Premier of Victoria

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Premier of Victoria
Coat of Arms of Victoria.svg
Flag of Victoria (Australia).svg
Daniel Andrews 2018.jpg
Incumbent
Daniel Andrews

since 4 December 2014
Department of Premier and Cabinet
Style
StatusHead of Government
Member of
Reports toParliament
Seat1 Treasury Place, Melbourne
AppointerGovernor of Victoria
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Legislative Assembly
Term lengthAt the Governor's pleasure
contingent on the premier's ability to command confidence in the lower house of Parliament
Constituting instrumentNone (constitutional convention)
Formation30 November 1855
First holderWilliam Haines
DeputyDeputy Premier of Victoria
SalaryAU$464,918 (from 1 July 2022)[1]
Websitewww.premier.vic.gov.au

The premier of Victoria is the head of government in the Australian state of Victoria. The premier is appointed by the governor of Victoria, and is the leader of the political party able to secure a majority in the Victorian Legislative Assembly.

Responsible government came to the colony of Victoria in 1855. Between 1856 and 1892, the head of the government was commonly called the premier or the prime minister, but neither title had any legal basis. The head of government always held another portfolio, usually Chief Secretary or Treasurer, for which they were paid a salary. The first head of government to hold the title of premier without holding another portfolio was William Shiels in 1892.

Premiers of Victoria who have served for more than 3,000 days have a statue installed at Treasury Place. Four Victorian premiers have been afforded this honour: Albert Dunstan, Henry Bolte, Rupert Hamer and John Cain Junior.[2][3][4]

Every premier of Victoria since 1933 (with the exception of Ian MacFarlan, who was premier for 51 days) has a portrait of them displayed at Queens Hall in Parliament House. The idea of creating a portrait gallery for former premiers of Victoria was initiated by the Hon. Fred Grimwade, the president of the Victorian Legislative Council from 1979-1985. Prior to 2001, the portraits were originally displayed in the corridor leading to the Members Dining Room, leading to the corridor being known as the "Premiers’ Corridor".[5]

The incumbent premier of Victoria since the 2014 election is Daniel Andrews of the Australian Labor Party.

List of premiers of Victoria[edit]

