List of presidents of Madagascar

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President of the
Republic of Madagascar
Presidential Standard of Madagascar.svg
Presidential Standard
Andry Rajoelina portrait UN.jpg
Incumbent
Andry Rajoelina

since 19 January 2019
ResidenceIavoloha Palace
Term length5 years
Inaugural holderPhilibert Tsiranana
Formation1 May 1959
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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Madagascar
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This is a list of presidents of Madagascar, since the establishment of the office of President in 1959, during the Malagasy Republic.

Key[edit]

Political parties
Other factions
Status
  •   Denotes Acting President

List[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
Malagasy Republic (within the French Community)
Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F013783-0033, Berlin, Staatsbesuch aus Madagaskar-2.jpg 1 May 1959 26 June 1960 1 year, 56 days PSD Position abolished
Malagasy Republic (independent country)
1 Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F013783-0033, Berlin, Staatsbesuch aus Madagaskar-2.jpg 26 June 1960 11 October 1972
(resigned.)[a]
12 years, 107 days 1965
1972
PSD Ramanantsoa
2 Gabriel Ramanantsoa
(1906–1979)[b]
Gabriel Ramanantsoa 1961.jpg 11 October 1972 5 February 1975
(resigned.)
2 years, 117 days 1972
(referendum)
Military Himself
Richard Ratsimandrava
(1931–1975)[b]
No image.png 5 February 1975 11 February 1975
(assassinated.)
6 days Military Position abolished
Gilles Andriamahazo
(1919–1989)[c]
No image.png 12 February 1975 15 June 1975 123 days Military
Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)[d]
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 15 June 1975 30 December 1975 198 days Military
Democratic Republic of Madagascar
3 Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)[e]
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 30 December 1975 12 January 1992 16 years, 13 days 1982
1989
Military /
AREMA
Rakotomalala
Rakotoniaina
Rakotoarijaona
Ramahatra
Razanamasy
Third Republic of Madagascar
3 Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 12 January 1992 27 March 1993 1 year, 74 days AREMA Razanamasy
4 Albert Zafy
(1927–2017)
President Albert Zafy.jpg 27 March 1993 5 September 1996
(resigned.)
3 years, 162 days 1992–93 UNDD Razanamasy
Ravony
Rakotovahiny
Ratsirahonana
Norbert Ratsirahonana
(1938–)
No image.png 5 September 1996 9 February 1997 157 days AVI Himself
3 Didier Ratsiraka
(1936–)
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg 9 February 1997 (25 February 2002)[f]
15 July 2002
5 years, 146 days 1996 AREMA Ratsirahonana
Rakotomavo
Andrianarivo
Rasolondraibe
5 Marc Ravalomanana
(1949–)
Marc Ravalomanana 2005-04-19.jpg (22 February 2002)[g]
15 July 2002
17 March 2009
(deposed.)
6 years, 255 days 2001
2006
TIM Sylla
Rabemananjara
Hyppolite Ramaroson
(1951–)[h]
No image.png 17 March 2009
(several hours.)
0 days Military Position vacant
High Transitional Authority
Andry Rajoelina
(1974–)
Andry Rajoelina portrait UN.jpg (7 February 2009)
17 March 2009
25 January 2014 4 years, 314 days TGV Roindefo
Mangalaza
Manorohanta
Vital
Beriziky
Fourth Republic of Madagascar
6 Hery Rajaonarimampianina
(1958–)
Hery Rajaonarimampianina 2014.jpg 25 January 2014 7 September 2018 4 years, 225 days 2013 HVM Beriziky
Kolo
Ranelonarivo
Solonandrasana
Ntsay
Rivo Rakotovao
(1960–)
No image.png 7 September 2018 19 January 2019 134 days HVM Ntsay
7 Andry Rajoelina
(1974–)
Andry Rajoelina portrait UN.jpg 19 January 2019 Incumbent 266 days 2018 TGV Ntsay

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Stepped down amidst massive political protests, and handed over power to the military (after the referendum on military rule).
  2. ^ a b Styled as Head of State.
  3. ^ Styled as Chairman of the National Military Leadership Committee.
  4. ^ Styled as Chairman of the Supreme Revolutionary Council.
  5. ^ Styled as Chairman of the Supreme Revolutionary Council until 4 January 1976.
  6. ^ Based in Toamasina.
  7. ^ Based in Antananarivo.
  8. ^ Styled as Head of Military Directorate.

