President of the Board of Trade

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United Kingdom
President of the Board of Trade
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Liam Fox 2016.jpg
Incumbent
Liam Fox

since 19 July 2016
Board of Trade
Style The Right Honourable
(Formal prefix)
President of the Board of Trade
Member of British Cabinet
Privy Council
Reports to The Prime Minister
Seat Westminster, London
Appointer The British Monarch
on advice of the Prime Minister
Term length No fixed term

The President of the Board of Trade is head of the Board of Trade a committee of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, first established as a temporary committee of inquiry in the 17th century that evolved gradually into a government department with a diverse range of functions.[1] The current holder is Liam Fox who is also the Secretary of State for International Trade.

History[edit]

The idea of a Board of Trade was first translated into action by Oliver Cromwell in 1655 when he appointed his son Richard Cromwell to head a body of Lords of the Privy Council, judges and merchants to consider measures to promote trade. Charles II established a Council of Trade on 7 November 1660 followed by a Council of Foreign Plantations on 1 December that year. The two were united on 16 September 1672 as the Board of Trade and Plantations.

After the Board was re-established in 1696, there were 15 (and later 16) members of the Board - the 7 (later 8) Great Officers of State, and 8 unofficial members, who did the majority of the work. The senior unofficial member of the board was the President of the Board, commonly known as the First Lord of Trade. The board was abolished on 11 July 1782, but a Committee of the Privy Council was established on 5 March 1784 for the same purposes. On 23 August 1786 a new Committee was set up, more strongly focused on commercial functions than the previous boards of trade. At first the President of the Board of Trade only occasionally sat in the Cabinet, but from the early 19th century it was usually a cabinet-level position.

List of Presidents of the Board of Trade[edit]

First Lord of Trade (1672–1782)[edit]

Name Portrait Took office Left office
The Earl of Shaftesbury Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury.jpg 16 September 1672 1676
The Earl of Bridgewater 3rdEarlOfBridgewater.jpg 16 December 1695 9 June 1699
The Earl of Stamford Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford.jpg 9 June 1699 19 June 1702[2]
The Viscount Weymouth LordWeymouth.jpg 19 June 1702 1705
The Earl of Stamford Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford.jpg 1705 12 June 1711
The Earl of Winchilsea Blank.png 12 June 1711 15 September 1713
The Lord Guilford Francis North, 2nd Baron Guildford (1673-1729), circle of Thomas Murray (1663-1734).jpg 15 September 1713 September 1714
The Lord Berkeley of Stratton Blank.png September 1714 12 May 1715
The Earl of Suffolk Blank.png 12 May 1715 31 January 1718
The Earl of Holderness Blank.png 31 January 1718 11 May 1719
The Earl of Westmorland Blank.png 11 May 1719 May 1735
The Earl Fitzwalter Blank.png May 1735 June 1737
The Lord Monson Blank.png June 1737 1 November 1748
The Earl of Halifax 2ndEarlofHalifaxByJoshuaReynoldsNSArtGallery.jpg 1 November 1748 21 March 1761
The Lord Sandys 1stLordSandys.jpg 21 March 1761 1 March 1763
Hon. Charles Townshend CharlesTownshend.jpg 1 March 1763 20 April 1763
The Earl of Shelburne William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne by JL Mosnier crop.jpg 20 April 1763 9 September 1763
The Earl of Hillsborough Marquess of Downshire.jpg 9 September 1763 20 July 1765
The Earl of Dartmouth William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth.jpg 20 July 1765 16 August 1766
The Earl of Hillsborough Marquess of Downshire.jpg 16 August 1766 December 1766
The Viscount Clare Blank.png 19 January 1767 20 January 1768
The Earl of Hillsborough Marquess of Downshire.jpg 20 January 1768 31 August 1772
The Earl of Dartmouth William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth.jpg 31 August 1772 10 November 1775
Lord George Sackville-Germain George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville.PNG 10 November 1775 6 November 1779
The Earl of Carlisle Romney - Frederick Howard, Fifth Earl of Carlisle.jpg 6 November 1779 9 December 1780
The Lord Grantham Thomas Robinson 2nd Baron.jpg 9 December 1780 11 July 1782

President of the Committee on Trade and Foreign Plantations (1784–1786)[edit]

Name Portrait Took office Left office Political party Prime Minister
The Lord Sydney Viscount Sydney by Gilbert Stuart.jpg 5 March 1784 23 August 1786 Whig William Pitt the Younger

