President George Bush Turnpike

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President George Bush Turnpike sign.pngToll Texas PGBT new.svg

President George Bush Turnpike
Route information
Maintained by NTTA (main lanes) and TxDOT (frontage roads)
Length: 55 mi[3] (88 km)
Existed: 1998[1][2] – present
Component
highways:
SH 161 Toll from Irving to Grand Prairie
Major junctions
CCW end: I-20 in Grand Prairie
 
CW end: I-30 in Garland
Highway system
SH 160 SH 161 SH 162
SH 189 SH 190 SH 191

The President George Bush Turnpike (PGBT) is a 52-mile (84 km)[4] toll road running through the northern, northeastern and western suburbs, forming a partial loop around Dallas, Texas, United States. It is named for George H. W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States. At its west end near Belt Line Road in Irving, State Highway 161 (SH 161) continues southwest to Interstate 20 (I-20) in Grand Prairie. The discontinuous free frontage roads along the turnpike from I-35E in Carrollton east to its end at I-30 in Garland are assigned the State Highway 190 (SH 190) designation. SH 190 signage appears only along the Garland, Richardson, Plano, and Carrollton sections of the frontage road with the undersign "frontage road only". At intersections with city streets, only the Bush Turnpike signs are displayed, not the SH 190 signage. Prior to the construction of the main lanes as a tollway, SH 190 was used as the name of the planned main lanes too. Similarly, the part west of I-35E was planned as part of SH 161. Bush Turnpike is signed as a north–south road from I-20 to I-35E (the "Western Extension"), an east–west road from I-35E to the Merritt Main Lane Gantry (the original sections) and as a north–south road from the Merritt Main Lane Gantry to I-30 (the "Eastern Extension"), as Bush Turnpike makes a nearly 90-degree curve in both places.

The turnpike is operated by the North Texas Tollway Authority (NTTA). Currently, all maintenance is done under a five-year total routine maintenance (TRM) contract with Roy Jorgensen Associates, Inc. based in Buckeystown, Maryland, that started in November 2011.

The turnpike passes through three Texas counties (Dallas, Collin and Denton) and nine Dallas suburbs (Rowlett, Sachse, Garland, Richardson, Plano, Carrollton, Farmers Branch, Irving and Grand Prairie).

Originally the PGBT was equipped with traditional toll plazas for cash payment as well as RFID-based TollTag express lanes. However, on July 1, 2009 the cash plazas were closed and replaced with "ZipCash", an OCR-based camera system which reads the license plate and bills the owner by mail. This made the turnpike the first in the United States to transition to all-electronic toll collection.[5] The ZipCash rates, however, come at a premium being significantly higher than both the TollTag rate and the earlier cash prices.[5]

A turnoff to the George Bush Turnpike in Irving, Texas from SH 183
Approach to toll plazas in north Dallas, April 22, 2008, before the plaza closures in 2009.

History[edit]

The corridor of SH 161 and the Turnpike was first proposed as an outer loop within Dallas County in 1957.[6] The 1964 plan was the first to designate it as a freeway,[7] and in 1969 the full loop was added to the state highway system as Loop 9. The loop would begin at Interstate 20 just east of the Tarrant County line and head north (along a corridor still planned as an extension of SH 161). From State Highway 183 it would run roughly along present SH 161, turning north on Belt Line Road and east just south of the Denton County line, crossing Interstate 35E near the present junction. Rather than cross into Denton and Tarrant Counties, the loop would stay in Dallas County, running roughly where Campbell Road is now. It would rejoin the present Turnpike alignment and head southeast to Interstate 30 west of Lake Ray Hubbard. The south part of the loop would continue in a roughly circular route to end at the junction of Interstate 20 and Spur 408, several miles east of the beginning of the loop. The short Spur 484, designated in 1970, would run from Loop 9 at Belt Line Road northeast along the present Turnpike alignment to Interstate 635.[8][9][10]

