Prehistory of Northern Nigeria

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History of Northern Nigeria
Northern Nigeria

The pre-history of Northern Nigeria spans the period covering from the early history of the planet to the time of written historical records. There has been very little investigation into the History of Northern Nigeria before the rise of human civilisation.

Iron Age[edit]

Kainji Dam excavations revealed ironworking by the 2nd century BC. The transition from Neolithic times to the Iron Age apparently was achieved without intermediate bronze production. Others suggest the technology moved west from the Nile Valley, although the Iron Age in the Niger River valley and the forest region appears to predate the introduction of metallurgy in the upper savanna by more than 800 years.

Nok Culture[edit]

The earliest identified Nigerian culture is the Nok or Kwatarkwashi culture that thrived between 900 BC and 200 AD . Information is lacking from the first millennium BC following the Nok ascendancy, but by the 2nd millennium BC there was active trade from Ancient Egypt via Nubia through the Sahara to the forest with the savanna people acting as intermediaries in exchanges of various goods.[1]


  1. ^ Jared Diamond, 'Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies' (1997) Chapter 19