President of the Legislative Yuan

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President of the
Legislative Yuan
Flag of the Republic of China.svg
Flag of the Republic of China
蘇嘉全 (cropped).JPG
Incumbent
Su Jia-chyuan

since 1 February 2016
Appointer Elected by the Legislative Yuan
Term length 4 years, no term limits
Inaugural holder Hu Hanmin
Formation 13 March 1928

The President of the Legislative Yuan (Chinese: 立法院長; pinyin: Lì fǎ Yuàn Zhǎng; Wade–Giles: Li Fa Yüan Chang) is the presiding officer of the Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China. The current President is Su Jia-chyuan, a Democratic Progressive Party at-large legislator.

Election[edit]

The President is elected by and from among all members of the Yuan in a preparatory meeting held on the first reporting day of the first session of each Legislative Yuan, and he shall serve a term the same length as that of other members.

Duty[edit]

The President presides over the Yuan Sittings and the meetings of the Committee of the Entire Yuan and is responsible for the administration of the Yuan. In the cases in which the President of the Legislative Yuan is unable to attend to his or her duties, the Vice President acts in his or her place.

List of President of the Legislative Yuan[edit]

  Kuomintang (Nationalist)   Democratic Progressive Party

Pre-1947 Constitution[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Term Electoral mandates Political Party President
1 px80 Hu Hanmin
胡漢民
Hú Hànmín
8 Oct 1928 2 Mar 1931 KMT Tan Yankai
Chiang Kai-shek
2 ROC President Lin Sen.jpg Lin Sen
林森
Lín Sēn
2 Mar 1931 1 Jan 1932 KMT Chiang Kai-shek
Lin Sen
Did not assume post.
- Republic of China National Emblem.svg Shao Yuanchong
邵元沖
Shào Yuánchōng
2 Mar 1931 1 Jan 1932 KMT Lin Sen
As acting; vice president of the LY.
3 Zhang Ji Minguo.jpg Chang Chi
張繼
Zhang Ji
1 Jan 1932 28 Jan 1932 KMT Lin Sen
Did not assume post.
- Republic of China National Emblem.svg Tan Zhen
覃振
Tán Zhèn
1 Jan 1932 14 May 1932 KMT Lin Sen
As acting; vice president of the LY.
- Republic of China National Emblem.svg Shao Yuanchong
邵元沖
Shào Yuánchōng
14 May 1932 1 Dec 1933 KMT Lin Sen
As acting; vice president of the LY.
4 Sun Fo - Hong Kong - HK - c1950 cs.jpg Sun Fo
孫科
Sūn Kē
29 Jan 1932 17 May 1948 KMT Lin Sen
Chiang Kai-shek

