President of Cuba

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President of the Council of State of Cuba
Presidente del Consejo de Estado de Cuba
Flag of the President of Cuba.svg
Official Standard
Miguel Diaz Canel.jpg
Incumbent
Miguel Díaz-Canel

since April 19, 2018
Council of State
StyleMr. President (Informal)
His Excellency (In international correspondence)
Member ofCouncil of Ministers
ResidencePalacio de la Revolución
AppointerNational Assembly of People's Power
Term lengthFive years, renewable once[1]
Inaugural holderTomás Estrada Palma (1902)
Fidel Castro (1976 Constitution)
Formation1902
1976
DeputyFirst Vice President of the Council of State
Coat of arms of Cuba.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Cuba

The President of Cuba (Spanish: Presidente de Cuba), officially called President of the Council of State (Spanish: Presidente del Consejo de Estado de Cuba) from 1976, is the head of the Council of State of Cuba. The office in its current form was established under the Constitution of 1976. The president is the second most powerful position, after the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba.[2]

The President of the Council of State is, at the same time, the President (as Prime Minister) of the Council of Ministers of Cuba, the head of government. In cases of the absence, illness or death of the President of the Council of State, the first vice president assumes the President’s duties.

The position is distinct from the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba; although Fidel Castro held both positions from 1976 to 2008, and Raúl Castro held both positions from 2011 to 2018.

The current president is Miguel Díaz-Canel.

Powers[edit]

The President of Cuba has the power to:

  1. Propose to the National Assembly of People’s Power, once elected by that body, the members of the Council of Ministers;
  2. Accept (based on personal preference) the resignation of the members of the Council of Ministers or propose either to the National Assembly of People’s Power or the Council of State the replacement of any of those members and, in both cases, to propose the corresponding substitutes;
  3. Receive the credentials of the heads of delegation of foreign diplomatic missions. This responsibility may be delegated to any of the vice presidents of the Council of State;
  4. Assume the supreme command of all armed forces and determine their general organization;
  5. Preside over the National Defense Council;
  6. Declare a state emergency in those cases provided for in this Constitution, stating his decision, as soon as the circumstances permit it, to the National Assembly of People’s Power or to the Council of State if the Assembly is unable to meet, according to legal effects;
  7. Sign decree-laws and other resolutions of the Council of State and the legal provisions adopted by the Council of Ministers or its executive committee, and arrange for their publication in the Official Gazette of the Republic;
  8. Assume all other duties assigned it by the Constitution or by law.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Raul Castro says Cuba needs term limits for its leaders". Retrieved 2016-09-07.
  2. ^ "Raul Castro to lead Cuba's Communist Party until 2021". FRANCE 24. 19 April 2018. "I confirm to this assembly that Raul Castro, as first secretary of the Communist Party, will lead the decisions about the future of the country," Diaz-Canel said.