Premier of the Eastern Cape

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Premier of the Eastern Cape
Oscar Mabuyane

since 22 May 2019
StyleThe Honourable
AppointerEastern Cape Provincial Legislature
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Inaugural holderRaymond Mhlaba
Formation7 May 1994
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Eastern Cape

Other Provincial Politics articles

The Premier of the Eastern Cape is the head of government of the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. The current Premier of the Eastern Cape is Oscar Mabuyane, a member of the African National Congress, who was elected in the 2019 election. He took office on 22 May 2019.[1]


In terms of the constitution, the executive authority of a province is entrusted in the Premier. The Premier appoints an Executive Council consisting of ten members of the provincial legislature; they are called Members of the Executive Council (MECs). The MECs are primarily ministers and the Executive Council a cabinet at the provincial level. The Premier has the authority to hire and dismiss MECs at his/her own will.

The Premier and the Executive Council are responsible for implementing provincial legislation, along with any national legislation allotted to the province. They set provincial policy and manage the departments of the provincial government; their actions are subject to the national constitution.

In order for an act of the provincial legislature to officially become law, the Premier must sign it. If he/she believes that the act is unconstitutional, it can be referred back to the legislature for reconsideration. If the Premier and the legislature cannot agree, the act must be referred to the Constitutional Court for final consideration.

The Premier is also ex officio a member of the National Council of Provinces, the upper house of Parliament, as one of the special delegates from the province.[2]


No. Name Took office Party
1 Raymond Mhlaba 7 May 1994 African National Congress
2 Makhenkesi Stofile 4 February 1997 African National Congress
3 Nosimo Balindlela 26 April 2004 African National Congress
4 Mbulelo Sogoni 1 August 2008 African National Congress
5 Noxolo Kiviet 6 May 2009 African National Congress
6 Phumulo Masualle 21 May 2014 African National Congress
7 Oscar Mabuyane 22 May 2019 African National Congress


The election for the Eastern Cape Provincial Legislature is held every five years, simultaneously with the election of the National Assembly; the last such election occurred on 8 May 2019. At the first meeting of the provincial legislature after an election, the members choose the Premier from amongst themselves. The provincial legislature can force the Premier to resign by a motion of no confidence. If the Premiership becomes vacant (for whatever reason) the provincial legislature must choose a new Premier to serve out the period until the next election. One person cannot have served more than two five-year terms as Premier; however, when a Premier is chosen to fill a vacancy the time until the next election does not count as a term.

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