Presbyterian Church of Wales

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Presbyterian Church of Wales
Presbyterian Church of Wales logo.JPG
Modern logo of the Presbyterian Church of Wales
ClassificationProtestant
OrientationCalvinist
PolityPresbyterian
ModeratorProfessor John Gwynfor Jones
AssociationsCytûn,
Churches Together in Britain and Ireland,
Conference of European Churches,
World Communion of Reformed Churches,
World Council of Churches
RegionWales
OriginFormally separated from the Church of England in 1811 during the Welsh Methodist revival;
Presbyterian Church of Wales formally established as an independent church in 1823.
Separated fromChurch of England
Congregations620
Members20,000[1]
Ministers45 plus 30 Christian workers
Official websitewww.ebcpcw.cymru

The Presbyterian Church of Wales (Welsh: Eglwys Bresbyteraidd Cymru), also known as Calvinistic Methodist Church (Yr Eglwys Fethodistaidd Galfinaidd), is a denomination of Protestant Christianity in Wales.

History[edit]

Castle Square Presbyterian Church, Caernarfon

The church was born out of the Welsh Methodist revival and the preaching of Howell Harris and Daniel Rowland in the 18th century and seceded from the Church of England in 1811. In 1823, a Confession of Faith was created and adopted, based on the standard Westminster Confession.[2] Theological colleges for ministerial training were opened in Bala, then in Merionethshire, now Gwynedd (1837), Trefeca, then in Brecknockshire, now Powys (1842), and Aberystwyth, in Ceredigion (1906). It produces a quarterly journal Y Traethodydd and a monthly periodical the Treasury. It is distinguished from other forms of Methodism by the Calvinistic nature of its theology. For the history of the church, see Calvinistic Methodists. In 1840, the Foreign Missionary Society was formed in Liverpool to provide missionaries to India. It held its first General Assembly in 1864. In 1928 it officially adopted the name Presbyterian Church in Wales but still retained the name Welsh Calvinistic Methodism with equal standing. In 1933 its constitution was modified as a result of the Presbyterian Church in Wales Act of Parliament in 1933, receiving Royal assent.[3] In 1947 the Association in the East was established for English-speaking churches. In 1978 Pamela Turner became the first woman to be ordained as a minister. In 2004 the central office moved to Whitchurch, Cardiff. In 2007 new boundaries and structures was adopted for presbyteries.[4] It claims to be the only truly Welsh denomination in Christianity, and is rare among Presbyterian Churches, by originating in the Methodist Revival rather than deriving from the Calvinist Reformation.[5][6]

Statistics[edit]

Tabernacle, Whitchurch, Cardiff

The Presbyterian Church of Wales has around 20,000 members who worship in around 620 churches. Most of these churches are in Wales, but due to strong historical links between the Welsh and certain English cities, there are churches using both the English and the Welsh languages in London, Manchester, Birmingham, Coventry and Liverpool.[7] Churches belong to one of eighteen Presbyteries, grouped into three Provinces, the Association in the South, the Association in the North (Welsh language), and the Association in the East (English language), along with a General Assembly.[8] About 0.5% of the Welsh population are members of the Presbyterian Church of Wales.

The Church offices are located at the Tabernacle Church, 81, Merthyr Road, Whitchurch, Cardiff CF14 1DD.

Social issues[edit]

The church is active in discussing social issues within Wales. In 2014, the church opened up a discussion on whether to bless or recognise same-gender relationships.[9]

The church has ordained women as ministers since 1978.[10]

Presbyteries and chapels[edit]

