President of Nepal
|President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपालको राष्ट्रपति
|Style||The Right Honourable|
|Term length||Five years|
renewable once, consecutively
|Inaugural holder||Ram Baran Yadav|
|Formation||28 May 2008|
|Deputy||Vice President of Nepal|
|Salary||NPR 109,410 (monthly)|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The president of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको राष्ट्रपति, Nēpālakō rāṣṭrapati) is the head of state of Nepal and commander-in-chief of the Nepalese Armed Forces and the supreme leader of the country. The office was created in May 2008 after the country was declared as a republic. The first president of Nepal was Ram Baran Yadav. The current president is Bidhya Devi Bhandari, elected in October 2015. She is the first female Nepali head of state. The president is formally addressed as "The Right Honourable" (Nepali: सम्माननीय, Sam'mānanīya).
Under the Interim Constitution adopted in January 2007, all powers of governance were removed from the King of Nepal, and the Nepalese Constituent Assembly elected in the 2008 Constituent Assembly election was to decide in its first meeting whether to continue the monarchy or to declare a republic. During the suspension of the monarchy, Girija Prasad Koirala, then Prime Minister of Nepal, acted as Head of State. On 28 May 2008, the Assembly voted to abolish the monarchy. Ram Baran Yadav won the historic election from the Constituent Assembly, and was sworn in as the nation's first president ending a 247 year old monarchy.
Election and powers
The president is elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of Nepal and the members of the provincial legislatures. A law shall determine the weight of each of their votes.
Whoever receives a majority of the delegates' votes is elected. If no one receives a majority in the first round, runoffs are held between the top two candidates until one receives a majority.
The presidential term is five years. A president may be elected any number of times, but not more than twice in succession.
The president's powers are almost entirely ceremonial. In some parliamentary republics, the president is vested with executive powers on paper, but is bound by convention to act on the advice of the prime minister and the government. In Nepal, however, the president is not even the nominal chief executive, as the Constitution explicitly vests executive power in the Council of Ministers and the prime minister.
List of presidents of Nepal
|Portrait||Party||Elected||Took office||Left office||Vice President||Votes|
|1||Ram Baran Yadav
|Nepali Congress||2008||23 July 2008||29 October 2015||Parmanand Jha|
308 / 601
|2||Bidhya Devi Bhandari
|Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)||2015||29 October 2015||14 March 2018||Nanda Kishor Pun|
327 / 601
|Nepal Communist Party||2018||14 March 2018||Incumbent
(Term expires on 14 March 2023)
39,275 / 52,569
- King of Nepal
- List of heads of state of Nepal, for a comprehensive list of Nepalese heads of state since 1768
- List of prime ministers of Nepal
- Vice President of Nepal