President of Kosovo

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President of Kosovo
Presidenti i Republikës së Kosovës  (Albanian)
Председник Републике Косово  (Serbian)
Flag of Dardania.svg
Presidential standard
Hashim Thaçi, 2012.jpg
Hashim Thaçi

since 7 April 2016
AppointerAssembly of the Republic of Kosovo
Term lengthFive years
Renewable once
Inaugural holderIbrahim Rugova
Formation4 March 2002
WebsiteOfficial website
Coat of arms of Kosovo.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Constitution and law

The President of Kosovo (Albanian: Presidenti i Kosovës, Serbian: Predsednik Kosovo), officially styled the President of the Republic of Kosovo (Albanian: Presidenti i Republikës së Kosovës, Serbian: Predsednik Republike Kosovo), is the head of state and chief representative of the Republic of Kosovo[a] in the country and abroad.

The President is elected indirectly, by the Assembly of Kosovo, in a secret ballot by a two-thirds majority of deputies in functions. If no candidate achieves a two-thirds majority, at the third ballot the candidate who receives a simple majority is elected.[1]

The vote in the Assembly should take place no later than a month before the end of the incumbent President's term of office.[2] He or she serves for a five-year term, renewable once.

History and precursor[edit]

The first post-war President, who served until his death in January 2006, was Ibrahim Rugova. His successor was Fatmir Sejdiu. When Sejdiu resigned from his post on 27 September 2010, Jakup Krasniqi served as acting president.[3][4] On 22 February 2011, Behgjet Pacolli was elected as a president of Kosovo,[5] which was quickly evaluated as unconstitutional move.[6] On 4 April 2011, Behgjet Pacolli stepped down[7] and it was decided that another candidate would be elected to serve for up to a year. A constitutional reform will be undertaken to allow for a popular vote for the president in 2013. On 7 April 2011, Atifete Jahjaga, Deputy Director of the Kosovo Police,[8] with the rank of Major general,[9] was elected as President.

List of officeholders[edit]

Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo[edit]



Portrait Term of office Political Party
Chairman of the People's Liberation Committee
1 Mehmed Hoxha
No image.png 1 January 1944 11 July 1945 Communist Party
Presidents of the Assembly
1 Fadil Hoxha
1st time
Fadil Hoxha, commander of Kosovo partisans.jpg 11 July 1945 20 February 1953 Communist Party
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists
2 Ismet Saqiri
No image.png 20 February 1953 12 December 1953 League of Communists
3 Đorđije Pajković
No image.png 12 December 1953 5 May 1956 League of Communists
4 Pavle Jovićević
No image.png 5 May 1956 4 April 1960 League of Communists
5 Dušan Mugoša
Dušan Mugoša.jpg 4 April 1960 18 June 1963 League of Communists
6 Stanoje Akšić
Stanoje Aksić.jpg 18 June 1963 24 June 1967 League of Communists
(1) Fadil Hoxha
2nd time
Fadil Hoxha, commander of Kosovo partisans.jpg 24 June 1967 7 May 1969 League of Communists
7 Ilaz Kurteshi
Iljaz Kurteši.jpg 7 May 1969 May 1974 League of Communists
Presidents of the Presidency
1 Xhavid Nimani
Xhavit Nimani.jpg May 1974 August 1981 League of Communists
2 Ali Shukriu
No image.png August 1981 1982 League of Communists
3 Kolë Shiroka
No image.png 1982 May 1983 League of Communists
4 Shefqet Nebih Gashi
No image.png May 1983 May 1985 League of Communists
5 Branislav Škembarević
Branislav Škembarević.jpg May 1985 May 1986 League of Communists
6 Bajram Selani No image.png May 1986 May 1988 League of Communists
7 Remzi Kolgeci
No image.png May 1988 5 April 1989 League of Communists
8 Hysen Kajdomçaj
No image.png 27 June 1989 11 April 1990 League of Communists

Republic of Kosova[edit]



Portrait Elected Term of office Political Affiliation
1 Ibrahim Rugova
Ibrahim Rugova.jpg 25 January 1992 1 February 2000 Democratic League

UN-administered Kosovo[edit]



Portrait Elected Term of office Political Affiliation
1 Ibrahim Rugova
Ibrahim Rugova.jpg 2002 4 March 2002 21 January 2006
(Died in office)
Democratic League
2 Fatmir Sejdiu
Fatmir Sejdiu 2009.jpg 2006
10 February 2006 17 February 2008 Democratic League

Republic of Kosovo (Recognised by 112 UN member states)[edit]


  LDK   PDK   AKR   Non-party

Portrait Elected Term of office Political Affiliation
1 Fatmir Sejdiu
Fatmir Sejdiu 2009.jpg 2008 17 February 2008 27 September 2010 Democratic League
2 Behgjet Pacolli
Pacolli final.jpg 2011 22 February 2011 4 April 2011 New Kosovo Alliance
Jakup Krasniqi
Acting President
No image.svg 4 April 2011 7 April 2011 Democratic Party
3 Atifete Jahjaga
Atifete Jahjaga 2011.jpg 2011 7 April 2011 7 April 2016 Independent
4 Hashim Thaçi
Hashim Thaçi, 2012.jpg 2016 7 April 2016 Incumbent Democratic Party

Living former Presidents[edit]

There are three living former Kosovan Presidents:

Latest election[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]


a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states. 10 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.


  1. ^ Balkan Update
  2. ^ A New President for Kosovo, Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso, 20 January 2016
  3. ^ "Sejdiu dha dorëheqje nga posti i presidentit" (in Albanian). 27 September 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  4. ^ "Kosovo president resigns over breach of constitution". BBC. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  5. ^ Bytyci, Fatos (22 February 2011). "Kosovo elects businessman Behgjet Pacolli president". Reuters.
  6. ^ Snyder, Whitney (30 March 2011). "Kosovo President Behgjet Pacolli Resigns, Vows To Run Again". Huffington Post.
  7. ^,,14956696,00.html
  8. ^ Koha, "Në krye të Policisë së Kosovës, Atifete Jahjaga"[permanent dead link] Shqip 16 October 2010 (accessed 6 April 2011)
  9. ^ "Atifete Jahjaga zgjidhet presidente e Republikës" 7 April 2011 (accessed 6 April 2011)

External links[edit]