Some of the opposition to the loop came from the city of Richardson, which was already divided by the Central Expressway. In conjunction with Plano, the city acquired empty right-of-way about two miles (3 km) to the north, where the Turnpike now runs, and set the centerline of the right-of-way to the border between Richardson and Plano.[6]

Loop 9 was cancelled in 1977, and the western and northern section was split between two new designations: State Highway 161 from Interstate 20 to State Highway 114 (at Belt Line Road) and State Highway 190 from Interstate 35E to State Highway 78. (The piece between SH 114 and IH 35E was removed from the state highway system.) Spur 484 was absorbed into SH 161 in 1979, making its northern terminus Interstate 635 (at Valley View Lane). The connection between I-635 and I-35E was added to SH 161 in 1988.[1][2][8][10]

Construction on service roads began in late 1988 in north Garland and Richardson. A stack interchange was constructed in 1990 at U.S. Highway 75 in Richardson, which quickly became a white elephant as the structure remained abandoned for several years. In 1995 following a revision in federal laws, authorities agreed to shift to a toll financing scheme, providing an infusion of cash and new construction. The SH 190 designation was removed from the plans for the not-yet-constructed main lanes in 1996,[2] and in 1998 SH 161 was removed from the piece between Belt Line Road and I-635 (Segment V).[1]

SH 161 was also the name of a route proposed by 1931 from Jayton southeastward to SH 70 near Rotan. That route was transferred to SH 70 by 1933.

SH 190 was also the name of a route proposed by 1933 from Cuero southwestward to SH 119. That route was transferred to SH 29 by 1935.

At Dallas North Tollway, the interchange had been built in 1994 ready for the turnpike to be built in 1998.

Description[edit]

Since the initial construction began in 1988, the turnpike was completed in a number of phases, as described here:

Segment I (North Dallas). Extends from Campbell Road to Midway Road, and includes the Dallas North Tollway and U.S. Highway 75 (Central Expressway) interchanges. Opened in December 1998 (Midway Road to Preston Road) and December 1999 (Preston Road to Campbell Road).[11]

Segment II (Garland/Richardson). Extends from Campbell Road to State Highway 78. Opened in 2000.

Segment III (Carrollton). Extends from Midway Road in north Dallas to Interstate 35E. Opened July 2001.

Segment IV ("PGBT Superconnector"). Connects I-35E to the I-635 airport extension. It covers 5.2 miles (8.4 km) and was built at the cost of $339 million. Much of the expense is because the segment is built within the Trinity River wetland and comprises many miles of bridges.[citation needed] Construction began in January 2003 and was completed in October 2005.

Segment V (Irving). A 3.9-mile (6.3 km) segment connecting the I-635 airport extension to the SH 161 freeway near Belt Line Road. It opened in December 2001. Unstable clay soil was a significant problem in this segment, requiring contractors to use concentrated liquid stabilizers and geosynthetic reinforcement.[citation needed] A part of President George Bush Turnpike was extended from SH 183 to Conflans Road in 2006.

Segment VI ("Western Extension", Irving/Grand Prairie). A 11.5-mile (18.5 km) extension south from SH-183 in Irving to I-30 in Grand Prairie.[12] A portion of the Western Extension, from SH-183 to I-30 in Grand Prairie, opened in August 2009.[12] The remaining 6.5-mile (10.5 km) of the Western Extension, from I-30 to I-20 in Grand Prairie, opened in October 2012.[12][13]

Segment VII ("Eastern Extension", Garland/Sachse/Rowlett). A 9.9-mile (15.9 km) extension from SH-78 in Garland, through Rowlett and Sachse, and back into Garland at I-30.[14] The project, with a price tag of $1.04 billion, included construction of a 1-mile bridge at Lake Ray Hubbard. Construction began in October 2008, and the Eastern Extension opened to traffic on December 21, 2011.[14]

Segment VIII ("East Branch", Garland/Mesquite). A proposed extension from I-30 in Garland to I-20 in Mesquite. As of December 2015, an Environmental Impact Statement for the East Branch is still under preparation and review.[15]

Expansion plans[edit]

Current eastern terminus at I-30 in Garland.