Presbytery Churches
Môn / Anglesey (Welsh) Aberffraw, Bethesda (Amlwch), Capel y Drindod (Beaumaris), Benllech, Gad Newydd (Bodffordd), Bethel (Bodorgan), Beulah (Bodorgan), Hebron (Bryngwran), Rehoboth (Burwen), Brynrefail, Horeb (Brynsiencyn), Ty Mawr (Capel Coch), Engedi (Ceirchiog), Bethesda (Cemaes), Siloam (Cemlyn), Disgwylfa (Gaerwen), Bethlehem (Garreglefn), Jerwsalem (Gwalchmai), Eglwys Unedig Hyfrydle (Holyhead), Newry Street Presbyterian Church (Holyhead), Paradwys (Llanallgo), Glasinfryn (Llanbedrgoch), Peniel (Llanddona), Barachïa (Llandegfan), Seion (Llandrygan), Abarim (Llanfachraeth), Ty'n y Maen (Llanfachraeth), Eglwys Unedig Rhos-y-Gad (Llanfairpwllgwyngyll), Bethania (Llangaffo), Lôn y Felin (Llangefni), Moreia (Llangefni), Capel Ty Rhys (Llangoed), Horeb (Llangristiolus), Gosen (Llangwyllog), Carmel (Llannerch-y-medd), Parc (Llannerch-y-medd), Bethel Hen (Llanrhuddlad), Capel Mawr (Menai Bridge), Jerwsalem (Mynydd Mechell), Ebeneser (Newborough), Penygarnedd, Pengarnedd (Rhosgoch), Paran (Rhosneigr), Cana (Rhostrehwfa), Gorslwyd (Rhos-y-bol), Capel Nyth Clyd (Talwrn), Eglwys Unedig Noddfa (Trearddur Bay)B, Dothan (Ty Croes), Tabor (Y Fali)
Arfon (Welsh) [1] Bethania (Abergwyngregyn), Berea Newydd (Bangor), Eglwys y Cysegr (Bethel), Eglwys Unedig Jerwsalem (Bethesda), Brynrefail, Caeathro, Noddfa (Caernarfon), Seilo (Caernarfon), Carmel, Ebeneser (Clynnog), Cefnywaun (Deiniolen), Capel Coch (Llanberis), Bwlan (Llandwrog), Horeb (Llanfairfechan), Capel y Rhos (Llanrug), Glanrhyd (Llanwnda), Baladeulyn (Nantlle), Peniel (Nantmor), Eglwys y Berth (Penmaenmawr), Capel y Groes (Penygroes), Brynaerau (Pontllyfni), Horeb (Rhostryfan), Eglwys y Waun (Waunfawr), Bethania (Y Felinheli)
Gorllewin Gwynedd / West Gwynedd (Welsh) Deunant (Aberdaron), Uwchmynydd (Aberdaron), Capel Isaf (Abererch), Abergeirw, Capel Ty'n Ddôl (Abergynolwyn), Y Graig (Abersoch), Caersalem (Barmouth), Christ Church (Barmouth), Y Bowydd (Blaenau Ffestiniog), Rhydbach (Botwnnog), Bryncir, Ty Mawr (Bryncroes), Brynengan, Capel Uchaf (Chwilog), Capel y Traeth (Criccieth), Cwm Prysor, Capel Salem (Dolgellau), Horeb (Dyffryn Ardudwy), Edern, Capel Berea (Efailnewydd), Jerwsalem (Garndolbenmaen), Garnfadryn, Maentwrog Uchaf (Gellilydan), Bethel (Golan), Y Babell (Llanaelhaearn), Capel y Ddôl (Llanbedr), Peniel Newydd (Llanbedrog), Peniel Newydd (Llanegryn), Smyrna (Llangian), Dinas (Llaniestyn), Llithfaen, Llwyndyrus, Bethesda (Manod), Moreia (Morfa Nefyn), Capel Isaf (Nefyn), Libanus (Pantglas), Pencaenewydd, Pennal, Bethel (Penrhos), Nasareth (Penrhyndeudraeth), Pentreuchaf, Capel y Porth (Porthmadog), Ala Road Presbyterian Church (Pwllheli), Capel y Drindod (Pwllheli), Salem (Sarn Meyllteyrn), Moreia (Trawsfynydd), Peniel (Tremadog), Tudweiliog, Bethel (Tywyn), Ebeneser (Y Ffôr)
