List of Presidents of the Dominican Republic

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President of the Dominican Republic
ElSimboloDelPresidenciaDelaRepublicaDominicana.png
Presidential Seal
Presidential Standard of the Dominican Republic (At Sea).svg
Presidential Standard
DaniloMedinaSanchez.jpg
Incumbent
Danilo Medina

since 16 August 2012
Style His Excellency
Residence National Palace, Santo Domingo
Term length Four years
Inaugural holder Pedro Santana
Formation 13 November 1844
Website presidencia.gov.do

The President of the Dominican Republic is both the head of state and head of government of the Dominican Republic. The presidential system was established in 1844, following the proclamation of the republic during the Dominican War of Independence. The President of the Dominican Republic is styled His Excellency during his time in office. His official residence is the National Palace.

The current President of the Dominican Republic is Danilo Medina of the Partido de la Liberación Dominicana (PLD) (Dominican Liberation Party), who took office on 16 August 2012.

Constitutional role[edit]

The Constitution of the Dominican Republic, which was most recently amended in 2015, establishes the requirements, rights and obligations of the President of the Republic.

The office can be held for up to two consecutive four-year terms.[1] Persons who have completed their presidencies cannot run for the presidency again.[1] The change of command takes place every four years, on 16 August, which is the day of the Restoration of the Republic, a national holiday.

Prior to 2015, the President was limited to one consecutive term, but could run for the office again after at least one subsequent term.

