. The baby was delivered by Caesarean section, weighing 6 lb 10 oz (3.00 kg), and was conceived through in-vitro fertilization (IVF). Her doctor stated that, for women over 35, giving birth can have risks, but he agreed to oversee the procedure because Janise Wulf was in good health. She and her second husband, Scott, said that they decided to have children together because Scott had not had any children in his previous marriage, and because they did not want their other son, Ian, born late 2002, also conceived through IVF, to grow up an only child. Of the 10 children Janise Wulf had previously, before Ian, the oldest was 40 at the time of the birth, and the youngest was 24. Janise Wulf also has 20 grandchildren and 3 great-grandchildren.|
|62 years||2006-07-05 July 2006||Rashbrook Farrant, Patricia "Patti"Patricia "Patti" Rashbrook Farrant||John Farrant, her 60-year-old husband, until then childless||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||United Kingdom||Patricia Rashbrook, already mother of 3 adults children, ages 26, 22, and 18, from her first union, gave birth to a son, Jude, in Brighton, England on July 5, 2006, at the age of 62. She and her husband, John Farrant, received, in Russia, IVF treatment from the same Italian fertility expert who the Della Cortes had consulted, Severino Antinori. The birth of the baby, which was born by Caesarean section and weighed 6 lb 10.5 oz (3.02 kg), sparked debate over the ethics of late motherhood in the U.K. She was Britain's oldest mother from 2006 until 2009 when Elizabeth Adeney became beat the record at the age of 66.|
|62 years||2007-07 July 2007||Radulovic, MilevaMileva Radulovic||Sreten Radulovic, her 69-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Montenegro||Mileva Radulovic of Danilovgrad, northwest of Podgorica, Montenegro, gave birth in July 2007, at the age of 62. Radulovic and her 69-year-old husband Sreten became first time parent after 35 years of marriage with the help of IVF treatment.|
|62 years||2010-05-05 May 2010||Dimitrova, KrasimiraKrasimira Dimitrova||Her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Bulgaria||Bulgarian psychiatrist Krasimira Dimitrova, from Ruse, Bulgaria, gave birth on May 5, 2010 to female twins, Mary and Jacqueline, weighting only 0.5 and 0.9 kg, after IVF treatment, at the age of 62. She decided to become pregnant after she was refused the option of adoption because of her age. Dimitrova was initially impregnated with triplets, but later doctors decided to remove one of the foetuses. She is only the second known woman aged over 60 that has given birth to twins.|
|62 years||2015-02 February 2015||Shubenina, GalinaGalina Shubenina||Her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Russia||Galian Shubenina of Moscow gave birth to a daughter in February 2015, at the age of 62. She wanted to have a child after the death of her son from previous marriage.|
|62 years ½||1887 1887||Unidentified||Her husband||Natural conception||England||The Lancet Medical Journal reported in 1887 the case of an English woman who had given birth, at the age of 62 years ½, to three boys, real triplets, her 11th, 12th, and 13th children with her husband.|
|62 years ¾||1994-07-18 July 1994||Della Corte, RosannaRosanna Della Corte||Mauro Della Corte, her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Italy||Rosanna Della Corte of Canino, Italy gave birth to a son, Riccardo, on July 18, 1994, at the age of 62 ¾. After their first son was killed when a car crashed into his motorcycle in 1991, Rosanna Della Corte and her husband, Mauro, decided to attempt to have a second child. The couple tried to adopt, but were unable to, as under Italian law an adoptive parent could be no more than 40 years older than their potential child. Mauro read in the newspaper about an Italian doctor, Severino Antinori, who had helped a woman in her late 50s have a child. With Dr. Antinori's help, the Della Cortes conceived through IVF with oocytes donation and Mauro's sperm. Rosanna, 60, became pregnant on the first attempt, but miscarried after 40 days, and it took 6 more attempts before there was success. She was then just 62.|
|63 years||1997-04-23 April 1997||Unidentified||Her 60-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||United States||An anonymous menopausal 63-year-old woman, remained childless, who had claimed to doctors to be only 55 to be eligible for the program of artificial insemination, gave birth to a 6 lb 4 oz baby girl, on April 23, 1997, at the Hospital of the University of Southern California's School of Medicine, in Los Angeles, after IVF with a young anonymous donor's oocyte fertilized by her 60-year-old husband's sperm, and frozen embryo transfer.|
