List of heads of state of Panama

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President of the Republic of Panama
Presidente de la República de Panamá
Presidential Flag of Panama.svg
Presidential Standard
Coat of arms of Panama.svg
Presidential Seal
Jcvarela.jpg
Incumbent
Juan Carlos Varela

since 1 July 2014
Residence Palacio de las Garzas
Term length Five years, not eligible for re-election immediately
Inaugural holder Manuel Amador Guerrero
Formation 20 February 1904
Website Presidencia de la República
Coat of arms of Panama.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Panama

This page lists heads of state of Panama since independence in 1840 and in 1903.

Short-lived first independence (1840–1841)[edit]

President of the Municipal Council of Panama and de facto President (1903)[edit]

Members of the Provisional Government Junta (1903–1904)[edit]

Presidents of Panama (1904–present)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Party
1 Amador Guerrero, Manuel.jpg Manuel Amador Guerrero
(1833–1909)
20 February 1904 1 October 1908 Conservative Party
2 Jose Domingo de Obaldía.jpg José Domingo de Obaldía
(1845–1910)
1 October 1908 1 March 1910[1] National Liberal Party
Carlos Antonio Mendoza.jpg Carlos Antonio Mendoza
(1856–1916)
Acting President
1 March 1910 1 October 1910 National Liberal Party
FBoyd4.jpg Federico Boyd
(1851–1924)
Acting President
1 October 1910 5 October 1910 National Liberal Party
Pabloarosemena.jpg Pablo Arosemena
(1836–1920)
Acting President
5 October 1910 1 October 1912 National Liberal Party
3 Belisario Porras Barahona.gif Belisario Porras Barahona
(1856–1942)
1 October 1912 1 October 1916 National Liberal Party
4 RMvaldes7.jpg Ramón Maximiliano Valdés
(1867–1918)
1 October 1916 3 June 1918[1] National Liberal Party
8CiroU.jpg Ciro Luis Urriola
(1863–1922)
Acting President
3 June 1918 1 October 1918 National Liberal Party
Pedro Antonio Díaz.jpg Pedro Antonio Díaz
(1852–1919)
Acting President
1 October 1918 12 October 1918 Conservative Party
5 Belisario Porras Barahona.gif Belisario Porras Barahona
(1856–1942)
12 October 1918 30 January 1920 National Liberal Party
Ernesto Tisdel Lefevre.jpg Ernesto Tisdel Lefevre
(1876–1922)
Acting President
30 January 1920 1 October 1920 National Liberal Party
6 Belisario Porras Barahona.gif Belisario Porras Barahona
(1856–1942)
1 October 1920 1 October 1924 National Liberal Party
7 Rodolfo Chiari.jpg Rodolfo Chiari
(1869–1937)
1 October 1924 1 October 1928 National Liberal Party
8 Florencio Harmodio Arosemena.jpg Florencio Harmodio Arosemena
(1872–1945)
1 October 1928 3 January 1931 National Liberal Party
No image.png Harmodio Arias Madrid
(1886–1963)
Acting President
3 January 1931 16 January 1931 Independent
9 Ricardo J. Alfaro.jpg Ricardo Joaquín Alfaro Jované
(1882–1971)
16 January 1931 5 June 1932 National Liberal Party
10 No image.png Harmodio Arias Madrid
(1886–1963)
5 June 1932 1 October 1936 National Revolutionary Party
11 No image.png Juan Demóstenes Arosemena
(1879–1939)
1 October 1936 16 December 1939[1] National Liberal Party
No image.png Ezequiel Fernández
(1886–1946)
Acting President
16 December 1939 18 December 1939 National Revolutionary Party
No image.png Augusto Samuel Boyd
(1879–1957)
Acting President
18 December 1939 1 October 1940 National Revolutionary Party
12 No image.png Arnulfo Arias
(1901–1988)
1 October 1940 9 October 1941 National Revolutionary Party
13 No image.png Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango
(1899–1969)
9 October 1941 15 June 1945 Independent
No image.png Enrique Adolfo Jiménez
(1888–1970)
Provisional President
15 June 1945 7 August 1948 National Liberal Party
14 No image.png Domingo Díaz Arosemena
(1875–1949)
7 August 1948 28 July 1949[2] National Liberal Party
15 No image.png Daniel Chanis Pinzón
(1892–1961)
28 July 1949 20 November 1949 National Liberal Party
16 Roberto F. Chiari.jpg Roberto Francisco Chiari Remón
(1905–1981)
20 November 1949 24 November 1949 National Liberal Party
17 No image.png Arnulfo Arias
(1901–1988)
24 November 1949 9 May 1951 Panameñista Party
18 No image.png Alcibíades Arosemena
(1883–1958)
9 May 1951 1 October 1952 Authentic Revolutionary Party
19 Estatua de José Antonio Remón Cantera - Sede de la Policía Nacional de Panamá (2012).jpg José Antonio Remón Cantera
(1908–1955)
1 October 1952 2 January 1955[3] National Patriotic Coalition
20 No image.png José Ramón Guizado
(1899–1964)
2 January 1955 29 March 1955 National Patriotic Coalition
21 No image.png Ricardo Arias
(1912–1993)
29 March 1955 1 October 1956 National Patriotic Coalition
22 No image.png Ernesto de la Guardia
(1904–1983)
1 October 1956 1 October 1960 National Patriotic Coalition
23 Roberto F. Chiari.jpg Roberto Francisco Chiari Remón
(1905–1981)
1 October 1960 1 October 1964 National Liberal Party
24 No image.png Marco Aurelio Robles
(1908–1990)
1 October 1964 1 October 1968 National Liberal Party
25 No image.png Arnulfo Arias
(1901–1988)
1 October 1968 11 October 1968 Panameñista Party
26 No image.png José María Pinilla Fábrega
(1919–1979)
12 October 1968 18 December 1969 National Guard
No image.png Bolívar Urrutia Parrilla
(1918–2005)
27 No image.png Demetrio B. Lakas
(1925–1999)
19 December 1969 11 October 1978 Independent
28 Aristides Royo (6713987733) (cropped).jpg Aristides Royo
(1940–)
11 October 1978 31 July 1982 Democratic Revolutionary Party
29 De-la-espriella-crop.jpg Ricardo de la Espriella
(1934–)
31 July 1982 13 February 1984 Democratic Revolutionary Party
30 No image.png Jorge Illueca
(1918–2012)
13 February 1984 11 October 1984 Independent
31 Nicolás Ardito Barletta Vallarino.jpg Nicolás Ardito Barletta Vallarino
(1938–)
11 October 1984 28 September 1985 Democratic Revolutionary Party
No image.png Eric Arturo Delvalle
(1937–2015)
Acting President
28 September 1985 26 February 1988 Republican Party
No image.png Manuel Solís Palma
(1917–2009)
Acting President
26 February 1988 1 September 1989 Democratic Revolutionary Party
No image.png Francisco Rodríguez
(1938–)
Provisional President
1 September 1989 20 December 1989[4] Democratic Revolutionary Party
32 Guillermo Endara 1993.jpg Guillermo Endara
(1936–2009)
20 December 1989 1 September 1994 Panameñista Party
33 No image.png Ernesto Pérez Balladares
(1946–)
1 September 1994 1 September 1999 Democratic Revolutionary Party
34 Mireya Moscoso.jpg Mireya Moscoso
(1946–)
1 September 1999 1 September 2004 Panameñista Party
35 Panama.MartinTorrijos.01.jpg Martín Torrijos
(1963–)
1 September 2004 1 July 2009 Democratic Revolutionary Party
36 Ricardo Martinelli Presidente de Panamá.jpg Ricardo Martinelli
(1951–)
1 July 2009 1 July 2014 Democratic Change
37 Jcvarela.jpg Juan Carlos Varela
(1963–)
1 July 2014 Incumbent Panameñista Party

