President of Kurdistan Regional Government

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President of Iraqi Kurdistan
Seal of the President of the Kurdistan Region.svg
Seal of the President of the Kurdistan Region
Flag of the President of the Kurdistan Region.svg
Flag of the President of the Kurdistan Region
Mesud Barzani.jpg
Incumbent
Masoud Barzani

since June 14, 2005
Style His Excellency
Appointer Directly elected
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Jalal Talabani (de facto)
Masoud Barzani (de jure)
Formation 4 July 1992 (de facto)
14 June 2005 (de jure)
Website www.krp.org

The President of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) heads the Kurdistan Autonomous Region in northern Iraq. He is part of the Kurdistan Presidency Council.[1]

1992–2005[edit]

After the 1992 parliamentary election resulted in the two main parties, the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), each holding 50 out of 100 seats, they decided to create a unity government (which was not recognized by the Ba'athist Iraq, led by Saddam Hussein).[2]

Iraqi Kurdistan after the 1998 cease-fire. Green area controlled by the PUK, Yellow area controlled by the KDP

The unity government soon collapsed and in 1994 a civil war broke out, which lasted until 1998. This resulted in the establishment of two Kurdistan Regional Governments in 1996, a KDP-controlled one in Erbil and a PUK-controlled one in Sulaymaniyah, each with their own President.[2]

PUK-controlled part[edit]

President of the PUK-run Kurdistan Regional Government:[3]

Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
1 Jalal Talabani.jpg Jalal Talabani
(1933–)
4 July 1992 14 June 2005 Patriotic Union of Kurdistan

KDP-controlled part[edit]

President of the KDP-run Kurdistan Regional Government:[3]

Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of
Office
Political Party
Took Office Left Office
1 Mesud Barzani.jpg Masoud Barzani
(1946–)
31 August 1996 14 June 2005 Kurdistan Democratic Party

2005–present[edit]

After an official reconciliation between the KDP and PUK in October 2002,[4] parliamentary elections were held on January 30, 2005 and on June 14, 2005 the KDP-leader Masoud Barzani was sworn in by the parliament in as new president and Kosrat Rasul Ali as the new vice president.[5] In 2009 the system was changed to elect the president and on 25 July 2009 presidential elections were held resulting in Barzani's re-election.[6]

President of Kurdistan Regional Government:

Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
1 Mesud Barzani.jpg Masoud Barzani
(1946–)
14 June 2005 Incumbent Kurdistan Democratic Party

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Popular votes Percentage
Massoud Barzani 1,266,397 69.6
Kamal Mirawdily 460,323 25.3
Halow Ibrahim Ahmed 63,377 3.5
Ahmed Mohammed Rasul 18,890 1.4
Hussein Garmiyani 10,665 0.6
Total 1,819,652 [1] 100%

See also[edit]

Coat of Arms of Kurdistan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iraqi Kurdistan

References[edit]