Premier (South Africa)
In South Africa, a Premier is the head of government of one of South Africa's nine provinces. The Premier of a province plays for that province a role similar to that played by the President for the country as a whole.
Elections for the nine provincial legislatures are held every five years, simultaneously with the election of the National Assembly; the last such election occurred on 7 May 2014. At the first meeting of the provincial legislature after an election, the members choose the Premier from amongst themselves. The legislature can force the Premier to resign by a motion of no confidence. If the Premiership becomes vacant (for whatever reason) the legislature must choose a new Premier to serve out the period until the next election. One person cannot have serve more than two five-year terms as Premier; however, when a Premier is chosen to fill a vacancy the time until the next election does not count as a term.
In terms of the constitution, the executive authority of a province is vested in the Premier. The Premier appoints an Executive Council made up of five to ten members of the provincial legislature; they are known as Members of the Executive Council (MECs). The MECs are effectively ministers and the Executive Council a cabinet at the provincial level. The Premier has the power to hire and fire MECs at his/her own discretion.
The Premier and the Executive Council are responsible for implementing provincial legislation, along with any national legislation assigned to the provinces. They set provincial policy and manage the departments of the provincial government; their actions are subject to the national constitution and the provincial constitution (if there is one).
In order for an act of the provincial legislature to become law, the Premier must sign it. If he/she believes that the act is unconstitutional, it can be referred back to the legislature for reconsideration. If the Premier and the legislature cannot agree, the act must be referred to the Constitutional Court for a final decision.
List of current Premiers
|Premier||Province||Order||Party||Incumbency||First mandate began||Current mandate began|
|Phumulo Masualle||Eastern Cape||6th||ANC||21 May 2014)4 years, 322 days (||2014 Election||2014 Election|
|Sisi Ntombela||Free State||6th||ANC||27 March 2018)1 year, 12 days (||2018 Designation||2018 Designation|
|David Makhura||Gauteng||6th||ANC||21 May 2014)4 years, 322 days (||2014 Election||2014 Election|
|Willies Mchunu||KwaZulu-Natal||7th||ANC||24 May 2016)2 years, 319 days (||2016 Designation||2016 Designation|
|Stanley Mathabatha||Limpopo||5th||ANC||18 July 2013)5 years, 264 days (||2013 Designation||2014 Election|
|Refilwe Mtsweni||Mpumalanga||5th||ANC||20 March 2018)1 year, 19 days (||2018 Designation||2018 Designation|
|Job Mokgoro||North West||6th||ANC||22 June 2018)290 days (||2018 Designation||2018 Designation|
|Sylvia Lucas||Northern Cape||4th||ANC||23 May 2013)5 years, 320 days (||2013 Designation||2014 Election|
|Helen Zille||Western Cape||7th||DA||6 May 2009)9 years, 337 days (||2009 Election||2014 Election|