|63 years||2011-03-22 March 2011||Geessink, TinekeTineke Geessink||Anonymous sperm donor||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Netherlands||Tineke Geessink of Harlingen, Netherlands, gave birth to daughter Meagan on March 22, 2011, at the age of 63. Single mother Tineke Geessink, currently the oldest woman in the Netherlands to ever give birth, explained to press that she had always longed for a child and chose to do so "whatever way she could". She was treated by the famous Italian doctor Severino Antinori, who implanted a donated oocyte fertilized with donated sperm; the Dutch limit for such treatments is at age 45. The announcement of Geessink's pregnancy sparked a debate about the ethics of late motherhood in the Netherlands.|
|63 years ¾||1996-11-07 November 1996||Keh, ArceliArceli Keh||Isagani Keh, her 57-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||United States||Arceli Keh of Highland, California, gave birth to a daughter, Cynthia, on November 7, 1996, at the age of 63 ¾. She and her husband, Isagani, had been married for 16 years when they decided to try to have a child. In order to gain admission to a fertility program that had an upper age limit of 55, Kehs told doctors that she was 50, although she was in fact 10 years older at the time. Five IVF transfer cycles were required before Arceli Keh successfully became pregnant. The ovum came from a donor and was fertilized with sperm from Arceli's husband.|
|64 years||2004-02-23 February 2004||Subramaniam, PapathiammalPapathiammal Subramaniam||Her 74-year-old husband, without son||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with her 30-year-old cousin's oocyte, and selected her husband's Y sperm||India||Papathiammal Subramaniam gave birth to a son in Erode, Tamil Nadu, India on February 23, 2004, at the age of 64. The baby was delivered by Caesarean section and weighed 1.75 kg (3.8 lb). He was conceived through IVF, with an ovum donated by a 30-year-old Papathiammal's cousin and the sperm of Papathiammal's husband, a 74-year-old farmer until then remained without son.|
|64 years||2004-06 June 2004||Unidentified||Anonymous sperm donor||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Israel||64-year-old Israeli woman gave birth to a son in June 2004 in Tel Aviv after receiving a postmenopausal IVF with oocytes and sperm donations.|
|64 years||2006-10-09 October 2006||Tiryaki, MemnuneMemnune Tiryaki||Omer Tiryaki, her 62-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Turkey||Memnune Tiryaki gave birth to her first child, son Yasin, in Istanbul, Turkey, on October 9, 2006, at the age of 64, after IVF treatment with oocytes donation, practiced in Turkish occupied section of Cyprus. Tiryaki and her 62-year-old husband were trying to have children for 35 years.|
|64 years||2010-07 July 2010||C., DominiqueDominique C.||Daniel C., her 60-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Switzerland||64-year-old Swiss woman, from Oberlunkhofen, Canton of Argovie, western Zurich, Switzerland, whose husband was 60, gave birth to their first child, daughter Katerina, in July 2010, after IVF treatment with oocyte(s) donation. She went to Russia for IVF using donor eggs, after a miscarriage at the age of 61, because egg donation is illegal in Switzerland.|
|65 years||2003-04-09 April 2003||Mahapatra, SatyabhamaSatyabhama Mahapatra||Her husband Krishnachandra's niece's husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment using her husband's niece Veenarani's oocyte||India||Satyabhama Mahapatra of Nayagarh, Odisha, India gave birth to a son on April 9, 2003, in Raipur, at the age of 65. The baby, weighing 6 lb 8 oz (2.95 kg) was born by Caesarean section. Mahapatra became pregnant through the help of IVF using an ovum donated by 26-year-old niece Veenarani Mahapatra (of her husband Krishnachandra Mahapatra) and spermatozoons from the husband of the latter. Krishnachandra could not fertilize his niece's oocyte himself. This was their first child after 50 years of marriage. Doctors had attempted to persuade the couple not have IVF. Satyabhama Mahapatra was also hospitalized for the last trimester of her pregnancy.|
|65 years||2015-05 May 2015||Shahar, HayaHaya Shahar||Shmuel, her 67-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Israel||Haya Shahar, of Bnei Brak, Israel, who was unable to have a baby during her 46-year marriage with Shmuel, gave birth to a son in May 2015 at Meir Medical Center in Kfar Saba. She became the oldest woman in Israel to give birth. The IVF was performed abroad since it is illegal in Israel to perform IVF on a woman over 54.|
