Premier of Queensland

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Premier of Queensland
Coat of Arms of Queensland.svg
Flag of Queensland.svg
Annastacia Palaszczuk 2016.jpg
Incumbent
Annastacia Palaszczuk

since 14 February 2015
Department of the Premier and Cabinet
Style
StatusHead of Government
Member of
Reports toParliament
Seat1 William Street, Brisbane
AppointerGovernor of Queensland
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Legislative Assembly
Term lengthAt the Governor's pleasure
contingent on the premier's ability to command confidence in the house of Parliament
Constituting instrumentNone (constitutional convention)
Formation10 December 1859
First holderRobert Herbert
DeputyDeputy Premier of Queensland
Salary$380,000 per annum
Websitewww.thepremier.qld.gov.au

The Premier of Queensland is the head of government in the Australian state of Queensland.

By convention the Premier is the leader of the party with a parliamentary majority in the unicameral Legislative Assembly of Queensland. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of Queensland.

The incumbent Premier of Queensland since the 2015 election is Annastacia Palaszczuk of the Labor Party.

Constitutional role[edit]

Under section 42 of the Constitution of Queensland the Premier and other members of Cabinet are appointed by the Governor and are collectively responsible to Parliament. The text of the Constitution assigns to the Premier certain powers, such as the power to assign roles (s. 25) to Assistant Ministers (formerly known as Parliamentary Secretaries), and to appoint Ministers as acting Ministers (s. 45) for a period of 14 days.

In practice, under the conventions of the Westminster System followed in Queensland, the Premier's power is derived from two sources: command of a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and the Premier's role as chair of Cabinet, determining the appointment and roles of Ministers. Although ministerial appointments are the prerogative of the Governor of Queensland, in normal circumstances the Governor will make these appointments under the "advice" (in reality, direction) of the Premier.

Immediately following an election for the Legislative Assembly, the Governor will call on the leader of the party which commands a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and ask them to commission a government. A re-elected government will be resworn, with adjustments to the ministry as determined by the Premier.

Premier's office[edit]

The Premier has an office in the Executive Annexe of Parliament House, Brisbane, which is normally used while Parliament is sitting. At other times the Premier's ministerial office is in 1 William Street, which is across the road from the Executive Annexe.

List of Premiers of Queensland[edit]

Before the 1890s, there was no developed party system in Queensland. Political affiliation labels before that time indicate a general tendency only. Before the end of the first decade of the twentieth century, political parties were more akin to parliamentary factions, and were fluid, informal and disorganised by modern standards.

