Premier of Quebec

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Prime Minister of Quebec
Coat of arms of Québec.svg
Philippe Couillard 2014-11-11 E.jpg
Philippe Couillard

since April 23, 2014
Government of Quebec
Office of the Premier
Style The Honourable
Member of
Reports to National Assembly
Residence Price Building
Seat Quebec City
Appointer Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
Inaugural holder Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau
Formation July 15, 1867[1]

The Prime Minister (French: Premier ministre du Québec (masculine) or Première ministre du Québec (feminine)) is the first minister of the Canadian province of Quebec. The Prime Minister is the province's head of government and their title is Prime Minister and President of the Executive Council.

The current Prime Minister of Quebec is Philippe Couillard of the Quebec Liberal Party, appointed April 23, 2014 following the 2014 election.

Selection and qualifications[edit]

The Prime Minister of Quebec is appointed as president of the Executive Council by the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, the viceregal representative of the Queen in Right of Quebec. He or she is most usually the head of the party winning the most seats in the National Assembly of Quebec, and is normally a sitting member of the National Assembly. An exception to this rule occurs when the winning party's leader fails to win the riding in which he is running. In that case, the premier would have to attain a seat by winning a by-election. This has happened, for example, to Robert Bourassa in 1985.

The role of the Prime Minister of Quebec is to set the legislative priorities on the opening speech of the National Assembly. He or she represents the leading party and must have the confidence of the assembly, as expressed by votes on budgets and other matters considered as confidence votes.

Contrary to popular belief, the correct designation at law for Quebec's head of government is "Prime Minister", not "Premier" as is used in other Canadian provinces.[2] However, the term "Premier" is used colloquially by anglophones and anglophone news outlets and other medias.[3]


The Prime Minister of Quebec are chosen according to the principle of responsible government. This principle is a matter of constitutional convention, since the Constitution Act, 1867 does not mention it.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]