President of the National Assembly of Venezuela

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President of the National Assembly
Escudo de Armas de Venezuela 2006.png
Incumbent
Disputed between Luis Parra and Juan Guaidó

since 5 January 2020
AppointerElected by the National Assembly
Term length1 year
Inaugural holderJuan Pablo Guanipa
Formation1999
DeputyFirst Vice President
Websitewww.asambleanacional.gob.ve

The president of the National Assembly (Spanish: Presidente de la Asamblea Nacional) is the presiding officer (speaker) of the National Assembly, Venezuela's unicameral legislature. The president's term coincides with the term of the legislature (five years as per constitutional convention). The post has existed since the election of the first National Assembly in 2000. Before the creation of the National Assembly with the adoption of the 1999 constitution, the country's legislature was the bicameral Congress, which contained the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. The last president of the Senate was Luis Alfonso Dávila, and the last president of the Chamber of Deputies was Henrique Capriles Radonski.

Since 5 January 2019, Juan Guaidó, a member of the Popular Will (VP) party and the Democratic Unity Roundtable coalition,[citation needed] has been President of the National Assembly. On 5 January 2020, however, state police blocked some deputies' entry to the chambers of the National Assembly[citation needed] as Luis Parra was elected to be the next president of the Assembly, with Guaidó and his allies alleging the election took place without a quorum being present. However, José Noriega of the Popular Will party and second vice-president of the National Assembly stated that a sufficient number of votes were cast for a valid election.[1][2][3]

Following the disputed election, two competing claims have emerged over the post - one by Luis Parra and one by Juan Guaidó, with both claiming to be the legitimate President of the National Assembly.[4]

Constitutional role[edit]

The president of the National Assembly's authority resides in Article 194 of the Venezuelan constitution (section 2, chapter 1, Title V: "On the Organization of the National Public Authority"), which states the deputies are to elect a president and two vice-presidents from among themselves to administer and represent the National Assembly for a period of one year. Alongside the president and the two vice-presidents, the deputies also elect a -secretary and an under-secretary. The president of the National Assembly is second in the line of succession of the president of Venezuela after the vice president, as stated in Article 233 of the constitution.

List of presidents of the National Assembly[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office State Legislature Party
1 Coat of arms of Venezuela (1954-2006).svg Willian Lara
(1959–2010)
10 August 2000 5 January 2003 Guárico 1st Fifth Republic Movement
2 Coat of arms of Venezuela (1954-2006).svg Francisco Ameliach
(1963–)
5 January 2003 5 January 2005 Carabobo Fifth Republic Movement
3 Nicolas Maduro in Brasilia.jpg Nicolás Maduro
(1962–)
5 January 2005 7 August 2006 Capital District 2nd Fifth Republic Movement
4 Cilia Flores 2013.jpg Cilia Flores
(1953–)
15 August 2006 5 January 2011 Capital District Fifth Republic Movement
United Socialist Party
5 Coat of arms of Venezuela.svg Fernando Soto Rojas [es]
(1933–)
5 January 2011 5 January 2012 Falcón 3rd United Socialist Party
(GPP)
6 Diosdado Cabello 2013 cropped.jpg Diosdado Cabello
(1963–)
5 January 2012 5 January 2016 Monagas United Socialist Party
(GPP)
7 Henry Ramos Allup Portrait.jpg Henry Ramos Allup
(1943–)
5 January 2016 5 January 2017 Capital District 4th Democratic Action
(MUD)
8 Julio Andrés Borges.png Julio Borges
(1969–)
5 January 2017 5 January 2018 Miranda Justice First
(MUD)
9 Coat of arms of Venezuela.svg Omar Barboza
(1944–)
5 January 2018 5 January 2019 Zulia A New Era
(MUD)
10 Juan Guaidó in Group of Lima 2019 cropped.jpg Juan Guaidó
(1983–)
5 January 2019
(disputed with Parra from 5 January 2020)
present Vargas
(La Guaira)
Popular Will
(MUD)
11 Luis Eduardo Parra.png Luis Parra
(1978–)
5 January 2020
(disputed with Guaidó)
present Yaracuy Independent
(GPP)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Venezuela elige nueva directiva de Asamblea Nacional, presidida por el diputado Luis Parra" (in Spanish). Telesur. January 5, 2019. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  2. ^ "Juan Guaidó es sustituido por Luis Parra como líder de la Asamblea Nacional en desacato de Venezuela" (in Spanish). RT. January 5, 2019. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  3. ^ Romero, Valentín (January 5, 2019). "Parra fue escogido sin votos, ni quórum: Diputados opositores" (in Spanish). Noticiero Digital. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  4. ^ "Two Venezuela lawmakers declare themselves Speaker". 2020-01-06. Retrieved 2020-01-06.

External links[edit]