List of Presidents of Rwanda

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President of the
Republic of Rwanda
Presidential Standard of Rwanda.svg
Flag of the President
Paul Kagame 2014.jpg
Incumbent
Paul Kagame

since 24 March 2000
Residence Urugwiro, Kigali
Term length 7 years
Inaugural holder Dominique Mbonyumutwa
Formation 28 January 1961
Coat of arms of Rwanda.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Rwanda

This article lists the Presidents of Rwanda since the creation of the office in 1961 (during the Rwandan Revolution), to the present day. As specified in the constitution, the President functions as the head of state of Rwanda, and possesses broad executive powers.[1] The officeholder is elected by popular vote every seven years,[2] and appoints the Prime Minister and all other members of Cabinet.[3]

A total of four people have served as President of Rwanda (not counting two Acting Presidents). The current President is Paul Kagame, since 24 March 2000.

Key[edit]

Political parties
Other factions
Status
  •   Acting President

List[edit]

President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Ethnic affiliation Political affiliation Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office
Republic of Rwanda (part of Ruanda-Urundi)
Dominique Mbonyumutwa
(1921–1986)
No image.png 28 January 1961 26 October 1961 Hutu Parmehutu Kayibanda
1 Grégoire Kayibanda
(1924–1976)
26 October 1961 1 July 1962 Hutu Parmehutu Himself
Republic of Rwanda (independent country)
(1) Grégoire Kayibanda
(1924–1976)
1 July 1962 5 July 1973
(deposed.)
1965
1969
Hutu Parmehutu Position abolished
2 Juvénal Habyarimana
(1937–1994)[4]
Juvénal Habyarimana (1980).jpg 5 July 1973 6 April 1994
(assassinated.)
1978
1983
1988
Hutu Military /
MRND
Nsanzimana
Nsengiyaremye
Uwilingiyimana
Théodore Sindikubwabo
(1928–1998)
8 April 1994 19 July 1994
(ousted.)[5]
Hutu MRND Kambanda
3 Pasteur Bizimungu
(1950–)
No image.png 19 July 1994 23 March 2000
(resigned.)
Hutu RPF Twagiramungu
Rwigema
Makuza
4 Paul Kagame
(1957–)
Paul Kagame 2014.jpg 24 March 2000 22 April 2000 2003
2010
2017
Tutsi RPF Makuza
Habumuremyi
Murekezi
Ngirente
22 April 2000 Incumbent

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Paul Kagame Rwandan Patriotic Front 6,650,722 98.63
Philippe Mpayimana Independent 49,117 0.73
Frank Habineza Democratic Green Party of Rwanda 31,633 0.47
Invalid/blank votes
Total 6,731,472 100
Registered voters/turnout
Source: NEC Rwanda

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ CJCR 2003, article 117.
  2. ^ CJCR 2003, articles 100–101.
  3. ^ CJCR 2003, article 116.
  4. ^ Styled as Chairman of the Committee for Peace and National Unity until 1 August 1973
  5. ^ Fled to Zaire at the end of the Rwandan Civil War and the Rwandan genocide

References[edit]

External links[edit]