Premont, Texas

Coordinates: 27°21′29″N 98°7′33″W / 27.35806°N 98.12583°W / 27.35806; -98.12583
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Premont, Texas
Premont City Hall
Premont City Hall
Location of Premont, Texas
Location of Premont, Texas
Coordinates: 27°21′29″N 98°7′33″W / 27.35806°N 98.12583°W / 27.35806; -98.12583
CountryUnited States
CountyJim Wells
 • Total1.71 sq mi (4.43 km2)
 • Land1.71 sq mi (4.43 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
161 ft (49 m)
 • Total2,455
 • Density1,400/sq mi (550/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code361
FIPS code48-59384[2]
GNIS feature ID1344536[3]

Premont is a city in Jim Wells County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,455 at the 2020 census.


Premont is located at 27°21′29″N 98°7′33″W / 27.35806°N 98.12583°W / 27.35806; -98.12583 (27.358064, –98.125766).[4] It is situated at along U.S. Highway 281 (Future Interstate 69C) in south central Jim Wells County, 27 miles (43 km) south of Alice and 9 miles (14 km) north of Falfurrias, two towns that Morgan Smith of the Texas Tribune refers to as "relative hubs".[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Premont has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2), all land.[6]


The site was part of the Los Olmos y Loma Blanca land grant issues to Ignacio de la Peña on December 9, 1831.[7] Peña and his heirs occupied the land for the next thirty years. On November 1, 1907, banker and real estate developer R.P. Halderman purchased a 43,275-acre (175.13 km2) plot of land from the heirs of Henry Seeligson for $540,939.50.[8] He then subdivided the land into 5-and-10-acre (20,000 and 40,000 m2) tracts to entice residents from the northern U.S. to invest in South Texas, citing the region's warm climate and ideal planting conditions.

In 1908 or 1909, a town site was surveyed by C.F.H. Von Bulcher. Halderman named the new community "Premont", after Seeligson Ranch foreman Charles Premont. A section of the community, located east of the railroad, was set aside for Mexican and Mexican-American families.[9] A plaza called Hidalgo Park was designed and built to serve those families. R.P. Halderman sold hundreds of lots to Charles Premont, who in turn served as the real estate agent for the Mexican families, as he was fluent in Spanish. He also donated the funds to build Santa Theresa Catholic Church, a Roman Catholic institution that now ministers to three missions. Several businesses, including a post office and a general store owned by Andrés Canales, opened in the community during its early years. Premont became part of the newly organized Jim Wells County on March 11, 1911.[8] In an election held on May 6, 1911, Charles Premont was elected as the county's first commissioner. By 1912, Premont had ten businesses and an estimated population of 800. That figure had risen to approximately 1,000 by 1914, the same year that the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway built a stop at Premont.[10] The Premont Independent School District was created in 1921.[9] At the time of its creation, Premont ISD was the largest school district in Jim Wells County. Premont's population had declined to roughly 600 by 1925.

The discovery of oil in the area during the early 1930s caused the community to grow substantially. On May 12, 1933, Premont's first producing oil well was drilled.[7] The community incorporated in 1939 and had a population of 1,080 in 1940. With its revitalized and oil-based economy, Premont continued to grow and prosper during the early post-war years. The town was home to 2,619 residents in 1950 and had a total of 55 businesses in 1952. In 1955, American Legion Post No. 297 was dedicated in Premont.[7] The population peaked at 3,282 in the 1970 census and has slowly declined since.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2020 census[edit]

Premont racial composition[12]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 212 8.64%
Black or African American (NH) 1 0.04%
Asian (NH) 10 0.41%
Pacific Islander (NH) 2 0.08%
Some Other Race (NH) 3 0.12%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 11 0.45%
Hispanic or Latino 2,216 90.26%
Total 2,455

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 2,455 people, 899 households, and 660 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 2,772 people, 926 households, and 695 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,622.6 inhabitants per square mile (626.5/km2). There were 1,072 housing units at an average density of 627.5 per square mile (242.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.33% White, 0.54% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 20.89% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 84.05% of the population.

There were 926 households, out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.8% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.49.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 31.6% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,022, and the median income for a family was $27,917. Males had a median income of $22,569 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,198. About 27.2% of families and 33.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.0% of those under age 18 and 28.0% of those age 65 or over.


Public education in the city of Premont is provided by the Premont Independent School District. The district has two campuses—Premont Ernest H. Singleton Early College Academy (grades Pre-K–5)and Premont Collegiate High School (grades 6–12).

Coastal Bend College (formerly Bee County College) is the designated community college for Jim Wells County.[15]

Notable person[edit]


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ Smith, Morgan. "Premont ISD Still Has Work to Do After Cutting Sports." Texas Tribune. April 8, 2012. Retrieved on September 19, 2012.
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Premont city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c "Premont, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved October 16, 2009.
  8. ^ a b "Premont, Texas – The Mexican Heritage". El Mesteno Magazine. January 2001. Archived from the original on May 13, 2008. Retrieved October 16, 2009.
  9. ^ a b "Premont, Texas" (PDF). Official and Unofficial Geographies: Ethnographies of Place (La Voz de Esperanza). Abel Garcia, Esperanza Peace & Justice Center. May 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 23, 2011. Retrieved October 16, 2009.
  10. ^ "Premont, Texas". Texas Escapes Online Magazine. Retrieved October 16, 2009.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  13. ^ [not specific enough to verify]
  14. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  15. ^ Texas Education Code Sec. 130.167. BEE COUNTY COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA. The legislation calls it "Bee County College".
  16. ^ "J. M. Lozano". Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[13][14]