No. Name
(lifespan)
Portrait Term of Office Party Constituency Election(s) Won
1 Robert Herbert Queensland State Archives 2954 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert Premier of Queensland c 1862.png 10 December 1859 1 February 1866 6 years, 53 days Squatter Conservative Leichhardt 1860
1863
2 Arthur Macalister Arthur Macalister.jpg 1 February 1866 20 July 1866 169 days None Town of Ipswich -
(1) Robert Herbert Queensland State Archives 2954 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert Premier of Queensland c 1862.png 20 July 1866 7 August 1866 18 days Squatter Conservative West Moreton -
(2) Arthur Macalister Arthur Macalister.jpg 7 August 1866 15 August 1867 1 year, 8 days None Town of Ipswich -
3 Robert Mackenzie RobertRamsayMackenzie.jpg 15 August 1867 25 November 1868 1 year, 102 days Squatter Conservative Burnett 1867
4 Charles Lilley Charles Lilley.jpg 25 November 1868 2 May 1870 1 year, 158 days None Hamlet of Fortitude Valley 1868
5 Arthur Palmer Arthur Hunter Palmer.jpg 3 May 1870 7 January 1874 3 years, 249 days Squatter Conservative Port Curtis 1870
1871
(2) Arthur Macalister, CMG Arthur Macalister.jpg 8 January 1874 5 June 1876 2 years, 149 days None Ipswich 1873
6 George Thorn George Thorn.jpg 5 June 1876 8 March 1877 276 days None Ipswich -
7 John Douglas, CMG John Douglas.jpg 8 March 1877 21 January 1879 1 year, 227 days None Maryborough -
8 Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG Thomas McIlwraith.jpg 21 January 1879 13 November 1883 4 years, 296 days Conservative Mulgrave 1878
9 Sir Samuel Griffith, KCMG, QC SGriff1.jpg 13 November 1883 13 June 1888 4 years, 213 days None North Brisbane 1883
(8) Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG Thomas McIlwraith.jpg 13 June 1888 30 November 1888 170 days Conservative Brisbane North -
10 Boyd Dunlop Morehead Boyd Morehead.jpg 30 November 1888 12 August 1890 1 year, 255 days Conservative Balonne 1888
(9) Sir Samuel Griffith, KCMG, QC SGriff1.jpg 12 August 1890 27 March 1893 2 years, 227 days None North Brisbane -
(8) Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG Thomas McIlwraith.jpg 27 March 1893 27 October 1893 214 days Conservative Brisbane North -
11 Sir Hugh Nelson, KCMG Sir Hugh Nelson.jpg 27 October 1893 13 April 1898 4 years, 168 days Ministerial Murilla 1896
12 Thomas Joseph Byrnes Thomas Joseph Byrnes.jpg 13 April 1898 1 October 1898 171 days Ministerial Warwick -
13 James Dickson James Robert Dickson.jpg 1 October 1898 1 December 1899 1 year, 61 days Ministerial Bulimba 1899
14 Anderson Dawson AndersonDawson.jpg 1 December 1899 7 December 1899 6 days Labour Charters Towers -
15 Robert Philp Queensland State Archives 3062 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert Philp Premier of Queensland c 1900.png 7 December 1899 17 September 1903 3 years, 284 days Ministerial Townsville 1902
16 Arthur Morgan Sir Arthur Morgan.jpg 17 September 1903 19 January 1906 2 years, 124 days Liberal Warwick 1904
17 William Kidston William Kidston.jpg 19 January 1906 19 November 1907 1 year, 304 days Labor South Brisbane 1907
Kidstonite
(15) Robert Philp Queensland State Archives 3062 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert Philp Premier of Queensland c 1900.png 19 November 1907 18 February 1908 91 days Conservative Townsville -
(17) William Kidston William Kidston.jpg 18 February 1908 7 February 1911 2 years, 354 days Kidston; Liberal Rockhampton 1908
1909
18 Digby Denham Digby Denham.jpg 7 February 1911 1 June 1915 4 years, 114 days Liberal Oxley 1912
19 T. J. Ryan, KC TJRyanPortrait.jpg 1 June 1915 22 October 1919 4 years, 143 days Labor Barcoo 1915
1918
20 Ted Theodore Ted Theodore 1931.jpg 22 October 1919 26 February 1925 5 years, 127 days Labor Chillagoe 1920
1923
21 William Gillies William Gillies 1920.jpg 26 February 1925 22 October 1925 238 days Labor Eacham -
22 William McCormack William McCormack.jpg 22 October 1925 21 May 1929 3 years, 211 days Labor Carins 1926
23 Arthur Edward Moore Arthur Edward Moore.jpg 21 May 1929 17 June 1932 3 years, 27 days CPNP Aubigny 1929
24 William Forgan Smith William Forgan Smith.jpg 17 June 1932 16 September 1942 10 years, 91 days Labor Mackay 1932
1935
1938
1941
25 Frank Cooper Frank Cooper, circa 1949.jpg 16 September 1942 7 March 1946 3 years, 172 days Labor Bremer 1944
26 Ned Hanlon Queensland State Archives 4694 Premier Hanlon MLA c 1952.png 7 March 1946 17 January 1952 5 years, 316 days Labor Ithaca 1947
1950
27 Vince Gair Queensland State Archives 4750 Hon VC Gair Premier of Queensland c 1953.png 17 January 1952 12 August 1957 5 years, 207 days Labor South Brisbane 1953
1956
Queensland Labor
28 Frank Nicklin, MM Frank Nicklin.jpg 12 August 1957 17 January 1968 10 years, 158 days Country Murrumba 1957
1960
1963
1966
29 Jack Pizzey Jack Pizzey.jpg 17 January 1968 1 August 1968 197 days Country Isis -
30 Gordon Chalk Gordon Chalk 1963.jpg 1 August 1968 8 August 1968 7 days Liberal Lockyer -
31 Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen, KCMG
(knighted in 1984)
Joh Bjelke-Petersen (78979r).jpg 8 August 1968 1 December 1987 19 years, 115 days Country/National Barambah 1969
1972
1974
1977
1980
1983
1986
32 Mike Ahern Mike Ahern, Parliament House, Brisbane City, October 1988.jpg 1 December 1987 25 September 1989 1 year, 298 days National Landsborough -
33 Russell Cooper No image.png 25 September 1989 7 December 1989 84 days National Roma -
34 Wayne Goss Wayne Goss.png 7 December 1989 19 February 1996 6 years, 74 days Labor Logan 1989
1992
1995
35 Rob Borbidge No image.png 19 February 1996 20 June 1998 2 years, 121 days National Surfers Paradise -
36 Peter Beattie Peter Beattie, BYCC, August 2013 (cropped).jpg 20 June 1998 13 September 2007 9 years, 85 days Labor Brisbane Central 1998
2001
2004
2006
37 Anna Bligh Anna Bligh crop.jpg 13 September 2007 26 March 2012 4 years, 195 days Labor South Brisbane 2009
38 Campbell Newman Campbell Newman being interviewed (cropped).jpg 26 March 2012 14 February 2015 2 years, 325 days Liberal National Ashgrove 2012
39 Annastacia Palaszczuk Annastacia Palaszczuk 2016.jpg 14 February 2015 Incumbent 5 years, 286 days Labor Inala 2015
2017
2020

