President of Kyrgyzstan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

President of the Kyrgyz Republic
Кыргыз Республикасынын Президенти (Kyrgyz)
Президент Киргизской Республики (Russian)
Presidential standard
Sadyr Japarov
since 28 January 2021
StyleMr. President (informally)
Comrade Commander-in-Chief (military)
His Excellency (international correspondence)
StatusHead of state
Head of government
Member ofCabinet
Security Council
ResidenceAla Archa State Residence
SeatWhite House, Bishkek
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term length5 years, renewable once[1]
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Kyrgyzstan
PrecursorChairmen of the Supreme Soviet of the Kirghiz SSR
Inaugural holderAskar Akayev
Formation27 October 1990; 33 years ago (1990-10-27)
Salary1 281 609 som/US$ 14,660 annually[citation needed]

The president of Kyrgyzstan, officially the president of the Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyz: Кыргыз Республикасынын Президенти, romanizedKyrgyz Respublikasynyn Prezidenti; Russian: Президент Киргизской Республики, romanizedPrezident Kirgizskoy Respubliki), is the head of state and head of government of the Kyrgyz Republic. The president directs the executive branch of the national government, is the commander-in-chief of the Kyrgyz military and also heads the National Security Council.

The president, according to the constitution, "is the symbol of the unity of people and state power, and is the guarantor of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic, and of an individual and citizen."

The office of president was established in 1990 replacing the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet that existed, in different forms, from 1936 whilst the country was known as the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic.

The first popularly elected officeholder was Askar Akayev, who served from October 1990 until 24 March 2005. In July 2005, Kurmanbek Bakiyev was elected. He was re-elected in 2009, but large riots in April 2010 forced him to resign and flee the country. Roza Otunbayeva was selected in April 2010 to head the interim government. She was officially inaugurated on 3 July 2010, as president for a limited term, until elections could be organised. Her successor, Almazbek Atambayev, was elected in the 2011 Kyrgyzstani presidential election and subsequently succeeded Otunbayeva on 1 December that year.

On 16 October 2017, Sooronbay Jeenbekov, the former prime minister, was elected president of the country. He took office on 24 November 2017. On 15 October 2020, Jeenbekov resigned following unrest over the parliamentary elections on 4 October. Jeenbekov was succeeded by Prime Minister Sadyr Japarov, who became acting president before being confirmed as president on 16 October.

Sadyr Japarov is the 6th and current president of Kyrgyzstan, who has held the office since 28 January 2021.[2][3]

Oath of office[edit]

On assuming office, the president raises his/her right arm and puts it on the Kyrgyz Constitution while reciting the following oath:

Мен, (аты-жөнү), Кыргыз Республикасынын Президентинин кызматына киришип жатып, өз элимдин алдында жана Ала-Тоо ыйык Ата, мен ант Кыргыз Республикасынын Башмыйзамынын сыйлоого жана коргоого жана анын мыйзамдарын, Кыргыз Республикасынын мамлекеттик, урмат-сый эгемендигин жана көз карандысыздыгын коргоого жана урмат-сый менен Кыргыз Республикасынын бардык жарандарынын эркиндиги менен укуктарын камсыз кылуу жана талыкпай жогорку милдеттерин жүзөгө ашыруу үчүн Кыргыз Республикасынын президенти, бүткүл эл ишенип мага жүктөгөн! Кудай бизди коргой берсин!

Russian Translation:

Я (полное имя), вступая в должность Президента Кыргызской Республики, перед своим народом и священным отечеством Ала-Тоо, клянусь уважать и защищать Конституцию Кыргызской Республики и ее законы, защищать суверенитет и независимость Кыргызского государства, уважать и обеспечивать права и свободы всех граждан Кыргызской Республики с честью и неустанно выполнять высокие обязанности Президент Кыргызской Республики, доверил мне доверие всего народа! Да защитит нас Бог!

English Translation:

I, (full name), in assuming the office of President of the Kyrgyz Republic, before my people and the sacred fatherland of Ala-Too, I swear to respect and protect the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic and its laws, to protect the sovereignty and independence of the Kyrgyz state, respect and ensure the rights and freedoms of all citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic with honor and tirelessly carry out the high duties of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, entrusted to me by the confidence of the whole people! May God protect us!



The office of president is open to all citizens of Kyrgyzstan who are no younger than 35 years of age, and no older than 65 years of age. A candidate must have a command of the state language, and have resided in the republic for no less than 15 years before the nomination of his or her candidacy for the position. The president cannot be a deputy of the Jogorku Kenesh (Parliament), occupy other positions, or carry out entrepreneurial activities, and must suspend activity in political parties and organizations for their period in office.

