President of Paraguay

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President of the Republic of Paraguay
Presidente de la República del Paraguay
Flag of the President of Paraguay.svg
Standard of the President of the Republic
Horacio Cartes con banda.jpg
Incumbent
Horacio Cartes

since 15 August 2013
Style Excelentísimo Señor
Residence Mburuvichá Roga
Appointer Direct Popular Election
Term length Five years, non-renewable
Inaugural holder Fulgencio Yegros (First head of state)
Carlos Antonio López (First President)
Deputy Vice President of Paraguay
Website President of Paraguay
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Paraguay

The President of Paraguay (in Spanish: Presidente de la República del Paraguay) is according to the Paraguayan Constitution the head of the executive branch of the Government of Paraguay, both head of state and head of government. His honorific title is Excelentísimo Señor.

The workplace of the President of Paraguay is the Palacio de los López, in Asunción. The Presidential Residence is Mburuvichá Roga House, also in Asunción.

Once Presidents leave office, they are granted by the Paraguayan Constitution the non-voting position of Senator for life.

List of heads of state of Paraguay (1811–present)[edit]

Key: Independent Colorado Party Liberal Party Revolutionary Febrerista Party Patriotic Alliance for Change Authentic Radical Liberal Party
Term of Office President
(Birth–Death)
Picture Party
Presidents of the Superior Governing Junta
May 14, 1811 –
June 17, 1811
Junta [1] Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Independent
June 19, 1811 –
October 12, 1813
Fulgencio Yegros
(1780–1821)
Fulgencio Yegros.jpg Independent
Consuls of the Republic
October 12, 1813 –
February 12, 1814
José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia
(1766–1840)
Dr francia.JPG Independent
February 12, 1814 –
June 12, 1814
Fulgencio Yegros
(1780–1821)
Fulgencio Yegros.jpg Independent
June 12, 1814 –
October 3, 1814
José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia
(1766–1840)
Dr francia.JPG Independent
Supreme Dictator
October 3, 1814 –
September 20, 1840
José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia
(1766–1840) [2]
Dr francia.JPG Independent
Presidents of the Provisional Junta
September 20, 1840 –
January 22, 1841
Manuel Antonio Ortiz [3] Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Independent
January 22, 1841 –
February 9, 1841
Juan José Medina Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Independent
February 9, 1841 –
March 14, 1841
Mariano Roque Alonzo
(–1853)
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Independent
Consuls of the Republic
March 14, 1841 –
March 13, 1844
Carlos Antonio López
(1792–1862) and Mariano Roque Alonzo
(–1853) [4]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Independent
Presidents of the Republic
March 14, 1844 –
September 10, 1862
Carlos Antonio López
(1792–1862)
Carlos Antonio López.jpg Independent
September 10, 1862 –
August 15, 1869
Francisco Solano López
(1827–1870) [5]
Solano Lopez 1867.png Independent
August 15, 1869 –
August 31, 1870
Cirilo Antonio Rivarola
(1836–1878)
Cirilo Antonio Rivarola.jpg Independent
August 31, 1870 –
September 1, 1870
Facundo Machaín
(1845–1877) [6]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Independent
September 1, 1870 –
December 18, 1871
Cirilo Antonio Rivarola
(1836–1878) [7]
Cirilo Antonio Rivarola.jpg Independent
December 18, 1871 –
November 25, 1874
Salvador Jovellanos
(1833–1881) [6]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Independent
November 25, 1874 –
April 12, 1877
Juan Bautista Gill
(1840–1877)
Juan Bautista Gill Picture.jpg Independent
April 12, 1877 –
November 25, 1878
Higinio Uriarte
(1843–1909) [6]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Independent
November 25, 1878 –
September 4, 1880
Cándido Bareiro
(1833–1880)
Cándido Bareiro.jpg Independent
September 4, 1880 –
November 25, 1886
Bernardino Caballero
(1839–1912) [8]
Bernardino Caballero.jpg Colorado
November 25, 1886 –
November 25, 1890
Patricio Escobar
(1843–1912)
Patricio escobarpy.jpg Colorado
November 25, 1890 –
June 9, 1894
Juan Gualberto González
(1851–1912)
Juan Gualberto González.jpg Colorado
June 9, 1894 –
November 25, 1894
Marcos Morínigo
(1848–1901) [6]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Colorado
November 25, 1894 –
November 25, 1898
Juan Bautista Egusquiza
(1845–1902)
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Colorado
November 25, 1898 –
January 9, 1902
Emilio Aceval
(1853–1931)
