Premier of Quebec
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2011)|
|Prime Minister of Quebec|
|Government of Quebec
Office of the Premier
|Reports to||National Assembly|
|Appointer||Lieutenant Governor of Quebec|
|Term length||At Her Majesty's pleasure|
|Inaugural holder||Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau|
|Formation||July 15, 1867|
The Prime Minister (French: Premier ministre du Québec (masculine) or Première ministre du Québec (feminine)) is the first minister of the Canadian province of Quebec. The Prime Minister is the province's head of government and their title is Prime Minister and President of the Executive Council.
Selection and qualifications
The Prime Minister of Quebec is appointed as president of the Executive Council by the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, the viceregal representative of the Queen in Right of Quebec. He or she is most usually the head of the party winning the most seats in the National Assembly of Quebec, and is normally a sitting member of the National Assembly. An exception to this rule occurs when the winning party's leader fails to win the riding in which he is running. In that case, the premier would have to attain a seat by winning a by-election. This has happened, for example, to Robert Bourassa in 1985.
The role of the Prime Minister of Quebec is to set the legislative priorities on the opening speech of the National Assembly. He or she represents the leading party and must have the confidence of the assembly, as expressed by votes on budgets and other matters considered as confidence votes.
Contrary to popular belief, the correct designation at law for Quebec's head of government is "Prime Minister", not "Premier" as is used in other Canadian provinces. However, the term "Premier" is used colloquially by anglophones and anglophone news outlets and other medias.
The Prime Minister of Quebec are chosen according to the principle of responsible government. This principle is a matter of constitutional convention, since the Constitution Act, 1867 does not mention it.
- Politics of Quebec
- List of premiers of Quebec
- List of premiers of Quebec by time in office
- Prime Minister of Canada
- Premier (Canada)
- "Nombre de premiers ministres et de gouvernements depuis 1867" (in French). National Assembly of Quebec. Retrieved March 9, 2014.