President of Mongolia

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President of Mongolia
State emblem of Mongolia.svg
Khaltmaagiin Battulga - 2019 (48425595252) (cropped).jpg
Khaltmaagiin Battulga

since 10 July 2017
StatusHead of State
SeatUlaanbaatar, Mongolia
NominatorState Great Khural
Political parties with representation nominate candidates
AppointerPopular vote by the citizens of Mongolia
Term lengthFour years
renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Mongolia
Formation3 September 1990
First holderPunsalmaagiin Ochirbat
State emblem of Mongolia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The President of Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол Улсын Ерөнхийлөгч, Mongol Ulsyn Yerönkhiilögch) is the Executive Head of state of Mongolia.[1]


The President is elected by the citizens of Mongolia. Political parties with representation in the State Great Khural nominate candidates. The President serves a term of four years and can be re-elected only once. The President can be removed from office if two-thirds of the Khural find him guilty of abusing his powers or violating his oath.[2] Before inauguration, however, the President-elect has to suspend their membership of any political party.

Powers of the President[edit]

  • Nominating a candidate for the office of Prime Minister, who is then approved or rejected by the State Great Khural (parliament). This is largely a ceremonial responsibility, as the Khural will most likely reject any nominee who is not its own choice – in effect, the Prime Minister is appointed by the Khural.[2]
  • Vetoing the Khural's legislation (can be overridden with a two-thirds majority)[2]
  • Approving judicial appointments[2]
  • Appointing the Chief Judge of the Supreme Court of Mongolia[3]
  • Chairing the National Security Council of Mongolia[2]
  • Acting as commander in chief of the armed forces.[2]
  • Nominates the Prosecutor General, the official in charge of implementing the laws, who is then approved or rejected by the Khural.[4]
  • Provides guidelines for the activities of the Government.

List of presidents (since 1990)[edit]

     People's Revolutionary Party      Social Democratic Party      Democratic Party

Portrait Name
Elected Term of office Party
Ochirbat-Punsalmaa.jpg Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat
Пунсалмаагийн Очирбат
Born 1942
(77 years old)
3 September 1990 6 June 1993 People's Revolutionary Party
1993 6 June 1993 20 June 1997 Social Democratic Party
Natsagiin Bagabandi (Cropped).png Natsagiin Bagabandi
Нацагийн Багабанди
Born 1950
(69 years old)
1997 20 June 1997 6 June 2001 People's Revolutionary Party
2001 6 June 2001 24 June 2005
Nambaryn Enkhbayar.jpg Nambaryn Enkhbayar
Намбарын Энхбаяр
Born 1958
(61 years old)
2005 24 June 2005 18 June 2009 People's Revolutionary Party
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj 2016.jpg Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
Цахиагийн Элбэгдорж
Born 1963
(56 years old)
2009 18 June 2009 10 July 2013 Democratic Party
2013 10 July 2013 10 July 2017
Khaltmaagiin Battulga (2017-09-07).jpg Khaltmaagiin Battulga
Халтмаагийн Баттулга
Born 1963
(56 years old)
2017 10 July 2017 Incumbent Democratic Party

Living former presidents[edit]

There are four living former Mongolian Presidents:

Latest election[edit]

With the blank votes being officially included Battulga passed the 50% threshold by just 7,333 votes (50.61%).

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Khaltmaagiin Battulga Democratic Party 517,478 38.64 611,226 55.15
Miyeegombyn Enkhbold Mongolian People's Party 411,748 30.75 497,067 44.85
Sainkhüügiin Ganbaatar Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party 409,899 30.61
Invalid/blank votes 18,663 99,494
Total 1,357,788 100 1,207,787 100
Registered voters/turnout 1,978,298 68.27 1,990,787 60.67
Source: GEC, GEC

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 42
  2. ^ a b c d e f Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 43
  3. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Montsame News Agency Foreign Service Office, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 45
  4. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Foreign Service office of Montsame News Agency, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 44

External links[edit]