President of Bolivia
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|President of the|
Plurinational State of Bolivia
Presidente del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
Coat of arms of Bolivia
|Term length||Five years|
|Inaugural holder||Simón Bolívar|
|Formation||August 11, 1825|
|Deputy||Vice President of Bolivia|
|Salary||$3,327 USD per month|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The president of Bolivia (Spanish: Presidente de Bolivia), officially known as the president of the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Spanish: Presidente del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is head of state and head of government of Bolivia. According to the current Constitution, the president is elected by popular vote to a five-year term, renewable indefinitely. Since 2009, if no candidate wins a majority, the top two candidates advance to a direct popular runoff election. Prior to 2009, if no candidate won more than half of the popular vote, the president was chosen by a vote in a joint legislative session from among the top two candidates (prior to 1995, the top three candidates were eligible).
On November 10th, 2019, the most recent directly-elected president of Bolivia, Evo Morales, was asked by the Civic Committees of the main cities, the Central Obrera Boliviana (COB - the Main Workers Union), the Police, the military commander General Williams Kaliman, among others to resign. He did so, while denouncing a civic and police coup against him, and later fled to Mexico. Shortly thereafter, all of his constitutionally-designated successors also proceeded to resign, namely Vice President Alvaro Garcia Linera, President of the Senate Adriana Salvatierra and President of the Chamber of Deputies Víctor Borda. Furthermore, the first vice president of the Senate, Rubén Medinaceli, also resigned. This left Jeanine Añez, the second vice president of the Senate, as the highest-ranking official still in office and prompted her to announce that she would be willing to ascend to the presidency on an interim basis in order to call for new elections. Thus, on 12 November 2019 Añez took temporary charge of the Senate of Bolivia (thereby formally placing herself in the line of succession as de facto acting President of the Senate) and on this basis proceeded to declare herself the Constitutional President of the country. Her accession to office was formally legitimized by a decision of the Plurinational Constitutional Tribunal later the same day, which stated that she had lawfully assumed office ipso facto, in accordance with the precedent laid out by Constitutional Declaration 0003/01 of 31 July 2001.
During its more than 192 years of independence, Bolivia has been ruled by the military leaders who fought for independence, the leaders of the War of the Pacific, representatives of the aristocracy, and democratically elected leaders. Also, the history of the presidency has involved civil wars, more than 190 coups, and violence.
Different titles have been used, such as "Liberator of Bolivia" (used by Simón Bolívar and Antonio José de Sucre), and "Supreme Protector" (by Andrés de Santa Cruz).
To date two women have officially served as head of state in their own right:
- Lidia Gueiler Tejada (as (Constitutional) Interim President) (1979-1980)
- Jeanine Añez Chávez (as (Constitutional) President of the Plurinational State) (2019-)
The following table contains a list of the individuals who have served as President of Bolivia. Special Programs - MyFedLoan
List of presidents of Bolivia
In 1983, a poll was taken by the newspaper Última Hora to determine which seven historical presidents were regarded as most significant. The "winners" were Antonio José de Sucre, Andrés de Santa Cruz, Manuel Isidoro Belzu, Mariano Melgarejo, Aniceto Arce, Ismael Montes, and Víctor Paz Estenssoro.
See article: Bolivian general election, 2019
|Movement for Socialism||Evo Morales||2,889,359||47.08||Results annulled|
|Civic Community||Carlos Mesa||2,240,920||36.51|
|Christian Democratic Party||Chi Hyun Chung||539,081||8.78|
|Democrat Social Movement[a]||Óscar Ortiz Antelo||260,316||4.24|
|Third System Movement||Felix Patzi||76,827||1.25|
|Revolutionary Nationalist Movement||Virginio Lema||42,334||0.69|
|National Action Party of Bolivia||Ruth Nina||39,826||0.65|
|Solidarity Civic Unity||Víctor Hugo Cárdenas||25,283||0.41|
|The Front For Victory||Israel Rodriquez||23,725||0.39|
|Source: Cómputo Electoral|
In the event of the death or permanent incapacity of the president, the vice president of Bolivia would assume the office. The president of the Senate and the president of the Chamber of Deputies are third and fourth in the line of succession. In the 2005 political crisis, with all of these positions exhausted, Eduardo Rodríguez Veltzé, the Chief justice of the Bolivian Supreme Court, assumed the presidency. Under the 2009 Constitution, however, the assumption of power by the president of the Chamber of Deputies automatically precipitates an election within 90 days.
In the case of temporary incapacity or absence from the country, the title of Acting President (Spanish: Presidente en ejercicio) is transferred to lower officials according to the order of presidential succession. In September 2012, Senate president Gabriela Montaño became the first woman to assume this office, during the presidency of Evo Morales.
Current line of succession
- 1. Vice President: Vacant
- 2. President of the Senate: Mónica Eva Copa Murga
- 3. President of the Chamber of Deputies: Sergio Choque Siñani
- Reported as 'Bolivia Dice No' and/or '21F'
- "Shocking Gap Between Latin America's Presidential Salaries And Workers Minimum Wage".
- "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
- Faiola, Anthony. "Evo Morales resigns as Bolivia's president after OAS election audit, protests". The Washington Post. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
- "Bolivias Constitutional Court Confirms Legitimacy Of Power Transfer To Anez". UrduPoint.
- "COMUNICADO | Tribunal Constitucional Plurinacional". tcpbolivia.bo.
- "Artículo 169: En caso de impedimento o ausencia definitiva de la Presidenta o del Presidente del Estado, será reemplazada o reemplazado en el cargo por la Vicepresidenta o el Vicepresidente y, a falta de ésta o éste, por la Presidenta o el Presidente del Senado, y a falta de ésta o éste por la Presidente o el Presidente de la Cámara de Diputados. En este último caso, se convocarán nuevas elecciones en el plazo máximo de noventa días." "Segunda Parte, Título II, Capítulo Primero". Nueva Constitución Política del Estado (PDF). pp. 36–37. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2009.
- Corz, Carlos (23 September 2012). "Montaño asume la Presidencia interina de Bolivia, Evo va a la ONU y hablará del mar". La Razón. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- "Bolivia's Senate votes to appoint new chamber head, deputies". Reuters.
- (in Spanish) Gallery of Presidents of Bolivia