On taking office the president must take the following oath, stipulated by Article 45 of the constitution, within 30 days of election before the assembled members of the legislative chamber:

"I, ..., assuming the office of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, before my People and the Sacred homeland Ala-Too do swear:

to sacredly observe and defend the Constitution and laws of the Kyrgyz Republic; to defend the sovereignty and independence of the Kyrgyz State;

to respect and guarantee the rights and freedoms of all citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic; with honor and tirelessly to perform the great responsibility of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic entrusted to me by the confidence of all the People!".[4]

Electoral law[edit]

The president is elected by the citizens of Kyrgyzstan by a majority of votes cast. These elections are held on the basis of universal suffrage, and by secret ballot. To become a candidate a person must obtain the signatures of fifty thousand registered voters.

For an election to be considered valid the turnout must not be lower than fifty percent. Similarly, if a candidate wins the backing of fifty percent of the voters who participated they are the winner. Should no candidate win an outright majority in the first round, the two candidates with the highest number of votes face each other in a second ballot.

Inauguration ceremony[edit]

The Inauguration ceremony of the president of Kyrgyzstan is a ceremony that takes place to mark the start of a new term for the president of Kyrgyzstan.[5]

List of inaugural ceremonies

Date President LocationPlace Document Sworn On Notes
10 December 1991 Askar Akayev White House, Bishkek Constitution of the Kyrgyz SSR It was the first presidential inauguration in the history of Kyrgyzstan.[5]
30 December 1995 Askar Akayev White House, Bishkek Constitution of Kyrgyzstan [5]
9 December 2000 Askar Akayev Philharmonic Hall named after Toktogul Satylganov Constitution of Kyrgyzstan [5]
14 August 2005 Kurmanbek Bakiyev Ala-Too Square Constitution of Kyrgyzstan It took place on Ala-Too Square for the first time.[6] The President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev,[7] the Prime Minister of Tajikistan Oqil Oqilov, the Chairman of the National Assembly of Belarus Gennady Novitsky, the Minister of Defense of Turkey Vecdi Gönül, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Borys Tarasyuk attended the inauguration.[8]
2 August 2009 Kurmanbek Bakiyev Government House, Bishkek Constitution of Kyrgyzstan
3 July 2010 Roza Otunbayeva Philharmonic Hall named after Toktogul Satylganov Constitution of Kyrgyzstan [9][10][11][12][13][14]
1 December 2011 Almazbek Atambayev Philharmonic Hall named after Toktogul Satylganov Constitution of Kyrgyzstan He was inaugurated on 1 December 2011. The ceremony was attended by the president of Turkey, Abdullah Gul, and president of Georgia, Mikheil Saakashvili. The ceremony budget cost less than half of what was spent for inauguration ceremony of Kurmanbek Bakiev in 2009.[15]
24 November 2017 Sooronbay Jeenbekov Ala Archa State Residence Constitution of Kyrgyzstan It was the first inauguration ceremony to take place at the Ala Archa State Residence.[16]
28 January 2021[17] Sadyr Japarov Philharmonic Hall named after Toktogul Satylganov[18] Constitution of Kyrgyzstan The President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the first President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev were invited, but ultimately did not attend the inauguration. However former leaders Sooronbay Jeenbekov and Roza Otunbayeva did attend.[19]


Sooronbay Jeenbekov receiving Ilham Aliyev at the State Residence №2, or known as the Cholpon-Ata State Residence.
  • State residence №1 (Ala Archa State Residence)
  • State residence №2 (Cholpon-Ata State Residence)
  • South Residence
  • Jalal-Abad State Residence

Duties and functions[edit]

Presidential seal.

The head of state holds significant power as provided for in the constitution. This states that they have the authority to:

Presidential appointments[edit]


The president may be dismissed from office by Parliament only on the basis of a charge made by the Legislative Assembly of state treason or another grievous crime supported by a ruling of the Constitutional Court. Such a decision requires the support of two-thirds of the Jogorku Kenesh who are immediately dismissed should the president be found innocent.