Conwy a Dyfrdwy / Conwy and Dee (Welsh) Capel Tegid (Bala), Llidiardau (Bala), Parc (Bala), Capel y Gro (Betws Gwerfyl Goch), Bryn Mawr (Betws y Coed), Seion (Capel Garmon), Seion (Carrog), Cefnddwysarn, Jerwsalem (Cerrigydrudion), Carmel (Conwy), Tal-y-bont (Conwy), Eglwys Unedig Seion a Bryneglwys (Corwen), Ty Mawr (Cwmpenanner), Cwmtirmynach, Cynllwyd, Bethel (Cynwyd), Peniel (Deganwy), Dinmael, Moreia (Dolwyddelan), Salem (Efail Uchaf), Eglwysbach, Glan-yr-afon, Cefnbrith (Glasfryn), Moriah (Gwyddelwern), Hermon (Llandrillo), Eglwys Unedig Seilo (Llandudno)BIM, Pensarn (Llandudno Junction), Maes yr Odyn (Llanfihangel Glyn Myfyr), Capel y Cwm (Llangernyw), Cefn Nannau (Llangwm), Heol Scotland (Llanrwst), Seion (Llanrwst), Bryn Ebeneser (Llansantffraid), Glanaber (Llanuwchllyn), Tabernacl (Llechwedd), Bethel (Melin y Coed), Cynfal (Melin y Wig), Hebron (Old Colwyn), Padog, Pandy Tudur, Eglwys Unedig (Penmachno), Rhosygwalia, Talybont (Rhyduchaf), Capel y Rhos (Rhos on Sea), Peniel (Trefriw), Ty'n y Groes, Seion (Y Ro-wen), Seion (Ysbyty Ifan)
Dyffryn Clwyd / Vale of Clwyd (Welsh) Mynydd Seion (Abergele), Hyfrydle (Betws-yn-Rhos), Capel y Waen (Bodfari), Bontuchel, Capel y Brwcws (Brookhouse), Bethel (Caerwys), Cefn Meiriadog, Cefnberain, Clawdd Newydd, Salem (Cyffylliog), Capel Mawr a Seion (Denbigh), Y Fron (Denbigh), Derwen, Bethel (Diserth), Gellifor, Groes, Henllan, Capel y Dyffryn (Llandyrnog), Salem (Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd), Soar (Llanfair Talhaearn), Tabor (Llanfair Talhaearn), Llannefydd, Capel y Pentre (Llanrhaeadr), Capel y Glyn (Llanrhaeadr), Capel Coffa Henry Rees (Llansannan), Nantglyn, Peniel, Bethel (Pentrecelyn), Rehoboth (Prestatyn), Prion, Eglwys Unedig y Rhiw (Pwllglas), Rhewl, Ebeneser (Rhuddlan), Clwyd Street (Rhyl), Bethania (Ruthin), Tabernacl (Ruthin), Saron, Bethlehem Unedig (St Asaph), Salem (Towyn), Trefnant
Gogledd Ddwyrain / North East (Welsh) Altrincham, St John Street (Chester), Bethesda (Chirk), Capel Gad (Cilcain), Disgwylfa (Coedpoeth), Bethesda (Cymau), Caersalem (Flint), Soar (Glyn Ceiriog), Bethania (Waterloo, Liverpool), Bethel (Liverpool), Capel y Berthen (Lixwm), Tabernacl (Llanarmon Dyffryn Ceiriog), Bethel (Llanarmon-yn-Iâl), Bethania (Llandegla), Noddfa (Oaker Avenue, Manchester), Bethesda (Mold), Bethel (Nant y Fflint), Soar (Nercwys), Seion (Penbedw), Gwynfa (Penyffordd), Bethel (Ponciau), Capel Mawr (Rhosllanerchrugog), Capel Penbryn (Treffynnon), Carmel (Treffynnon), Capel y Rhos (Treuddyn), Capel y Groes (Wrexham)
Trefaldwyn / Montgomery (Welsh) Capel Coffa Lewis Evan a Charmel (Adfa), Bethel (Birmingham), Eglwys Gymraeg (Coventry), Hermon (Cymdu), Capel Coffa Ann Griffiths (Dolanog), Sardis (Dolanog), Y Bont (Llanbrynmair), Gosen (Llanerfyl), Moreia (Llanfair Caereinion), Pentyrch (Llanfair Caereinion), Soar (Llanfair Caereinion), Rehoboth (Llangadfan), Pentrefelin (Llangedwyn), Penuel (Llangynog), Elim (Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant), Bethania (Llansilin), Rhiwlas (Llansilin), Ebeneser (Llawr-y-glyn), Seilo (Llwydiarth), Cemaes (Machynlleth), Meifod, Bontnewydd (Meifod), Bethel (Newtown), Seion (Oswestry), Y Graig (Penffordd-las), Cefn Canol (Rhydycroesau), Carneddau (Trefonnen), Saron (Wolverhampton)
