Shops on the A552 road in Prenton
|Population||14,488 (2011 census Ward population)|
|OS grid reference|
|• London||178 mi (286 km) SE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|ISO 3166 code||GB-WRL|
Prenton is a suburb of Birkenhead, Merseyside, England. Administratively, it is also a ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. Before local government reorganisation on 1 April 1974, it was part of the County Borough of Birkenhead, within the county of Cheshire. Situated in the east of the Wirral Peninsula, the area is contiguous with Oxton to the north, Tranmere and Rock Ferry to the east and Higher Bebington to the south east. The M53 motorway marks the western boundary.
Prenton appears as Prestune in the Domesday Book of 1086, with the name Pren-ton persisting despite the Norman-French accented spelling. Domesday records the presence of a water mill at Prenton, and this has been provisionally identified at Prenton Dell. The Domesday survey also describes Prenton as having a one-league square woodland - which is 9 sq mi (23 km2), if the league is taken in its old English measurement of 3 mi (4.8 km).
The size and importance of the wood may reflect the name of the settlement. Pren is Welsh (British) for the material 'wood' and in the name Prenton there is the Saxon suffix tún for a settlement, which suggests a settlement in a wood. The Welsh/British name for Prenton would thus be Prentre which could easily have changed into Prenton following Anglian penetration of the area in the early seventh century. Note that Landican (one mile distant from Prenton) retained its Welsh/British name even through Anglian and subsequent Norse occupation. Another explanation for the origins of the name is Praen is an Old English personal noun, with Praen-tún meaning "Praen's farm/settlement".
Until significant residential development from the beginning of the twentieth century, Prenton remained a rural hamlet centred around Prenton Hall, in the south west of the current suburban area. This was the seat of the former lords of the manor, a title which has passed through several families since the reign of Edward III. It was described as being "in a sheltered dingle, surrounded with trees of large growth". The former Prenton Hall was eventually abandoned and replaced by a large farmhouse of the same name in the seventeenth century.
Previously a township in Woodchurch parish, Wirral Hundred, Prenton was a civil parish from 1866 to 1 April 1933 when it was added to Birkenhead civil parish. The population was recorded at 81 in 1801, 99 in 1851 and 412 in 1901. By 1928 local government responsibility for Prenton changed from Wirral Rural District to the County Borough of Birkenhead. On 1 April 1974, local government reorganisation in England and Wales resulted in most of the Wirral Peninsula, including Prenton, transfer from Cheshire to the nascent county of Merseyside.
Prenton is situated on the eastern side of the Wirral Peninsula, about 2.5 km (1.6 mi) west of the River Mersey at Tranmere Oil Terminal. The area is approximately 6.5 km (4 mi) south-south-east of the Irish Sea at Wallasey and about 7.5 km (5 mi) east-north-east of the Dee Estuary at Thurstaston. Prenton is at an elevation of between 17–80 m (56–262 ft) above sea level; the highest point being near the junction of Pine Walks and Burrell Road, with the Halfway House crossroads at an elevation of 50 m (160 ft) above sea level.
At local government level, the area is incorporated into the Prenton Ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, in the metropolitan county of Merseyside. It is represented on Wirral Metropolitan Borough Council by three councillors. The most recent local elections took place on 6 May 2021.
Housing is mostly private, and ranges from terraced properties nearer Birkenhead, to large detached villas in the Mountwood conservation area. The major roads were mostly laid out in the early part of the 20th century. Much of the housing is from the Edwardian era and the 1930s, though there are some late Victorian buildings and some modern property. The post-war housing development, the Mount Estate, is in the south east of Prenton near to the boundary with Higher Bebington.
The main shopping area is on Woodchurch Road (A552), which includes the Sainsbury's, Aldi and Home Bargains supermarkets. However, there are many small shops in other locations such as The Dell housing estate or in nearby Oxton.
Prenton Golf Club is to the south of the suburb.
Prenton Rugby Club is off Prenton Dell Road and runs three senior teams and a veterans/casual team.
Prenton includes the all-girls' secondary Prenton High School for Girls and the mixed Prenton Primary School.
Sited on the junction of Woodchurch Road and Storeton Road is the 'Halfway House' public house. It is believed to be so named as it was approximately halfway between Woodside ferry and the village of Woodchurch. The original inn, with a licence dating back to at least 1879 was replaced at the end of the nineteenth century with the current, much larger building. Several nearby brewery-owned houses, built at the same time and in the same architectural style, were demolished when Woodchurch Road was widened. The site of the pub is now thought of as Prenton but actually was in Oxton township.
The Prenton War Memorial, near the junction where Prenton Lane and Osmaston Road converge, was constructed in 1919 and unveiled on 6 August 1920. It was rebuilt due to bomb damage sustained in the May Blitz and is now inscribed with the names of soldiers who died in both World Wars. The structure has been restored and was given Grade II listed status in 2018.
- Benjamin Dabbs, English footballer, lived in Prenton.
- Eric Nixon, English footballer, worked in Prenton.
- Louis Page, English footballer, died in Prenton.
- Julie Paulding, English cyclist, born in Prenton.
- David Pearson, computer scientist, architect of the CADES software engineering system, computer graphics pioneer and philanthropist.
- "Coordinate Distance Calculator". boulter.com. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "2001 Census: Prenton". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 July 2007.
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Prenton Ward (E05000970)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- "Cheshire L-Z". Domesday Book Online. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- Powell-Smith, Anna. "Prenton". Open Domesday. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- "Key to English Place-Names: Prenton". University of Nottingham. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- Eckwall, E (1960). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (4th ed.). Oxford University Press (London).
- Dodgson, J (1972). English Place-names: Wirral Hundred.
- "Wirral Historic Settlement Study: Prenton". Merseyside Historic Characterisation Project. National Museums Liverpool/English Heritage. December 2011. p. 33. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- "Powderham - Prestolee: Prenton". A Topographical Dictionary of England. British History Online. 1848. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- Boumphrey, Ian (2001). Birkenhead at War: 1939-45. p. 30. ISBN 1-899241-16-7.
- "Port Cities: Liverpool 'Blitz' timeline". E. Chambré Hardman Archive. Archived from the original on 15 June 2008. Retrieved 17 March 2008.
- "Prenton". GENUKI UK & Ireland Genealogy. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- "Prenton Tn/CP". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- "SRTM & Ordnance Survey Elevation Data in PHP". Retrieved 6 November 2016.
- "Your Councillors by Ward". Wirral Borough Council. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- "Mountwood conservation area". Wirral Borough Council. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- Historic England. "Prenton Hall (east) (1201755)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- Historic England. "Prenton Hall (west) (1282511)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- Boumphrey, Ian (2007). Yesterday's Birkenhead. pp. 25, 77. ISBN 978-1-899241-26-2.
- Boumphrey, Ian & Marilyn (1992). Yesterday's Wirral (No.7). p. 32. ISBN 0-9507255-7-9.
- Historic England. "Prenton War Memorial (1452585)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
- Mortimer, William Williams (1847). The History of the Hundred of Wirral. London: Whittaker & Co. pp288-289.
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