Post-1947 Constitution[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Term Electoral mandates Political Party President
1 Sun Fo - Hong Kong - HK - c1950 cs.jpg Sun Fo
孫科
Sūn Kē
(1891-1973)
MLY for Canton at-large
17 May 1948 23 Dec 1948 1 1948 KMT Chiang Kai-shek
Son of Dr. Sun Yat-sen. Only individual to have been president of three government branches.
2 Republic of China National Emblem.svg Tung Gun-shin
童冠賢
Tóng Guānxián
(1894-1981)
MLY for Chahar at-large
24 Dec 1948 7 Oct 1950 1 KMT Chiang Kai-shek
3 Republic of China National Emblem.svg Liu Jin-chin
劉健群
Liú Jiànqún
(1903-1972)
MLY for Kweichow 2nd District
7 Oct 1950 19 Oct 1951 1 KMT Chiang Kai-shek
Republic of China National Emblem.svg Huang Guo-shu
黃國書
Huáng Guóshū
(1905-1987)
MLY for Taiwan at-large
19 Oct 1951 11 Mar 1952 1 KMT Chiang Kai-shek
As acting.
4 Zhang Daofan.jpg Chang Tao-fan
張道藩
Zhāng Dàofān
(1897-1968)
MLY for Kweichow 2nd District
11 Mar 1952 24 Feb 1961 1 KMT Chiang Kai-shek
5 Republic of China National Emblem.svg Huang Guo-shu
黃國書
Huáng Guóshū
(1905-1987)
MLY for Taiwan at-large
24 Feb 1961 22 Feb 1972 1 1969 KMT Chiang Kai-shek
First native Taiwanese head of any government branch.
Republic of China National Emblem.svg Ni Wen-ya
倪文亞
Ní Wényà
(1902-2006)
MLY for Chekiang 3rd District
22 Feb 1972 28 Apr 1972 1 KMT Chiang Kai-shek
As acting.
6 Republic of China National Emblem.svg Ni Wen-ya
倪文亞
Ní Wényà
(1902-2006)
MLY for Chekiang 3rd District
2 May 1972 18 Oct 1988 1 1972
1975
1980
1983
1986
KMT Chiang Kai-shek
Yen Chia-kan
Chiang Ching-kuo
Lee Teng-hui
- Republic of China National Emblem.svg Liu Kwo-tsai
劉闊才
Liú Kuòcái
(1911-1993)
MLY for Taiwan 1st District
18 Oct 1988 24 Feb 1989 1 KMT Lee Teng-hui
As acting.
7 Republic of China National Emblem.svg Liu Kwo-tsai
劉闊才
Liú Kuòcái
(1911-1993)
MLY for Taiwan 1st District
24 Feb 1989 2 Dec 1990 1 1989 KMT Lee Teng-hui
- Republic of China National Emblem.svg Liang Su-yung
梁肅戎
(1920-2004)
Liáng Sùróng
MLY for Liaopeh at-large
2 Dec 1990 27 Feb 1991 1 KMT Lee Teng-hui
As acting.
8 Republic of China National Emblem.svg Liang Su-yung
梁肅戎
(1920-2004)
Liáng Sùróng
MLY for Liaopeh at-large
27 Feb 1991 31 Dec 1991 1 KMT Lee Teng-hui
Retired with all Mainland legislators.
9 Republic of China National Emblem.svg Liu Sung-pan
劉松藩
Liú Sōngfān
(1931-)
MLY for Taiwan 6th District
17 Jan 1992 1 Feb 1993 1 KMT Lee Teng-hui

Direct Democratic Election[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took Office Left Office Term Electoral mandates Political Party President
9 Republic of China National Emblem.svg Liu Sung-pan
劉松藩
Liú Sōngfān
(1931-)
MLY for Taichung County
1 Feb 1993 1 Feb 1996 2 1992 53.0% KMT Lee Teng-hui
1 Feb 1996 1 Feb 1999 3 1995 46.1%
10 Wang Jin-pyng, President of the Legislative Yuan (7172294519) (cropped).jpg Wang Jin-pyng
王金平
Wáng Jīnpíng
(1941-)
MLY for Kaohsiung County until 2005
MLY for Nationwide KMT at-large №1 from 2005
1 Feb 1999 1 Feb 2002 4 1998 46.4% KMT Lee Teng-hui
Chen Shui-bian
Ma Ying-jeou
1 Feb 2002 1 Feb 2005 5 2001 31.3% + 23.2% (Pan-Blue Coalition)
1 Feb 2005 1 Feb 2008 6 2004 34.9% + 14.9% (Pan-Blue Coalition)
1 Feb 2008 1 Feb 2012 7 2008 53.5%
1 Feb 2012 1 Feb 2016 8 2012 44.5%
Longest-serving president of the Legislative Yuan.
11 蘇嘉全 (cropped).JPG Su Jia-chyuan
蘇嘉全
Sū Jiāquán
(1956-)
MLY for Nationwide DPP at-large №9
1 Feb 2016 Incumbent 9 2016 44.1% DPP Ma Ying-jeou
Tsai Ing-wen
First non-KMT President of the Legislative Yuan.

See also[edit]