Ceredigion a Gogledd Penfro / Cardiganshire and North Pembrokeshire (Welsh) Tabernacl (Aberaeron), Capel y Drindod (Aberbanc), Bryn Seion (Aberporth), Capel y Morfa (Aberystwyth), Blaenannerch, Peniel (Blaenpennal), Blaenplwyf, Capel Newydd (Boncath), Capel y Garn (Bow Street), Bronant, Salem (Brongest), Bwlch-llan, Bwlch-y-Groes, Caerfarchell, Penllwyn (Capel Bangor), Tabernacl (Cardigan), Cenarth, Rhydyfagwyr (Cnwch Coch), Llwyn-y-Groes (Cwmrheidiol), Siloam (Cwmystwyth), Clos-y-graig (Felindre), Blaencefn (Ferwig), Dyffryn (Goginan), Berachah (Goodwick), Capel Afan (Llanafan), Shiloh (Llanbedr Pont Steffan), Elim (Llanddeiniol), Bethesda (Llanddewibrefi), Coed-y-bryn (Llandysul), Gwynfil (Llangeitho), Llwynpiod (Llangeitho), Penuwch (Llangeitho), Tabor (Llangwyryfon), Maesyffynnon (Llangybi), Carmel (Llanilar), Llannon, Bethania (Llannon), Pennant (Llannon), Penrhiw (Llanrhystud), Rhiwbwys (Llanrhystud), Rhydlwyd (Lledrod), Gwastad (Llys-y-frân), Capel Madog, Salem (New Inn), Tabernacl (New Quay), Bethel (Newcastle Emlyn), Pontgarreg (Newcastle Emlyn), Tabernacl (Newport), Mynach (Pontarfynach), Ponterwyd, Rhydfendigaid (Pontrhydfendigaid), Twr-gwyn (Rhydlewis), Gosen (Rhydyfelin), Penmorfa (Sarnau), Capel Seion, Soar y Mynydd, Tabernacl (St Davids), Swyddffynnon, Nasareth (Tal-y-Bont), Rehoboth (Taliesin), Bethel (Treamlod), Moreia (Trefenter), Treffynnon, Berth (Tregaron), Bwlchgwynt (Tregaron), Glan-rhyd (Trewyddel), Walton East, Woodstock, Caradog (Ystrad Meurig)
Myrddin / Carmarthen (Welsh) Bancycapel, Bancyfelin, Capel Newydd (Betws), Cwmdwyfran (Bronwydd), Moriah (Brynamman), Caeo, Capel Hendre, Soar (Cilycwm), Capel y Drindod (Crosshands), Saron (Cwmtwrch), Cwrt-y-Cadno, Bethel (Cynwyl Elfyd), Cross Inn (Dryslwyn), Peniel (Foelgastell), Cefnberach (Gelli Aur), Tabernacl (Glanamman), Gosen (Gorwydd), Morfa (Kidwelly), Capel y Dolau (Llanarthne), Capel Newydd (Llanddarog), Salem (Llandeilo), Gosen (Llandybie), Ebeneser (Llanedi), Capel Newydd (Llanelli), Triniti (Llanelli), Spite (Llanfynydd), Bryn Seion (Llangennech), Salem (Llangyndeyrn), Bethel (Llansawel), Moriah (Llansteffan), Tabernacl (Llanymddyfri), Llanlluan (Maes-y-bont), Bethel (Meidrim), Ty Hen (Meidrim), Bethania (Myddfai), Horeb (Mynyddygarreg), Nantgaredig, Salem (Pantgwyn), Bethel (Pembrey), Babell (Pensarn), Jerwsalem (Penygroes), Soar (Pontyberem), Pumsaint, Bethani (Rhydaman), Trinity (St Clears), Esgairnant (Talyllychau), Tabernacl (Trimsaran), Twynllannan, Caersalem (Ty-Croes)
Morgannwg Llundain / Glamorgan & London (Welsh) Seion (Aberdulais), Brynllyfell, Eglwys y Crwys (Roath, Cardiff), Salem (Tregenna, Cardiff), Hermon (Cilffriw), Horeb (Crai), Tabernacl (Cwmafan), Yorath (Cwmgiedd), Bethania (Cwmtwrch), Libanus (Glanrhyd), Libanus (Hendy), Bethel Nebo (Hirwaun), Bethel (Llangyfelach), Capel Unedig De Llundain (Clapham & Sutton, London), Eglwys y Drindod (Cockfosters, London), Seion (Ealing Green, London), Jewin (London), Moriah (Loughor), Beulah (Margam), Bethania (Morriston), Ebeneser (Newport), Carmel (Pentre-Dwr), Soar (Pontardawe), Gopa (Pontarddulais), Ebeneser (Pontneddfechan), Carmel (Port Talbot), Grove Place (Port Talbot), Tabernacl (Resolven), Soar (Rhiwceiliog), Ebeneser (Rhymney), Gorffwysfa (Skewen), Capel y Cwm (Swansea), Trinity (Swansea), Nasareth (Tonna), Bethlehem (Treorchy), Jerusalem (Ystalyfera), Tabernacl (Ystradgynlais)
