President of Nicaragua

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President of the
Republic of Nicaragua
Presidente de la República de Nicaragua
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg
Presidential Seal
Daniel Ortega (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Daniel Ortega

since 10 January 2007
ResidenceManagua, Nicaragua
Term lengthFive years
Inaugural holderFruto Chamorro
Formation30 April 1854
DeputyVice President of Nicaragua
WebsitePresident of Nicaragua
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Nicaragua
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua portal

The President of Nicaragua (Spanish: Presidente de Nicaragua) officially known as the President of the Republic of Nicaragua (Spanish: Presidente de la República de Nicaragua) is the head of state of Nicaragua. The office was created in the Constitution of 1854. From 1825 until the Constitution of 1838, the head of state of Nicaragua was styled simply as Head of State (Jefe de Estado), and from 1838 to 1854 as Supreme Director (Supremo Director).

Heads of State of Nicaragua within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1838)[edit]

  • Manuel Antonio de la Cerda y Aguilar : 22 April 1825 – 22 April 1826
  • Juan Argüello del Castillo y Guzmán : 22 April 1826 – 14 September 1827
  • Pedro Benito Pineda de León (acting; in rebellion at Granada) : 17 September 1826 – 26 February 1827
  • Manuel Antonio de la Cerda y Aguilar (in rebellion at León and Granada) : 27 February 1827 – 7 November 1828
  • Pedro Oviedo de Chinandega (provisional) : 14 September 1827 – December 1827
  • Juan Argüello del Castillo y Guzmán : 5 August 1828 – April 1829
  • Juan Espinosa (acting) : April 1829 – 12 May 1830
  • Dionisio de Herrera : 12 May 1830 – November 1833
  • Benito Morales (acting) : December 1833 – 10 March 1834
  • José Núñez (acting) : 10 March 1834 – 23 April 1835
  • José Zepeda : 23 April 1835 – 25 January 1837
  • José Núñez (acting) : 25 January 1837 – 12 January 1838
  • Francisco Jiménez Rubio (acting) : 12 January 1838 – 13 March 1838
  • José Núñez : 13 March 1838 – 17 November 1838

Heads of State of the Independent Republic of Nicaragua (1838–present)[edit]

Supreme Directors (1838–1854)[edit]

