Premiership of David Cameron
|The Right Honourable
|Official 10 Downing Street portrait|
|First Lord of the Treasury
11 May 2010
|Preceded by||Gordon Brown|
|Born||David William Donald Cameron
9 October 1966
London, England, UK
|Spouse(s)||Samantha Sheffield (m. 1996)|
|Residence||10 Downing Street|
|Alma mater||Eton College
Brasenose College, Oxford
|Website||Conservative Party website|
The Premiership of David Cameron began on 11 May 2010 when Cameron accepted the Queen's invitation to form a government. This occurred upon the resignation of Cameron's predecessor as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Gordon Brown. While serving as prime minister, Cameron also serves as the First Lord of the Treasury, the Minister for the Civil Service and the Leader of the Conservative Party.
Cameron is prime minister at the head of a coalition government between the Conservative Party and the Liberal Democrats following the 2010 General Election in which no party gained an overall majority in the House of Commons. As one of his first moves Cameron appointed Nick Clegg, the leader of the Liberal Democrats, as Deputy Prime Minister on 11 May 2010. Between them, the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats control 363 seats in the House of Commons, with a majority of 76 seats.
- 1 Background
- 2 First day in office
- 3 May 2010
- 4 Cabinet appointments
- 5 Policy
- 6 Scandals
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
At the 2010 general election on 6 May, the Conservative Party achieved its highest number of seats since the 1992 election, returning 306 MPs. However, it was still 20 seats short of an overall majority, resulting in the nation's first hung parliament since February 1974. Talks between Cameron and Liberal Democrat leader Nick Clegg led to a coalition of the two parties, enabling the Queen to invite Cameron to form a government.
First day in office
Cameron and his wife Samantha Cameron were driven from Buckingham Palace, arriving at Downing Street at 20:42 GMT on 11 May 2010. In the early part of Cameron's four-minute speech he spent twenty seconds paying tribute to the outgoing Labour government and its Prime Minister Gordon Brown while his pregnant wife looked on. He went on to describe the "difficult decisions" to reach "better times ahead". Cameron soon received a telephone call from United States President. Barack Obama and German Chancellor Angela Merkel were the first foreign leaders to congratulate him on his premiership.
Cameron met with his MPs in the Committee Room of the Commons at 22:00 on 11 May, whose cheers of jubilation were heard from the central hall of the Commons. It is likely that he then explained the details of any coalition agreements made between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats to his MPs.
Cameron made his first official trips as Prime Minister in May 2010. His first visit was to Scotland where he met with First Minister Alex Salmond. He then went on to visit Wales, meeting First Minister Jones, and Northern Ireland, meeting First Minister Peter Robinson. His first trip to a country not part of the United Kingdom was to France on 20 May where he met with the French President Nicolas Sarkozy. They discussed the European Union, Iran, Afghanistan and Anglo-French relations. He then visited Germany on 21 May where he held talks with Chancellor Merkel, mainly centred on the economic crisis in Greece.
A press conference on the new cabinet took place at 14:15 on 12 May 2010 between the media, David Cameron and Nick Clegg. Soon after Cameron took office, it was confirmed that Clegg would be appointed to the semi-official role of Deputy Prime Minister, whilst George Osborne would become the Chancellor of the Exchequer. Later it was confirmed that William Hague had assumed the post of Foreign Secretary. The post of Home Secretary went to Theresa May. Cameron's Cabinet includes Clegg and four other Liberal Democrats: Danny Alexander, Vince Cable, Chris Huhne, and David Laws.
||This article is incomplete. (August 2014)|
Economic issues and programme for austerity
The economy was a priority in the continuing wake of late-2000s financial crisis and the consequent increasing government debt when Cameron came into office, with the topic being of much concern in British public opinion. The government announced a policy, later called 'Plan A', of eliminating the structural deficit and ensuring that the debt-to-GDP ratio started falling by the end of the parliament in 2015. To facilitate this goal, the Office for Budget Responsibility and a government-wide spending review were created. While several government agencies have enacted spending decreases, funding policies for the National Health Service and for overseas development have been exempt.
In February 2013, the UK lost its AAA credit rating, the retention of which the government had indicated to be a priority when coming to power, for the first time since 1978. By 2015 the annual deficit had been cut by about half of the initial target, so the debt-to-GDP ratio was still rising. Government debt had increased more during the 5 year term than during the previous 13 years.
Specifically, Cameron's first term in office, enacting changes from 2010 to 2014, involved about £100 billion of cuts in government expenditures. In terms of economic growth, the figures that came in where generally below expectations at first, but nationwide growth picked up to an annual rate of 3% by the end of 2014, indicating a mixed picture as many of the new job positions being created have featured relatively low wages. Cameron's administration has also pursued a policy of tax increases; however, the bulk of the deficit reduction that has occurred, more than 80% of the total, has been related to spending cuts.
In 2014, Cameron stated that the austerity programme would continue into the next parliament with further cuts to be decided after the election.
The government was critical of Bashar al-Assad's government in the 2011 Syrian uprisings stating it had "forfeited the right to lead" by "miring itself in the blood of innocent people", and backed the rebels. On 24 February 2012, the government recognised the Syrian National Council as a "legitimate representative" of the country. On 20 November 2012, the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces was recognised as the "sole legitimate representative" of the Syrian people, and a credible alternative to the Syrian government.
