President of Mongolia
|President of Mongolia|
|Status||Head of State|
|Nominator||State Great Khural|
Political parties with representation nominate candidates
|Appointer||Popular vote by the citizens of Mongolia|
|Term length||Four years|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Mongolia|
|Formation||3 September 1990|
|First holder||Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The President is elected by the citizens of Mongolia. Political parties with representation in the State Great Khural nominate candidates. The President serves a term of four years and can be re-elected only once. The President can be removed from office if two-thirds of the Khural find him guilty of abusing his powers or violating his oath. Before inauguration, however, the President-elect has to suspend their membership of any political party.
Powers of the President
- Nominating a candidate for the office of Prime Minister, who is then approved or rejected by the State Great Khural (parliament). This is largely a ceremonial responsibility, as the Khural will most likely reject any nominee who is not its own choice – in effect, the Prime Minister is appointed by the Khural.
- Vetoing the Khural's legislation (can be overridden with a two-thirds majority)
- Approving judicial appointments
- Appointing the Chief Judge of the Supreme Court of Mongolia
- Chairing the National Security Council of Mongolia
- Acting as commander in chief of the armed forces.
- Nominates the Prosecutor General, the official in charge of implementing the laws, who is then approved or rejected by the Khural.
- Provides guidelines for the activities of the Government.
List of presidents (since 1990)
|Elected||Term of office||Party|
(77 years old)
|—||3 September 1990||6 June 1993||People's Revolutionary Party|
|1993||6 June 1993||20 June 1997||Social Democratic Party|
(69 years old)
|1997||20 June 1997||6 June 2001||People's Revolutionary Party|
|2001||6 June 2001||24 June 2005|
(61 years old)
|2005||24 June 2005||18 June 2009||People's Revolutionary Party|
(56 years old)
|2009||18 June 2009||10 July 2013||Democratic Party|
|2013||10 July 2013||10 July 2017|
(56 years old)
|2017||10 July 2017||Incumbent||Democratic Party|
Living former presidents
There are four living former Mongolian Presidents:
With the blank votes being officially included Battulga passed the 50% threshold by just 7,333 votes (50.61%).
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Khaltmaagiin Battulga||Democratic Party||517,478||38.64||611,226||55.15|
|Miyeegombyn Enkhbold||Mongolian People's Party||411,748||30.75||497,067||44.85|
|Sainkhüügiin Ganbaatar||Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party||409,899||30.61|
|Source: GEC, GEC|
- Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 42
- Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 43
- Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Montsame News Agency Foreign Service Office, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 45
- Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Foreign Service office of Montsame News Agency, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 44