|65 years||2015-05 May 2015||Raunigk, AnnegretAnnegret Raunigk||Unknown sperm donor||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Germany||Annegret Raunigk, a Berliner, age 55 ¾, professor of English and Russian, already the mother of 12 children (5 girls and 7 boys) ages 34 to 13 years - Antje (♀) 34, Ellen (♀) 31, Bjarne (♂) 30, Torben (♂) 27, Lieven (♂) 25, Tjard (♂) 24, Inken (♀) 23, Svea (♀) 20, Lennart (♂) 19, Velten (♂) 18, Ingvar (♂) 17, and Auda (♀) 13, all with Nordic names to be distinct from those of her students, born of five different fathers, and grandmother of six grandchildren ages 16 years to 6 months, gave birth, in late October 2005, in Berlin, Germany, to a daughter, Lelia, her 13th child, conceived naturally. Shortly before this last delivery, she had to flee with her six cadets children still living at home, in Hungary, where is born her last grandson. In May 2015, Raunigk gave birth to quadruplets at age 65 after IVF with donated eggs.|
|66 years||1999-04 April 1999||Stole, HarrietHarriet Stole||Ross Stoll, her son (gestational surrogate)||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with her daughter-in-law's oocytes||United Kingdom||Harriet Stole of Southgate, North London gave birth to a son, Henry Thomas, in April 1999 at age 66 after agreeing to be a surrogate mother for her infertile daughter in-law (Lucy Handerson Stole). Lucy and her husband- Harriet's son (Ross Stole) had an egg fertilized and later implanted into the womb of Harriet. The child was born prematurely at 8 months, weighing 4 pounds 5 oz, but survived and is healthy.|
|66 years||2007-03 March 2007||Unidentified||Her husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Austria||An unnamed Austrian woman gave birth to her third child in early March 2007 at the age of 66 in Graz. She had previously given birth to another child, a girl weighing 6 lb (2.72 kg), in the middle of December 2002 at the age of 61. Her oldest child- a daughter, is 30. Both pregnancies over 60 were made possible by IVF with oocytes donation. The second was overseen by Severino Antinori. This may be the only known case in the world of two pregnancies and births at over age 60.|
|66 years||2011-02 February 2011||Pidverbna, ValentynaValentyna Pidverbna||Anonymous sperm donor||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Ukraine||Valentyna Pidverbna, unmarried woman, aged 66, gave birth to her first child, a girl weighing 3.3 kg and being 54 cm height in Chernihiv, Ukraine in February 2011. She underwent three cycles of IVF treatment to achieve positive results.|
|66 years||2012-03-03 March 2012||Unidentified||Anonymous Ukrainian sperm single donor||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Switzerland||66-year-old Swiss Protestant pastor living in Grüsh, near Coire, in the eastern canton of Graubuenden gave birth to two boys, Michael & Joshua by Caesarean section on March 3, 2012 after receiving IVF treatment with eggs and sperm donor in Ukraine.|
|66 years||2009-05-28 May 2009||Adeney, Elizabeth "Lizzie"Elizabeth "Lizzie" Adeney||Ukrainian anonymous sperm donor||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||United Kingdom||Elizabeth "Lizzie" Adeney, aged 66, gave birth to a 5 lb 3oz son, Jolyon, in Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, England, on May 28, 2009, becoming Britain's oldest mother. The child, who was conceived through IVF treatment in Ukraine from oocyte and sperm donations, was delivered by Caesarean section. "It's not physical age that is important - It's how I feel inside. Some days I feel 39. Others, I feel 56." Elizabeth had to resort to a Ukrainian sperm donor because her 71-year-old husband, Robert Adeney had been refusing since 1999 to lend himself to her inclinations for assisted maternity. This was reported to have caused their subsequent divorce.|
|66 years||2010-06 June 2010||Devi Singh, BhateriBhateri Devi Singh||Deva Singh, her 64-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||India||Bhateri Devi, previously childless Indian woman, gave birth to triplets, two boys and a girl, in Alewa, Haryana, North of Delhi, at the age of 66, after IVF treatment with oocytes donation. She is the oldest known woman to give birth to triplets. One of the triplets died some days after the birth. As of October 2014, Devi was still alive.|
|66 years, 7 months, 16 days||2005-01-16 January 2005||Iliescu, AdrianaAdriana Iliescu||Anonymous sperm single donor||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Romania||Adriana Iliescu, born on May 31, 1938, gave birth to a daughter Eliza Maria at a hospital in Bucharest, Romania by Caesarean section on January 16, 2005 at the age of 66 years, 7 months and 16 days. After undergoing IVF using donated eggs, Iliescu initially became pregnant with triplets, but one of the fetuses died in utero. The other two were delivered by caesarean section, but one of them was stillborn. New York Daily News said that she was the oldest recorded woman to deliver a child until 2008 when Omkari Panwar gave birth to twins.|