President of the Board of Trade (1786–1900)[edit]

Name Portrait Took office Left office1866 Political party Prime Minister
The Earl of Liverpool Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of Liverpool by George Romney.jpg 23 August 1786 7 June 1804 Tory William Pitt the Younger
Henry Addington
The Duke of Montrose Blank.png 7 June 1804 5 February 1806 Tory William Pitt the Younger
The Lord Auckland William Eden 1. baron Auckland.jpg 5 February 1806 31 March 1807 The Lord Grenville
(Ministry of All the Talents)
The Earl Bathurst Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst by William Salter.jpg 31 March 1807 29 September 1812 Tory The Duke of Portland
Spencer Perceval
The Earl of Liverpool
The Earl of Clancarty Richard Le Poer Trench, 2nd Earl of Clancarty by Joseph Paelinck.jpg 29 September 1812 24 January 1818 Tory
F. J. Robinson Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon by Sir Thomas Lawrence cropped.jpg 24 January 1818 21 February 1823 Tory
William Huskisson William Huskisson by Richard Rothwell.jpg 21 February 1823 4 September 1827 Tory
George Canning
Charles Grant Lord-glenelg.jpg 4 September 1827 11 June 1828 Tory The Viscount Goderich
The Duke of Wellington
William Vesey-FitzGerald Blank.png 11 June 1828 2 February 1830 Tory
John Charles Herries John Charles Herries.jpg 2 February 1830 22 November 1830 Tory
The Lord Auckland George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland.png 22 November 1830 5 June 1834 Whig The Earl Grey
The Viscount Melbourne
Charles Poulett Thomson Lord Sydenham.jpg 5 June 1834 14 November 1834 Whig
Alexander Baring AlexanderBaring.jpg 15 December 1834 8 April 1835 Tory The Duke of Wellington
Sir Robert Peel
Charles Poulett Thomson Lord Sydenham.jpg 8 April 1835 29 August 1839 Whig The Viscount Melbourne
Henry Labouchere Portrait of Henry Labouchere, Baron Taunton by Charles Baugniet.jpg 29 August 1838 30 August 1841 Whig
The Earl of Ripon Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon by Sir Thomas Lawrence cropped.jpg 3 September 1841 15 May 1843 Conservative Sir Robert Peel
William Ewart Gladstone William Gladstone by Mayall, 1861.jpg 15 May 1843 5 February 1845 Conservative
The Earl of Dalhousie Dalhousie.jpg 5 February 1845 27 June 1846 Conservative
The Earl of Clarendon 4thEarlOfClarendon.jpg 6 July 1846 22 July 1847 Whig Lord John Russell
Henry Labouchere Portrait of Henry Labouchere, Baron Taunton by Charles Baugniet.jpg 22 July 1847 21 February 1852 Whig
J. W. Henley Joseph Warner Henley.jpg 27 February 1852 17 December 1852 Conservative The Earl of Derby
Edward Cardwell 1stViscountCardwell.jpg 28 December 1852 31 March 1855 Peelite The Earl of Aberdeen
(Coalition)
The Lord Stanley of Alderley Stanley of Adderley2.JPG 31 March 1855 21 February 1858 Whig The Viscount Palmerston
J. W. Henley Joseph Warner Henley.jpg 26 February 1858 3 March 1859 Conservative The Earl of Derby
The Earl of Donoughmore Blank.png 3 March 1859 11 June 1859 Conservative
Thomas Milner Gibson Thomas Milner Gibson.JPG 6 July 1859 26 June 1866 Liberal The Viscount Palmerston
The Earl Russell
Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh.jpg 6 July 1866 8 March 1867 Conservative The Earl of Derby
The Duke of Richmond Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox, and 1st Duke of Gordon.jpg 8 March 1867 1 December 1868 Conservative
Benjamin Disraeli
John Bright John Bright.jpg 9 December 1868 14 January 1871 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue 1st Baron Carlingford.jpg 14 January 1871 17 February 1874 Liberal
Sir Charles Adderley Charles Bowyer Adderley, Lord Norton.jpg 21 February 1874 4 April 1878 Conservative Benjamin Disraeli
Viscount Sandon DFS Ryder 3rd Earl of Harrowby, Lock & Whitfield.jpg 4 April 1878 21 April 1880 Conservative
Joseph Chamberlain Joseph Chamberlain in colour.jpg 3 May 1880 9 June 1885 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
The Duke of Richmond Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox, and 1st Duke of Gordon.jpg 24 June 1885 19 August 1885 Conservative The Marquess of Salisbury
Edward Stanhope Edward Stanhope.jpg 19 August 1885 28 January 1886 Conservative
A. J. Mundella Anthony Mundella.JPG 17 February 1886 20 July 1886 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
The Lord Stanley of Preston Frederick Arthur Stanley.jpg 3 August 1886 21 February 1888 Conservative The Marquess of Salisbury
Sir Michael Hicks Beach, Bt St Aldwyn Michael Edward Hicks-Beach (1st Earl).jpg 21 February 1888 11 August 1892 Conservative
A. J. Mundella Anthony Mundella.JPG 18 August 1892 28 May 1894 Liberal William Ewart Gladstone
James Bryce 1st Viscount Bryce 1902b.jpg 28 May 1894 21 June 1895 Liberal The Earl of Rosebery
Charles Ritchie Charles Thomson Ritchie headshot.jpg 29 June 1895 7 November 1900 Conservative The Marquess of Salisbury

