President of El Salvador

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President of the
Republic of El Salvador
Presidente de la República de El Salvador
Seal of the President of El Salvador.svg
Presidential Seal
Cadena 12 (34186610605) cropped.jpg
Incumbent
Salvador Sánchez Cerén

since 1 June 2014
Residence Casa Presidencial, San Salvador
Term length Five years, not eligible for re-election immediately
Inaugural holder Juan Lindo
Formation 2 February 1841
Deputy Vice President of El Salvador
Website President of El Salvador
Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
El Salvador

The position of President of El Salvador was created in the Constitution of 1841. From 1821 until 1841, the head of state of El Salvador was styled simply as Head of State (Jefe de Estado).

Heads of State of El Salvador within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1841)[edit]

Presidents of the Independent Republic of El Salvador (1841–present)[edit]

No. Portrait Name Term of Office Political Affiliation
Juan Lindo
Provisional President
Juan Lindo00001.JPG 22 February 1841 1 February 1842 Conservative
José Escolástico Marín
Acting President
Escolastico Marín.jpg 1 February 1842 14 April 1842 Independent
1 Juan José Guzmán Presidente de la República de El Salvador Lic. Juan José Guzmán.jpg 14 April 1842 1 February 1844 Conservative
Fermín Palacios
Acting President
Fermín Palacios.jpg 1 February 1844 7 February 1844 Independent
2 Francisco Malespín Francisco Malespín.jpg 7 February 1844 15 February 1845 Conservative
3 Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 15 February 1845 1 February 1846 Independent
Fermín Palacios
Acting President
Fermín Palacios.jpg 1 February 1846 21 February 1846 Independent
4 Eugenio Aguilar Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 21 February 1846 1 February 1848 Liberal
Tomás Medina
Acting President
Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 1 February 1848 3 February 1848 Independent
José Félix Quirós
Acting President
Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 3 February 1848 7 February 1848 Independent
5 Doroteo Vasconcelos Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 7 February 1848 1 February 1850 Liberal
Ramón Rodríguez
Acting President
Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 1 February 1850 4 February 1850 Independent
6 Doroteo Vasconcelos Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 4 February 1850 1 March 1851 Liberal
José Félix Quirós
Acting President
Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 1 March 1851 3 May 1851 Independent
7 Francisco Dueñas Francisco Dueñas.jpg 13 May 1851 30 January 1852 Conservative
José María San Martín
Acting President
Colonel José María de San Martín.png 30 January 1852 1 February 1852 Conservative
8 Francisco Dueñas Francisco Dueñas.jpg 1 February 1852 1 February 1854 Conservative
Vicente Gómez
Acting President
Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 1 February 1854 15 February 1854 Independent
9 José María San Martín Colonel José María de San Martín.png 15 February 1854 1 February 1856 Conservative
Francisco Dueñas
Acting President
Francisco Dueñas.jpg 1 February 1856 12 February 1856 Conservative
10 Rafael Campo Rafael Campo.jpg 12 February 1856 1 February 1858 Conservative
Lorenzo Zepeda
Acting President
Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 1 February 1858 7 February 1858 Independent
11 Miguel Santín del Castillo 87 Miguel Santin del Castillo.jpg 7 February 1858 24 January 1859 Conservative
Joaquín Eufrasio Guzmán
Acting President
Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 24 January 1859 15 February 1859 Independent
José María Peralta
Acting President
Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 15 February 1859 12 March 1859 Independent
12 Gerardo Barrios Gerardo Barrios.jpg 12 March 1859 26 October 1863 Liberal
13 Francisco Dueñas Francisco Dueñas.jpg 26 October 1863 15 April 1871 Conservative
14 Santiago González Santiago gonzalez.jpg 15 April 1871 1 February 1876 Liberal
15 Andrés del Valle Andresdelvalle.jpg 1 February 1876 1 May 1876 Liberal
16 Rafael Zaldívar Rafael Zaldivar.jpg 1 May 1876 21 June 1885 Liberal
17 Francisco Menéndez Francisco Menéndez.jpg 21 June 1885 22 June 1890 Military
18 Carlos Ezeta Carlos Ezeta.jpg 22 June 1890 9 June 1894 Military
19 Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez Rafael A. Gutierrez.jpg 10 June 1894 13 November 1898 Military
20 Tomás Regalado Tomás Regalado.jpg 14 November 1898 1 March 1903 Military
21 Pedro José Escalón Escalon.jpg 1 March 1903 1 March 1907 Military
22 Fernando Figueroa Illus-059 (Salvador, 20th Century).jpg 1 March 1907 1 March 1911 Military