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Andry Rajoelina Young Malagasies Determined 1,954,023 39.23 2,586,938 55.66
Marc Ravalomanana Tiako I Madagasikara 1,760,837 35.35 2,060,847 44.34
Hery Rajaonarimampianina Hery Vaovao ho an'ny Madagasikara 439,070 8.82
Andre Christian Dieu Donne Mailhol GFFM 63,391 1.27
Joseph Martin Randriamampionona Total Refoundation of Madagascar 57,903 1.16
Ny Rado Rafalimanana FOMBA 57,476 1.15
Andrianiaina Paul Rabary MIASA 48,980 0.98
Randriamanantsoa Tabera KINTANA 48,705 0.98
Haingo Andrianjakamalala Rasolofonjoa Avotra ho an'ny firenena 47,932 0.96
Mamy Richard Radilofe Roso ho amin'ny Demokrasia Sosialy 42,748 0.86
Eliana Bezaza Social Democratic Party 40,882 0.82
Jean Ravelonarivo Antokom-Bahoaka 29,224 0.59
Lalaoarisoa Marcellin Andriantseheno Tafajiaby 28,252 0.57
José Michel Andrianoelison ARO-RIAKA 26,572 0.53
Richard Razafy Rakotofiringa SJIAM 26,534 0.53
Andriamparany Benjamin Radavidson National Unity, Freedom & Development 25,420 0.51
Saraha Rabeharisoa Liberal Democratic Party 23,685 0.48
Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana PARRAINAGE 23,437 0.47
Didier Ratsiraka Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar 22,222 0.45
Roland Ratsiraka Malagasy Tonga Saina 21,377 0.43
Serge Jovial Imbeh Antoky ny Fivoaran'ny Malagasy 18,962 0.38
Zafimahaleo Dit Dama Mahaleo Rasolofondraosolo Manajary Vahoaka 16,367 0.33
Omer Beriziky Antsika Madagasikara 15,352 0.31
Jean Jacques Ratsietison Fahefa-Mividy no Ilain'ny Malagasy 15,281 0.31
Erick Francis Rajaonary Malagasy Miray sy Mifankatia 14,758 0.30
Rivomanantsoa Orlando Robimanana Madagsikara Vina sy Fanantenana 14,561 0.29
Fanirisoa Ernaivo ZAMA–PATRAM 14,117 0.28
Arlette Ramaroson PARRAINAGE 12,645 0.25
Falimampionona Rasolonjatovo FITAMBOLAGNELA/IAD 12,276 0.25
Jean Max Rakotomamomjy LEADER-Fanilo 11,377 0.23
Rolland Jules Etienne Madagasikara Fivoarana 10,756 0.22
Bruno Rabarihoela Fahazavan'i Madagasikara 9,981 0.20
Roseline Emma Rasolovoahangy Ezaka Mampandroso Antsika 8,578 0.17
Jean Louis Zafivao Gasy Mifankatia 6,162 0.12
Stephan Narison Antoko Gasy Miara Mandroso 5,675 0.11
Solo Norbert Randriamorasata Democratic Union of the Christians of Madagascar 5,086 0.10
Invalid/blank votes 386,946 119,557
Total 5,367,550 100 4,767,342 100
Registered voters/turnout 9,949,083 53.95 9,912,599 48.09
Source: Constitutional Court (first round, second round)

External links[edit]