Northern (English) Bangor-on-Dee, Caergwrle, Castle Square (Caernarfon), City Road (Chester), Seion (Colwyn Heights), Golftyn (Connah's Quay), Quaystone United (Connah's Quay)M, St Thomas's (Denbigh), Ewloe Green, Bethel (Garden Village), Mancott (Hawarden), Clubmoor (Liverpool), Gloddaeth United Church (Llandudno)U, Menai Bridge, Tyddyn Street (Mold)U, Moreton, Northop Hall, Penrhyn Bay, Trinity (Penyffordd)M, Nant Hall Road (Prestatyn), Tabernacl (Rhostyllen), United Church (Rhyl)U, Rossett, Ruthin, Two Mills, Trinity (Wrexham)
Mid Wales & Border (English) Aberbechan, Aberdyfi, Moriah (Abermule), St David's (Aberystwyth)U, Tabernacle (Arddleen), Jerusalem (Berriew), Brooks (Berriew), Bettws Cedewain, Brecon, Alpha Ecumenical Church (Builth Wells)BU?, Caersws, Cwmgolau, Heartsease (Dolau), Tanhouse (Dolau), Geuffordd (Guilsfield), Groeslwyd, Harmer Hill, Lady Southampton (Kenchester), Llandinam, William Williams Memorial (Llandovery), Ithon Road (Llandrindod Wells), Nazareth (Llangammarch), Oakley Park (Llanidloes), Trinity (Llanidloes)U, Ebenezer (Llanymynech), Bethesda (Lower Chapel), Machynlleth Community Church, Montgomery, Ebenezer (Newchurch), The Crescent (Newtown), Christ Church (Oswestry)U, Sychnant (Pant-y-dwr), Zoar (Pentrefelin), Bryn-y-bont (Pontfaen), Bethany (Rhayader), Talgarth United FreeBU, Tynewydd (Trecastle), Bethany (Tregynon), New Street United (Welshpool)U, Yardro
South West Wales (English) Villiers Road (Blaengwynfi), Brynmenyn, Bethesda (Burry Green), Bethel (Cefncaeau), Trinity (Cheriton), Zoar (Crofty), Tabernacle (Gorseinon), Ebenezer (Haverfordwest), Rehoboth (Milford Haven), Millin Cross, Trinity (Nantyffyllon), London Road (Neath), Mission Hall (Neath), Zion (Neyland), Ebenezer (Old Walls), Gilead (Pembroke), Tabernacle (Penclawdd), Pontarddulais, Sandfields (Port Talbot), Arlington Road (Porthcawl), Bethesda (Saundersfoot), Y Capel (Skewen), Argyle & Rhyddings Park (Swansea), Gorse Mission (Cwmbwrla, Swansea), Terrace Road (Swansea), Wiston
South East Wales (English) Whitfield (Abergavenny), Holy Trinity (Barry), Bethel (Beaufort Hill), Oakdale (Blackwood), Zoar (Bonvilston), Bailey Street (Brynmawr), Libanus (Brynmawr), Trecenydd (Caerphilly), Windsor Road (Caerphilly), Cathedral Road Fairwater & Tabernacle (Cardiff), Park End (Heath, Cardiff), Saltmead Hall (Grangetown, Cardiff), Trinity (Cefn Fforest), Ysgwyddgwyn (Deri), Ebenezer (Dinas Powys), Garnlydan (Ebbw Vale), Hilltop (Ebbw Vale), Mount Pleasant (Ebbw Vale), Salem (Forest Coal Pit), Siloh (Gelligroes), Capel Ed (Goytre), Hermon (Maesycoed), Paran (Manmoel), Hope & Market Square United (Merthyr Tydfil)U, Moserah (Llanfihangel Gobion), Tabernacle (Llantwit Major), Bethel (New Tredegar), Beechwood Park (Newport), Community House (Maindee, Newport), Havelock Street (Newport), Ringland (Newport), Stow Park (Newport)U, Trinity (Malpas, Newport), Elfed Avenue United (Penarth)U, Bethania (Pendoylan), Pentwynmawr, Hope-Penuel (Pontyclun), St David's Uniting (Pontypridd)BU, Dan y Graig (Risca)MU, Trehill (St Nicholas), Park (Treforest), Glyn Street (Ynys-y-bwl), Sardis (Ynysddu)U