23 Manuel Enrique Araujo Manuel Enrique Araujo 01.jpg 1 March 1911 8 February 1913 Independent
24 Carlos Meléndez Ramirez
Provisional President
Carlos Meléndez.jpg 9 February 1913 29 August 1914 National Democratic Party
Alfonso Quiñónez Molina
Provisional President
Alfonso Quiñónez Molina 1915.jpg 29 August 1914 1 March 1915 National Democratic Party
25 Carlos Meléndez Ramirez Carlos Meléndez.jpg 1 March 1915 21 December 1918 National Democratic Party
Alfonso Quiñónez Molina
Acting President
Alfonso Quiñónez Molina 1915.jpg 21 December 1918 1 March 1919 National Democratic Party
26 Jorge Meléndez 62 Jorge Melendez.jpg 1 March 1919 1 March 1923 National Democratic Party
27 Alfonso Quiñónez Molina Alfonso Quiñónez Molina 1915.jpg 1 March 1923 1 March 1927 National Democratic Party
28 Pío Romero Bosque Pio Romero Bosque.jpg 1 March 1927 1 March 1931 National Democratic Party
29 Arturo Araujo Arturo Araujo Fajardo.jpg 1 March 1931 2 December 1931 Labor Party
Maximiliano Hernández Martínez
Acting President
Hernandez Martinez.jpg 4 December 1931 28 August 1934 Military /
National Pro Patria Party
Andrés Ignacio Menéndez
Provisional President
67 General Andres I. Menendez.jpg 29 August 1934 1 March 1935 Military /
National Pro Patria Party
30 Maximiliano Hernández Martínez Hernandez Martinez.jpg 1 March 1935 9 May 1944 Military /
National Pro Patria Party
Andrés Ignacio Menéndez
Provisional President
67 General Andres I. Menendez.jpg 9 May 1944 20 October 1944 Military /
National Pro Patria Party
Osmín Aguirre y Salinas
Provisional President
Coronel Osmin Aguirre.jpg 21 October 1944 1 March 1945 Military
31 Salvador Castaneda Castro Gral-castaneda.jpg 1 March 1945 14 December 1948 Military /
Unification Social Democratic Party
Revolutionary Council of Government Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 15 December 1948 14 September 1950 Revolutionary Council of Government
32 Óscar Osorio Oscar Osorio.jpg 14 September 1950 14 September 1956 Military /
Revolutionary Party of Democratic Unification
33 José María Lemus Jose M. Lemus.jpg 14 September 1956 26 October 1960 Military /
Revolutionary Party of Democratic Unification
Junta of Government Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 26 October 1960 25 January 1961 Junta of Government
Civic-Military Directory Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 25 January 1961 25 January 1962 Civic-Military Directory
Eusebio Rodolfo Cordón Cea
Provisional President
Rodolfo Cordon.jpg 25 January 1962 1 July 1962 Independent
34 Julio Adalberto Rivera Carballo Copia de Coronel Julio Adalberto Rivera.jpg 1 July 1962 1 July 1967 Military /
National Coalition Party
35 Fidel Sánchez Hernández Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 1 July 1967 1 July 1972 Military /
National Coalition Party
36 Arturo Armando Molina Coronel Arturo Molina.png 1 July 1972 1 July 1977 Military /
National Coalition Party
37 Carlos Humberto Romero Carlos Humberto Romero.jpg 1 July 1977 15 October 1979 Military /
National Coalition Party
Revolutionary Government Junta Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg 15 October 1979 2 May 1982 Revolutionary Government Junta
38 Álvaro Magaña Alvaro Magaña.jpg 2 May 1982 1 June 1984 Nationalist Republican Alliance
39 José Napoleón Duarte José Napoleón Duarte 1987c.jpg 1 June 1984 1 June 1989 Christian Democratic Party
40 Alfredo Cristiani Alfredo Cristiani.jpg 1 June 1989 1 June 1994 Nationalist Republican Alliance
41 Armando Calderón Sol Armando Calderon Sol.jpg 1 June 1994 1 June 1999 Nationalist Republican Alliance
42 Francisco Flores Pérez President Francisco Flores El Salvador1.jpg 1 June 1999 1 June 2004 Nationalist Republican Alliance
43 Antonio Saca Antonio Saca.png 1 June 2004 1 June 2009 Nationalist Republican Alliance
44 Mauricio Funes Mauricio Funes (Brasilia, May 2008).jpg 1 June 2009 1 June 2014 Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front
45 Salvador Sánchez Cerén Salvador Sanchez Ceren.jpg 1 June 2014 Incumbent Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Salvador Sánchez Cerén Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front 1,315,768 48.93 1,495,815 50.11
Norman Quijano Nationalist Republican Alliance 1,047,592 38.96 1,489,451 49.89
Antonio Saca Unity Movement 307,603 11.44
René Rodriguez Hurtado Salvadoran Progressive Party 11,314 0.42
Óscar Lemus Salvadoran Patriot Fraternity 6,659 0.25
Invalid/blank votes 34,310 19,579
Total 2,723,246 100 3,004,845 100
Registered voters/turnout 4,955,107 54.96 4,955,107 60.64
Source: TSE 1, [1][permanent dead link]

Living former presidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]