Presbyterian Church of Ghana
|The Presbyterian Church of Ghana|
Presbyterian Church of Ghana logo
|Associations||World Council of Churches and World Communion of Reformed Churches|
Cape Coast, Ghana
The Presbyterian Church of Ghana is an orthodox or mainstream Protestant church in Ghana. The church was started by the Basel missionaries in 1828. The missionaries had been trained in Germany and arrived on the Gold Coast to spread Christianity. The work of the mission became stronger when missionaries from the West Indies arrived in the country in 1843. The church set up a seminary for the training of church workers to help in the missionary work. The Twi language was added as part of the text used in the training of the seminarians. At the beginning of the 21st century the church had founded churches among the Asante people who lived in the middle belt of Ghana. The Basel missionaries left the Gold Coast during the First World War in 1917. The work of the Presbyterian church was continued by missionaries from the Church of Scotland. In August, 2018, Joseph Obiri Yeboah Mante was elected the new Moderator of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of Ghana (PCG) to succeed Cephas Narh Omenyo, the then incumbent, who had been ill for over a year and the General Assembly had to take a decision to declare the moderator seat vacant to allow new leadership. The church expanded to the northern part of Ghana in the 1940s. The official newspaper of the church is the Christian Messenger, established by the Basel Mission in 1883.
The church is a founding member of the Christian Council of Ghana. The association is an umbrella group that unites several churches in Ghana and monitors the activities of members to ensure that they are united in their Christian mission. The Presbyterian Church of Ghana has seven church departments that have specific tasks of building up the church in their respective activities. These are:
- Department of Administration & Human Resource
- Department of Church Life & Nurture
- Department of Mission & Evangelism
- Department of Ecumenical & Social Relations
- Department of Development & Social Services
- Department of Education
- Department of Finance
By the end of 2013 the church has about 773,504 members and runs 1,907 schools and a university. In 2012 according to the WCC data it has more the 565,600 members and almost 2,200 congregations. PCG Statistics – 2001 to 2013
Year Total Increase % Increase 2001 500,190 2002 535,130 34,940 7.0 2003 565,637 30,507 5.7 2004 578,727 13,090 2.3 2005 612,337 33,610 5.8 2006 615,391 3,054 0.5 2007 622,609 7,218 1.2 2008 624,890 2,281 0.4 2009 652,083 27,193 4.4 2010 691,949 39,866 6.1 2011 721,599 29,650 4.3 2012 739,548 17,949 2.5 2013 773,504 33,956 4.6
Church and education
Education is an integral part of the church's responsibility to the communities it operates in and Ghana. There are 487 kindergarten and nursery schools, 984 primary schools and 399 junior high schools. The church has 27 senior high schools, 40 private schools, 6 vocational institutions, 5 teacher training colleges, a research centre. In 2003, the church started a university known as the Presbyterian University College. It is located at Abetifi-Kwahu in the Eastern region of Ghana.
Church and health
The church is a member of the Christian Health Association of Ghana (CHAG). CHAG is an umbrella group that unites all the health facilities in Ghana that are owned and run by Christian churches in Ghana. The church is the third largest in terms of number of health facilities. It operates four hospitals, 11 primary health care programmes, eight health centres, 13 clinics, two nurses' training colleges and a technical unit.These institutions provide a substantial portion of health services in the rural areas with a workforce of 1,977 and total hospital beds of 745. Curative, preventive and promotive services are provided to clients by the facilities in their respective catchment areas. The PHC interventions cover areas such as antenatal care, postnatal care, family planning, nutrition, growth monitoring of children between 0 – 5 years, immunization, health education, environmental sanitation, HIV&AIDS control, prevention, home-based care and counselling and clinical care at the health centres.The Church is currently the third largest single provider of health services in the country. The hospitals provide medical specialist services with resident specialists as follows: 1. Agogo Hospital – Ophthalmology, internal medicine, general surgery, obstetrics / gynaecology and paediatrics. 2. Bawku Hospital – Ophthalmology, general surgery, orthopaedic surgery and obstetrics / gynaecology 3. Dormaa Hospital – Paediatrics.
The church and agriculture
The Presbyterian Church of Ghana was established in 1828 and formalized Partnership (Reg No. ACB 146/88) with the then government of Gold Coast now the Republic of Ghana in 1932 to contribute to the Spiritual and socio-economic development of the citizenry of Ghana. To this end, the Church established Six (6) Agricultural Service stations in the late sixties in the Northern, Upper East, Eastern and Greater Accra regions of Ghana to complement the efforts of Government at poverty eradication in rural communities of the country. Vision: The Presbyterian Agric. Services exist as a key player in development cycles in Ghana in Partnership with other Actors and as CentreS of excellence in integrated Agricultural and Rural Development. Mission: To provide innovative, participatory and continuously proven agricultural development services that respond to the immediate and strategic needs of farm families in their effort to attain sustainable household food and income security in a sustainable farming environment in partnership with other Development Actors.
The church owns two printing and publishing houses, three newspapers and eight bookshops. It has three retreat centres and operates four guest houses and three conference halls.
- Gottlieb Ababio Adom
- Clement Anderson Akrofi
- Rose Akua Ampofo
- David Asante
- Emilie Christaller
- Johann Gottlieb Christaller
- Alexander Worthy Clerk
- Carl Henry Clerk
- Nicholas T. Clerk
- Nicholas Timothy Clerk
- Peter Hall
- Regina Hesse
- Rose Ann Miller
- Catherine Mulgrave
- Theophilus Opoku
- Fritz Ramseyer
- Carl Christian Reindorf
- Andreas Riis
- George Peter Thompson
- Rosina Widmann
- Johannes Zimmermann
- Basel Mission
- Christianity in Ghana
- Christian Messenger
- Christ Presbyterian Church, Akropong
- Ebenezer Presbyterian Church, Osu
- Ramseyer Memorial Presbyterian Church
- "WCRC churches". Archived from the original on August 8, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
- "World Council of Reformed Churches". World Council of Churches website. Oikoumene.org. 1 January 2006. Archived from the original on 23 June 2013. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
- "Origins, Heritage, Birth of Presbyterian Church of Ghana". www.ghanaweb.com. Archived from the original on 2017-07-19. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
- "History of The PCG". Pcgonline.org. Retrieved 2013-10-27.[permanent dead link]
- "Christian Messenger, Ghana". 2017-05-22. Archived from the original on 2017-05-22. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
- "Christian Messenger takes new look". www.ghanaweb.com. Archived from the original on 2017-05-12. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
- "Welcome to the Christian Council of Ghana". Christiancouncilofghana.org/. Archived from the original on 27 June 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
- "Organization profile". Ecuspace.net. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
- "About Us". Pcgonline.org. Retrieved 15 June 2011.[permanent dead link]
- "PUC". Presbyuniversity.edu.gh. Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 15 June 2011.. Number of Academic Institutions(2012): Nursery/Kindergarten 669 Primary 1057 Junior High School 514 Senior High School 29 Vocational School 4 Centre for Craft Instructors Development 1 College of Education 5 University 2 Trinity Theological Seminary - Presbyterian Church of Ghana, a co-founder. University of Education - Presbyterian Church of Ghana contributed St.Andrews Training College to the constitution of the varsity.
- "Welcome to the CHAG website". Chagghana.org. Archived from the original on 26 June 2011. Retrieved 15 June 2011.