Military (de facto) leaders of Panama (1968–1989)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Military
1 Omar Torrijos 1977.jpg Brigadier-General
Omar Torrijos
(1929–1981)[5]
11 October 1968 31 July 1981[6] National Guard
2 No image.png Colonel
Florencio Flores Aguilar
31 July 1981 3 March 1982 National Guard
3 No image.png Colonel
Rubén Darío Paredes
(1933–)
3 March 1982 12 August 1983 National Guard
4 Manuel Noriega mugshot cropped.jpg General
Manuel Noriega
(1934–)
12 August 1983 20 December 1989[4] National Guard
(1983)
Panamanian Defense Forces
(1983–1989)

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Juan Carlos Varela Panameñista Party 724,762 39.09
José Domingo Arias Democratic Change 581,828 31.38
Juan Carlos Navarro Democratic Revolutionary Party 521,842 28.14
Genaro López Broad Front for Democracy 11,127 0.60
Juan Jované Independent 10,805 0.58
Esteban Rodríguez Independent 2,240 0.12
Gerardo Barroso Independent 1,598 0.09
Valid votes 1,854,202 98.30
Invalid votes 17,162 0.91
Blank votes 14,944 0.79
Total votes 1,886,308 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 2,457,401 76.76
Source: Election Tribunal (100% of polling stations counted)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Died in office.
  2. ^ Resigned after a heart attack, and died less than a month later.
  3. ^ Assassinated.
  4. ^ a b Deposed in the United States invasion of Panama.
  5. ^ Styled as Maximum Leader of the Panamanian Revolution from 1972.
  6. ^ Killed in an aircraft crash.

External links[edit]