President of Guatemala

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President of Guatemala
Flag of the President of Guatemala.svg
Presidential Flag of Guatemala
Jimmy Morales - cropped.jpg
Incumbent
Jimmy Morales

since 14 January 2016
Style Mr. President
(informal)
Most Excellent Mr. President of the Republic
(formal)
His Excellency
(alternative formal, diplomatic)
His Eminence
Residence Guatemalan National Palace
Term length Four years, non-renewable
Inaugural holder Rafael Carrera
Formation 21 March 1847
Salary Q. 1.694.004.00 annually
Website Government of Guatemala
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Guatemala
Legislative
Judiciary
Foreign relations

The President of Guatemala (Spanish: Presidente de Guatemala), is the head of state and head of government of Guatemala.

The position of President was created in 1847. From 1821 until 1847, the head of state of Guatemala was styled simply as Head of State (Spanish: Jefe de Estado).

Heads of State of Guatemala within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1839)[edit]

Heads of State of the Independent Republic of Guatemala (1839–present)[edit]

Heads of State (1839–1847)[edit]

Head of State Term of Office Political Affiliation
Mariano Rivera Paz Mariano Rivera Paz.jpg 3 December 1839 25 February 1842 Liberal
José Venancio López Requena
Acting Head of State
Jlrequenaguatemalapresd.jpg 25 February 1842 14 May 1842 Liberal
Mariano Rivera Paz Mariano Rivera Paz.jpg 14 May 1842 14 December 1844 Liberal
Rafael Carrera Carrerayturcios 2014-06-22 09-46.jpg 14 December 1844 21 March 1847 Conservative

Presidents (1847–present)[edit]