No. Portrait Premier Election wins Term of office Political party Constituency Ministry
Took office Left office Time in office[6]
1 Williamhaines.jpg William Haines 1856 30 November 1855 11 March 1857 1 year, 102 days Independent South Grant Haines I
2 Johnoshanassy.jpg John O'Shanassy 11 March 1857 29 April 1857 50 days Independent Kilmore O'Shanassy I
(1) Williamhaines.jpg William Haines 29 April 1857 10 March 1858 316 days Independent South Grant Haines II
(2) Johnoshanassy.jpg John O'Shanassy 10 March 1858 27 October 1859 1 year, 232 days Independent Kilmore O'Shanassy II
3 Williamnicholson.jpg William Nicholson 1859 27 October 1859 26 November 1860 1 year, 31 days Independent Sandridge Nicholson
4 Richardheales.jpg Richard Heales 1861 26 November 1860 14 November 1861 354 days Independent East Bourke Boroughs Heales
(2) Johnoshanassy.jpg John O'Shanassy 14 November 1861 27 June 1863 1 year, 226 days Independent Kilmore O'Shanassy III
5 Jamesmcculloch.jpg James McCulloch 1864
1866
1868
27 June 1863 6 May 1868 4 years, 315 days Independent Mornington McCulloch I
6 Charlessladen.jpg Charles Sladen 6 May 1868 11 July 1868 67 days Independent Western Province Sladen
(5) Jamesmcculloch.jpg James McCulloch 11 July 1868 20 September 1869 1 year, 72 days Independent Mornington McCulloch II
7 Johnmacpherson.jpg John Alexander MacPherson 20 September 1869 9 April 1870 202 days Independent Dundas MacPherson
(5) Jamesmcculloch.jpg James McCulloch 1871 9 April 1870 19 June 1871 1 year, 72 days Independent Mornington McCulloch III
8 Charles Gavan Duffy 1846.JPG Charles Gavan Duffy 19 June 1871 10 June 1872 358 days Independent Dalhousie Duffy
9 James Goodall Francis (1819-1884).jpg James Francis 1874 10 June 1872 31 July 1874 2 years, 52 days Independent Richmond Francis
10 Georgekerferd.jpg George Kerferd 31 July 1874 7 August 1875 1 year, 8 days Independent Ovens Kerferd
11 12Grahamberry.jpg Graham Berry 7 August 1875 20 October 1875 75 days Non-Party Liberalism Geelong West Berry I
(5) Jamesmcculloch.jpg James McCulloch 20 October 1875 21 May 1877 1 year, 214 days Non-Party Conservatism Warrnambool McCulloch IV
(11) 12Grahamberry.jpg Graham Berry 1877
Feb. 1880
21 May 1877 5 March 1880 2 years, 290 days Non-Party Liberalism Geelong Berry II
12 Jamesservice.jpg James Service Feb. 1880 5 March 1880 3 August 1880 152 days Non-Party Conservatism Maldon Service I
(11) 12Grahamberry.jpg Graham Berry Jul. 1880 3 August 1880 9 July 1881 341 days Non-Party Liberalism Geelong Berry III
13 Bryanologhlen.jpg Bryan O'Loghlen 9 July 1881 8 March 1883 1 year, 243 days Non-Party Liberalism West Bourke O'Loghlen
(12) Jamesservice.jpg James Service 1883 8 March 1883 18 February 1886 2 years, 348 days Non-Party Conservatism Castlemaine Service II
14 Duncangillies.jpg Duncan Gillies 1886
1889
18 February 1886 5 November 1890 4 years, 261 days Non-Party Conservatism Rodney
Eastern Suburbs
Gillies
15 Jamesmunro.jpg James Munro 5 November 1890 16 February 1892 1 year, 104 days Non-Party Liberalism Geelong Munro
16 16Williamshiels.jpg William Shiels 1892 16 February 1892 23 January 1893 343 days Non-Party Liberalism Normanby Shiels
17 17Jamespatterson.jpg James Patterson 23 January 1893 27 September 1894 1 year, 248 days Non-Party Conservatism Castlemaine Patterson
18 Georgeturner.jpg George Turner 1894
1897
27 September 1894 5 December 1899 5 years, 70 days Non-Party Liberalism St Kilda Turner I
19 19Allanmclean.jpg Allan McLean 5 December 1899 19 November 1900 350 days Non-Party Liberalism Gippsland North McLean
(18) Georgeturner.jpg George Turner 1900 19 November 1900 12 February 1901 86 days Non-Party Liberalism St Kilda Turner II
20 20Alexanderpeacock.jpg Alexander Peacock 12 February 1901 10 June 1902 1 year, 119 days Non-Party Liberalism Clunes and Allandale Peacock I
21 21Williamirvine.jpg William Irvine 1902 10 June 1902 16 February 1904 1 year, 252 days Reform Lowan Irvine
22 22Thomasbent.jpg Thomas Bent 1904
1907
1908
16 February 1904 8 January 1909 4 years, 328 days Reform Brighton Bent
23 John Murray Premier.jpg John Murray 1911 8 January 1909 18 May 1912 3 years, 132 days Commonwealth Liberal Warrnambool Murray
24 24Williamwatt.jpg William Watt 18 May 1912 9 December 1913 1 year, 206 days Commonwealth Liberal Essendon Watt I
25 25Georgeelmslie.jpg George Elmslie 9 December 1913 22 December 1913 14 days Labor Albert Park Elmslie
(24) 24Williamwatt.jpg William Watt 22 December 1913 18 June 1914 179 days Commonwealth Liberal Essendon Watt II
(20) 20Alexanderpeacock.jpg Alexander Peacock 1914 18 June 1914 29 November 1917 3 years, 165 days Commonwealth Liberal Allandale Peacock II
26 26Johnbowser.jpg John Bowser 1917 29 November 1917 21 March 1918 144 days Nationalist Wangaratta Bowser
27 27Harrylawson.jpg Harry Lawson 1920
1921
21 March 1918 28 April 1924 6 years, 39 days Nationalist Castlemaine and Maldon Lawson I
Lawson II
Lawson III
(20) 20Alexanderpeacock.jpg Alexander Peacock 28 April 1924 18 July 1924 82 days Nationalist Allandale Peacock III
28 George Prendergast.jpg George Prendergast 1924 18 July 1924 18 November 1924 124 days Labor North Melbourne Prendergast
29 29Johnallan.jpg John Allan 18 November 1924 20 May 1927 2 years, 184 days Country Rodney Allan
30 30Nedhogan.jpg Edmond Hogan 1927 20 May 1927 22 November 1928 1 year, 187 days Labor Warrenheip and Grenville Hogan I
31 Will McPherson.jpg William McPherson 22 November 1928 12 December 1929 1 year, 21 days Nationalist Hawthorn McPherson
(30) 30Nedhogan.jpg Edmond Hogan 1929 12 December 1929 19 May 1932 2 years, 160 days Labor Warrenheip and Grenville Hogan II
32 Agyle, Stanley (cropped).png Stanley Argyle 1932
1935
19 May 1932 2 April 1935 2 years, 319 days United Australia Toorak Argyle I
Argyle II
33 Albert Dunstan (cropped).jpg Albert Dunstan 1937
1940
1943
2 April 1935 14 September 1943 8 years, 166 days United Country Korong and Eaglehawk Dunstan I
34 John Cain 1954.jpg John Cain Sr. 14 September 1943 18 September 1943 5 days Labor Northcote Cain I
(33) Albert Dunstan (cropped).jpg Albert Dunstan 18 September 1943 2 October 1945 2 years, 15 days United Country Korong and Eaglehawk Dunstan II
35 Imcfarlanemp.jpg Ian Macfarlan 2 October 1945 21 November 1945 51 days Liberal Brighton Macfarlan
(34) John Cain 1954.jpg John Cain Sr. 1945 21 November 1945 20 November 1947 2 years, 0 days Labor Northcote Cain II
36 TomHollway.jpg Thomas Hollway 1947
1950
20 November 1947 27 June 1950 2 years, 220 days Liberal
Liberal and Country
Ballarat Hollway I
Hollway II
37 Johnmcdonaldmp.jpg John McDonald 27 June 1950 28 October 1952 2 years, 124 days Country Shepparton McDonald I
(36) TomHollway.jpg Thomas Hollway 28 October 1952 31 October 1952 4 days Electoral Reform Ballarat Hollway III
(37) Johnmcdonaldmp.jpg John McDonald 31 October 1952 17 December 1952 48 days Country Shepparton McDonald II
(34) John Cain 1954.jpg John Cain Sr. 1952 17 December 1952 7 June 1955 2 years, 173 days Labor Northcote Cain III
38 Henry Bolte.jpg Henry Bolte 1955
1958
1961
1964
1967
1970
7 June 1955 23 August 1972 17 years, 78 days Liberal and Country
Liberal
Hampden Bolte I
Bolte II
Bolte III
Bolte IV
Bolte V
Bolte VI
39 Dick Hamer.jpg Rupert Hamer 1973
1976
1979
23 August 1972 5 June 1981 8 years, 287 days Liberal Kew Hamer I
Hamer II
Hamer III
Hamer IV
40 Lindsay Thompson 5 June 1981 8 April 1982 308 days Liberal Malvern Thompson
41 John Cain 2018.jpg John Cain Jr. 1982
1985
1988
8 April 1982 10 August 1990 8 years, 125 days Labor Bundoora Cain Jr. I
Cain Jr. II
Cain Jr. III
42 Joan kirner.jpg Joan Kirner 10 August 1990 6 October 1992 2 years, 58 days Labor Williamstown Kirner
43 Jeff Kennett.jpg Jeff Kennett 1992
1996
6 October 1992 20 October 1999 7 years, 15 days Liberal Burwood Kennett I
Kennett II
44 Steve Bracks at a Vietnam Veterans Day ceremony, August 2006.jpg Steve Bracks 1999
2002
2006
20 October 1999 30 July 2007 7 years, 284 days Labor Williamstown Bracks I
Bracks II
Bracks III
45 John Brumby.jpg John Brumby 30 July 2007 2 December 2010 3 years, 126 days Labor Broadmeadows Brumby
46 Chinese New Year 2013 85 - Ted Baillieu (8459813505).jpg Ted Baillieu 2010 2 December 2010 6 March 2013 2 years, 95 days Liberal Hawthorn Baillieu
47 Premier Denis Napthine.jpg Denis Napthine 6 March 2013 4 December 2014 1 year, 274 days Liberal South-West Coast Napthine
48 Daniel Andrews 2018.jpg Daniel Andrews 2014
2018
2022
4 December 2014 Incumbent 7 years, 362 days Labor Mulgrave Andrews I
Andrews II

