President of Tajikistan

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President of Tajikistan
Президенти Тоҷикистон
Президент Таджикистана
Flag of the President of Tajikistan.svg
Presidential Standard
Emomali Rahmon 2019.jpg
Incumbent
Emomali Rahmon

since 16 November 1994
ResidencePalace of Nations, Dushanbe
AppointerPopular vote
Term length7 years
renewable optional
Formation30 November 1990
First holderQahhor Mahkamov
SuccessionChairman of the National Assembly[1]
Salary13,200 USD annually[2][3]

The president of Tajikistan is the head of state and the highest position within the Government of Tajikistan. The position of President was created in November 1990 while Tajikistan was still a Soviet Republic. The president of Tajikistan lives in the capital, Dushanbe.

History of the presidency[edit]

The first president of Tajikistan was Qahhor Mahkamov, who held the position of First Secretary of the Communist Party of Tajikistan and was appointed President of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic in November 1990. Mahkamov served both as First Secretary and President but was forced to resign in August 1991 due to the unpopularity of his support for the August Coup of 1991 in Moscow and the resulting street demonstrations in Dushanbe. From 1991 to 1992 the post of the president changed hands several times due to the political changes and uncertainty following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and ensuing social unrest and violence in the Tajikistani Civil War. Since 1994, Emomali Rahmon has held the position of the presidency. The presidential elections were last held in 2013. Presidential elections in Tajikistan have consistently been criticized by international observers as unfair and favoring the ruling party.

Constitutional role[edit]

The president of Tajikistan is the head of the state and the de facto head of government, making him/her the highest ranking chief government official in the country. The president is elected by a national vote and was historically limited to one seven-year term which can only be renewed once, until the abolishment of term limits. The president is also the supreme commander-in-chief of the Tajik National Army.

The office of the president consisting of 5 departments and 24 offices is the executive arm of the president, including, inter alia, the following are the most important ones:

  • Department of the constitutional rights of citizens
  • Department of Public affairs, information and cultural affairs
  • Department of Social Policy
  • Department of economic policy

In addition to the executive office of the president, there is a Security Council that advises the president on matters of national security. As Supreme Commander-in-Chief, he also is entitled to use the Center for the Management of the Armed Forces (opened on National Army Day in 2018), which would serve as the main military command center for the president, similarly to the Russian Armed Forces National Defense Management Center.[4] The president also has five state advisors who aide the president on policy issues:

  • State Advisor on Economic Issues
  • State Advisor on International Affairs
  • State Advisor on Science and Social issues
  • State Advisor on Public Affairs Information and Culture and State
  • State Advisor on Defense and Law Enforcement

Presidential Standard[edit]

The Standard of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan is the official symbol of the office of president in the country. It was made a legal state symbol in accordance with an amendment to Law No. 192 on July 28, 2006.[5] It was introduced in time for the inauguration ceremony for Emomali Rahmon in his third term as head of state. The standard is a rectangular panel consisting of three horizontally arranged color bars which are similar to the colors on the Flag of Tajikistan. In it, there is a symbolic Derafsh Kaviani banner the center, with its upper part having spear, symbolizing the will and power of the authorities for the defense of the country. The banner is four-sided and has four branches inside (which represents the four regions of Tajikistan), while the center depicts a winged lion with a crown and seven stars, which are the basis of the emblem of Tajikistan. The Derafsh Kaviani is embroidered with two gold threads on both sides of the standard.

Residence[edit]

Since 2008, the Palace of Nations (also called the Kohi Millat or the White House) has been the official residence of the president of Tajikistan. The president often receives foreign dignitaries and public official at the palace, as well as holds public events at its main hall. Its construction was dedicated to Tajik historic king Ismail Samani. It opened in August 2008, hosting an SCO summit in its first day. The palace is portrayed on the back of a 500 Somoni banknote.[6]

Up until 2008, the presidential residence was located in a different location, in building that was built in 1957 (to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the October Revolution),[7][8] and formerly served as the headquarters of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan.[9] In the Soviet era, it had hosted dignitaries such as Raul Castro, Ho Chi Minh, Nikita Khrushchev, Leonid Brezhnev, and Boris Yeltsin.[10] In 2017, the building became the temporary office of the Mayor of Dushanbe.[11] It became the presidential residence in 1992.[12][13][14] In February 2020, it was announced that the former palace would be demolished.

