Premier Padmini

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Premier Padmini
Premier Padmini.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerPremier Automobiles
Also calledFiat 1100 Delight
Premier President
Production1964-2001
Body and chassis
ClassCompact car
Body style4-door saloon
LayoutFR layout
RelatedFiat 1100D
Powertrain
Engine1,089 cc Fiat 103 I4 . 1,366 cc "PAD 137N" naturally aspirated . 1,089 cc "S1".
Transmission4-speed manual.
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,340 mm (92 in)
Length3,905–3,940 mm (153.7–155.1 in)
Width1,460 mm (57 in)
Height1,470 mm (58 in)[1]
Curb weight895 kg (1,973 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorFiat 1100
SuccessorPremier 118NE

The Premier Padmini was a four-seat saloon manufactured in India from 1964 to 2001 by Premier Automobiles Limited, a division of the Walchand Group, under license from Fiat and marketed initially as the Fiat 1100 Delight — and from 1974 as the Premier Padmini. The Padmini's primary competitors in the Indian market were the Hindustan Ambassador and Standard Herald. This famous car[2] ruled the Indian car market and its popularity peaked during 1970s and 80s. Many celebrities of the time[3] including Rajnikanth, Mammootty, Aamir Khan owned a Premier Padmini during its prime years. Known colloquially as the Pad,[4] or Fiat (since the Padmini was originally a Fiat car), the Padmini is named after a 14th-century Rajput princess.[4] Padmini translates to "she who sits on the lotus" and refers to the Goddess Lakshmi. It was also a common name for girls in India at the time.

History[edit]

The Fiat 1100D, based on the Fiat 1200 GranLuce Berlina, debuted in India in 1964 with a carburetted 1,089 cc four-cylinder petrol engine — rather than the 1,221 cc engine fitted to the GranLuce in Italy. With a 10.8:1 compression ratio, it created 47 bhp (35 kW) at 4,800 rpm with a maximum torque of 7.20 kg⋅m (71 N⋅m; 52 lb⋅ft) at 3,000 rpm. The original transmission was a four-speed manual gearbox (without synchronized first gear), which drove the rear wheels via a live rear axle. Its shifter was mounted on the left of the steering column. Weighing 895 kg (1,973 lb), its top speed was 130 km/h (81 mph).

Premier manufactured the Padmini at their Kurla plant in Bombay (now Mumbai) until they sold a majority stake to Fiat SpA in September 1997. The licensed vehicle was initially marketed as the Fiat 1100 Delight. For model year 1973, it was marketed as the Premier President and subsequently as the Premier Padmini. At its peak during the 1970s and 1980s, the car achieved immense popularity among youngsters, celebrities and women. Compared to the Hindustan Ambassador, it looked more modern, was more fuel-efficient and was very easy to drive.

By the early 1980s, engine power was reduced to 42 bhp (31 kW) (at 5,000 rpm) with a modified carburettor to make it more fuel efficient. Premier began to offer an air-conditioner, leather upholstery, courtesy lights and tinted glass. These were considered luxuries in Indian cars at the time.

From the mid-1980s, with the advent of more modern, cheaper and more fuel-efficient cars from Maruti Suzuki, the popularity of the Padmini slowly began to wane. The liberalisation of the Indian economy in 1991, which allowed foreign car manufacturers to launch operations in India, began the end for the Padmini. In 1996, Premier tried to revive the car's sagging fortunes with an updated model. Named the Padmini S1, this had a more modern radiator grille, bucket seats, a Nissan floor-shift synchronised gearbox and a more powerful engine thanks to a Solex carburetor and use of a thermostat-controlled electric fan with an output of 48 bhp (36 kW). A diesel variant, the 137D, was also introduced, with the hope of taking advantage of the rising popularity of diesel vehicles in India.[5] Its engine was built under license from Fratelli Negri Macchine Diesel Sud (FNM), Italy, with a displacement of 1,366 cc and generating 45 bhp (34 kW). Its top speed was close to 140 km/h, and its fuel efficiency was 24 km/l. Production was shut down because of PAL's management problems.

While all cars built by Premier were four-door sedans, small companies such as Starline also offered other bodywork, mainly in the form of estates.[1]

In the 2010s numerous examples served as taxicabs in Mumbai, though these were being phased out due to regulations enacted in 2013 by the government disallowing vehicles over 20 years old.[6] Many of these taxis now[when?] run on CNG for fuel economy.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (5 March 1987). Automobil Revue 1987 (in German and French). 82. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 480. ISBN 3-444-00458-3.
  2. ^ http://www.drivespark.com/four-wheelers/2014/a-tribute-to-the-premier-padmini-007886.html
  3. ^ https://mostlyeconomics.wordpress.com/2015/01/23/history-of-indias-premier-padmini-fiat-car/
  4. ^ a b "Shedding Door Pulls, Mumbai Taxis Rattle Into History". The New York Times, DAVID SHAFTEL, December 28, 2012.
  5. ^ "History of Premier Automobiles". Car History 4 U. Form and Function.
  6. ^ "Mumbai's Premier Padmini taxis reach the end of the road". DNA India. 3 August 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2014.

External links[edit]