The next PGBT segment, the East Branch extension, is planned to begin at the PGBT Lake Ray Hubbard Interchange at I-30, extending south-southeast to near Duck Creek Way, then southward near Mesquite Metro Airport, terminating at I-20 near Rory Galloway Day Camp.[15] The project is well into the planning stages, and an Environmental Impact Statement was under preparation as of December 2015.[15]

In the longer term, the North Central Texas Council of Governments is studying a very broad outer loop around the entire Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex. Assuming it receives environmental clearance, funding, and political support, much of it would be completed in the 2020s or 2030s. The PGBT is not part of this outer loop,[16] but the PGBT East Branch alignment was closely coordinated with the loop's master plan. The segment of the proposed outer loop through southern Dallas County would be known as Loop 9 and would likely be the first segment to be built.

Exit list[edit]

All exits are unnumbered.

County Location mi[3] km Destinations Notes
Dallas Grand Prairie 0.0 0.0 I-20 – Fort Worth, Dallas I-20 exit 455A
0.8 1.29 Mayfield Road / Warrior Trail / Lake Ridge Parkway
1.6 2.6 Spur 303 (Pioneer Parkway) / Arkansas Lane
1.9 3.1 Arkansas Mainlane Gantry
2.9 4.7 Marshall Drive / Dickey Road / Southwest 14th Street
4.3 6.9 SH 180 (Main Street) / Jefferson Street
5.6 9.0 Tarrant Road / Egyptian Way no direct southbound exit (signed at Lower Tarrant Road)
5.7 9.2 I-30 – Dallas, Fort Worth I-30 exit 32
6.9 11.1 Lower Tarrant Mainlane Gantry
Lower Tarrant Road / Carrier Parkway
7.9 12.7 Oakdale Road no direct southbound exit
8.8 14.2 Trinity Boulevard / Shady Grove Road
Irving 9.0 14.5 Conflans Road Access to West Irving Station
11.4 18.3 SH 183 – Fort Worth, DFW Airport, Dallas south end of SH 161 overlap
12.3 19.8 Rochelle Road Southbound exit only
12.9 20.8 Northgate Drive
13.7 22.0 Walnut Hill Lane
14.7 23.7 Belt Line Road north end of SH 161 overlap, access to Belt Line Road Station
15.2 24.5 Belt Line Main Lane Gantry
16.5 26.6 SH 114 / Royal Lane / Gateway Drive – DFW Airport North Entry
16.6 26.7 MacArthur Boulevard no direct southbound exit (signed at Las Colinas Boulevard)
18.1 29.1 I-635 west / Los Colinas Boulevard / Riverside Drive – DFW Airport North Entry I-635 exit 29
18.5 29.8 I-635 east no southbound exit; I-635 exits 29-30
Farmers Branch 19.3 31.1 Valley View Lane
Carrollton 21.6 34.8 Luna Road / Belt Line Road
22.2 35.7 Sandy Lake Main Lane Gantry
22.9 36.9 Sandy Lake Road
23.9 38.5 I-35E (US 77) – Denton, Dallas I-35E exit 445
25.1 40.4 Old Denton Road / McCoy Road / Dickerson Parkway (SH 190 east)
26.2 42.2 Josey Lane / Scott Mill Road / McCoy Road
27.5 44.3 Kelly Boulevard / Trinity Mills Road Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Denton Dallas 28.1 45.2 Frankford Main Lane Gantry
28.6 46.0 Frankford Road / Marsh Lane
DentonCollin
county line
DallasCarrollton line 29.8 48.0 Rosemeade Parkway / Midway Road
Collin Dallas 30.8 49.6 Dallas North Tollway
DallasPlano line 32.7 52.6 SH 289 (Preston Road) Access to Baylor Regional Medical Center at Plano
34.0 54.7 Coit Main Lane Gantry
34.6 55.7 Coit Road Access to Medical Center of Plano
RichardsonPlano line 35.8 57.6 Independence Parkway / Waterview Parkway - UT Dallas
36.7 59.1 Custer Parkway
37.6 60.5 Alma Road Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