Selection process[edit]

Elections[edit]

The President of Tajikistan is elected for a seven year term using the two-round system; if no candidate receives over 50% of all votes cast,[15] a second round is held between 15 and 31 days later between the two candidates who received the most votes. For the result to be validated, voter turnout must exceed 50%; if it falls below the threshold, fresh elections will be held.[16]

Latest election[edit]

CandidatePartyVotes%
Emomali RahmonPeople's Democratic Party3,853,98792.08
Rustam LatifzodaAgrarian Party128,1823.06
Rustam RahmatzodaParty of Economic Reform90,9182.17
Abduhalim GhafforovSocialist Party63,0821.51
Miroj AbdulloyevCommunist Party49,5351.18
Total4,185,704100.00
Valid votes4,185,70498.75
Invalid/blank votes53,1351.25
Total votes4,238,839100.00
Registered voters/turnout85.44
Source: CEC

Inauguration ceremony[edit]

The inauguration ceremony takes place at the Kokhi Somon Palace in Dushanbe. Following the ceremony, a military parade of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Tajikistan is held on Dousti Square. The minister of defence reads the oath of the allegiance to the Supreme Commander-in-Chief during the ceremony before the troops of the National Army march off.[17] A 30-gun salute is fired to mark the occasion.[18] The following years saw inauguration ceremonies held:[citation needed]

  • 1994

List of presidents of Tajikistan[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term Political Party Elected
Took office Left office Time in office
President
1
Qahhor Mahkamov
Mahkamov, QahhorQahhor Mahkamov
(1932–2016)
30 November 199031 August 19911 yearCommunist
Kadriddin Aslonov
Aslonov, KadriddinKadriddin Aslonov
(1947–1992)
Acting
31 August 199123 September 199123 daysCommunist
2
Rahmon Nabiyev
Nabiyev, RahmonRahmon Nabiyev
(1930–1993)
23 September 19916 October 199113 daysCommunist
Akbarsho Iskandrov
Iskandrov, AkbarshoAkbarsho Iskandrov
(born 1951)
Acting
6 October 19912 December 199157 daysCommunist
(2)
Rahmon Nabiyev
Nabiyev, RahmonRahmon Nabiyev
(1930–1993)
2 December 19917 September 19921 yearCommunist1991
Akbarsho Iskandrov
Iskandrov, AkbarshoAkbarsho Iskandrov
(born 1951)
Acting
7 September 199220 November 199274 daysCommunist
3
Emomali Rahmon
Rahmon, EmomaliEmomali Rahmon
(born 1952)
16 November 1994Incumbent26 years, 210 daysPDP1994
1999
2006
2013
2020