President Term of Office Political Affiliation
Rafael Carrera Carrerayturcios 2014-06-22 09-46.jpg 21 March 1847 16 August 1848 Conservative
Juan Antonio Martínez
Acting President
Juan Antonio Martinez presidente interino Guatemala.jpg 16 August 1848 28 November 1848 Conservative
José Bernardo Escobar
Acting President
Coat of arms of Guatemala (1843-1851).svg 28 November 1848 1 January 1849 Conservative
Mariano Peredes
Acting President
ParedesGuatemala.jpg 1 January 1849 6 November 1851 Independent
Rafael Carrera Carrerayturcios 2014-06-22 09-46.jpg 6 November 1851 14 April 1865 Conservative
Pedro de Aycinena y Piñol
Acting President
PedroAycinena.jpg 14 April 1865 24 May 1865 Conservative
Vicente Cerna Sandoval VicenteCerna.jpg 24 May 1865 29 June 1871 Conservative
Miguel García Granados MiguelGarcia.jpg 29 June 1871 4 June 1873 Liberal
Justo Rufino Barrios Justo Rufino Barrios.jpg 4 June 1873 2 April 1885 Liberal
Alejandro M. Sinibaldi
Acting President
Alejandrosinibaldi.jpg 2 April 1885 5 April 1885 Liberal
Manuel Barillas Barillas.jpg 6 April 1885 15 March 1892 Liberal
José María Reina Barrios Reina barrios3.jpg 15 March 1892 8 February 1898 Liberal
Manuel Estrada Cabrera Manuelestradaretrato.jpg 8 February 1898 15 April 1920 Liberal
Carlos Herrera CarlosHerrerayLuna.jpg 15 April 1920 10 December 1921 Unionist Party
José María Orellana Jose maria orellana.jpg 10 December 1921 26 September 1926 Liberal
Lázaro Chacón González Lazarochacon1926.jpg 26 September 1926 2 January 1931 Unionist Party
José María Reina Andrade
Acting President
Jose maria reina andrade.jpg 2 January 1931 14 February 1931 Liberal
Jorge Ubico Ubico Castaneda, Jorge.jpg 14 February 1931 4 July 1944 Liberal
Juan Federico Ponce Vaides
Acting President
Federicoponcevaides.jpg 4 July 1944 20 October 1944 Liberal
Revolutionary Government Junta Juntagobierno1944.jpg 20 October 1944 15 March 1945 Military
Juan José Arévalo JuanJoseArevaloBermejo - cropped.jpg 15 March 1945 15 March 1951 Revolutionary Action Party
Jacobo Árbenz Jacoboarbenz1950.jpg 15 March 1951 27 June 1954
(Deposed)
Revolutionary Action Party /
Party of the Guatemalan Revolution
Carlos Enrique Díaz de León
Provisional President
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 27 June 1954 28 June 1954 Military
Elfego Hernán Monzón Aguirre
Chairman of Military Junta
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 29 June 1954 8 July 1954 Military
Carlos Castillo Armas Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 8 July 1954 26 July 1957 Military
Luis Arturo González López
Acting President
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 27 July 1957 24 October 1957 National Progress Party
Óscar Mendoza Azurdia
Chairman of Military Junta
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 24 October 1957 26 October 1957 Military
Guillermo Flores Avendaño
Acting President
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 26 October 1957 2 March 1958 Military
Miguel Ydígoras Fuentes Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 2 March 1958 31 March 1963 Military /
National Democratic Reconciliation Party
Enrique Peralta Azurdia Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 31 March 1963 1 July 1966 Military /
Institutional Democratic Party
Julio César Méndez Montenegro Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 1 July 1966 1 July 1970 Revolutionary Party
Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 1 July 1970 1 July 1974 Military /
National Liberation Movement
Kjell Eugenio Laugerud García Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 1 July 1974 1 July 1978 Military /
National Liberation Movement /
Institutional Democratic Party
Fernando Romeo Lucas García Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 1 July 1978 23 March 1982 Military /
Institutional Democratic Party /
Revolutionary Party
Efraín Ríos Montt Ex General Efrain Rios Montt testifying during the trial.jpg 23 March 1982 8 August 1983 Military
Óscar Humberto Mejía Victores Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 8 August 1983 14 January 1986 Military
Vinicio Cerezo Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arévalo DN-SN-86-05174.JPEG 14 January 1986 14 January 1991 Guatemalan Christian Democracy
Jorge Serrano Elías Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 14 January 1991 1 June 1993 Solidarity Action Movement
Gustavo Adolfo Espina Salguero Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 1 June 1993 5 June 1993 Solidarity Action Movement
Ramiro de León Carpio León Carpio 1993.jpg 6 June 1993 14 January 1996 Independent
Álvaro Arzú AlvaroArzuIrigoyenFoto.jpg 14 January 1996 14 January 2000 National Advancement Party /
Unionist Party
Alfonso Portillo Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg 14 January 2000 14 January 2004 Guatemalan Republican Front
Óscar Berger Óscar Berger Perdomo 2005.jpg 14 January 2004 14 January 2008 National Solidarity Party /
Grand National Alliance
Álvaro Colom Alvaro Colom Caballeros.jpg 14 January 2008 14 January 2012 National Unity of Hope
Otto Pérez Molina Otto Perez Molina at World Economic Forum 2013-cropped.jpg 14 January 2012 3 September 2015 Patriotic Party /
Grand National Alliance
Alejandro Maldonado
Acting President
Alejandro Maldonado 2015 (cropped).jpg 3 September 2015 14 January 2016 Independent
Jimmy Morales Jimmy Morales - cropped.jpg 14 January 2016 Incumbent National Convergence Front

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Jimmy Morales National Convergence Front 1,167,030 23.85 2,750,847 67.44
Sandra Torres National Unity of Hope 967,242 19.76 1,328,381 32.56
Manuel Baldizón Renewed Democratic Liberty 961,284 19.64
Alejandro Giammattei Fuerza 315,774 6.45
Zury Ríos Vision with Values 288,421 5.89
Lizardo Sosa Todos 260,801 5.33
Mario David García Patriotic Party 226,372 4.63
Roberto González Díaz-Durán CREOUnionist Party 168,715 3.45
Mario Estrada National Change Union 168,664 3.45
Juan Guillermo Gutiérrez National Advancement Party 151,655 3.10
Miguel Ángel Sandoval WinaqURNG–MAIZ 103,300 2.11
José Ángel López Encounter for Guatemala 44,360 0.91
Luis Fernando Pérez Institutional Republican Party 41,964 0.86
Aníbal García New Republic Movement 28,427 0.58
Invalid/blank votes 495,996 176,647
Total 5,390,005 100 4,079,228 100
Registered voters/turnout 7,556,873 71.33 7,556,873 56.32
Source: TSE

References[edit]