Chapel names[edit]

In the Welsh chapel tradition, chapels, rather than being dedicated to a particular saint, are named after places from the Bible. Because these place-names are written in Welsh orthography (in some cases based on the spellings used in the Authorised Version or William Morgan's Bible), and because several of the place-names are quite obscure to the interested reader, the table below identifies the referents of these dedications. Welsh words used in chapel names that have a theological meaning are also included. If a chapel name cannot be identified in the below list, it probably refers to a neighbourhood or locality within the town or village in which the chapel is located, or is an adjective such as Hen (old), Hyfrydle (delightful), Newydd (new) or Unedig (united).

Name Referent
Abarim The Abarim Range, the range of mountains from which Moses viewed the Promised Land (Deuteronomy 32:49)
Ainon Aenon, a place where John the Baptist conducted baptisms (John 3:23)
Babell A Welsh word meaning 'tent', either a reference to the tabernacle or to the notion of believers as sojourners on the earth
Barachïa, Berachah Probably transliterations of the Hebrew word berakah 'blessing'
Beersheba Beersheba, a town in Israel where Abraham, Isaac and Jacob stayed (Genesis 22:19)
Berea Beroea, a city in Greece whose inhabitants 'received the [gospel] message with great eagerness' (Acts 17:11)
Bethabara Bethabara, the name used in the Authorised Version for 'Bethany beyond the Jordan' where John conducted baptisms (John 1:28)
Bethania Bethany, a village near Jesus where he raised his friend Lazarus from the dead (John 11:1)
Bethel Bethel, a place where Jacob had a vision of God, hence its name which means 'house of God' (Genesis 28:19)
Bethesda Pool of Bethesda, where Jesus healed a paralysed man (John 5:2)
Bethlehem Bethlehem, the home town of David and birthplace of Jesus (Matthew 2:1)
Bethmaca Possibly a reference to Abel Beth Maakah, a town where a rebel against David met his end (2 Samuel 20:15)
Beulah, Beula Beulah, a name meaning 'married' which Isaiah prophesies will be given to Zion (Isaiah 62:4)
Bosra Bozrah, a city in Edom and prophesied location of God's judgment (Isaiah 63:1)
Calfaria Calvary, the name (via Latin) of the place where Jesus was crucified
Cana Cana, the village where Jesus turned water into wine (John 2:1)
Carmel Mount Carmel, the site of several events in Israel's history, most notably the confrontation between Elijah and the prophets of Baal (1 Kings 18:20)
Cedron Kidron Valley, a valley near Jerusalem, close to which was the site of the garden where Jesus spent the last night before his crucifixion (John 18:1)
Cysegr A Welsh word meaning 'sanctuary', referring to the inner part of God's tabernacle and temple
Disgwylfa A Welsh word meaning 'watchtower'
Dothan Dothan, the place where Joseph's brothers sold him into slavery, and also site of a miracle of Elisha's (2 Kings 6:13)
Drindod, Triniti Welsh form of the word Trinity, the Christian doctrine that God is three in one
Ebeneser Eben-Ezer, 'stone of help', a stone erected by the prophet Samuel after a military victory, saying 'Thus far the Lord has helped us' (1 Samuel 7:12)
Elim Elim, an oasis in the desert where the Israelites stayed on the way to Canaan
Engedi En Gedi, a town known for its vineyards, where David found safety from Saul (1 Samuel 23:29)
Gad Gad, one of the twelve tribes of Israel, whose name may be related to the Hebrew for 'good fortune' (Genesis 30:11)
Gilead Gilead, a land on the outskirts of Israel, known as a source of balm (Jeremiah 46:11)
Gilgal Gilgal, the place where the Israelites first crossed the Jordan, and site of several events in later years (Joshua 5:9)
Gorffwysfa A Welsh word meaning 'resting-place', used in the Bible to denote the heavenly rest that God promises (Psalm 95:11)
Gosen Goshen, the part of Egypt where the Israelites stayed during their time there (Genesis 47:27)
Groes, Crwys The Welsh for 'cross', referring to the cross of Jesus
Hebron Hebron, an important city in Judah, and the place where David was crowned king over Judah (2 Samuel 2:4)