On 21 August 2013, immediately following a chemical-weapons attack at Ghouta, Cameron urged U.S. President Barack Obama to respond with a military intervention. However a motion to participate in military strikes against the Syrian government was defeated in parliament on 29 August 2013. This was the first time that a British government was blocked from taking a military action by parliament. After the vote Cameron said:
"I strongly believe in the need for a tough response to the use of chemical weapons but I also believe in respecting the will of this House of Commons ... It is clear to me that the British Parliament, reflecting the views of the British people, does not want to see British military action. I get that and the Government will act accordingly."
Ultimately a negotiated agreement was reached to eliminate Syria's chemical weapons.
Referendum on Scottish independence
A victory by the Scottish National Party in the 2011 Scottish general election raised the prospect of the Scottish Government holding an independence referendum within the following five years. Though the constitution is reserved to Westminster, the SNP planned to get round that by holding a referendum to seek a mandate to negotiate for independence. In October 2012 Cameron said that the campaign to keep Scotland within the United Kingdom was a priority for the government.
The Health and Social Care Bill was the most deep-rooted and extensive reworking of the structure of the National Health Service ever undertaken. The bill had implications for all health organisations in the NHS, not least for NHS primary care trusts (PCTs) and Strategic Health Authorities (SHAs) which were by Clinical commissioning groups principally run by local GPs.
The bill was one of the government's most controversial proposals, and in April 2011 the government announced a "listening exercise" postponing further action on the bill until after the May 2011 local election. The controversy arose in part because the proposals were not discussed during the 2010 general election campaign and were not contained in 20 May 2010 Conservative – Liberal Democrat coalition agreement, which in fact declared an intention to "stop the top-down reorganisations of the NHS that have got in the way of patient care". However within two months a white paper outlined what the Daily Telegraph called the "biggest revolution in the NHS since its foundation".
News of the World phone hacking scandal
Cameron's close relationship with senior figures of News International came under increasing scrutiny as the controversy of the News of the World phone hacking scandal grew. A close friend of Rebekah Brooks, Cameron had also hired Andy Coulson as his communications director before Coulson was implicated in, and later arrested for his role in, the phone hacking. Cameron, who had spent his Christmas with Brooks, was accused by Ed Miliband of being "out of step with public opinion" and lacking leadership on the matter due to his "close relationships" with News International. Right-wing political commentator Peter Oborne argued that it was no longer possible assert that Cameron was "grounded with a decent set of values" after a "succession of chronic personal misjudgements", equating the scandal with Tony Blair's decision to go to war in Iraq as a turning point in his premiership, and calling for him to distance himself from Brooks.
During the throes of the Arab Spring, for which he had voiced support, Cameron spent three days touring undemocratic Gulf states with eight of Britain's leading defence manufacturers. In response to the ensuing criticism, Cameron issued a three-point defence. Early in 2012, Cameron again visited the Middle East to "broaden and deepen" business ties with Saudi Arabia—Britain's leading arms export market—even after Amnesty International had several weeks earlier accused the Saudi government of unleashing a wave of repression against the repressed minority-Shia population in the east of the country, and even as Saudi troops added to the list of Shia protesters they had shot dead. The week before his Saudi visit, the Committees on Arms Export Controls published questions it had asked the Coalition regarding arms sales to Saudi Arabia, in particular querying why, when there was unrest in the country in 2011, licences for a range of equipment had not been revoked.
In 2014, after Israel's Operation Protective Edge, Cameron's government came under pressure to place an arms embargo on Israel. In the end, however, in what was described as a "very weak" response, Vince Cable, whose department is ultimately responsible for such matters, only issued a threat to suspend 12 export licences if violence escalated again. The threat was dismissed in Israel, and was described by one leading Israeli journalist as simply "an attempt at gesture politics to local voters".
The Islamic State
Delayed payment of EU dues
In November 2014 Cameron stated that the UK would not pay its EU dues. George Osborne later claimed victory on the dispute, noting that the UK wouldn't have to pay additional interest on the payments, which would be delayed until after Britain's 7 May 2015 general election.
- The News of the World phone hacking scandal caused considerable damage to the Coalition in relation to David Cameron's employment of Andy Coulson. It was further aggravated by the announcement he had ridden Rebekah Brooks horse on loan from the Metropolitan Police, and the implicit involvement of Culture Secretary Jeremy Hunt, whom had been handed jurisdiction over Rupert Murdoch's BSkyB bid after Vince Cable's supposed expression of bias, in passing confidential information to the Murdoch empire regarding the bid's progress
- In November 2011 Home Secretary Theresa May came under heavy criticism for presiding over a scheme weakening UK border controls, and allowing potential terrorists into the country unchecked. Some of the blame also fell on (now former) Head of the UK border force Brodie Clark, whom May claimed went beyond his remit.
- Vince Cable was removed from a quasi-judicial role in deciding whether BSkyB should be allowed to takeover control of Sky, after being accused of bias against News Corporation, the company which owns BSkyB.
- Culture Secretary Jeremy Hunt allegedly colluded with News Corporation during their takeover bid for BSkyB, by exchanging ostensibly supportive emails with Frédéric Michel, News Corp’s director of public affairs. Hunt chose not to refer the takeover bid to the Competition Commission.
- Premiership of Gordon Brown (Brownism)
- Premiership of Tony Blair
- Premiership of Margaret Thatcher
- United Kingdom coalition government 2010 to present
- Politics of the United Kingdom
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- Jokela, Juha,
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