President of Iraqi Kurdistan
|President of Iraqi Kurdistan|
Seal of the President of Iraqi Kurdistan
Flag of the President of Iraqi Kurdistan
|Term length||Four years, renewable once|
Jalal Talabani (de facto) |
Masoud Barzani (de jure)
4 July 1992 (de facto) |
14 June 2005 (de jure)
|Deputy||Vice President of Iraqi Kurdistan|
After the 1992 parliamentary election resulted in the two main parties, the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), each holding 50 out of 100 seats, they decided to create a unity government (which was not recognized by the Ba'athist Iraq, led by Saddam Hussein).
The unity government soon collapsed and in 1994 a civil war broke out, which lasted until 1998. This resulted in the establishment of two Kurdistan Regional Governments in 1996, a KDP-controlled one in Erbil and a PUK-controlled one in Sulaymaniyah, each with their own President.
President of the PUK-run Kurdistan Regional Government:
President of the KDP-run Kurdistan Regional Government:
After an official reconciliation between the KDP and PUK in October 2002, parliamentary election were held on 30 January 2005 and on 14 June 2005 the KDP-leader Masoud Barzani was sworn in by the parliament in as new president and Kosrat Rasul Ali as the new Vice President of Iraqi Kurdistan. In 2009 the system was changed to elect the president and on 25 July 2009 presidential election were held resulting in Barzani's re-election. On 29 October 2017, amidst the 2017 Iraqi–Kurdish conflict, Barzani announced his intentions to step down as president, effective 1 November.
President of Iraqi Kurdistan:
|Term of Office||Political Party|
|Took Office||Left Office|
|14 June 2005||1 November 2017||Kurdistan Democratic Party|
|Halow Ibrahim Ahmed||63,377||3.5|
|Ahmed Mohammed Rasul||18,890||1.4|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
- Galbraith, Peter (2006), The End of Iraq: How American Incompetence Created a War without End; Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-9423-8
- The evolution of the modern electoral process in the Kurdistan Region
- Iraqi Kurdistan leader sworn in
- Opposition set to break Iraqi Kurd stranglehold
- "Iraqi Kurdish leader Massoud Barzani to step down". BBC. 29 October 2017. Retrieved 30 October 2017.