Presidents of the Dominican Republic (1844–present)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Title(s)
Bobadilla.jpg Tomás Bobadilla
(1795–1871)
1 March 1844 13 November 1844 Independent Central Government Board
President:
Tomás Bobadilla y Briones
Members:
Manuel Jimenes
Carlos Moreno
Mariano Echavarria
Jose Maria Caminero
Francisco del Rosario Sanchez
Matias Ramon Mella
Manuel Maria Valverde
Francisco Xavier Abreu
Felix Mercenario
Silvano Pujol
Juan Pablo Duarte
1 PedroSantana.jpg Pedro Santana
(1801–1864)
13 November 1844 4 August 1848 Independent President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 4 August 1848 8 September 1848 Independent Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Félix Mercenario
Domingo de la Rocha
José María Caminero
Manuel Jimenes
2 Manuel Jimenez.jpg Manuel Jimenes
(1808–1854)
8 September 1848 29 May 1849 Independent President
3 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez
(1812–1884)
29 May 1849 15 February 1853 Independent President
4 PedroSantana.jpg Pedro Santana
(1801–1864)
15 February 1853 26 May 1856 Independent President
5 Manueldereglamosa.gif Manuel de Regla Mota
(1795–1864)
26 May 1856 8 October 1856 Independent President
6 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez
(1812–1884)
8 October 1856 13 June 1858 Independent President
7 Jose desiderio valverde.gif José Desiderio Valverde
(1822–1903)
13 June 1858 31 August 1858 Independent President
8 PedroSantana.jpg Pedro Santana
(1801–1864)
31 August 1858 18 March 1861 Independent President
Annexed by Spain (18 March 1861 – 14 September 1863)
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg José Antonio Salcedo
(1816–1864)
14 September 1863 10 October 1864 Independent Head of State during the Dominican Restoration War
Gaspar Polanco.jpg Gaspar Polanco
(1801–1864)
10 October 1864 23 January 1865 Independent Head of State during the Dominican Restoration War
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Generals-in-Chief 23 January 1865 24 January 1865 Military Members:
Pedro Antonio Pimentel
Benito Monción
Federico de Jesús García
Benigni Filomeno de Rojas.jpg Benigno Filomeno de Rojas
(1821–1865)
24 January 1865 25 March 1865 Independent Head of State during the Dominican Restoration War
9 Pedro antonio pimentel.gif Pedro Antonio Pimentel
(1830–1874)
25 March 1865 4 August 1865 Independent President
Jose Maria Cabral.jpg José María Cabral
(1816–1899)
4 August 1865 15 November 1865 Military Supreme Chief
Pedro guillermo guerrero.gif Pedro Guillermo
(1814–1867)
15 November 1865 8 December 1865 Independent President of the Provisional Government Junta
10 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez
(1812–1884)
8 December 1865 29 May 1866 Red Party President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Triumvirate 29 May 1866 22 August 1866 Independent Members:
Pedro Antonio Pimentel
Gregorio Luperón
Federico de Jesús García
11 Jose Maria Cabral.jpg José María Cabral
(1816–1899)
22 August 1866 3 January 1868 Blue Party President
12 Manuel Altagracia Cáceres.jpg Manuel Altagracia Cáceres
(1838–1878)
3 January 1868 13 February 1868 Independent President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Junta of Generals 13 February 1868 2 May 1868 Military Members:
José Antonio Hungría
Francisco Antonio Gómez Báez
José Ramón Luciano y Franco
13 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez
(1812–1884)
2 May 1868 2 January 1874 Red Party President
Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González
(1838–1915)
2 January 1874 22 January 1874 Green Party Supreme Chief
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Generals-in-Chief 22 January 1874 6 April 1874 Military Members:
Ignacio María González
Manuel Altagracia Cáceres
14 Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González
(1838–1915)
6 April 1874 23 February 1876 Green Party President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 23 February 1876 29 April 1876 Independent Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Pedro Tomás Garrido
José de Jesús de Castro
Pedro Pablo de Bonilla
Juan Bautista Zafra
Pablo López Villanueva
Jacinto Peynado
15 Ulises espaillat.jpg Ulises Francisco Espaillat
(1823–1878)
29 April 1876 5 October 1876 Independent President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Superior Governing Junta 5 October 1876 11 November 1876 Independent Members:
Pablo López Villanueva
José Caminero Matías
Juan Esteban Ariza Matos
Fidel Rodríguez Urdaneta
José de Jesús Eduardo de Castro Álvarez
Juan Bautista Zafra y Miranda
Pedro Tomás Garrido Matos
Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González
(1838–1915)
11 November 1876 9 December 1876 Green Party Supreme Chief
Marcos Cabral.jpg Marcos Antonio Cabral
(1843–1903)
9 December 1876 26 December 1876 Independent President of the Provisional Government Junta
16 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez
(1812–1884)
26 December 1876 2 March 1878 Red Party President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 2 March 1878 5 March 1878 Blue Party Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
José María Cabral
Joaquín Montolío
17 Cesareo Guillermo B.jpg Cesareo Guillermo
(1847–1885)
5 March 1878 6 July 1878 Red Party President
18 Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González
(1838–1915)
6 July 1878 2 September 1878 Green Party President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg People's Military Chiefs 2 September 1878 6 September 1878 Military People's Military Chiefs
Members:
Ulises Heureaux
Cesáreo Guillermo
Jacinto De Castro.jpg Jacinto de Castro
(1811–1896)
7 September 1878 29 September 1878 Independent Acting President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 30 September 1878 27 February 1879 Red Party Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Cesáreo Guillermo
Alejandro Angulo Guridi
Pedro Maria Aristy
19 Cesareo Guillermo B.jpg Cesareo Guillermo
(1847–1885)
27 February 1879 6 December 1879 Red Party President
20 GregorioLuperon.jpg Gregorio Luperón
(1839–1897)
6 December 1879 1 September 1880 Blue Party President
21 Fernando Arturo Meriño.jpg Fernando Arturo de Meriño
(1833–1906)
1 September 1880 1 September 1882 Blue Party President
22 Hereaux2.gif Ulises Heureaux
(1845–1899)
1 September 1882 1 September 1884 Blue Party President
23 Francisco Billini.jpg Francisco Gregorio Billini
(1844–1898)
1 September 1884 16 May 1885 Blue Party President
24 Woss y gil.jpg Alejandro Woss y Gil
(1856–1932)
16 May 1885 6 January 1887 Blue Party President
25 Hereaux2.gif Ulises Heureaux
(1845–1899)
6 January 1887 27 February 1889 Blue Party President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Manuel María Gautier
(1830–1897)
27 February 1889 30 April 1889 Blue Party Acting President
26 Hereaux2.gif Ulises Heureaux
(1845–1899)
30 April 1889 26 July 1899 Blue Party President
27 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Wenceslao Figuereo
(1834–1910)
26 July 1899 30 August 1899 Blue Party President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 30 August 1899 31 August 1899 Independent Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Tomás Demetrio Morales
Arístides Patiño
Enrique Henríquez y Alfau
Jaime R. Vidal
Braulio Álvarez
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg People's Revolutionary Governing Junta 31 August 1899 4 September 1899 Independent Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Mariano Cestero