Emiliace.jpg Colorado
January 9, 1902 –
November 25, 1902
Andrés Héctor Carvallo
(1862–1934) [6]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Colorado
November 25, 1902 –
December 19, 1904
Juan Antonio Escurra
(1859–1929)
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Colorado
December 19, 1904 –
December 9, 1905
Juan Bautista Gaona
(1845–1932) [6]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Liberal
December 9, 1905 –
November 25, 1906
Cecilio Báez
(1862–1941) [6]
CECILIO BAEZ.jpg Liberal
November 25, 1906 –
July 4, 1908
Benigno Ferreira
(1846–1920)
General BenignoFerreira7.jpg Liberal
July 4, 1908 –
November 25, 1910
Emiliano González Navero
(1861–1934) [6]
Emiliano González Navero, presidente de la República del Paraguay.JPG Liberal
November 25, 1910 –
January 17, 1911
Manuel Gondra
(1871–1927)
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Liberal
January 17, 1911 –
July 5, 1911
Albino Jara
(1877–1912) [6]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Liberal
July 5, 1911 –
February 28, 1912
Liberato Marcial Rojas
(1870–1922) [6]
Liberatorojas.jpg Liberal
February 28, 1911 –
March 22, 1912
Pedro Peña
(1864–1943) [6]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Liberal
March 22, 1912 –
August 15, 1912
Emiliano González Navero
(1861–1934) [6]
Emiliano González Navero, presidente de la República del Paraguay.JPG Liberal
August 15, 1912 –
August 15, 1916
Eduardo Schaerer
(1873–1941)
Schaerer 5496663999 e31a295834 o.jpg Liberal
August 15, 1916 –
June 5, 1919
Manuel Franco
(1871–1919)
Manuel Franco.jpg Liberal
June 5, 1919 –
August 15, 1920
José Pedro Montero
(1878–1927) [6]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Liberal
August 15, 1920 –
November 7, 1921
Manuel Gondra
(1871–1927)
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Liberal
November 7, 1921 –
April 12, 1923
Eusebio Ayala
(1875–1942) [6]
EUSEBIO AYALA.jpg Liberal
April 12, 1923 –
March 17, 1924
Eligio Ayala
(1879–1930) [6]
Eligio ayala.jpg Liberal
March 17, 1924 –
August 15, 1924
Luis Alberto Riart
(1880–1953) [6]
LUIS RIART.jpg Liberal
August 15, 1924 –
August 15, 1928
Eligio Ayala
(1879–1930)
Eligio ayala.jpg Liberal
August 15, 1928 –
August 15, 1932
José Guggiari
(1884–1957)
1904 jose patricio guggiari.jpg Liberal
August 15, 1932 –
February 17, 1936
Eusebio Ayala
(1875–1942)
EUSEBIO AYALA.jpg Liberal
February 20, 1936 –
August 15, 1937
Rafael Franco
(1896–1973) [6]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Revolutionary Febrerista
August 16, 1937 –
August 15, 1939
Félix Paiva
(1877–1965) [9]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Liberal
August 15, 1939 –
September 7, 1940
José Estigarribia
(1888–1940)
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Liberal
September 7, 1940 –
June 3, 1948
Higinio Moríñigo
(1897–1983)
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Independent
June 3, 1948 –
August 15, 1948
Juan Manuel Frutos
(1879–1960) [6]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Colorado
August 15, 1948 –
January 30, 1949
Juan González
(1897–1966)
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Colorado
January 30, 1949 –
February 27, 1949
Raimundo Rolón
(1903–1981) [6]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Colorado
February 27, 1949 –
September 10, 1949
Felipe Molas
(1901–1954) [10]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Colorado
September 10, 1949 –
May 5, 1954
Federico Chávez
(1882–1978) [11]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Colorado
May 5, 1954 –
August 15, 1954
Tomás Romero
(1886–1982) [6]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Colorado
August 15, 1954 –
February 3, 1989
Alfredo Stroessner
(1912–2006) [12]
Alfredo Stroessner2.jpg Colorado
February 3, 1989 –
August 15, 1993
Andrés Rodríguez
(1923–1997) [13]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Colorado
August 15, 1993 –
August 15, 1998
Juan Carlos Wasmosy
(1938–)
Wasmosy 1990 (cropped).jpg Colorado
August 15, 1998 –
March 28, 1999
Raúl Cubas
(1943–)
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Colorado
March 28, 1999 –
August 15, 2003
Luis González
(1947–)
Gonzalez Macchi 2003.jpg Colorado
August 15, 2003 –
August 15, 2008
Nicanor Duarte
(1956–)
Paraguay.NicanorDuarte.02.jpg Colorado
August 15, 2008 –
June 22, 2012
Fernando Lugo
(1951–)
Fernando Lugo Mendez Py (Copyred).jpg Patriotic Alliance for Change
June 22, 2012 –
August 15, 2013
Federico Franco
(1962–)
Federico Franco.jpg Authentic Radical Liberal
August 15, 2013 –
present
Horacio Cartes
(1956–)
Horacio Cartes con banda.jpg Colorado