President of the Board of Trade (1900–1963)[edit]

Name Portrait Took office Left office Political party Prime Minister
Gerald Balfour GeraldBalfour.jpg 7 November 1900 12 March 1905 Conservative The 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
Arthur Balfour
The 4th Marquess of Salisbury James Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury.jpg 12 March 1905 4 December 1905 Conservative
David Lloyd George David Lloyd George 1902.jpg 10 December 1905 12 April 1908 Liberal Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Winston Churchill Churchill 1904 Q 42037.jpg 12 April 1908 14 February 1910 Liberal H. H. Asquith
Sydney Buxton Sydney Buxton, 1st Earl Buxton.jpg 14 February 1910 11 February 1914 Liberal
John Burns John Burns.jpg 11 February 1914 5 August 1914 Liberal
Walter Runciman Portrait of Walter Runciman, 1st Viscount Runciman of Doxford.jpg 5 August 1914 5 December 1916 Liberal
Sir Albert Stanley Lord Stanley by Hugh Cecil.jpg 10 December 1916 26 May 1919 Conservative David Lloyd George
(Coalition)
Sir Auckland Geddes Auckland Geddes.png 26 May 1919 19 March 1920 Conservative
Sir Robert Horne Robert Horne cropped.jpg 19 March 1920 1 April 1921 Conservative
Stanley Baldwin Stanley Baldwin ggbain.35233.jpg 1 April 1921 19 October 1922 Conservative
Sir Philip Lloyd-Greame Blank.png 24 October 1922 22 January 1924 Conservative Andrew Bonar Law
Stanley Baldwin
Sidney Webb Sidney Webb.jpg 22 January 1924 3 November 1924 Labour Ramsay MacDonald
Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister Blank.png 6 November 1924 4 June 1929 Conservative Stanley Baldwin
William Graham Blank.png 7 June 1929 24 August 1931 Labour Ramsay MacDonald
Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister Blank.png 25 August 1931 5 November 1931 Conservative Ramsay MacDonald
(1st National Min.)
Walter Runciman Portrait of Walter Runciman, 1st Viscount Runciman of Doxford.jpg 5 November 1931 28 May 1937 Liberal National Ramsay MacDonald
(2nd National Min.)
Stanley Baldwin
(3rd National Min.)
Oliver Stanley Oliver Stanley 1941.jpg 28 May 1937 5 January 1940 Conservative Neville Chamberlain
(4th National Min.;
War Coalition)
Sir Andrew Duncan Blank.png 5 January 1940 3 October 1940 No party
Oliver Lyttelton Oliver Lyttelton Visc Chandos.jpg 3 October 1940 29 June 1941 Conservative Winston Churchill
(War Coalition)
Sir Andrew Duncan Blank.png 29 June 1941 4 February 1942 No party
John Jestyn Llewellin The Home Front in Britain during the Second World War- Personalities TR41.jpg 4 February 1942 22 February 1942 Conservative
Hugh Dalton Hugh Dalton HU 059487 crop.jpg 22 February 1942 23 May 1945 Labour
Oliver Lyttelton Oliver Lyttelton Visc Chandos.jpg 25 May 1945 26 July 1945 Conservative Winston Churchill
(Caretaker Min.)
Sir Stafford Cripps Stafford Cripps 1947.jpg 27 July 1945 29 September 1947 Labour Clement Attlee
Harold Wilson Harold Wilson Number 10 official.jpg 29 September 1947 23 April 1951 Labour
Sir Hartley Shawcross Blank.png 24 April 1951 26 October 1951 Labour
Peter Thorneycroft Peter Thorneycroft cropped.png 30 October 1951 13 January 1957 Conservative Sir Winston Churchill
Sir Anthony Eden
Sir David Eccles David Eccles crop.jpg 13 January 1957 14 October 1959 Conservative Harold Macmillan
Reginald Maudling Reginald Maudling.jpg 14 October 1959 9 October 1961 Conservative
Frederick Erroll Blank.png 9 October 1961 20 October 1963 Conservative