Álvaro Logroño
Arístides Patiño
Pedro María Mejía
Horacio Vasquez.jpg Horacio Vásquez
(1860–1936)
4 September 1899 15 November 1899 Red Party President of the Provisional Government Junta
28 Juan Isidro Jimenes.jpg Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra
(1846–1919)
15 November 1899 2 May 1902 Blue Party President
Horacio Vasquez.jpg Horacio Vásquez
(1860–1936)
2 May 1902 23 April 1903 Red Party President of the Provisional Government Junta
29 Woss y gil.jpg Alejandro Woss y Gil
(1856–1932)
23 April 1903 24 November 1903 Blue Party President
30 Presidente Carlos Felipe Morales Languasco.jpg Carlos Felipe Morales
(1868–1914)
24 November 1903 29 December 1905 Red Party President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 25 December 1905 12 January 1906 Independent Council of Secretaries of State
(acting for Morales)
Members:
Manuel Lamarche García
Emiliano Tejera
Andrés Julio Montolío
Francisco Leonte Vásquez Lajara
Carlos Ginebra
Eladio Victoria
Federico Velásquez y Hernández
31 Ramon Caceres.jpg Ramón Cáceres
(1866–1911)
12 January 1906 19 November 1911 Red Party President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 19 November 1911 5 December 1911 Independent Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Miguel Antonio Román
José María Cabral
Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha
Federico Velásquez y Hernández
Manuel Lamarche García
Emilio Tejera
Rafael Díaz
32 Eladio Victoria.jpg Eladio Victoria
(1864–1939)
5 December 1911 30 November 1912 Independent President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Adolfo Alejandro Nouel
(1862–1937)
30 November 1912 13 April 1913 Independent Provisional President
JoseBordas.jpg José Bordas Valdez
(1874–1968)
14 April 1913 27 August 1914 Independent Provisional President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Ramón Báez
(1858–1929)
28 August 1914 5 December 1914 Red Party Provisional President
33 Juan Isidro Jimenes.jpg Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra
(1846–1919)
5 December 1914 7 May 1916 Blue Party President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 7 May 1916 31 July 1916 Independent Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Jaime Mota
Bernardo Pichardo
José Manuel Jimenes
Federico Velásquez y Hernández
34 Francisco Henriquez Carvajal.jpg Francisco Henríquez y Carvajal
(1859–1935)
31 July 1916 29 November 1916 Independent President
Vicini burgos juan bautista.jpg Juan Bautista Vicini Burgos
(1871–1935)
21 October 1922 12 July 1924 Independent Provisional President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
35 Horacio Vasquez.jpg Horacio Vásquez
(1860–1936)
12 July 1924 3 March 1930 Red Party President
Rafael Estrella Urena Great Grandfather.jpg Rafael Estrella Ureña
(1889–1945)
3 March 1930 16 August 1930 Republican Party Acting President
36 Trujillo 1952.jpg Rafael Trujillo
(1891–1961)
16 August 1930 16 August 1938 Patriotic Coalition of Citizens
(until 2 August 1931.)
President
(36) Dominican Party
37 Jacinto Bienvenido peynado.gif Jacinto Peynado
(1878–1940)
16 August 1938 24 February 1940 Dominican Party President
38 Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha.jpg Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha
(1878–1955)
24 February 1940 18 May 1942 Dominican Party President
39 Trujillo 1952.jpg Rafael Trujillo
(1891–1961)
18 May 1942 16 August 1952 Dominican Party President
40 Hector Trujillo 1955.jpg Héctor Trujillo
(1908–2002)
16 August 1952 3 August 1960 Dominican Party President
41 Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpg Joaquín Balaguer
(1906–2002)
3 August 1960 16 January 1962 Dominican Party President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Civic-Military Council 16 January 1962 18 January 1962 Independent Civic-Military Council
Members:
Armando Óscar Pacheco
Luis Amiama Tió
Antonio Imbert Barrera
Enrique Valdez Vidaurre
Wilfredo Medina Natalio
Huberto Bogaert
42 Rafael F.Bonnelly.jpg Rafael Filiberto Bonnelly
(1904–1979)
18 January 1962 27 February 1963 Dominican Revolutionary Party President
43 Juan Bosch (1963).jpg Juan Bosch
(1909–2001)
27 February 1963 25 September 1963 Dominican Revolutionary Party President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Víctor Elby Viñas Román
(1925–2004)
25 September 1963 26 September 1963 Military Chairman of the Provisional Junta
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Emilio de los Santos y Salcié 26 September 1963 22 December 1963 Military Members:
Emilio de los Santos y Salcié
(to 22 December 1963) (Chairman)
Donald Reid Cabral
(from 29 December 1963) (Chairman)
Manuel Enrique Tavares Espaillat
Ramón Tapia Espinal
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Donald Reid Cabral
(1923–2006)
22 December 1963 25 April 1965 Military
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Revolutionary Committee 25 April 1965 25 April 1965 Dominican Revolutionary Party Members:
Vinicio Fernández Pérez
Giovanni Gutiérrez Ramírez
Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deñó
Eladio Ramírez Sánchez
Pedro Bartolomé Benoit
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg José Rafael Molina Ureña
(1921–2000)
25 April 1965 27 April 1965 Dominican Revolutionary Party Provisional President
Vacant (27 April 1965 – 1 May 1965)
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Pedro Bartolomé Benoit
(1921–2012)
1 May 1965 7 May 1965 Military Provisional President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
44 MG Antonio Imbert Barrera.jpg Antonio Imbert Barrera
(1920–2016)
7 May 1965 30 August 1965 Military President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
FranciscoAlbertoCamano.jpg Francisco Caamaño
(1932–1973)
30 August 1965 3 September 1965 Dominican Revolutionary Party President
Note: Contested during occupation
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Héctor García-Godoy
(1921–1970)
3 September 1965 1 July 1966 Social Christian Reformist Party Provisional President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
45 Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpg Joaquín Balaguer
(1906–2002)
1 July 1966 16 August 1978 Social Christian Reformist Party President
46 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Antonio Guzmán Fernández
(1911–1982)
16 August 1978 4 July 1982 Dominican Revolutionary Party President
47 Jacobo Majluta Azar.JPG Jacobo Majluta Azar
(1934–1996)
4 July 1982 16 August 1982 Dominican Revolutionary Party President
48 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Salvador Jorge Blanco
(1926–2010)
16 August 1982 16 August 1986 Dominican Revolutionary Party President
49 Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpg Joaquín Balaguer
(1906–2002)
16 August 1986 16 August 1996 Social Christian Reformist Party President
50 Leonel Fernandez Reyna.jpg Leonel Fernández
(1953–)
16 August 1996 16 August 2000 Dominican Liberation Party President
51 Hipolito mejia.jpg Hipólito Mejía
(1941–)
16 August 2000 16 August 2004 Dominican Revolutionary Party President
52 Leonel Fernandez Reyna.jpg Leonel Fernández
(1953–)
16 August 2004 16 August 2012 Dominican Liberation Party President
53 DaniloMedinaSanchez.jpg Danilo Medina
(1951–)
16 August 2012 Incumbent Dominican Liberation Party President

