Prenzlau

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For the Australian town, see Prenzlau, Queensland.
Prenzlau
Medieval town gate Mitteltor and St Mary Church
Medieval town gate Mitteltor and St Mary Church
Coat of arms of Prenzlau
Coat of arms
Prenzlau   is located in Germany
Prenzlau
Prenzlau
Coordinates: 53°19′N 13°52′E / 53.317°N 13.867°E / 53.317; 13.867Coordinates: 53°19′N 13°52′E / 53.317°N 13.867°E / 53.317; 13.867
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Uckermark
Government
 • Mayor Hendrik Sommer
Area
 • Total 142.18 km2 (54.90 sq mi)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 19,023
 • Density 130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 17291
Dialling codes 03984
Vehicle registration UM
Website www.prenzlau.info

Prenzlau (formerly also Prenzlow) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, the administrative seat of Uckermark District. It is also the centre of the historic Uckermark region.

Geography[edit]

The town is located on the Ucker river, about 100 km (62 mi) north of Berlin. Prenzlau station, opened in 1863, is a stop on the Angermünde–Stralsund railway line.

History[edit]

Settled since Neolithic times, the Prenzlau area from the 7th century AD was the site of several gords erected by the Polabian Slavs. In the late 12th century, the Dukes of Pomerania had the region colonized by Low German settlers.

Prenzlau itself, named after Slavic Premyslaw was first mentioned in 1187. It received town privileges by Duke Barnim I of Pomerania in 1234. When Duke Barnim signed the Treaty of Landin with the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg in 1250, Prenzlau was already a fortified town with walls and moats, four parish churches and a monastery. Together with Berlin-Cölln, Frankfurt and Stendal, it ranked among the largest towns in the margraviate.

Prenzlau and the Uckermark region were devastated during the Thirty Years' War. From the late 17th century onwards French Huguenot refugees settled here and an economic recovery started. Also a garrison town, Prenzlau was again ravaged by passing troops during the Seven Years' War and the Napoleonic Wars. In the mid 19th century, several citizens emigrated to Australia, where they founded the town of Prenzlau, Queensland west of Brisbane.

In World War II the town centre was largely destroyed. The East German authorities had it rebuilt with large panel Plattenbau buildings.

Demography[edit]

Prenzlau:
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)
[2]
Year Population
1875 18 512
1890 20 823
1910 24 327
1925 24 572
1933 25 118
1939 27 697
1946 21 532
1950 22 960
1964 23 267
1971 24 890
Year Population
1981 26 020
1985 26 326
1989 26 211
1990 25 900
1991 25 167
1992 24 743
1993 24 451
1994 24 120
1995 23 847
1996 23 630
Year Population
1997 23 501
1998 23 133
1999 22 946
2000 22 737
2001 22 225
2002 21 785
2003 21 341
2004 21 039
2005 20 904
2006 20 735
Year Population
2007 20 461
2008 20 285
2009 20 173
2010 20 078
2011 19 139
2012 19 045
2013 19 023

Politics[edit]

Seats in the town's assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2104 local elections:

International relations[edit]

Prenzlau has twinning relationships with:[3]

Notable people[edit]

Photo gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2013 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2014. 
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  3. ^ A. Hilpert. "Partnerstädte der Stadt Prenzlau". www.prenzlau.eu (in German). Büroleiterin des Bürgermeisters, Geschäftsbereich Bürgermeister. Retrieved 2014-04-06. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Prenzlau at Wikimedia Commons