If the president becomes unable to carry out their duties for reasons such as death, illness or impeachment, the prime minister shall carry out their duties until the election of a new head of state. This must take place within three months of the termination of their Presidency. Kyrgyzstan has only had one peaceful transition of power from president to president (in 2017). Askar Akayev was forced from office by the Tulip Revolution of 2005 and Kurmanbek Bakiyev was forced from office by the Kyrgyz Revolution of 2010. Almazbek Atambayev was peacefully succeeded by Sooronbay Jeenbekov in 2017. However, Jeenbekov resigned from office due to the 2020 Kyrgyzstani protests and was succeeded by Sadyr Japarov.

List of Presidents of Kyrgyzstan[edit]

The first column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as president, while the second column consecutively numbers the Presidential terms or administrations.

# Elected Name
Picture Took office Left office Political party
1 1990/91[a] Askar Akayev
Аскар Акаев
27 October 1990 30 December 1995 Independent
1995 30 December 1995 9 December 2000
2000 9 December 2000 24 March 2005
Ishenbai Kadyrbekov
Ишенбай Кадырбеков
24 March 2005 25 March 2005 Independent
Kurmanbek Bakiyev
Курманбек Бакиев
25 March 2005 14 August 2005 Independent
2 2005 14 August 2005 15 October 2007 People's Movement of Kyrgyzstan
(2) 15 October 2007 2 August 2009 Ak Jol
2009[b] 2 August 2009 7 April 2010
Roza Otunbayeva
Роза Отунбаева
7 April 2010 3 July 2010 Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan
3 3 July 2010 1 December 2011
4 2011 Almazbek Atambayev
Алмазбек Атамбаев
1 December 2011 24 November 2017 Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan
5 2017 Sooronbay Jeenbekov
Сооронбай Жээнбеков
24 November 2017 15 October 2020
Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan
Sadyr Japarov
Садыр Жапаров
16 October 2020 14 November 2020 Mekenchil
Talant Mamytov
Талант Мамытов
14 November 2020 27 January 2021 Kyrgyzstan
6 2021 Sadyr Japarov
Садыр Жапаров
28 January 2021 Incumbent Mekenchil

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Elected by the Supreme Soviet deputies on 27 October 1990; re-elected popularly on 12 October 1991.
  2. ^ Roza Otunbayeva proclaimed president of the transitional period on 27 June 2010 after a new constitution had been adopted.
  1. ^ "Kyrgyzstan parliament approves referendum on new constitution". 11 March 2021.
  2. ^ "Kyrgyzstan president Jeenbekov resigns after unrest". Reuters. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  3. ^ Merz, Theo (16 October 2020). "Ex-prisoner Sadyr Japarov confirmed as Kyrgyzstan president". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
  4. ^ Kyrgyz Constitution, article 45, §3[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ a b c d "ИНАУГУРАЦИИ 1991-2000".
  6. ^ "Президент Киргизии впервые произнесет присягу перед народом". 14 August 2005.
  7. ^ "The state leader Nursultan Nazarbayev participated in inauguration ceremony of Kyrgyzstan President Kurmanbek Bakiyev, and after that in opening new premises of Kazakhstan Embassy in Bishkek. — Official site of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan". Archived from the original on 15 January 2021. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  8. ^ "В столице Киргизии проходит инаугурация Курманбека Бакиева". 14 August 2005.
  9. ^ "Otunbayeva Inaugurated as Kyrgyz President | Voice of America - English". Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  10. ^ "Otunbaeva Inaugurated As Kyrgyz President". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  11. ^ "Otunbayeva sworn in as Kyrgyz leader in historic first". BBC News. 3 July 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  12. ^ "Roza Otunbayeva sworn in, becoming Central Asia's first female president". France 24. 3 July 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  13. ^ "Kyrgyzstan sets date for presidential inauguration". Hindustan Times. 30 June 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  14. ^ "Otunbayeva inaugurated as Kyrgyz president -". Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  15. ^ "Almazbek Atambaev inaugurated as the president of Kyrgyzstan".
  16. ^ "Date of inauguration of new president of Kyrgyzstan approved". 1 November 2017.
  17. ^ "Инаугурация Садыра Жапарова состоится 28 января". РИА Новости (in Russian). 20 January 2021. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  18. ^ Короткова, Елена (21 January 2021). "В Бишкеке несколько дней будут перекрывать улицы из-за инаугурации Садыра Жапарова". KLOOP.KG - Новости Кыргызстана (in Russian). Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  19. ^ ОСМОНАЛИЕВА, Бактыгуль (13 January 2021). "Инаугурация Садыра Жапарова. Когда и где она пройдет, и кого пригласили". (in Russian). Retrieved 25 January 2021.

External links[edit]