Prenzlau

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Prenzlau
Medieval town gate Mitteltor and St Mary Church
Medieval town gate Mitteltor and St Mary Church
Coat of arms of Prenzlau
Location of Prenzlau within Uckermark district
Prenzlau in UM.png
Prenzlau is located in Germany
Prenzlau
Prenzlau
Prenzlau is located in Brandenburg
Prenzlau
Prenzlau
Coordinates: 53°19′N 13°52′E / 53.317°N 13.867°E / 53.317; 13.867Coordinates: 53°19′N 13°52′E / 53.317°N 13.867°E / 53.317; 13.867
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictUckermark
Subdivisions24 Ortsteile
Government
 • Mayor (2017–25) Hendrik Sommer[1]
Area
 • Total142.18 km2 (54.90 sq mi)
Elevation
30 m (100 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total18,849
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
17291
Dialling codes03984
Vehicle registrationUM
Websitewww.prenzlau.info

Prenzlau (German: [ˈpʁɛnt͡slaʊ] (listen), formerly also Prenzlow) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, the administrative seat of Uckermark District. It is also the centre of the historic Uckermark region.

Geography[edit]

The town is located on the Ucker river, about 100 km (62 mi) north of Berlin. Prenzlau station—which opened in 1863—is a stop on the Angermünde–Stralsund railway line.

History[edit]

Settled since Neolithic times, the Prenzlau area from the 7th century AD was the site of several gords erected by the Polabian Slavs. In the late 12th century, the Dukes of Pomerania had the region colonized by Low German settlers.

Prenzlau itself, named after Slavic Premyslaw was first mentioned in 1187. It received town privileges by Duke Barnim I of Pomerania in 1234. When Duke Barnim signed the Treaty of Landin with the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg in 1250, Prenzlau was already a fortified town with walls and moats, four parish churches and a monastery. Together with Berlin-Cölln, Frankfurt and Stendal, it ranked among the largest towns in the margraviate.

The Prenzlau and the Uckermark region were devastated during the Thirty Years' War. From the late 17th century onwards French Huguenot refugees settled here and an economic recovery started. Also a garrison town, Prenzlau was again ravaged by passing troops during the Seven Years' War and the Napoleonic Wars. In the mid 19th century, several citizens emigrated to Australia, where they founded the town of Prenzlau, Queensland west of Brisbane.

In World War II the Oflag II-A prisoner-of-war camp was located just south of Prenzlau on the main road to Berlin. The town centre was largely destroyed. The East German authorities had it rebuilt with large panel Plattenbau buildings.

Demography[edit]

Prenzlau: Population development
within the current boundaries (2020)[3]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 18,512—    
1890 20,823+0.79%
1910 24,327+0.78%
1925 24,572+0.07%
1939 27,697+0.86%
1950 22,960−1.69%
1964 23,267+0.09%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1971 24,890+0.97%
1981 26,020+0.44%
1985 26,326+0.29%
1990 25,900−0.33%
1995 23,847−1.64%
2000 22,737−0.95%
2005 20,904−1.67%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2010 20,078−0.80%
2015 19,275−0.81%
2016 19,279+0.02%
2017 19,110−0.88%
2018 19,024−0.45%
2019 18,970−0.28%
2020 18,849−0.64%

Politics[edit]

Seats in the town's assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2014 local elections:

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Prenzlau is twinned with:[4]

Notable people[edit]

Natalia Alexeievna of Russia in 1776

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Landkreis Uckermark Wahl der Bürgermeisterin / des Bürgermeisters, accessed 4 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2020". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). June 2021.
  3. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  4. ^ "Partnerstädte". prenzlau.eu (in German). Prenzlau. Retrieved 2021-03-11.

External links[edit]

Media related to Prenzlau at Wikimedia Commons