President of Mongolia

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President of Mongolia
Монгол Улсын Ерөнхийлөгч
State emblem of Mongolia.svg
Mongolian Prime Minister Khurelsukh Ukhnaa in 2018.jpg
Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh

since 25 June 2021
StyleHis Excellency
StatusHead of state
ResidencePresident’s Residence at the Ikh Tenger Complex
SeatUlaanbaatar, Mongolia
NominatorState Great Khural
Political parties with representation nominate candidates
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term length6 years; non renewable
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Mongolia
Inaugural holderPunsalmaagiin Ochirbat
Formation3 September 1990; 31 years ago (1990-09-03)
DeputyChairman of the State Great Khural
Salary39,638,357 annually (2021)[1]

The president of Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол Улсын Ерөнхийлөгч, Mongol Ulsyn Yerönkhiilögch) is the executive head of state of Mongolia.[2] The current president is Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh.


The president is elected by the citizens of Mongolia. Political parties with representation in the State Great Khural nominate candidates. The president serves a non-repeatable six-year term. The president can be removed from office if two-thirds of the Khural find him guilty of abusing his powers or violating his oath.[3] Before inauguration, however, the president-elect must suspend their membership of any political party.

Powers of the president[edit]

  • Nominating a candidate for the office of Prime Minister, who is then approved or rejected by the State Great Khural (parliament). This is a ceremonial responsibility, as the Khural will most likely reject any nominee who is not its own choice – in effect, the prime minister is appointed by the Khural.[3]
  • Vetoing the Khural's legislation (can be overridden with a two-thirds majority)[3]
  • Approving judicial appointments[3]
  • Appointing the chief judge of the Supreme Court of Mongolia[4]
  • Chairing the National Security Council of Mongolia[3]
  • Acting as commander-in-chief of the armed forces.[3]
  • Nominates the prosecutor general, the official in charge of implementing the laws, who is then approved or rejected by the Khural.[5]
  • Provides guidelines for the activities of the Government.


Generally, Mongolian leaders have lived at the President’s Residence at the Ikh Tenger Complex (Mongolian: Их тэнгэр цогцолбор). The complex is a protected area in the Bogd Khan Mountain.[6] The residence is located next to the mansions of the Speaker of Parliament and Prime Minister.[6]

Winter Palace[edit]

In 2017, newly-elected president Battulga said that he intended to live in the "Winter Palace" in central Ulaanbaatar, also known as the Marshal’s Residence, in a departure from tradition.[7] It is located in the heart of the capital between Peace Avenue and Seoul Street (next to the 1st School and the Russian Embassy). The two story-building was built in 1947 as the residence of Marshal Khorloogiin Choibalsan. It has two luxury rooms and five other rooms as well as 52-80 person capacity banqueting hall.[8]

List of presidents[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Эрх зүйн акт дэлгэрэнгүй".
  2. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 42
  3. ^ a b c d e f Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 43
  4. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Montsame News Agency Foreign Service Office, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 45
  5. ^ Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Foreign Service office of Montsame News Agency, ISBN 99929-0-627-8, p. 44
  6. ^ a b "Khaltmaa Battulga refused to settle in state residence: Media". Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  7. ^ "New president of Mongolia to live in walking distance from his office, unofficial sources say". MONTSAME News Agency. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  8. ^ "Mongolian President to live in 'Winter Palace' - News.MN". News.MN - The source of news. 17 July 2017. Retrieved 4 June 2021.

External links[edit]