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Composed of the following leaders: Vicente Ignacio Iturbe Domínguez; Juan Valeriano de Zevallos; Fulgencio Yegros; Pedro Juan Caballero and José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia.
  2. ^ Styled as "Perpetual Supreme Dictator" from June 6, 1816.
  3. ^ Formally sworn into office on September 25, 1840.
  4. ^ López and Alonzo would rule jointly, but were occasionally styled First Consul and Second Consul.
  5. ^ Acting President before October 16, 1862; continued to act as de facto President after deposition until his death on March 1, 1870.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Acting.
  7. ^ Acting President until November 25, 1870.
  8. ^ Acting President until November 25, 1882.
  9. ^ Acting President until October 12, 1938.
  10. ^ Acting President until May 14, 1949.
  11. ^ Acting President until August 15, 1953.
  12. ^ Served eight terms. Elected by presidential elections in 1954, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1973, 1978, 1983 and 1988.
  13. ^ Acting President until May 15, 1989.

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 21 April 2013 Paraguayan presidential election results
Candidate Party Votes %
Horacio Manuel Cartes Jara Colorado Party 1,104,169 48.48
Pedro Efraín Alegre Sasiain Authentic Radical Liberal Party 889,451 39.05
Mario Aníbal Ferreiro Sanabria Avanza País¹ RFP 141,716 6.22
Aníbal Enrique Carillo Iramain Guasú Front PCS² 79,573 3.49
Miguel Garrizosa Galiano Beloved Fatherland Party 27,026 1.19
Lino César Oviedo Sánchez National Union of Ethical Citizens 19,416 0.85
Roberto Carlos Ferreira Franco Paraguayan Humanist Party 4,264 0.19
Lilian Susana Soto Badaui Kuña Pyrenda Movement 3,925 0.17
Eduardo María Arce Schaerer Workers' Party 3,011 0.13
Ricardo Martín Almada Pérez White Party 2,767 0.12
Atanasio Galeano Free Homeland Party 2,416 0.11
Invalid/blank votes 131,703
Total 2,409,437 100
Registered voters/turnout 3,516,275 68.52
Source: Justicia Electoral

External links[edit]