President of Turkmenistan

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President of Turkmenistan
Emblem of Turkmenistan.svg
Coat of Arms of Turkmenistan
Presidential Standard of Turkmenistan.svg
Standard of the President of Turkmenistan
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow 2012-09-11.jpg
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow

since 14 February 2007[1]
Residence Oguzkhan Presidential Palace
Seat Ashgabat
Appointer Direct popular vote
Term length 7 years, renewable
Inaugural holder Saparmurat Niyazov
Formation 2 November 1990 (Turkmen SSR)
27 October 1991 (Turkmenistan)

President of Turkmenistan is the head of state and of the executive power, is the highest official of Turkmenistan, and has the constitutional charter to act as a guarantor of national independence, territorial integrity, and adherence to the Constitution and international agreements.[2]

Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow has been the president of Turkmenistan since the death of Saparmurat Niyazov in 2006. In the 2017 election Berdimuhamedow received 98% of the country popular vote against eight other candidates. The country passed reforms in 2016 eliminating term limits for the presidency and removing the previous age requirement of below 70, as well as extending the term from five to seven years.[3]

Leaders of Turkmenistan (1925–1991)[edit]

Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (1925–1991)[edit]

First Secretaries of the Communist Party of Turkmenistan[edit]

Presidents of the Republic of Turkmenistan (1990–present)[edit]

The first column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as president, while the second column consecutively numbers the Presidential terms or administrations.

A. № Name Picture Took office Left office Political party
1 1.
Saparmurat Niyazov Saparmurat Niyazov in 2002.jpg 2 November 1990 16 December 1991 Communist Party of Turkmenistan
(1) 16 December 1991 21 June 1992 Democratic Party of Turkmenistan
21 June 1992 28 December 1999[4]
President for Life
28 December 1999 21 December 2006[5]
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow 2012-09-11.jpg 21 December 2006 11 February 2007 Democratic Party of Turkmenistan

2 1.
11 February 2007 12 February 2012
12 February 2012 12 February 2017
12 February 2017 Incumbent
Emblem of Turkmenistan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

Rank by time in office[edit]

Rank President Time in office
1 Saparmurat Niyazov 15 years, 55 days[6]
2 Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow 10 years, 147 days 10 years, 349 days
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow 202 days (Acting)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Acting between 21 December 2006 and 14 February 2007.
  2. ^ Article 50 of the Constitution of Turkmenistan.
  3. ^ "The president of Turkmenistan wins re-election with 98% of the vote". The Economist. Retrieved 2017-02-26. 
  4. ^ Declared President for Life.
  5. ^ Died in office.
  6. ^ Counting from the declaration of independence on 27 October 1991.

External links[edit]