President of Chile

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President of
the Republic of Chile
Flag of the President of Chile.svg
Michele Bachelet (2009).jpg
Incumbent
Michelle Bachelet

since 11 March 2014
Style Her Excellency
Residence La Moneda Palace
Term length Four years, not eligible for re-election immediately
Inaugural holder Manuel Blanco Encalada
Formation 9 July 1826
Succession Interior Minister (as Vice-President)
Website Government of Chile

The President of the Republic of Chile (Spanish: Presidente de la República de Chile) is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Chile. The President is responsible for both government and state administration.[1] Although its role and significance has changed over the history of Chile, as well as its position and relations with other actors in the national political organization, it is one of the most prominent political figures. It is also considered as one of the institutions that make up the "Historic Constitution of Chile", and is essential to the country's political stability.[2]

Under the current Constitution (adopted in 1980), the President is elected to serve for a period of four years, with immediate re-election being prohibited. The shorter period (previously the term was six years) allows for parliamentary and presidential elections to be synchronized. The official seat of the President of Chile is the La Moneda Palace in the capital Santiago.

List[edit]

Political parties
  • 1826–1841:

      Independent       Pipiolos       Pelucones

  • 1841–1973:

      Conservative Party       National Party       Liberal Party       Liberal Democratic Party       Radical Party       Christian Democratic Party       Socialist Party

  • 1973–1990:

      Military

  • 1990–present:

      Christian Democratic Party       Party for Democracy       Socialist Party       National Renewal

