List of Presidents of Madagascar

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President of the
Republic of Madagascar
Presidential Standard of Madagascar.svg
Presidential Standard
Hery Rajaonarimampianina UNIDO.jpg
Incumbent
Hery Rajaonarimampianina

since 25 January 2014
Residence Iavoloha Palace
Term length 5 years
Inaugural holder Philibert Tsiranana
Formation 1 May 1959
Seal of Madagascar.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Madagascar
Foreign relations

This is a list of Presidents of Madagascar, since the establishment of the office of President in 1959, during the Malagasy Republic.

Presidents of Madagascar[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Colour key
(for political parties)

Malagasy Republic[edit]

Malagasy Republic (autonomous within the French Community)[edit]

President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
President of the Republic
1 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F013783-0033, Berlin, Staatsbesuch aus Madagaskar-2.jpg Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
1 May 1959 26 June 1960 1 year, 173 days Social Democratic Party

Malagasy Republic (independent country)[edit]

President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
President of the Republic
(1) Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F013783-0033, Berlin, Staatsbesuch aus Madagaskar-2.jpg Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
26 June 1960 11 October 1972[1] 12 years, 107 days Social Democratic Party
Heads of State
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F011092-0001, BPA, Generalstabschef aus Madagaskar.jpg Gabriel Ramanantsoa
(1906–1979)
11 October 1972 5 February 1975
(Resigned)
2 years, 117 days Military
No image.png Richard Ratsimandrava
(1931–1975)
5 February 1975 11 February 1975
(Assassinated)
6 days Military
Chairman of the National Military Leadership Committee
No image.png Gilles Andriamahazo
(1919–1989)
12 February 1975 15 June 1975 123 days Military
Chairman of the Supreme Revolutionary Council
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg Didier Ratsiraka
(b. 1936)
15 June 1975 30 December 1975 198 days Military

Democratic Republic of Madagascar[edit]

President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
Chairman of the Supreme Revolutionary Council
Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg Didier Ratsiraka
(b. 1936)
30 December 1975 4 January 1976 5 days Military
President of the Republic
2 Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg Didier Ratsiraka
(b. 1936)
4 January 1976 12 September 1992 16 years, 252 days Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar

Third Republic of Madagascar[edit]

Status
  Denotes Acting President
President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
Presidents of the Republic
(2) Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg Didier Ratsiraka
(b. 1936)
12 September 1992 27 March 1993 196 days Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar
3 Président Zafy Albert et Tabera.JPG Albert Zafy
(b. 1927)
27 March 1993 5 September 1996
(Resigned)
3 years, 162 days National Union for Democracy and Development
No image.png Norbert Ratsirahonana
(b. 1938)
5 September 1996 9 February 1997 157 days Judged by Your Work Party
(2) Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg Didier Ratsiraka
(b. 1936)[2]
9 February 1997 5 July 2002 5 years, 146 days Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar
4 Appl0405.loselesslycropped.jpg Marc Ravalomanana
(b. 1949)[3]
22 February 2002 17 March 2009[4] 7 years, 23 days I Love Madagascar
Head of Military Directorate
No image.png Hyppolite Ramaroson
(b. 1951)
17 March 2009
(several hours)
0 days Military
President of the High Transitional Authority
Andry Rajoelina
(b. 1974)[5]
17 March 2009 11 December 2010 1 year, 269 days Young Malagasies Determined

Fourth Republic of Madagascar[edit]

President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
President of the High Transitional Authority
Andry Rajoelina
(b. 1974)
11 December 2010 25 January 2014 3 years, 45 days Young Malagasies Determined
President of the Republic
5 Hery Rajaonarimampianina 2014.jpg Hery Rajaonarimampianina
(b. 1958)
25 January 2014 Incumbent 1 year, 158 days New Forces for Madagascar

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party Votes % Votes %
Hery Rajaonarimampianina Hery Vaovao ho an'i Madagasikara 721,206 15.93 2,060,124 53.49
Jean Louis Robinson AVANA 955,534 21.10 1,791,336 46.51
Hajo Herivelona Andrianainarivelo Malagasy Miara Miainga 476,153 10.51
Roland Ratsiraka MTS 407,732 9.00
Albert Camille Vital Hiaraka Isika 310,253 6.85
Saraha Georget Rabeharisoa Antoko Maitso 203,699 4.50
Edgard Razafindravahy Edgard Razafindravahy 197,081 4.35
Pierrot Rajaonarivelo MDM 121,999 2.69
Joseph Martin Randriamampionona RTM (Dadafara) 105,184 2.32
Benjamin Radavidson Andriamparany FFF 100,890 2.23
William Ratrema GAM/PATRAM 96,715 2.14
Jean Eugène Voninahitsy LES AS 96,547 2.13
Julien Razafinmanazato ESD 72,875 1.61
Monja Zafitsimivalo Roindefo MONIMA 68,563 1.51
Brigitte Ihantanirina Rabemananantsoa AMP 62,652 1.38
Willy Sylvain Rabetsaroana PNJ Mazava Sylvain 57,829 1.28
Clément Zafisolo Ravalisaona AME 52,083 1.15
Rakoto Andrianirina Fetison RDS 49,599 1.10
Tabera Randriamanantsoa KINTANA 40,253 0.89
Laza Razafiarison Avotra Ho An'ny Firenena 39,952 0.88
Jean Lahiniriko KML 39,648 0.88
Patrick Rajaonary Vonjeo Madagasikara 38,934 0.86
Rakotomaharo Rajemison MAMAFISOA 38,827 0.86
Roland Dieudonne Rabeharison FAMA 32,157 0.71
Djacoba Alain Tehindrazanarivelo ENNA 25,974 0.57
Faharo Ratsimbalson Independent 24,536 0.54
Patrick Raharimanana Vitatsika Io 19,684 0.43
Mickaël Brechard Dofo MIM 15,538 0.34
William Noelson MITM 14,096 0.31
Lezava Fleury Rabarison HARENA 11,347 0.25
Guy Ratrimoarivony HOP 10,913 0.24
Jean Pierre Rakoto RJP 9,965 0.22
Freddy Tinasoa OBAMA 9,971 0.22
Invalid/blank votes 303,277 191,786
Total 4,831,666 100.00 4,043,246 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 7,823,305 61.76 7,971,790 50.72
Source: CENIT, HCC

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Resigned and handed over power to the military after the referendum on military rule
  2. ^ From 25 February 2002 in Toamasina
  3. ^ In rebellion to 5 July 2002
  4. ^ Deposed in the 2009 crisis
  5. ^ In rebellion from 7 February 2009

External links[edit]