38.1 61.3 US 75 – McKinney, Dallas US 75 exit 28B
38.6 62.1 Avenue K / Plano Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; former SH 5
39.6 63.7 Jupiter Road
40.0 64.4 Renner Road
Richardson 41.0 66.0 Shiloh Main Lane Gantry
CollinDallas
county line
RichardsonGarland line 40.5 65.2 Shiloh Road / Lookout Drive / Telecom Parkway no direct westbound exit (signed at Campbell Road)
Dallas Garland 42.1 67.8 Campbell Road / Holford Road
43.2 69.5 North Garland Avenue / Holford Road
44.2 71.1 Brand Road no direct eastbound exit (signed at North Garland Avenue)
45.0 72.4 SH 78 / Crist Road – Wylie, Garland no direct westbound exit (signed at Firewheel Parkway)
Firewheel Parkway
Sachse 47.4 76.3 Miles Road /Pleasant Valley/ Merritt Road
Rowlett 48.6 78.2 Merritt Main Lane Gantry
49.6 79.8 Merritt/Liberty Grove Connector
51.4 82.7 SH 66 (Lakeview Parkway) / Main Street Access to Lake Pointe Medical Center
52.4 84.3 Miller Road
Dallas 53.6–
54.3
86.3–
87.4
Bridge over Lake Ray Hubbard
Garland 54.5 87.7 I-30 (US 67) / Frontage Road – Texarkana, Dallas I-30 exit 61B; eastern terminus for now
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 161". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  2. ^ a b c Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 190". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  3. ^ a b Google (September 8, 2013). "President George Bush Turnpike" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 
  4. ^ North Texas Tollway Authority. "About Our Roadways". North Texas Tollway Authority. 
  5. ^ a b Nguyen, Kim (June 28, 2009). "Life in the fast lane: Bush Turnpike converts to cashless toll collection to improve traffic flow". Plano Star-Courier. 
  6. ^ a b Kelley, Chris (April 28, 1996). "Construction set to start on long-planned tollway". Dallas Morning News. 
  7. ^ "Historic Dallas / Fort Worth Freeway Planning Maps". TexasFreeway. 
  8. ^ a b Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Loop No. 9". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  9. ^ "Dallas–Fort Worth Freeway Planning Map" (Map). Dallas–Fort Worth Regional Transportation Study, Interim Report. 1971 – via TexasFreeway. 
  10. ^ a b Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway Spur No. 484". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. 
  11. ^ North Texas Tollway Authority (December 30, 1999). "North Texas Tollway Authority Opens New Section of President George Bush Turnpike Between Coit Road and Campbell Road" (Press release). PRNewswire. Retrieved December 24, 2015. 
  12. ^ a b c "The President George Bush Turnpike Western Extension Progress Report" (PDF). North Texas Tollway Authority. December 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2015. 
  13. ^ Lyn, Kendra (October 15, 2012). "New Stretch of Bush Turnpike Opens". KXAS-TV. Retrieved December 24, 2015. 
  14. ^ a b "The President George Bush Turnpike Eastern Extension Progress Report" (PDF). North Texas Tollway Authority. December 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2015. 
  15. ^ a b c "State Highway 190 East Branch Progress Report" (PDF). North Texas Tollway Authority. December 2015. Retrieved December 24, 2015. 
  16. ^ North Central Texas Council of Governments (2009). "Mobility 2030". North Central Texas Council of Governments. 

External links[edit]

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