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://eurasianet.org/tajikistan-succession-process-near-close-as-presidents-son-named-senate-chair
  2. ^ "Зарплаты президентов - Новости Таджикистана ASIA-Plus". news.tj. Archived from the original on 2019-06-03.
  3. ^ "Сколько зарабатывает Путин и президенты других стран / FinHow.ru". finhow.ru.
  4. ^ https://www.translatoruser-int.com/translate?&from=ru&to=en&csId=84706578-618e-42e7-9325-73da5e3f1539&usId=feed6a2b-91a8-497c-b961-4a43e6e41829&dl=en&ac=true&dt=2019%2f6%2f13%200%3a39&h=0DhAvXKw_eDb5XCSNX2spXVtdQ2YZ5Ih&a=https%3a%2f%2fwww.news.tj%2fnews%2ftajikistan%2fsecurity%2f20180221%2fv-tadzhikistane-poyavilsya-tsentr-upravleniya-vooruzhennimi-silami
  5. ^ "Закон Республики Таджикистан от 28 июля 2006 года № 192 «О символах Президента Республики Таджикистан»". Archived from the original on 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2019-03-25.
  6. ^ ЭНЦИКЛОПЕДИЯ AMD — КАСРИ МИЛЛАТ / ДВОРЕЦ НАЦИИ
  7. ^ https://asiaplustj.info/en/news/tajikistan/power/20200212/former-presidential-palace-in-dushanbe-will-be-demolished?__cf_chl_jschl_tk__=7afe01dd88e17292c0ef880624627a8b1d20ad25-1618856950-0-Afc9tQbfMa7FQX6wfUCMzGnj6tcJfHWAOWucGNbA4LHIqeCIujKZv8UTH_683ArRFAwrGkDvO5iRmJ0ePNS2AhxTOVzzI0UEk7tWy73uSXPk7O3h49WSVFvG2Vwlu-O7osGuWC5fF_4nK3Gl9HeFyyRyG8Pk3w2kBO97mPPFfwCR3mv8-ogjqrYN1rZEjm3NQ6jXCQ-K66pqlVTWpKAtxBZjonLpAqEGTlWGTJLKdTB3Z8RJ7Uidmb_CUJyLuOqABqsOJ45BfdPV5dHaFwSXguQDu3Gk0FIPCYhX6XyypTMd7astc7JPNNACROeT058-_8lpqeQur0pX1kBcH-MGFLvP8C7Gt72kEty2U1A3U6Po64I51bMwm68k8XhPZYFMtbvgWB_B35oiP0VHxHZ9o8T57d5niREBpeeJnxqTlIFaPSfc3XjcV0Ns2tOfGCan_UzPaqUNE3KB5OveL_C6mdWtdYQiEWDGoEj4zz2LnjMXxySMenzOXQGzVgQ5HWFAtA. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ "В ДУШАНБЕ СНОСЯТ БЫВШИЙ ПРЕЗИДЕНТСКИЙ ДВОРЕЦ (ВИДЕО)". akhbor-rus.com. Retrieved 2021-04-20.
  9. ^ "В Душанбе готовят к сносу бывший президентский дворец. ВИДЕО". Радио Озоди (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-04-20.
  10. ^ Inoyatova, Sher Khashimov,Tahmina. "Transforming Tajikistan: Between a Soviet past and a Tajik future". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  11. ^ Dushanbe, Esfandiar Adineh in (2017-10-19). "Demolishing Dushanbe: how the former city of Stalinabad is erasing its Soviet past". the Guardian. Retrieved 2021-04-19.
  12. ^ "В Душанбе приступили к сносу Дворца президента Таджикистана". ia-centr.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-04-20.
  13. ^ https://asiaplustj.info/ru/news/tajikistan/society/20200910/bivshii-prezidentskii-dvorets-v-dushanbe-pochti-polnostyu-snesen. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "В столице Таджикистана сносят бывший президентский дворец – фото". Reporter.kg (in Russian). 2020-09-11. Retrieved 2021-04-20.
  15. ^ Elections in Tajikistan: November 6 Presidential Elections: Frequently Asked Questions IFES
  16. ^ Elections in Tajikistan: November 6 Presidential Elections: Frequently Asked Questions IFES
  17. ^ "Трансляция с площади "Дусти" города Душанбе по случаю инаугурации Президента Республики Таджикистан - YouTube". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  18. ^ "Emomali Rahmon sworn in as President of the Republic of Tajikistan". una-oic.org. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  19. ^ "Эмомали Рахмон в пятый раз присягнул на верность народу и Конституции Таджикистана". UzReport.news (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  20. ^ "Маросими Савгандёдкунии Президенти Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон Э.Ш.Раҳмонов | Президенти Тоҷикистон - President of Tajikistan - Президент Таджикистана - رئيس جمهورية تاجيكستان". www.president.tj. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  21. ^ "Tajik President Sworn In For Fourth Term". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  22. ^ "Everyone should watch presidential inauguration ceremony | Tajikistan News ASIA-Plus". www.asiaplustj.info. Retrieved 2020-11-03.

External links[edit]