A candidate who has been elected to an office but who has not yet been installed or officially taken office may be referred to as an officer-elect, with the title of the position being used instead of "officer" (e.g. president-elect). These may include an incoming president, senator, representative, governor, mayor, and even Pope.
The naming convention of "-elect" is different from an actual position which incorporates that title, e.g. the position of President-Elect, in some organizations.
Official positions in organizations
The bylaws of some clubs and other organizations may define an official position of President-Elect similar to a Vice President position. The members of the organization elect the President-Elect, rather than directly electing the organization's President. The President-Elect may be given limited duties, similar to a Vice-President. At the end of the term, the President-Elect is promoted to the position of President, and a new President-Elect is elected. The advantage of this schema is a clear continuity of succession, as well as the opportunity to familiarize the President-Elect with the operations of the organization before becoming President. A possible drawback is that once a President-Elect has been elected, another person cannot be elected President unless the President-Elect resigns or is removed from office.
The position of President-Elect is different from someone who was elected President and is called "President-elect" in between the time of election and the start of the term. For example, if an election for President was held in November, but the term of office doesn't begin until January, the person who was elected President may be called "President-elect" but does not hold any power until the term begins in January. On the other hand, someone in the position of President-Elect has all the powers of that position that the bylaws provide. Using the previously-described naming convention, someone who was elected President-Elect could be called "President-Elect-elect".
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