Timeline[edit]

Daniel AndrewsDenis NapthineTed BaillieuJohn BrumbySteve BracksJeff KennettJoan KirnerJohn Cain (41st Premier of Victoria)Lindsay ThompsonRupert HamerHenry BolteJohn Cain (34th Premier of Victoria)John McDonald (Victorian politician)Thomas HollwayJohn McDonald (Victorian politician)Thomas HollwayJohn Cain (34th Premier of Victoria)Ian MacfarlanAlbert DunstanJohn Cain (34th Premier of Victoria)Albert DunstanStanley ArgyleEdmond HoganWilliam Murray McPhersonEdmond HoganJohn Allan (Australian politician)George PrendergastAlexander PeacockHarry LawsonJohn BowserAlexander PeacockWilliam Watt (Australian politician)George Elmslie (Australian politician)William Watt (Australian politician)John Murray (Victorian politician)Thomas BentWilliam Irvine (Australian politician)Alexander PeacockGeorge Turner (Australian politician)Allan McLean (Australian politician)George Turner (Australian politician)James Patterson (Australian politician)William ShielsJames Munro (Australian politician)Duncan GilliesJames ServiceBryan O'LoghlenGraham BerryJames ServiceGraham BerryJames McCullochGraham BerryGeorge KerferdJames FrancisCharles Gavan DuffyJames McCullochJohn Alexander MacPhersonJames McCullochCharles SladenJames McCullochJohn O'ShanassyRichard HealesWilliam Nicholson (Australian politician)John O'ShanassyWilliam Haines (Australian politician)John O'ShanassyWilliam Haines (Australian politician)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ilanbey, Sumeyya (26 June 2022). "Pay rise cements Andrews' position as highest-paid state leader". The Age. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 26 June 2022.
  2. ^ Sakkal, Paul (26 June 2021). "New challenges, new risks for returning Andrews". The Age. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  3. ^ "Hard hat? Check: Hi-vis? Check: Dan Andrews is back and combative as ever". The Age. Fairfax Media. 28 June 2021. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  4. ^ Money, Lawrence (30 May 2012). "Navigating through politics and beyond". The Age. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  5. ^ "HISTORY OF THE PREMIERS PORTRAITS". Parliament of Victoria. Archived from the original on 10 May 2022. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
  6. ^ "Parliament of Victoria - Premier of Victoria". www.parliament.vic.gov.au.

External links[edit]