President of Iraqi Kurdistan

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President of Iraqi Kurdistan
Seal of the President of the Kurdistan Region.svg
Seal of the President of Iraqi Kurdistan
Flag of the President of the Kurdistan Region.svg
Flag of the President of Iraqi Kurdistan
Incumbent
Vacant

since 1 November 2017
Style His Excellency
Appointer Directly elected
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Jalal Talabani (de facto)
Masoud Barzani (de jure)
Formation 4 July 1992 (de facto)
14 June 2005 (de jure)
Deputy Vice President of Iraqi Kurdistan
Website www.krp.org/english/

The President of Iraqi Kurdistan is the head of an autonomous region in northern Iraq. He is part of the Kurdistan Presidency Council.[1] The position is vacant since 1 November 2017.

1992–2005[edit]

After the 1992 parliamentary election resulted in the two main parties, the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), each holding 50 out of 100 seats, they decided to create a unity government (which was not recognized by the Ba'athist Iraq, led by Saddam Hussein).[2]

Iraqi Kurdistan after the 1998 cease-fire. Green area controlled by the PUK, Yellow area controlled by the KDP

The unity government soon collapsed and in 1994 a civil war broke out, which lasted until 1998. This resulted in the establishment of two Kurdistan Regional Governments in 1996, a KDP-controlled one in Erbil and a PUK-controlled one in Sulaymaniyah, each with their own President.[2]

PUK-controlled part[edit]

President of the PUK-run Kurdistan Regional Government:[3]

Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
1 Jalal Talabani.jpg Jalal Talabani
(1933–2017)
4 July 1992 14 June 2005 Patriotic Union of Kurdistan

KDP-controlled part[edit]

President of the KDP-run Kurdistan Regional Government:[3]

Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of
Office
Political Party
Took Office Left Office
1 Mesud Barzani.jpg Masoud Barzani
(1946–)
31 August 1996 14 June 2005 Kurdistan Democratic Party

2005–2017[edit]

After an official reconciliation between the KDP and PUK in October 2002,[4] parliamentary election were held on 30 January 2005 and on 14 June 2005 the KDP-leader Masoud Barzani was sworn in by the parliament in as new president and Kosrat Rasul Ali as the new Vice President of Iraqi Kurdistan.[5] In 2009 the system was changed to elect the president and on 25 July 2009 presidential election were held resulting in Barzani's re-election.[6] On 29 October 2017, amidst the 2017 Iraqi–Kurdish conflict, Barzani announced his intentions to step down as president, effective 1 November.[7]

President of Iraqi Kurdistan:

Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
1 Mesud Barzani.jpg Masoud Barzani
(1946–)
14 June 2005 1 November 2017 Kurdistan Democratic Party

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Popular votes Percentage
Massoud Barzani 1,266,397 69.6
Kamal Mirawdily 460,323 25.3
Halow Ibrahim Ahmed 63,377 3.5
Ahmed Mohammed Rasul 18,890 1.4
Hussein Garmiyani 10,665 0.6
Total 1,819,652 [1] 100%

See also[edit]

Coat of Arms of Kurdistan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iraqi Kurdistan

References[edit]

  1. ^ KRG
  2. ^ a b Galbraith, Peter (2006), The End of Iraq: How American Incompetence Created a War without End; Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-9423-8
  3. ^ a b http://rulers.org/ruli.html#iraq
  4. ^ The evolution of the modern electoral process in the Kurdistan Region
  5. ^ Iraqi Kurdistan leader sworn in
  6. ^ Opposition set to break Iraqi Kurd stranglehold
  7. ^ "Iraqi Kurdish leader Massoud Barzani to step down". BBC. 29 October 2017. Retrieved 30 October 2017.