Presidency of Andrés Manuel López Obrador

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Presidency of
Andrés Manuel López Obrador
AMLO como presidente de la República Mexicana.jpg
In office
Starting 1 December 2018 – (Incumbent)
Preceded byPeña Nieto presidency
Other information
SeatPalacio Nacional, Mexico City
Political partyNational Regeneration Movement

The presidency of Andrés Manuel López Obrador began on 1 December 2018, when he became the 65th President of Mexico. Andrés Manuel López Obrador overcame Ricardo Anaya, José Antonio Meade, and Jaime Rodriguez Calderon in a landslide election on 1 July 2018. His election was the first since 1988 that a president-elect's political party has also won the outright majority in both the Senate and Chamber of Deputies.[1] He is the oldest man to become President of Mexico at inauguration at age of 65.[2]

Events prior to presidency[edit]

López Obrador participated in the 2006 and 2012 elections, losing to Felipe Calderon (by a 0.6% margin) and Enrique Peña Nieto, respectively. After the loss in 2012, he left the Party of the Democratic Revolution to found the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA) which would later become a political party in 2014.[3]

Timeline[edit]

López Obrador's political party MORENA would form the coalition Juntos Haremos Historia with left-wing Labor Party and socially conservative right-wing Social Encounter Party – attracting controversy with the latter.[4] He would go on to face Ricardo Anaya, José Antonio Meade, and Jaime Rodriguez Calderon. On 1 July 2018, López Obrador won in a landslide defeat against all other candidates, managing to secure 53% of the popular vote against Anaya's 22%, Meade's 16%, and Rodriguez Calderon's 5%.[5]

In the Congressional elections, the coalition managed to win the majority of seats in both the Senate and Chamber of Deputies. The coalition also managed to win 5 governorships, among them Mexico City's.

President Peña Nieto meets with Andrés Manuel López Obrador at the National Palace

Following López Obrador's victory, he would go on to meet current President Enrique Peña Nieto at the National Palace. [6] At the meeting he said that he would not travel with armed people in a break with what the Mexican presidency usually does.[6]

International reaction[edit]

López Obrador's victory was met by various reactions around the world.[7]

Personnel[edit]

Campaign team[edit]

At the helm of López Obrador's campaign team was Tatiana Clouthier, Alfonso Romo, and Yeidckol Polevnsky Gurwitz. The regional coordinators throughout the nation were Marcelo Ebrard, Bertha Luján (es), Ricardo Monreal, Julio Scherer Ibarra, and Rabindranath Salazar Solorio.[8]

Transition team[edit]

Most of the people in López Obrador's campaign team joined his transition team in order to prepare for the inauguration and the subsequent 6-year presidential term that will last from 1 December 2018 to 30 September 2024.[9]

Proposed cabinet[edit]

In December 2017, López Obrador released his cabinet listing, composed of 8 men and 8 women. He proposed dispersing the cabinet throughout the country's states, with the objective of “promoting development throughout the national territory,” while the Presidency, the Secretariat of National Defense, Secretariat of the Navy, the Secretariat of the Interior, Secretariat of Foreign Affairs, and the Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit remain in the capital.[10][11]

In December 2017, he presented his proposed cabinet:[12]

Replacements

Héctor Vasconcelos was replaced by Marcelo Ebrard on 5 July 2018.[13]

Presidency[edit]

Before inaguration[edit]

He declared that he will take a 60% salary pay cut.[14]

From 22 October to 25 October, he held a nationwide referendum on whether or not the New International Airport for Mexico City was to be scrapped, citing that the project was rife with graft and a waste of taxpayer money. About 70% of the results voted against the continuation of the project. López Obrador insists on expanding the Santa Lucía Air Force Base instead.[15]

After inauguration[edit]

In December 2018, López Obrador ordered the creation of a truth commission to re-examine one of the country’s most notorious unsolved crimes: the kidnapping and presumed murder of 43 trainee teachers who disappeared after they were attacked by cartel gunmen and corrupt police officers.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Conteo rápido del INE da victoria a Andrés Manuel López Obrador". El Universal (Mexico City). 1 July 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  2. ^ Nakamura, Ángel. "Por su edad o militancia, gane quien gane la Presidencia hará historia". Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Ex-candidate quits Mexico leftist party". Al Jazeera English. September 10, 2012. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 10, 2016.
  4. ^ "Morena y Encuentro Social, aliados en 2018 pero adversarios en el Congreso - Animal Político". www.animalpolitico.com.
  5. ^ "Cómputos 2018". computos2018.ine.mx.
  6. ^ a b Solomon, Daina Beth. "Mexico's president-elect shuns guards, asks 'people' for protection".
  7. ^ "International reactions following Andrés Manuel López Obrador's overwhelming victory". Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  8. ^ Ureste, Manu; Salgado, Agustín. "De Tatiana Clouthier a Marcelo Ebrard: este es el organigrama del equipo de campaña de AMLO". Animal Politico. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  9. ^ Redacción (23 April 2018). "Más allá del debate: corrupción y violencia sin control marcan agenda en la elección mexicana". Sin Embargo. Retrieved 1 July 2018. Seis candidatos a la carrera para ocupar Los Pinos a partir del próximo primero de diciembre por un período de cinco años y 10 meses. (A partir de la Reforma Electora de 2014, el Presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos tomará posesión el 1 de octubre de cada año empezando en 2024 por un período de seis años.)
  10. ^ "López Obrador Officially Launches Third Bid for Mexico's Presidency". December 13, 2017. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
  11. ^ "The ten proposals of AMLO's pre-campaign". December 14, 2017. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
  12. ^ "Presenta AMLO Gabinete para Presidencia 2018-2024 #GabineteAMLO – AMLO". lopezobrador.org.mx. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
  13. ^ "Mexico's president-elect Lopez Obrador picks Marcelo Ebrard as foreign minister". Reuters. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Mexico's president-elect Amlo to take 60% pay cut in austerity push". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  15. ^ Navarro, Andrea; Martin, Eric; Villamil, Justin (28 October 2018). "Mexico's AMLO Scraps $13 Billion Airport Project; Peso Plunges". Bloomberg. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  16. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/dec/03/mexico-amlo-president-andres-manuel-lopez-obrador