Preparedness refers to a very concrete research based set of actions that are taken as precautionary measures in the face of potential disasters. These actions can include both physical preparations (such as emergency supplies depots, adapting buildings to survive earthquakes and so on) and trainings for emergency action. Preparedness is an important quality in achieving goals and in avoiding and mitigating negative outcomes. There are different types of preparedness, such as public health preparedness and local emergency preparedness or snow preparedness (i.e.: Snow Preparedness Teams - SPT), but probably the most developed type is "Disaster Preparedness", defined by the UN as involving "forecasting and taking precautionary measures prior to an imminent threat when advance warnings are possible". This includes not only natural disasters, but all kinds of severe damage caused in a relatively short period, including warfare. Preparedness is a major phase of emergency management, and is particularly valued in areas of competition such as sport and military science.
Legislation regarding preparedness
In the United States, legislation such as the Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Reauthorization Act of 2013 (H.R. 307; 113th Congress), is enacted in order to develop the emergency personnel, procedures, drills, and plans needed in the event of an emergency.
Organizations promoting preparedness
In Canada, the Center for Preparedness is a federally incorporated, not-for-profit organization that promotes preparedness.
Preparedness as a whole community activity
In the United States, prior to Hurricane Katrina, preparedness was largely viewed as the responsibility of first responders and other emergency services. In the aftermath of Katrina, it became evident that first responders can and will become overwhelmed in a large-scale disaster; unable to effectively respond to the emergency. Individual preparedness must be undertaken; ready to handle any disaster. The idea of whole community preparedness, is "By working together, everyone can keep the nation safe from harm and resilient when struck by hazards, such as natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and pandemics." The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), individuals, families, businesses, faith-based and community groups, non-profit groups, schools and academia, media outlets, and all level of governments must take an active role in preparedness efforts. A disaster will affect the whole community, so everyone must be ready, by making a plan, being informed, and taking action to mitigate the effects of future disasters.
- Be Prepared, the motto of the Scouting movement
- Business continuity planning (BCP)
- Civil defense
- Community Emergency Response Team
- Disaster recovery
- Disaster recovery and business continuity auditing
- Earthquake preparedness
- Everyday carry (EDC)
- Emergency Preparedness
- Hurricane preparedness
- Preparedness Day
- Preparedness (learning)
- Preparedness Movement
- Project management
- Risk management
- American Preppers Network
- Kent, R. (1994), "Disaster Preparedness", United Nations Disaster Management Training Program, p. 11.
- "H.R. 307". United States Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
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