Military (de facto) leader of the Dominican Republic (1933–1961)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Title(s)
N/A Trujillo 1952.jpg Rafael Trujillo
(1891–1961)
26 May 1933 30 May 1961 Dominican Party Generalissimo

Foreign governors and military commanders[edit]

Spanish Governors and Captains-General
U.S. Commanders
U.S. Governors
U.S. High Commissioner
Commander of U.S. Land Forces (from 28 May 1965, Commander U.S. Forces and Deputy Commander Inter-American Peace Force)
Commanders of the Inter-American Peace Force (IAPF)

Latest election[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Danilo Medina Sánchez Dominican Liberation Party 2,847,438 61.74
Luis Rodolfo Abinader Corona Modern Revolutionary Party 1,613,222 34.98
Guillermo Antonio Moreno García Country Alliance 84,399 1.83
Elías Wessin Chávez Quisqueyano Christian Democratic Party 20,423 0.44
Pelegrín Horacio Castillo Semán National Progressive Force 16,283 0.35
Minerva Josefina Tavárez Mirabal Alliance for Democracy 16,256 0.35
Hatuey de Camps Jiménez Revolutionary Social Democratic Party 8,264 0.18
Flor Soraya Aquino Campos de Checo National Unity Party 5,678 0.12
Invalid/blank votes 96,783
Total 4,708,746 100
Registered voters/turnout 6,765,245 69.60
Source: JCE

See also[edit]

References[edit]