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Prenyltransferase and squalene oxidase repeat
PDB 1sqc EBI.jpg
Structure of a squalene cyclase.[1]
Pfam clanCL0059
OPM superfamily37
OPM protein1w6k

Prenyltransferases are a class of enzymes that transfer allylic prenyl groups to acceptor molecules. Prenyl transferases commonly refer to prenyl diphosphate synthases.[2]

Prenyltransferases are commonly divided into two classes, cis (or Z) and trans (or E), depending upon the stereochemistry of the resulting products. Examples of trans-prenyltranferases include dimethylallyltranstransferase, and geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase. Cis-prenyltransferases include dehydrodolichol diphosphate synthase (involved in the production of a precursor to dolichol).

The beta subunit of the farnesyltransferases is responsible for peptide binding. Squalene-hopene cyclase is a bacterial enzyme that catalyzes the cyclization of squalene into hopene, a key step in hopanoid (triterpenoid) metabolism.[3] Lanosterol synthase (EC (oxidosqualene-lanosterol cyclase) catalyzes the cyclization of (S)-2,3-epoxysqualene to lanosterol, the initial precursor of cholesterol, steroid hormones and vitamin D in vertebrates and of ergosterol in fungi.[4] Cycloartenol synthase (EC (2,3-epoxysqualene-cycloartenol cyclase) is a plant enzyme that catalyzes the cyclization of (S)-2,3-epoxysqualene to cycloartenol.

Human proteins containing this domain[edit]



  1. ^ Wendt KU, Poralla K, Schulz GE (September 1997). "Structure and function of a squalene cyclase". Science. 277 (5333): 1811–5. doi:10.1126/science.277.5333.1811. PMID 9295270.
  2. ^ Takahashi S, Koyama T (2006). "Structure and function of cis-prenyl chain elongating enzymes". Chem Rec. 6 (4): 194–205. doi:10.1002/tcr.20083. PMID 16900467.
  3. ^ Schulz GE, Wendt KU, Poralla K (1997). "Structure and function of a squalene cyclase". Science. 277 (5333): 1811–1815. doi:10.1126/science.277.5333.1811. PMID 9295270.
  4. ^ Prestwich GD, Poralla K, Hewelt A, Abe I, Reipen I, Sprenger G (1994). "A specific amino acid repeat in squalene and oxidosqualene cyclases". Trends Biochem. Sci. 19 (4): 157–158. doi:10.1016/0968-0004(94)90276-3. PMID 8016864.

External links[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Pfam and InterPro: IPR001330