Presbyterian Church of Ghana
|The Presbyterian Church of Ghana|
Moravian Church in Jamaica and the Cayman Islands
Church of Scotland
Accra, Gold Coast
The Presbyterian Church of Ghana is a mainline Protestant church in Ghana. The oldest continuously existing established Christian church in Ghana, it was started by the Basel missionaries on 18 December 1828. The missionaries had been trained in Germany and Switzerland and arrived on the Gold Coast to spread Christianity. The work of the mission became stronger when Moravian missionaries from the West Indies arrived in the country in 1843. In 1848, the Basel Mission Church set up a seminary, now named the Presbyterian College of Education, Akropong, for the training of church workers to help in the missionary work. The Ga and Twi languages were added as part of the doctrinal text used in the training of the seminarians. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the Presbyterian church had its missions concentrated in the southeastern parts of the Gold Coast and the peri-urban Akan hinterland. By the mid-20th century, the church had expanded and founded churches among the Asante people who lived in the middle belt of Ghana as well as the northern territories by the 1940s. The Basel missionaries left the Gold Coast during the First World War in 1917. The work of the Presbyterian church was continued by missionaries from the Church of Scotland, the mother church of the worldwide orthodox or mainstream Presbyterian denomination. The official newspaper of the church is the Christian Messenger, established by the Basel Mission in 1883. The denomination's Presbyterian sister church is the Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Ghana.
The church is a founding member of the Christian Council of Ghana. The association is an umbrella group that unites several churches in Ghana and monitors the activities of members to ensure that they are united in their Christian mission. Ordained ministers wear the Geneva gown and a clerical collar. Historically considered a "high church" denomination, the institution’s form of worship is marked by formality – liturgical readings, traditional hymn singing and periodic administering of the Holy Communion. Yearly religious observances, such as Advent and Lent are noted in the church’s almanac. In contemporary times, however, a 'praise and worship' segment, more commonly associated with evangelicalism, is sometimes incorporated into church services to meet the preferences of younger congregants. The Presbyterian Hymn Book is used during services and is available in primarily English, Ga, Twi, Ewe and other Ghanaian languages and dialects.
- Department of Administration & Human Resource
- Department of Church Life & Nurture
- Department of Mission & Evangelism
- Department of Ecumenical & Social Relations
- Department of Development & Social Services
- Department of Education
- Department of Finance
By the end of 2019, the church had about a total membership of 1,015,174 and owned over 2,400 Basic Schools, 30 Senior High Schools, 5 Colleges of Education, 3 Vocational Schools, 4 Nursing Training Colleges, Two university and five Training Centres. According to the 2019 report of the Committee on Information Management, Statistics & Planning (IMSP) of the Department of Administration & Human Resource Management (AHRM)of the church, it had 4889 congregations.
PCG Statistics – 2001 to 2013
Church and education
Education is an integral part of the church's responsibility to the communities it operates in. In general, Ghanaian Presbyterians have a high educational attainment. Together with Ghanaian Anglicans, Methodists and Roman Catholics - Christian denominations that also prioritize higher education, Presbyterians in Ghana were historically disproportionately represented in the upper ranks of government, industry, academia and the professional occupations. The church is the proprietor of more than 2400 basic schools including 487 kindergarten and nursery schools, 984 primary schools and 399 junior high schools. The church has 30 senior high schools, 40 private schools, 6 vocational institutions, 5 teacher training colleges, 2 research centres, 4 nursing training colleges and 5 training centres for pastors and laity. In 2003, the church started a university known as the Presbyterian University College. It is located at Abetifi-Kwahu in the Eastern region of Ghana.
Church and health
The church is a member of the Christian Health Association of Ghana (CHAG). CHAG is an umbrella group that unites all the health facilities in Ghana that are owned and run by Christian churches in Ghana. The church is the third largest provider of healthcare in Ghana, in terms of number of health facilities across the country in cities and towns such as Agogo, Bawku, Dormaa-Ahenkro, Donkorkrom, Bolgatanga, Salaga, Tease, Konongo, Duayaw-Nkwanta, Garu, Sandema, etc. Among its 55 health institutions, the church operates four major hospitals, 11 primary health care programmes, eight health centres, 13 clinics, 4 nurses' training colleges and a technical unit. These institutions provide a substantial portion of health services in the rural areas with a workforce of 1,977 and total hospital beds of 745. Curative, preventive and promotive services are provided to clients by the facilities in their respective catchment areas. The PHC interventions cover areas such as antenatal care, postnatal care, family planning, nutrition, growth monitoring of children between 0 – 5 years, immunization, health education, environmental sanitation, HIV&AIDS control, prevention, home-based care and counselling and clinical care at the health centres. The Church is currently the third largest single provider of health services in the country. The hospitals provide medical specialist services with resident specialists as follows:
- Agogo Hospital – Ophthalmology, internal medicine, general surgery, obstetrics / gynaecology and paediatrics
- Bawku Hospital – Ophthalmology, general surgery, orthopaedic surgery and obstetrics / gynaecology
- Dormaa Hospital – Paediatrics.
