President of Mongolia

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President of Mongolia
State emblem of Mongolia.svg
State Emblem of Mongolia
Халтмаагийн Баттулга.jpg
Khaltmaagiin Battulga

since 10 July 2017
Appointer Popular vote
Term length Four years, renewable once
Formation 3 September 1990
State emblem of Mongolia.svg
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The President of Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол Улсын Ерөнхийлөгч, Mongol Ulsyn Yerönkhiilögch) is the executive head of state of Mongolia.[1]


The President is elected by the citizens of Mongolia. Political parties with representation in the State Great Khural nominate candidates. The President can be re-elected only one time. The President can be removed from office if two-thirds of the Khural find him guilty of abusing his powers or violating his oath.[2] Before inauguration, however, the President-elect has to renounce the membership of any political party.

Powers of the President[edit]

  • Nominating a candidate for the office of Prime Minister, who is then approved or rejected by the State Great Khural (parliament). This is largely a ceremonial responsibility, as the Khural will most likely reject any nominee who is not its own choice – in effect, the Prime Minister is appointed by the Khural.[2]
  • Vetoing the Khural's legislation (can be overridden with a two-thirds majority)[2]
  • Approving judicial appointments[2]
  • Appointing the Chief Judge of the Supreme Court of Mongolia[3]
  • Chairing the national security council[2]
  • Acting as commander in chief of the armed forces.[2]
  • Nominates the Prosecutor General, the official in charge of implementing the laws, who is then approved or rejected by the Khural.[4]

List of presidents (since 1990)[edit]

    People's Revolutionary Party     Social Democratic Party     Democratic Party

Portrait Name
Elected Term of office Party
Ochirbat-Punsalmaa.jpg Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat
Пунсалмаагийн Очирбат
Born 1942
(75 years old)
3 September 1990 6 June 1993 People's Revolutionary Party
1993 6 June 1993 20 June 1997 Social Democratic Party
Natsagiin Bagabandi (Cropped).png Natsagiin Bagabandi
Нацагийн Багабанди
Born 1950
(67 years old)
1997 20 June 1997 6 June 2001 People's Revolutionary Party
2001 6 June 2001 24 June 2005
Nambaryn Enkhbayar.jpg Nambaryn Enkhbayar
Намбарын Энхбаяр
Born 1958
(59 years old)
2005 24 June 2005 18 June 2009 People's Revolutionary Party
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj 2016.jpg Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
Цахиагийн Элбэгдорж
Born 1963
(54 years old)
2009 18 June 2009 10 July 2013 Democratic Party
2013 10 July 2013 10 July 2017
Халтмаагийн Баттулга Khaltmaagiin Battulga
Халтмаагийн Баттулга
Born 1963
(54 years old)
2017 10 July 2017 Incumbent Democratic Party

Living former presidents[edit]

There are four living former Mongolian Presidents:

Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat (age 75)
since 1997 
Natsagiin Bagabandi (age 67)
since 2005 
Nambaryn Enkhbayar (age 59)
since 2009 
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj (age 54)
since 2017 

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 26 June 2013 Mongolian presidential election results
Candidate Party Votes %
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Democratic Party 622,794 50.89
Badmaanyambuugiin Bat-Erdene Mongolian People's Party 520,380 42.52
Natsagiin Udval Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party 80,563 6.58
Invalid/blank votes 13,688
Total 1,239,784 100
Registered voters/turnout 1,864,273 66.50
Source: Mongolian Electoral Commission

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 42
  2. ^ a b c d e f Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 43
  3. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Montsame News Agency Foreign Service Office, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 45
  4. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Foreign Service office of Montsame News Agency, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 44

External links[edit]