President of the Board of Trade (1963–present)[edit]

Name Portrait Took office Left office Political party Prime Minister
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for Industry, Trade and Regional Development
Conservative Alec Douglas-Home
Edward Heath Heathdod.JPG 20 October 1963 16 October 1964
President of the Board of Trade Labour Harold Wilson
Douglas Jay Blank.png 18 October 1964 29 August 1967
Anthony Crosland Ford A9572 Anthony Crosland crop.jpg 29 August 1967 6 October 1969
Roy Mason Blank.png 6 October 1969 19 June 1970
Michael Noble Blank.png 20 June 1970 15 October 1970 Conservative Edward Heath
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry
John Davies Blank.png 15 October 1970 5 November 1972
Peter Walker Blank.png 5 November 1972 4 March 1974
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for Trade
Labour Harold Wilson
Peter Shore Blank.png 5 March 1974 8 April 1976
Edmund Dell Blank.png 8 April 1976 11 November 1978 Labour James Callaghan
John Smith Blank.png 11 November 1978 4 May 1979
John Nott Blank.png 5 May 1979 5 January 1981 Conservative Margaret Thatcher
John Biffen Blank.png 5 January 1981 6 April 1982
The Lord Cockfield Blank.png 6 April 1982 12 June 1983
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry
Cecil Parkinson Blank.png 12 June 1983 11 October 1983
Norman Tebbit Norman Tebbit Edinburgh University Politics Society 2008.JPG 16 October 1983 2 September 1985
Leon Brittan Lord Brittan 2011.jpg 2 September 1985 22 January 1986
Paul Channon Blank.png 24 January 1986 13 June 1987
The Lord Young of Graffham Lord young of Graffham.jpg 13 June 1987 24 July 1989
Nicholas Ridley Blank.png 24 July 1989 13 July 1990
Peter Lilley Peter Lilley.jpg 14 July 1990 10 April 1992
Conservative John Major
Michael Heseltine Lord Heseltine, Deputy Prime Minister, UK (1995-97) (10559130986).jpg 10 April 1992 5 July 1995
Ian Lang Blank.png 5 July 1995 2 May 1997
Margaret Beckett Margaret Beckett May 2007.jpg 2 May 1997 27 July 1998 Labour Tony Blair
Peter Mandelson Peter Mandelson at Politics of Climate Change 3.jpg 27 July 1998 23 December 1998
Stephen Byers Blank.png 23 December 1998 8 June 2001
Patricia Hewitt Patricia Hewitt.jpg 8 June 2001 6 May 2005
Alan Johnson Alan Johnson -9Oct2007-2.jpg 6 May 2005 5 May 2006
Alistair Darling AlistairDarlingABr cropped.jpg 5 May 2006 27 June 2007
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform
Labour Gordon Brown
John Hutton Msc 2009-Sunday, 11.00 - 12.30 Uhr-Zwez 005 Hutton detail.jpg 28 June 2007 3 October 2008
The Lord Mandelson Peter Mandelson at Politics of Climate Change 3.jpg 3 October 2008 5 June 2009
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
The Lord Mandelson Peter Mandelson at Politics of Climate Change 3.jpg 5 June 2009 12 May 2010
Vince Cable Vince Cable (2013).jpg 12 May 2010 8 May 2015 Liberal Democrats David Cameron
(Coalition)
Sajid Javid Sajid Javid Secretary of State.jpg 11 May 2015 15 July 2016 Conservative David Cameron
(II)
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
Conservative Theresa May
Greg Clark[α] Gregclark.jpg 15 July 2016 19 July 2016
President of the Board of Trade &
Secretary of State for International Trade
Liam Fox Liam Fox 2016.jpg 19 July 2016 Incumbent

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Appointed by the Privy Council in error for 4 days before the mistake was rectified.[3][4][5]

References[edit]