President of Suriname

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President of Suriname
President van de Republiek Suriname
Flag of the President of Suriname.svg
Standard of the President of Suriname
President Bouterse.JPG
Incumbent
Dési Bouterse

since 12 August 2010
ResidencePresidential Palace
Term lengthFive years, renewable
Inaugural holderJohan Ferrier
Formation25 November 1975
DeputyVice President of Suriname
Website[1]
Coat of arms of Suriname.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Suriname
Constitution
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The President of the Republic of Suriname (Dutch: President van de Republiek Suriname) is, in accordance with the Constitution of 1987, the head of state and head of government of Suriname, and commander-in-chief of the Suriname National Army (SNL).

The current president is Dési Bouterse, a former army officer and military dictator. He is affiliated with the National Democratic Party. Bouterse was elected on 19 July 2010 and inaugurated on 12 August at the Anthony Nesty Sporthal (formerly known as National Indoor Stadium).

History[edit]

The office of president was created upon independence from the Netherlands in 1975. Until 1987, the role was largely ceremonial. The first officeholder was Johan Ferrier, a schoolteacher and veteran politician who had served as governor since 1968. He resigned as president in August 1980, several months after a coup d'état. From then until 1988, the titular Presidents were essentially army-installed puppets of Lt. Col. Bouterse, who ruled as a dictator with few practical checks on his power. Democracy was restored in 1988, the year after the adoption of the constitution, in which the duties and responsibilities of the president were included. On December 24, 1990, two days after Bouterse's resignation as army commander, the army called president Ramsewak Shankar to inform him that he and his cabinet were removed from office. Police Chief and Acting Commander of the army, Ivan Graanoogst was appointed Acting President. On December 27, 1990, Johannes Kraag became the president. Since 1991, the president is elected democratically.

Election[edit]

The president and a vice president are elected by the National Assembly to a five-year mandate and are accountable to the Assembly. During his time in office, the president must forfeit any additional posts in politics or business.

Qualification[edit]

A candidate must be a Surinamese national (resident in the country for at least six years) who is at least 30 years of age. A candidate must win at least two-thirds of the votes in the Assembly to be elected. If no candidate wins two-thirds after three rounds, the vote then goes to the United People's Congress, composed of the Assembly and local government officials. In this case, a simple majority is required.

Powers and duties[edit]

The president is vested with extensive functional powers. The president names and dismisses ministers, signs bills, and names and dismisses diplomatic staff. He declares war and states of emergency with the ratification of the National Assembly. He concludes foreign treaties and agreements, again with the assent of the Assembly. He also exercises ceremonial duties such as conferring awards, receiving foreign diplomats, and granting pardons.

List of Presidents of Suriname[edit]

[1]

President Term of office Political party
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Johan Ferrier (1955).jpg Johan Ferrier
(1910–2010)
25 November 1975 13 August 1980[a] 4 years, 262 days Independent
2 H.Chin A Sen.jpg Hendrick Chin A Sen
(1934–1999)
15 August 1980 4 February 1982[b] 1 year, 173 days Nationalist Republican Party
3 L.F.Ramdat Misier.jpg Fred Ramdat Misier
(1926–2004)
8 February 1982 25 January 1988 5 years, 351 days Independent
4 No image.png Ramsewak Shankar
(born 1937)
25 January 1988 24 December 1990[c] 2 years, 333 days Progressive Reform Party
5 Johan Kraag (1965).jpg Johan Kraag
(1913–1996)
29 December 1990 16 September 1991 261 days National Party of Suriname
6 Ronald Venetiaan.jpg Ronald Venetiaan
(born 1937)
16 September 1991 15 September 1996 4 years, 365 days National Party of Suriname
7 JulesWijdenbosch2017.jpg Jules Wijdenbosch
(born 1942)
15 September 1996 12 August 2000 3 years, 332 days National Democratic Party
(6) Ronald Venetiaan.jpg Ronald Venetiaan
(born 1937)
12 August 2000 12 August 2010 10 years, 0 days National Party of Suriname
8 President Bouterse.JPG Dési Bouterse
(born 1945)
12 August 2010 Incumbent 9 years, 114 days
(as of 4 December 2019)
National Democratic Party

Timeline[edit]

Dési BouterseJules WijdenboschRonald VenetiaanJohan KraagRamsewak ShankarFred Ramdat MisierHendrick Chin A SenJohan Ferrier

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Resigned after the Sergeants' Coup.
  2. ^ Dismissed by Bouterse.
  3. ^ Deposed in the Telephone Coup.

Latest election[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]