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Took Office Left Office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
1 Manuel Blanco Encalada (Nataniel Hughes, 1853).jpg Manuel Blanco Encalada
(1790–1876)
1826 9 July 1826 9 September 1826 Independent
2 AgustinEyzaguirre.jpg Agustín Eyzaguirre
(1768–1837)
9 September 1826 25 January 1827 Independent
3 Ramón Freire Presidente.jpg Ramón Freire Serrano
(1787–1851)
1827 25 January 1827 8 May 1827 Pipiolos
4 Francisco A Pinto.jpg Francisco Antonio Pinto
(1785–1858)
8 May 1827 24 December 1829 Pipiolos
José Tomás Ovalle.jpg José Tomás Ovalle
(1787–1831)
24 December 1829 18 September 1831 Pelucones
5 Presidente José Joaquín Prieto.JPG José Joaquín Prieto
(1786–1854)
1831 18 September 1831 18 September 1836 Pelucones
1836 18 September 1836 18 September 1841 Conservative Party
6 ManuelBulnes.JPG Manuel Bulnes
(1799–1866)
1841 18 September 1841 18 September 1846 Conservative Party
1846 18 September 1846 18 September 1851
7 Manuel Montt presidente-2.jpg Manuel Montt
(1809–1890)
1851 18 September 1851 18 September 1856 Conservative Party
1856 18 September 1856 18 September 1861 National Party
8 JJPEREZ.png José Joaquín Pérez
(1801–1889)
1861 18 September 1861 18 September 1866 National Party
(Fusion)
1866 18 September 1866 18 September 1871
9 Federico Errázuriz Zañartu.jpg Federico Errázuriz Zañartu
(1825–1877)
1871 18 September 1871 18 September 1876 Liberal Party
(Fusion)
10 Anibal Pinto 3.jpg Aníbal Pinto
(1825–1884)
1876 18 September 1876 18 September 1881 Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
11 DomingoSantaMariaGonzalez.jpg Domingo Santa María
(1825–1889)
1881 18 September 1881 18 September 1886 Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
12 JoseManuelBalmaceda.JPG José Manuel Balmaceda
(1840–1891)
1886 18 September 1886 31 August 1891 Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
13 Jorge Montt Alvarez(3).jpg Jorge Montt
(1845–1922)
1891 31 August 1891 18 September 1896 Independent
(Coalition)
14 Federico Errázuriz Echaurren.jpg Federico Errázuriz Echaurren
(1850–1901)
1896 31 August 1896 12 July 1901
(death in office)
Liberal Party
(Coalition)
15 German Riesco.jpg Germán Riesco
(1854–1916)
1901 18 September 1901 18 September 1906 Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
16 Retrato de Pedro Montt.JPG Pedro Montt
(1849–1910)
1906 18 September 1906 16 August 1910 National Party
(Liberal Alliance)
17 Barros Luco2.jpg Ramón Barros Luco
(1835–1919)
1910 23 December 1910 23 December 1915 Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
18 Jlsanfuentes.PNG Juan Luis Sanfuentes
(1858–1930)
1915 23 December 1915 23 December 1920 Liberal Democratic Party
(Coalition)
19 Alessandri Ulk (1932).jpg Arturo Alessandri Palma
(1868–1950)
1920 23 December 1920 11 September 1924
(deposed by a coup)
Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
Government Junta (1924–1925)
20 Emiliano Figueroa retrato.jpg Emiliano Figueroa Larraín
(1866–1931)
1925 23 December 1925 10 May 1927
(deposed by a coup)
Liberal Democratic Party
(Coalition)
21 Carlos Ibanez.jpg Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
(1877–1960)
1927 10 May 1927 15 November 1931 Independent
22 JEMontero.jpg Juan Esteban Montero
(1879–1948)
1931 15 November 1931 4 June 1932
(deposed by a coup)
Radical Party
Government Junta of Socialist Republic (1932)
23 Alessandri Ulk (1932).jpg Arturo Alessandri Palma
(1868–1950)
1932 24 December 1932 24 December 1938 Liberal Party
24 Pedro Aguirre Cerda.jpg Pedro Aguirre Cerda
(1879–1941)
1938 24 December 1938 25 November 1941
(death in office)
Radical Party
(Popular Front)
25 Retrato del Presidente Juan Antonio Ríos.jpg Juan Antonio Ríos
(1888–1946)
1942 2 April 1942 27 June 1946
(death in office)
Radical Party
(Democratic Alliance)
26 Gabriel Gonzalez Videla.jpg Gabriel González Videla
(1898–1980)
1946 3 November 1946 3 November 1952 Radical Party
27 Carlos Ibanez.jpg Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
(1877–1960)
1952 3 November 1952 3 November 1958 Independent
(FENAFUI)
28 Retrato de Jorge Alessandri con banda presidencial.JPG Jorge Alessandri Rodríguez
(1896–1986)
1958 3 November 1958 3 November 1964 Independent
(Democratic Front of Chile)
29 Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva 2 (cropped).jpg Eduardo Frei Montalva
(1911–1982)
1964 3 November 1964 3 November 1970 Christian Democratic Party
30 Salvador Allende Gossens-.jpg Salvador Allende Gossens
(1908–1973)
1970 3 November 1970 11 September 1973
(deposed by a coup)
Socialist Party
(Popular Unity)
31 Augusto Pinochet - 1995.jpg Augusto Pinochet Ugarte
(1915–2006)
11 September 1973 11 March 1981 Military
11 March 1981 11 March 1990
32 Aylwin Banda.jpg Patricio Aylwin Azócar
(1918–)
1989 11 March 1990 11 March 1994 Christian Democratic Party
(Concertación)
33 Eduardo Frei 1998 (recorte).jpg Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle
(1942–)
1993 11 March 1994 11 March 2000 Christian Democratic Party
(Concertación)
34 Ricardo Lagos despedida (cropped).jpg Ricardo Lagos Escobar
(1938–)
1999 11 March 2000 11 March 2006 Party for Democracy
(Concertación)
35 Michele Bachelet (2009).jpg Michelle Bachelet Jeria
(1951–)
2005 11 March 2006 11 March 2010 Socialist Party
(Concertación)
36 Fotografía oficial del Presidente Sebastián Piñera - 2.jpg Sebastián Piñera Echenique
(1949–)
2009 11 March 2010 11 March 2014 National Renewal
(Coalición)
37 Michele Bachelet (2009).jpg Michelle Bachelet Jeria
(1951–)
2013 11 March 2014 Incumbent Socialist Party
(Nueva Mayoría)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See Sentencia Rol 78-1989 of the Constitutional Court of Chile, relapsed on the Central Bank of Chile's Constitutional Act project (declarations Nº 7 to 13).
  2. ^ Bravo Lira, Bernardino (1996). "Introducción. Raíz y razón del Estado de derecho en Chile". El Estado de Derecho en la Historia de Chile. Santiago, Chile: Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile. 

External links[edit]