The church and agriculture
The Presbyterian Church of Ghana was established in 1828 and formalised partnership (Reg No. ACB 146/88) with the then government of Gold Coast now the Republic of Ghana in 1932 to contribute to the Spiritual and socio-economic development of the citizenry of Ghana. To this end, the Church established six (6) Agricultural Service stations in the late sixties in the Northern, Upper East, Eastern and Greater Accra regions of Ghana to complement the efforts of Government at poverty eradication in rural communities of the country. Vision: The Presbyterian Agric. Services exist as a key player in development cycles in Ghana in Partnership with other Actors and as Centres of excellence in integrated Agricultural and Rural Development Mission: To provide innovative, participatory and continuously proven agricultural development services that respond to the immediate and strategic needs of farm families in their effort to attain sustainable household food and income security in a sustainable farming environment in partnership with other Development Actors.
The church owns two printing and publishing houses including Waterville Publishing House, three newspapers, including Christian Messenger and eight bookshops. It has three retreat centres and operates four guest houses and three conference halls.
Moderator of the General Assembly
The Moderator position is equivalent to the chief executive officer or managing director of the national church organisation. Serving moderators use the honorific style, The Right Reverend. Retired moderators use the style, The Very Reverend after leaving office. In August, 2018, Joseph Obiri Yeboah Mante was elected the new Moderator of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of Ghana (PCG) to succeed Cephas Narh Omenyo, the then incumbent, who had been ill for over a year and the General Assembly had to take a decision to declare the moderator seat vacant to allow new leadership. The following clergymen were elected and served as the Moderator of the Presbyterian Church of Ghana:
|No||Moderator||Tenure of Office|
|3rd||W. A. Quartey||1925–29|
|4th||L. L. Richter||1930–31|
|5th||E. C. Martinson||1932–38|
|6th||S. S. Odonkor||1939–50|
|7th||E. V. Asihene||1951–54|
|8th||E. Max Dodu||1955–58|
|9th||E. M. L. Odjidja||1959–66|
|10th||J. K. Sintim-Misa||1967–78|
|11th||I. H. Frempong||1979–86|
|12th||D. A. Koranteng||1987–95|
|13th||A. A. Beeko||1995–98|
|17th||Cephas Narh Omenyo||2016–18|
|18th||J. O. Y. Mante||2018–|
Synod Clerk / Clerk of the General Assembly
The Synod Clerk or Clerk of the General Assembly position is equivalent to the chief administrative officer or secretary-general or executive secretary of the national church organisation, responsible for daily operations or performance. The Clerk uses the title style The Reverend. The following ministers were elected and served as the Synod Clerk or Clerk of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of Ghana:
|Synod Clerk / Clerk of the General Assembly||Tenure of Office|
|Nicholas Timothy Clerk||1918–32|
|D. E. Akwa||1933–40|
|M. A. Obeng||1941–49|
|Carl Henry Clerk||1950–54|
|A. L. N. Kwansa||1955–69|
|T. A. Osei||1970–74|
|R. K. Sah||1978–85|
|E. S. Mate-Kodjo||1985–95|
|Nii Teiko Dagadu||1997–99|
|Godwin Nii Noi Odonkor||2019–|
This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability policy. (July 2019)
- Gottlieb Ababio Adom
- Clement Anderson Akrofi
- Rose Akua Ampofo
- David Asante
- Emilie Christaller
- Johann Gottlieb Christaller
- Alexander Worthy Clerk
- Carl Henry Clerk
- Nicholas T. Clerk
- Nicholas Timothy Clerk
- Peter Hall
- Regina Hesse
- Rose Ann Miller
- Catherine Mulgrave
- Theophilus Opoku
- Fritz Ramseyer
- Carl Christian Reindorf
- Andreas Riis
- George Peter Thompson
- Rosina Widmann
- Johannes Zimmermann
- Basel Mission
- Christianity in Ghana
- Christian Messenger
- Christ Presbyterian Church, Akropong
- Ebenezer Presbyterian Church, Osu
- Ramseyer Memorial Presbyterian Church
- Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Ghana
- Methodist Church Ghana
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- Online, Peace FM. "Presbyterian Church of Ghana is 190 Years Today". www.peacefmonline.com. Archived from the original on 2018-12-19. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
- "PUC". Presbyuniversity.edu.gh. Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
- "Welcome to the CHAG website". Chagghana.org. Archived from the original on 2011-06-26. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
- Nkansa-Kyeremateng, K. (2003). The Presbyterian Church of Ghana: History and Impact. Accra: Sebewie Publishers. pp. 97–99.