President of Kosovo
|President of Republic of Kosovo
Presidenti i Republikës së Kosovës (Albanian)
Председник Републике Косова (Serbian)
|Status||Head of State|
|Term length||Five years|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Kosovo|
|Salary||2,873 € monthly|
|Constitution and law|
The president of the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian: Presidenti i Republikës së Kosovës, Serbian: Председник Републике Косова, romanized: Predsednik Republike Kosova), is the head of state and chief representative of the Republic of Kosovo[a] in the country and abroad.
The president is elected indirectly, by the Assembly of Kosovo, in a secret ballot by a two-thirds majority of deputies in functions. If no candidate achieves a two-thirds majority, at the third ballot the candidate who receives a simple majority is elected.
The vote in the Assembly should take place no later than a month before the end of the incumbent president's term of office. The president serves for a five-year term, renewable once.
History and precursor
The first post-war president, who served until his death in January 2006, was Ibrahim Rugova. His successor was Fatmir Sejdiu. When Sejdiu resigned from his post on 27 September 2010, Jakup Krasniqi served as acting president. On 22 February 2011, Behgjet Pacolli was elected as a president of Kosovo, which was quickly evaluated as unconstitutional move. On 4 April 2011, Behgjet Pacolli stepped down and it was decided that another candidate would be elected to serve for up to a year. A constitutional reform will be undertaken to allow for a popular vote for the president in 2013. On 7 April 2011, Atifete Jahjaga, Deputy Director of the Kosovo Police, with the rank of major general, was elected as President.
|Portrait||Term of office||Political party|
|Chairman of the People's Liberation Committee|
|1 January 1944||11 July 1945||Communist Party|
|Presidents of the Assembly|
|11 July 1945||20 February 1953||Communist Party|
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists
|20 February 1953||12 December 1953||League of Communists|
|12 December 1953||5 May 1956||League of Communists|
|5 May 1956||4 April 1960||League of Communists|
|4 April 1960||18 June 1963||League of Communists|
|18 June 1963||24 June 1967||League of Communists|
|24 June 1967||7 May 1969||League of Communists|
|7 May 1969||May 1974||League of Communists|
|Presidents of the Presidency|
|May 1974||August 1981||League of Communists|
|August 1981||1982||League of Communists|
|1982||May 1983||League of Communists|
|4||Shefqet Nebih Gashi
|May 1983||May 1985||League of Communists|
|May 1985||May 1986||League of Communists|
|May 1986||May 1988||League of Communists|
|May 1988||5 April 1989||League of Communists|
|27 June 1989||11 April 1990||League of Communists|
Republic of Kosova (recognised only by Albania)
|Portrait||Elected||Term of office||Political party|
|—||25 January 1992||1 February 2000||Democratic League|
|Portrait||Elected||Term of office||Political party|
|2002||4 March 2002||21 January 2006
(Died in office)
|—||21 January 2006||10 February 2006||Democratic League|
|10 February 2006||17 February 2008||Democratic League|
Republic of Kosovo (as recognised by 113 UN member states)
|Term of office||Political party||Election|
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|17 February 2008||27 September 2010||2 years, 222 days||LDK||2008|
|27 September 2010||22 February 2011||148 days||PDK||—|
|22 February 2011||4 April 2011||41 days||AKR||2011|
|4 April 2011||7 April 2011||3 days||PDK||—|
|7 April 2011||7 April 2016||5 years, 0 days||Independent||2011|
|7 April 2016||5 November 2020||4 years, 212 days||PDK||2016|
|5 November 2020||22 March 2021||137 days||Guxo||—|
|22 March 2021||4 April 2021||13 days||Vetëvendosje||—|
|4 April 2021||Incumbent||121 days||Guxo||2021|
Living former presidents
There are four living former Kosovan presidents:
- President of the Presidency of the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo
- Prime Minister of Kosovo
- Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Kosovo
Notes and references
|a.||^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 96 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 113 UN member states are said to have recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.|
- "Infographic: What are the Monthly Salaries of Presidents in the Region - Sarajevo Times". Sarajevo Times. 25 February 2018.
- Balkan Update
- A New President for Kosovo, Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso, 20 January 2016
- "Sejdiu dha dorëheqje nga posti i presidentit" (in Albanian). telegrafi.com. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
- "Kosovo president resigns over breach of constitution". BBC. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
- Bytyci, Fatos (22 February 2011). "Kosovo elects businessman Behgjet Pacolli president". Reuters.
- Snyder, Whitney (30 March 2011). "Kosovo President Behgjet Pacolli Resigns, Vows To Run Again". Huffington Post.
- "Kosovo's president steps down after election ruled invalid | DW | 30.03.2011".
- Koha, "Në krye të Policisë së Kosovës, Atifete Jahjaga" Shqip TIME.mk 16 October 2010 (accessed 6 April 2011)
- "Atifete Jahjaga zgjidhet presidente e Republikës" Telegrafi.com 7 April 2011 (accessed 6 April 2011)
- President of Kosovo The official website