Presidents (1854–present)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Affiliation Notes
1 Fruto Chamorro.jpg Fruto Chamorro
(1804–1855)
30 April 1854 12 March 1855 Conservative [1]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg José María Estrada
(1802–1856)
Acting President
12 March 1855 22 October 1855 Conservative [1]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Patricio Rivas
Provisional President
30 October 1855 24 June 1857 Democratic [1]
William Walker by Brady.jpg William Walker
(1824–1860)
Usurper
12 July 1856 1 May 1857 Democratic [1]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Government Junta (Máximo Jerez and Tomás Martínez) 24 June 1857 15 November 1857 Conservative /
Democratic
[1]
2 TMARTINEZ.jpg Tomás Martínez
(1820–1873)
15 November 1857 1 March 1867 Conservative [1]
3 Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Fernando Guzmán Solórzano
(1812–1891)
1 March 1867 1 March 1871 Conservative [1]
4 Jose Vicente Cuadra.jpg José Vicente Cuadra
(1812–1894)
1 March 1871 1 March 1875 Conservative [1]
5 Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Alfaro
(1818–1890)
1 March 1875 1 March 1879 Conservative [1]
6 Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Joaquín Zavala
(1835–1906)
1 March 1879 1 March 1883 Conservative [1]
7 Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Adán Cárdenas
(1836–1916)
1 March 1883 1 March 1887 Conservative [1]
8 Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Evaristo Carazo
(1821–1889)
1 March 1887 1 August 1889 Conservative [1]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Nicolás Osorno
Acting President
1 August 1889 5 August 1889 Conservative
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Roberto Sacasa
(1840–1896)
Acting President
5 August 1889 1 January 1891 Conservative [1]
9 Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Ignacio Chaves López 1 January 1891 1 March 1891 Conservative
10 Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Roberto Sacasa
(1840–1896)
1 March 1891 11 July 1893 Conservative [1]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Salvador Machado
Acting President
11 July 1893 15 July 1893 Conservative
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Joaquín Zavala
(1835–1906)
Acting President
16 July 1893 25 July 1893 Conservative [1]
11 JZelaya.jpg José Santos Zelaya
(1853–1919)
25 July 1893 21 December 1909 Liberal [1]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg José Madriz
(1867–1911)
Acting President
21 December 1909 20 August 1910 Liberal [1]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg José Dolores Estrada
(1869–1939)
Acting President
20 August 1910 27 August 1910 Liberal
Luis Mena 1912.jpg Luis Mena
Acting President
27 August 1910 30 August 1910 Conservative
Jjem1911.png Juan José Estrada
(1872–1967)
Provisional President
30 August 1910 9 May 1911 Liberal [1]
12 Adolfo Díaz, 1912.jpg Adolfo Díaz
(1875–1964)
9 May 1911 1 January 1917 Conservative [1]
13 Emiliano Chamorro Vargas.jpg Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
(1871–1966)
1 January 1917 1 January 1921 Conservative [1]
14 Diego Manuel Carazo.jpg Diego Manuel Chamorro
(1861–1923)
1 January 1921 12 October 1923 Conservative [1]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Rosendo Chamorro
Acting President
12 October 1923 27 October 1923 Conservative
15 Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Bartolomé Martínez
(1873–1936)
27 October 1923 1 January 1925 Conservative [1]
16 Carlos José Solórzano.jpg Carlos José Solórzano
(1860–1936)
1 January 1925 14 March 1926 Conservative [1]
17 Emiliano Chamorro Vargas.jpg Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
(1871–1966)
De facto
14 March 1926 11 November 1926 Conservative [1]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Sebastián Uriza
(1861–1926)
Acting President
11 November 1926 14 November 1926 Conservative
18 Adolfo Díaz, 1912.jpg Adolfo Díaz
(1875–1964)
14 November 1926 1 January 1929 Conservative [1]
19 Jose Maria Moncada 1910.jpg José María Moncada
(1870–1945)
1 January 1929 1 January 1933 Liberal [1]
20 Juan Bautista Sacasa cph.3a44780.jpg Juan Bautista Sacasa
(1874–1946)
1 January 1933 9 June 1936 Liberal [1]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Carlos Alberto Brenes
(1884–1942)
Acting President
9 June 1936 1 January 1937 Liberal [1]
21 Somoza 1952 (centrée).jpg Anastasio Somoza García
(1896–1956)
1 January 1937 1 May 1947 Military /
Nationalist Liberal Party
[1]
22 Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Leonardo Argüello Barreto
(1875–1947)
1 May 1947 26 May 1947 Nationalist Liberal Party [1]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Benjamín Lacayo Sacasa
(1893–1959)
Acting President
26 May 1947 15 August 1947 Nationalist Liberal Party [1]
23 Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes
(1872–1950)
15 August 1947 6 May 1950 Nationalist Liberal Party [1]
24 Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Manuel Fernando Zurita
Acting President
6 May 1950 7 May 1950 Nationalist Liberal Party
25 Somoza 1952 (centrée).jpg Anastasio Somoza García
(1896–1956)
7 May 1950 29 September 1956 Military /
Nationalist Liberal Party
[1]
26 Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Luis Somoza Debayle
(1922–1967)
29 September 1956 1 May 1963 Nationalist Liberal Party [1]
27 Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg René Schick
(1909–1966)
1 May 1963 3 August 1966 Nationalist Liberal Party [1]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Orlando Montenegro Medrano
(1920–1988)
Acting President
3 August 1966 4 August 1966 Nationalist Liberal Party
28 Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Lorenzo Guerrero
(1900–1981)
4 August 1966 1 May 1967 Nationalist Liberal Party [1]
29 President Anastasio Somoza Debayle of Nicaragua, before State Dinner - NARA - 194723-perspective-tilt-crop (cropped).jpg Anastasio Somoza Debayle
(1925–1980)
1 May 1967 1 May 1972 Military /
Nationalist Liberal Party
[1]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Liberal-Conservative Junta 1 May 1972 1 December 1974 Nationalist Liberal Party /
Social Conservative Party
30 President Anastasio Somoza Debayle of Nicaragua, before State Dinner - NARA - 194723-perspective-tilt-crop (cropped).jpg Anastasio Somoza Debayle
(1925–1980)
1 December 1974 17 July 1979 Military /
Nationalist Liberal Party
[1]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Francisco Urcuyo
(1915–2001)
Acting President
17 July 1979 18 July 1979 Nationalist Liberal Party [1]
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg Junta of National Reconstruction
(Coordinator: Daniel Ortega)
18 July 1979 10 January 1985 Multipartisan /
Sandinista National Liberation Front
31 Daniel Ortega (cropped).jpg Daniel Ortega
(born 1945)
10 January 1985 25 April 1990 Sandinista National Liberation Front [1]
32 Violeta Chamorro 1993.jpg Violeta Chamorro
(born 1929)
25 April 1990 10 January 1997 National Opposition Union [1]
33 Arnoldo Alemán.JPG Arnoldo Alemán
(born 1947)
10 January 1997 10 January 2002 Constitutionalist Liberal Party [1]
34 Enrique Bolaños Geyer 2004.jpg Enrique Bolaños
(born 1928)
10 January 2002 10 January 2007 Constitutionalist Liberal Party
(until October 2004.)
[1]
(34) Alliance for the Republic
35 Daniel Ortega (cropped).jpg Daniel Ortega
(born 1945)
10 January 2007 Incumbent Sandinista National Liberation Front

See also[edit]

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Daniel Ortega Sandinista National Liberation Front 1,806,651 72.44
Maximino Rodríguez Constitutionalist Liberal Party 374,898 15.03
José Alvarado Independent Liberal Party 112,562 4.51
Saturnino Cerrato Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance 107,392 4.31
Erick Cabezas Conservative Party 57,437 2.30
Carlos Canales Alliance for the Republic 35,002 1.40
Invalid/blank votes
Total 2,493,942 100
Registered voters/turnout
Source: CSE

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq "Gobernantes de Nicaragua". Ministerio de Educación. 9 December 2012.

External links[edit]