President of Tajikistan
|President of Tajikistan|
|Residence||Palace of Nations, Dushanbe|
|Term length||7 years, renewable optional|
|Inaugural holder||Qahhor Mahkamov|
|Formation||30 November 1990|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The President of Tajikistan is the head of state and the highest position within the Government of Tajikistan. The position of President was created in November 1990 while Tajikistan was still a Soviet Republic. The President of Tajikistan lives in the capital, Dushanbe.
History of the Presidency
The first President of Tajikistan was Qahhor Mahkamov, who held the position of First Secretary of the Communist Party of Tajikistan and was appointed President of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic in November 1990. Mahkamov served both as First Secretary and President but was forced to resign in August 1991 due to the unpopularity of his support for the August Coup of 1991 in Moscow and the resulting street demonstrations in Dushanbe. From 1991 to 1992 the post of the president changed hands several times due to the political changes and uncertainty following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and ensuing social unrest and violence in the Tajikistan Civil War. Since 1994, Emomali Rahmonov has held the position of the presidency. The presidential elections were last held in 2013. Presidential elections in Tajikistan have consistently been criticized by international observers as unfair and favoring the ruling party.
The President of the Republic of Tajikistan is the head of the state and the Chairman of the Government - the highest executive body of the country. The President of the Republic of Tajikistan is elected by national vote for the seven-year term and could be re-elected only once. The President is also a Commander in Chief of the National Army. The office of the President consisting of 5 departments and 24 offices is the executive arm of the President, including, inter alia, the following are the most important ones:
- Department on constitutional rights of citizens
- Public affairs, information and cultural affairs department
- Social policy department
- Department on economic policy
In addition to the executive office of the President, there is a Security Council and five State Advisors, including the State Advisor on Economic Issues, State Advisor on International Affairs, State Advisor on Science and Social issues, State Advisor on Public Affairs, Information and Culture and State Advisor on Defense and Law Enforcement.
|Emomalii Rahmon||People's Democratic Party||3,023,754||83.92|
|Ismoil Talbakov||Communist Party||181,675||5.04|
|Talibek Buhariyev||Agrarian Party||166,224||4.61|
|Alim Babayev||Economic Reform Party||140,733||3.91|
|Abduhalim Gaffarov||Socialist Party||54,148||1.50|
|Saidcafar Ismanov||Democratic Party||36,573||1.02|