Pres and Teddy
|Pres and Teddy|
|Studio album by|
|Released||Early April 1959|
|Recorded||January 13, 1956|
New York City
|Lester Young chronology|
|Teddy Wilson chronology|
Pres and Teddy is a 1959 jazz studio album by The Lester Young and Teddy Wilson Quartet. Originally released by Verve, it has subsequently been reissued on CD by Verve, Universal Japan and Lonehill Jazz.
Recording a January 1956 reunion session between Young and Wilson, the album includes six standard swing jazz songs with one original composition, "Pres Returns." In spite of Young's failing health, the album is critically acclaimed as among the best of his later works as well as being among the best albums produced by Verve Record's founder Norman Granz.
Pres and Teddy is one of several late 1950s reunions between Lester Young, a tenor saxophonist characterized by jazz commentator Scott Yanow as "one of the giants of Jazz history", and Teddy Wilson, "the definitive swing pianist". Recorded on January 13, 1956, the quartet also featured Jo Jones, an innovative and influential jazz drummer, and bassist Gene Ramey. The group had also played together the previous day along with Roy Eldridge, Vic Dickenson and Freddie Green, recording the similarly acclaimed The Jazz Giants '56.
Wilson was in 1956 steadily producing both solo and group albums, having only recently stopped teaching music at Juilliard. Young, although also working steadily, was suffering a rapid deterioration of his health. Though Young had established a strong early presence in jazz prior to being drafted into World War II in 1945, his experiences during the war left him an alcoholic so unapproachable that he invented his own language to better control who would be permitted to communicate with him. But while Young's playing throughout the 50s was often hampered by his excessive drinking,  on this occasion, according to Yanow, he returned to "classic form". After these sessions, Young continued to decline, drinking himself to death three years later, at the age of 49.
In 1994, The New York Times listed the album as among 10 of the "high points" of music produced by Norman Granz, who founded the Verve label, describing it as "a magnificent set of standards". While Yanow recommends the comprehensive box set The Complete Lester Young Studio Sessions on Verve for all of Young's later work, he recommends this album along with The Jazz Giants '56 and Lester Young with the Oscar Peterson Trio for more casual listeners seeking Young's best later work.
In his profile of the album for Allmusic, Yanow notes that, "[W]hen he was healthy, Young played at his very best during the '50s, adding an emotional intensity to his sound that had not been present during the more carefree days of the '30s," concluding that on Pres and Teddy Young was in "particularly expressive form".
- "All of Me" (Gerald Marks, Seymour Simons) – 5:10
- "Prisoner of Love" (Russ Columbo, Clarence Gaskill, Leo Robin) – 7:40
- "Louise" (Robin, Richard Whiting) – 5:18
- "Love Me or Leave Me" (Walter Donaldson, Gus Kahn) – 6:50
- "Taking a Chance on Love" (Vernon Duke, Ted Fetter, John Latouche) – 5:10
- "Love Is Here to Stay" (George Gershwin, Ira Gershwin) – 6:31
- "Pres Returns" (Lester Young) – 6:18 Bonus track on CD reissue
- Dennis Drake – digital remastering
- Donald Elfman – CD Preparation
- Richard Seidel – CD Preparation
- Ellie Hughes – graphic design
- Tom Hughes – design
- Herman Leonard – photography
- Bill Simon – liner notes
- "Reviews and Ratings of New Jazz Albums". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. 13 April 1959. p. 40. Retrieved 14 January 2017 – via Internet Archive.
- Yanow, Scott (2000). Bebop: The Best Musicians and Recordings. Backbeat Books. p. 39. ISBN 0-87930-608-4.
- Teddy Wilson at AllMusic
- Jo Jones at AllMusic
- The Jazz Giants '56 at AllMusic
- Lester Young at AllMusic
- Yanow Bebop. pp. 39-40.
- Yanow, Scott (2003). Jazz on Record. Backbeat Books. p. 421. ISBN 9780879307554.
- Yanow Bebop. p. 41.
- Yanow Bebop. p. 40.
- Allmusic review
- Watrous, Peter (April 3, 1994). "A Label. A Vision. A Golden Anniversary". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-02.
- Pres and Teddy at AllMusic
- At Verve Music, with samples