President of Tajikistan

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President of Tajikistan
Standard of the President of Tajikistan.svg
Presidential Standard
Emomali Rahmon.jpg
Emomalii Rahmon

since 16 November 1994
Appointer Popularly Elected
Term length 7 years, renewable optional
Inaugural holder Qahhor Mahkamov
Formation 30 November 1990
Emblem of Tajikistan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Supreme Assembly (parliament)
Foreign relations

The President of Tajikistan is the Head of State and highest position within the Government of Tajikistan. The position of President was created in November 1990 while Tajikistan was still a Soviet Republic. The president of Tajikistan lives in the capital, Dushanbe.

History of the Presidency[edit]

The first president of Tajikistan was Qahhor Mahkamov, who held the position of First Secretary of the Communist Party of Tajikistan and was appointed President of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic in November 1990. Mahkamov served both as First Secretary and President but was forced to resign in August 1991 due to the unpopularity of his support for the August Coup of 1991 in Moscow and the resulting street demonstrations in Dushanbe. From 1991 to 1992 the post of the president changed hands several times due to the political changes and uncertainty following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and ensuing social unrest and violence in the Tajikistan Civil War. Since 1994, Emomali Rahmonov has held the position of the presidency. The presidential elections were last held in 2013. Presidential elections in Tajikistan have consistently been criticized by international observers as unfair and favoring the ruling party.

Constitutional role[edit]

The President of the Republic of Tajikistan is the head of the state and the Chairman of the Government - the highest executive body of the country. The President of the Republic of Tajikistan is elected by national vote for the seven year term and could be re-elected only once. The President is also a Commander in Chief of the National Army. The office of the President consisting of 5 departments and 24 offices is the executive arm of the President, including, inter alia, the following are the most important ones:

  • Department on constitutional rights of citizens
  • Public affairs, information and cultural affairs department
  • Social policy department
  • Department on economic policy

In addition to the executive office of the President, there is a Security Council and five State Advisors, including the State Advisor on Economic Issues, State Advisor on International Affairs, State Advisor on Science and Social issues, State Advisor on Public Affairs, Information and Culture and State Advisor on Defense and Law Enforcement.


Further information: Leaders of Tajikistan

The first column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as president, while the second column consecutively numbers the Presidential terms or administrations.

I. № A. № Name
Picture Took office Left office Political party
Presidents of the Republic of Tajikistan
1st 1st Qahhor Mahkamov
Emblem of Tajikistan.svg 30 November 1990 31 August 1991 Communist Party of Tajikistan
During this interval, Qadriddin Aslonov was the Acting President.
2nd 2nd Rahmon Nabiyev
Emblem of Tajikistan.svg 23 September 1991 6 October 1991 Communist Party of Tajikistan
During this interval, Akbarsho Iskandrov was the Acting President.
2nd 2nd Rahmon Nabiyev
Emblem of Tajikistan.svg 2 December 1991 7 September 1992 Communist Party of Tajikistan
During this interval, Akbarsho Iskandrov was the Acting President.
Post abolished
Chairman of the Supreme Assembly of the Republic of Tajikistan
Emomali Rahmon
Emomali Rahmon.jpg 20 November 1992 16 November 1994 Independent
Presidents of the Republic of Tajikistan
Post restored
3rd 3rd Emomali Rahmon
Emomali Rahmon.jpg 16 November 1994 6 November 1999 People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan
4th 6 November 1999 6 November 2006
5th 6 November 2006 16 November 2013
6th 16 November 2013 Incumbent

Last election results[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Emomalii Rahmon People's Democratic Party 3,023,754 83.92
Ismail Talbakov Communist Party 181,675 5.04
Talibek Buhariyev Agrarian Party 166,224 4.61
Alim Babayev Economic Reform Party 140,733 3.91
Abduhalim Gaffarov Socialist Party 54,148 1.50
Saidcafar Ismanov Democratic Party 36,573 1.02
Invalid/blank votes 36,949
Total 3,640,056 100
Registered voters/turnout 4,201,156 86.64
Source: IFES

See also[edit]

External links[edit]