President of the Congress of Deputies

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
President of the
Congress of Deputies
Coat of Arms of the Congress of Spain.svg
Ana Pastor 2014.jpg
Incumbent
Ana Pastor Julián

since 13 January 2016
Congress of Deputies
Style Excelentísimo Señor (m) Excelentísima Señora (f)
Appointer Elected by the Congress of Deputies
Term length 4 years, no limit
Inaugural holder Juan Bravo Murillo
Formation September 24, 1810
Deputy First Vicepresident of the Congress
Salary 143.218,80€ (2017)[1]
Website www.congreso.es
This article is part of a series on the
Politics of the
Kingdom of Spain
Escudo de España (mazonado).svg

The President of the Congress of Deputies (Spanish: Presidente del Congreso de los Diputados) is the presiding officer of the Congress of Deputies, the lower house of Spain's Cortes Generales. The current office was established in 1978 by Article 72, Section 2 of the Spanish Constitution, which states in part, "The Chambers shall choose their respective Presidents...". However, the position has a tradition of more than 200 years, since its creation in 1810 as President of the Cortes of Cadiz.

The current president, of the XII Legislature, is Ana Pastor Julián, a member of the People's Party who was the incumbent caretaker Minister of Public Works and Transport, who represents the electoral district of Pontevedra.

Functions[edit]

  • The President directs and coordinates the Table's action.
    • The following functions are the responsibility of the Table:
      • Adopt as many decisions and measures as are necessary for the organization of work and the internal regime and governments of the Chamber.
      • Prepare the Draft Budget of the Congress of Deputies, direct and control its execution and submit to the Plenary House, at the end of each year.
      • Order the expenses of the Chamber, without prejudice to the delegations that may agree.
      • To qualify, in accordance with the Regulations, the writes and documents of a parliamentary nature, as well as declare the admissibility or inadmissibility of the same.
      • Decide the processing of all writes and documents of a parliamentary nature, in accordance with the rules established in these Regulations.
      • Schedule the general lines of action of the House, establish the calendar of activities of the Plenary and the Commissions for each session and coordinate the work of its various bodies, all after a hearing of the Board of Spokespersons.
      • Any others functions entrusted by this Regulation and those not attributed to a specific body.
  • The President of the Congress holds the representation of the Chamber, ensures the smooth running of the projects, directs the debates, maintains the order of the same and orders the payments, without prejudice to the delegations that can be conferred to the position.
  • It is incumbent upon the President to comply with and enforce the Regulation, interpreting it in cases of doubt and supplying it in cases of omission. When in the exercise of this supplementary function it was proposed to issue a resolution of a general nature, it must mediate the favorable opinion of the Bureau and the Board of Spokespersons.
  • The President also performs all other functions conferred by the Constitution, the laws and these Regulations.[2]

Election[edit]

The Speaker or President of the Congress of Deputies is elected during the constitutive session which follows the General Elections of the Kingdom or during the next session following the resignation of the President.

The election of the President needs an absolute majority in the Chamber. If an absolute majority is not reached in the first vote, a second vote is held immediately after the announcement of the results by the temporal President of the Chamber (the elder deputy).[3] The second vote needs only a simple majority (i.e., more "yes" than "no" votes). Each deputy is free to write the name he wants on his ballot, even if those deputies of the majority group vote for a candidate predefined by their party.

The President's term ends in case of death, resignation, loss of the status of deputy or after the dissolution of the Congress of Deputies, prior to the holding of general elections.[4]

List of Presidents of the Congress of Deputies[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]