Hermon Mount Hermon, a high mountain on the edge of the Promised Land (Psalm 42:6)
Horeb Mount Horeb, the place where Moses received the law for Israel (Deuteronomy 4:10)
Jerwsalem, Caersalem Jerusalem, the capital of Israel, the location of the temple (2 Samuel 5:5)
Joppa Joppa, a city to which Jonah fled, and where Peter received a vision about the Gentiles' acceptance into Israel (Acts 11:5)
Libanus Lebanon, a land to the north of Israel, also used with reference to the temple because of its abundant use of cedar wood from Lebanon (Jeremiah 22:23)
Moreia Mount Moriah, the place where Abraham showed himself willing to sacrifice Isaac, and where the temple was later built (2 Chronicles 3:1)
Moserah A place in the wilderness where Aaron died (Deuteronomy 10:6)
Nasareth Nazareth, where Jesus grew up and lived (Matthew 2:23)
Nebo Mount Nebo, the mountain from which Moses viewed the Promised Land (Deuteronomy 34:1)
Noddfa A Welsh word meaning place of refuge, used in the Bible to refer to the cities of refuge to which sinners could flee (Numbers 35:6)
Paradwys, Gwynfa Welsh words meaning paradise (Revelation 2:7)
Paran Mount Paran, a mountain near Sinai, mentioned as the location of a theophany of God (Deuteronomy 33:2)
Peniel, Penuel Peniel, the place where Jacob wrestled with God and saw his face, hence the meaning 'face of God' (Genesis 32:30)
Pisga, Pisgah Pisgah, the summit of the mountain from which Moses viewed the Promised Land (Deuteronomy 34:1)
Preswylfa A Welsh word meaning dwelling-place, referring to God's dwelling in his temple (Psalm 26:8)
Rehoboth Rehoboth, a place where Isaac dug a well, the name of which means 'broad' or 'roomy' (Genesis 26:22)
Salem The short form of Jerusalem; this part of the name by itself means 'peace' (Hebrews 7:2)
Sardis Sardis, one of the seven churches John writes to in Revelation; there were some in the church who 'had not soiled their clothes' (Revelation 3:4)
Saron Sharon plain, a fertile part of Israel's coastlands (Isaiah 35:2)
Seilo, Siloh Shiloh, where the ark of God's presence was located before its move to Jerusalem (1 Samuel 1:3)
Seion, Mynydd Seion Zion, Mount Zion; part of the city of Jerusalem, later used as a name for the whole city (Isaiah 52:1)
Siloam Pool of Siloam, the place to which Jesus sent the blind man; he washed and came back seeing (John 9:7)
Smyrna Smyrna, one of the seven churches John writes to Revelation, and one of only two which are wholly faithful (Revelation 2:8)
Soar Zoar, the place Lot fled to during the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, spared because as its name signifies, it was very small (Genesis 19:22)
Tabernacl Tabernacle, the tent in which God dwelled with his people until the temple was built (Exodus 40:34)
Tabor Mount Tabor, a mountain and the site of an Israelite victory (Judges 4:14)
Tiberias Sea of Tiberias, another name for the Sea of Galilee, around which Jesus lived and taught (Mark 1:16)

Bodies to which PCW is affiliated[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Who we are". The Presbyterian Church of Wales. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  2. ^ www.ebcpcw.org.uk/english/about/beliefs
  3. ^ www.reformiert-online.net/adressen/detail.php?id=1467&lg=eng
  4. ^ www.ebcpcw.org.uk/english/about/our-history
  5. ^ www.oikoumene.org/en/member-churches/presbyterian-church-of-wales
  6. ^ www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=38767
  7. ^ Welsh Presbyterian Church, Liverpool
  8. ^ www.cwmeurope.org/en/about-cwm-europe/presbyterian-church-of-wales Archived 15 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ digitalvirtue.com, Digital Virtue - w. "The Presbyterian Church of Wales - Live: The General Assembly". ebcpcw.cymru. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  10. ^ digitalvirtue.com, Digital Virtue - w. "The Presbyterian Church of Wales - Our History". ebcpcw.cymru. Archived from the original on 20 April 2016. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
  11. ^ www.ebcpcw.org.uk/english/what-we-do/mission

External links[edit]