Living former premiers[edit]

As of February 2015, six former premiers are alive, the oldest being Russell Cooper (1989, born 1941). The most recent premier to die was Wayne Goss (1951–2014), on 10 November 2014.

Name Term as premier Date of birth
Mike Ahern 1987–1989 (1942-06-02) 2 June 1942 (age 78)
Russell Cooper 1989 (1941-02-04) 4 February 1941 (age 79)
Rob Borbidge 1996–1998 (1954-08-12) 12 August 1954 (age 66)
Peter Beattie 1998–2007 (1952-11-18) 18 November 1952 (age 68)
Anna Bligh 2007–2012 (1960-07-14) 14 July 1960 (age 60)
Campbell Newman 2012–2015 (1963-08-12) 12 August 1963 (age 57)

Graphical timeline[edit]

Annastacia PalaszczukCampbell NewmanAnna BlighPeter BeattieRob BorbidgeWayne GossRussell CooperMichael Ahern (Australian politician)Joh Bjelke-PetersenGordon ChalkJack PizzeyFrancis NicklinVince GairNed Hanlon (politician)Frank CooperWilliam Forgan SmithArthur Edward MooreWilliam McCormackWilliam Gillies (Australian politician)Ted TheodoreT. J. RyanDigby DenhamWilliam KidstonArthur Morgan (Queensland politician)Robert PhilpAnderson DawsonJames DicksonThomas Joseph ByrnesHugh NelsonBoyd MoreheadSamuel GriffithThomas McIlwraithJohn Douglas (Queensland politician)George ThornArthur Hunter PalmerCharles LilleyRobert Mackenzie (Queensland politician)Arthur MacalisterRobert HerbertWorld War IIWorld War I

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]