Prenzlau

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Prenzlau
Medieval town gate Mitteltor and St Mary Church
Medieval town gate Mitteltor and St Mary Church
Coat of arms of Prenzlau
Coat of arms
Prenzlau   is located in Germany
Prenzlau
Prenzlau
Location of Prenzlau within Uckermark district
Prenzlau in UM.png
Coordinates: 53°19′N 13°52′E / 53.317°N 13.867°E / 53.317; 13.867Coordinates: 53°19′N 13°52′E / 53.317°N 13.867°E / 53.317; 13.867
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Uckermark
Government
 • Mayor Hendrik Sommer
Area
 • Total 142.18 km2 (54.90 sq mi)
Elevation 30 m (100 ft)
Population (2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total 19,279
 • Density 140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 17291
Dialling codes 03984
Vehicle registration UM
Website www.prenzlau.info

Prenzlau (formerly also Prenzlow) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, the administrative seat of Uckermark District. It is also the centre of the historic Uckermark region.

Geography[edit]

The town is located on the Ucker river, about 100 km (62 mi) north of Berlin. Prenzlau station, opened in 1863, is a stop on the Angermünde–Stralsund railway line.

History[edit]

Settled since Neolithic times, the Prenzlau area from the 7th century AD was the site of several gords erected by the Polabian Slavs. In the late 12th century, the Dukes of Pomerania had the region colonized by Low German settlers.

Prenzlau itself, named after Slavic Premyslaw was first mentioned in 1187. It received town privileges by Duke Barnim I of Pomerania in 1234. When Duke Barnim signed the Treaty of Landin with the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg in 1250, Prenzlau was already a fortified town with walls and moats, four parish churches and a monastery. Together with Berlin-Cölln, Frankfurt and Stendal, it ranked among the largest towns in the margraviate.

Prenzlau and the Uckermark region were devastated during the Thirty Years' War. From the late 17th century onwards French Huguenot refugees settled here and an economic recovery started. Also a garrison town, Prenzlau was again ravaged by passing troops during the Seven Years' War and the Napoleonic Wars. In the mid 19th century, several citizens emigrated to Australia, where they founded the town of Prenzlau, Queensland west of Brisbane.

In World War II the town centre was largely destroyed. The East German authorities had it rebuilt with large panel Plattenbau buildings.

Demography[edit]


Prenzlau: Population development
within the current boundaries (2013)[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 18,512—    
1890 20,823+0.79%
1910 24,327+0.78%
1925 24,572+0.07%
1933 25,118+0.28%
1939 27,697+1.64%
1946 21,532−3.53%
1950 22,960+1.62%
1964 23,267+0.09%
1971 24,890+0.97%
1981 26,020+0.44%
1985 26,326+0.29%
1989 26,211−0.11%
1990 25,900−1.19%
1991 25,167−2.83%
1992 24,743−1.68%
1993 24,451−1.18%
1994 24,120−1.35%
1995 23,847−1.13%
1996 23,630−0.91%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1997 23,501−0.55%
1998 23,133−1.57%
1999 22,946−0.81%
2000 22,737−0.91%
2001 22,225−2.25%
2002 21,785−1.98%
2003 21,341−2.04%
2004 21,039−1.42%
2005 20,904−0.64%
2006 20,735−0.81%
2007 20,461−1.32%
2008 20,285−0.86%
2009 20,173−0.55%
2010 20,078−0.47%
2011 19,139−4.68%
2012 19,045−0.49%
2013 19,023−0.12%
2014 19,070+0.25%
2015 19,275+1.07%
2016 19,279+0.02%

Politics[edit]

Seats in the town's assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2014 local elections:

International relations[edit]

Prenzlau has twinning relationships with:[3]

Notable people[edit]

Natalia Alexeievna of Russia in 1776

Photo gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2016 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2016. 
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  3. ^ A. Hilpert. "Partnerstädte der Stadt Prenzlau". www.prenzlau.eu (in German). Büroleiterin des Bürgermeisters, Geschäftsbereich Bürgermeister. Retrieved 2014-04-06. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Prenzlau at Wikimedia Commons