|66 years, 11 months, 24 days||2006-12-29 December 2006||Bousada de Lara, Maria del CarmenMaria del Carmen Bousada de Lara||Two sperm donors selected from a catalog||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||Spain||Maria del Carmen Bousada de Lara called Carmela Bousada (b. January 5, 1940, d. July 11, 2009, age 69), from Cadix, Spain, gave birth to twin sons, Pau and Christian, at Sant Pau Hospital in Barcelona, Spain, on December 29, 2006, at the age of 66 years, 11 months, and 24 days — one week before her 67th birthday. The babies were delivered prematurely by Caesarean section and weighed 3.5 lb (1.6 kg) each. M.C. Bousada became pregnant after receiving IVF treatment with oocytes donation and two sperm donors selected from a catalog from a fertility clinic in Los Angeles, California, which claims that Bousada informed them that she was 55 (their maximum age for IVF treatment). Her family was unaware that she had gone to the United States to undergo fertility treatment prior to the births, and thought she was joking when she told them she was pregnant. Manuel Bousada de Lara, Maria del Carmen's older brother, criticized her decision, expressing concern over whether she would be able to raise children at her age. In response to such concerns, Bousada stated, "My mum lived to be 101 and there's no reason I couldn't do the same".
Maria died on July 11, 2009 from stomach cancer, which she developed soon after giving birth to her twins; her sons were only 2 ½ years old then. According to the Daily Mail, she was the world's oldest mother until 70-year-old Omkari Panwar gave birth to her twins in 2008.
|70 years||2008-06-27 June 2008||Panwar, OmkariOmkari Panwar||Charan Singh Panwar, her 77-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||India||Omkari Panwar gave birth to twins, a boy and a girl, in Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, via emergency Caesarean section, on June 27, 2008, at the age of 70. The babies weighed 2 pounds each. Omkari became pregnant through IVF treatment with a single oocytes donor, process which she and her husband pursued in order to produce a male heir. Omkari has two adult daughters and five grandchildren. However, Omkari doesn't have a birth certificate, her age has been estimated by her claim that she was 9 years old when the British Raj left India in 1947. In response to hearing that she had possibly broken the record for world's oldest mother, Omkari stated, "If I am the world's oldest mother it means nothing to me. I just want to see my new babies and care for them while I am still able." She became the world's oldest mother in 2008, breaking the record of Spanish Carmela Bousada, who gave birth in 2006 at 66 years of age.|
|70 years||2008-11 November 2008||Devi Lohan, RajoRajo Devi Lohan||Baba Ral "Balla" Lohan, her 71-year-old husband||Postmenopausal IVF treatment with oocytes donation||India||Rajo Devi Lohan gave birth to a daughter, Naveen, at the age of 70. Lohan's health soon deteriorated and nearly died due to complications following childbirth. As of October 2014, Lohan was still alive.|
Pregnancies among older women have been a subject of controversy and debate. Some argue against motherhood late in life on the basis of the health risks involved, or out of concern that an older mother might not be able or around to care for a child as she ages, while others contend that having a child is a fundamental right and that it is commitment to a child's wellbeing, not the parents' ages, that matters.
A survey of attitudes towards pregnancy over age 50 among Australians found that 54.6% believed it was acceptable for a postmenopausal woman to have her own eggs transferred and that 37.9% believed it was acceptable for a postmenopausal women to receive donated ova or embryos.
Governments have sometimes taken actions to regulate or restrict later-in-life childbearing. In the 1990s, France approved a bill which prohibited postmenopausal pregnancy, which the French Minister of Health at the time, Philippe Douste-Blazy, said was "...immoral as well as dangerous to the health of mother and child". In Italy, the Association of Medical Practitioners and Dentists prevented its members from providing women aged 50 and over with fertility treatment. Britain's then-Secretary of State for Health, Virginia Bottomley, stated, "Women do not have the right to have a child; the child has a right to a suitable home". However, in 2005, age restrictions on IVF in the United Kingdom were officially withdrawn.
Legal restrictions are only one of the barriers confronting women seeking IVF, as many fertility clinics and hospitals set age limits of their own.
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