President of the Trades Union Congress

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The President of the Trades Union Congress is a prominent but largely honorary position in British trade unionism.

Initially, the post of president was elected at the annual Trades Union Congress (TUC) itself, and would serve just for the duration of the congress. Early standing orders stated that preference had to be given to a candidate from the city where the congress was being held; they were not necessarily well-known figures.[1]

In 1900, the standing orders were changed to state that the presidency would be filled by the person who had chaired the Parliamentary Committee over the previous year. As a result, before 1900, numerous people served as Chair of the Parliamentary Committee without becoming President; after this date, Presidents were prominent figures in the national trade union movement.[2] The Parliamentary Committee was replaced by the General Council in 1921, and the system continued.

There were still rare occasions where the Chair did not become President. Margaret Bondfield, who was elected as Chair in 1923, resigned to accept a government post before becoming President.[3] George Isaacs, who was elected as Chair in 1944, similarly resigned to accept a government post, and was replaced by the vice-president: Ebby Edwards, who had president over the previous year's congress.[4]

In recent years, the President has once more been elected at the annual congress, but now officially fills the office for the remainder of the year and then presides over the following year's conference (in the years listed below).

List of presidents[edit]

Year Name Union
1868 Wood, William HenryWilliam Henry Wood Manchester and Salford Trades Council
1869 Wilkinson, ThomasThomas Wilkinson Flint Glass Makers Friendly Society
1871 Potter, GeorgeGeorge Potter London Working Men's Association
1872 Leatherland, W. H.W. H. Leatherland Organised Trade Association
1873 Lishman, WilliamWilliam Lishman Leeds Trades Council
1874 Rolley, WilliamWilliam Rolley Sheffield Federated Trades Council
1875 Fitzpatrick, JamesJames Fitzpatrick Liverpool Trades Council
1875 Battersby, JohnJohn Battersby Scottish Typographical Association
1876 Laird, James C.James C. Laird Newcastle Trades Council
1877 Merrick, DanielDaniel Merrick Leicester Boot and Shoe Finishers
1878 Jones, George FowlerGeorge Fowler Jones Bristol Trades Council
1879 Gibson, DavidDavid Gibson Edinburgh and District Trades Council
1880 Murphy, JohnJohn Murphy Friendly Society of Ironfounders
1881 Coulson, EdwinEdwin Coulson Operative Bricklayers' Society
1882 Austin, RobertRobert Austin Amalgamated Society of Engineers
1883 Smith, ThomasThomas Smith National Union of Boot and Shoe Riveters
1884 Thompson, JamesJames Thompson Aberdeen Trades Council
1885 Threlfall, T. R.T. R. Threlfall Typographical Association
1886 Maddison, FrederickFrederick Maddison Typographical Association
1887 Bevan, W.W. Bevan Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners
1888 Shaftoe, SamuelSamuel Shaftoe Yorkshire United Skip, Basket and Hamper Makers Society
1889 Ritchie, RobertRobert Ritchie Dundee Trades Council
1890 Matkin, WilliamWilliam Matkin General Union of Carpenters and Joiners
1891 Burt, ThomasThomas Burt Northumberland Miners' Association
1892 Hodge, JohnJohn Hodge British Steel Smelters Association
1893 Munro, SamuelSamuel Munro Typographical Association
1894 Delves, FrankFrank Delves Amalgamated Society of Engineers
1895 Jenkins, JohnJohn Jenkins Associated Shipwrights' Society
1896 Mallinson, JohnJohn Mallinson Edinburgh Trades Council
1897 Stevens, John ValentineJohn Valentine Stevens Tinplate Workers Union
1898 O'Grady, JamesJames O'Grady Amalgamated Union of Cabinet Makers
1899 Vernon, W. J.W. J. Vernon Typographical Association
1900 Pickles, WilliamWilliam Pickles National Amalgamated Society of House and Ship Painters
1901 Bowerman, C. W.C. W. Bowerman London Society of Compositors
1902 Steadman, W. C.W. C. Steadman River Thames Barge Builders Trades Union
1903 Boyd Hornidge, W.W. Boyd Hornidge National Union of Boot and Shoe Operatives
1904 Bell, RichardRichard Bell Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants
1905 Sexton, JamesJames Sexton National Union of Dock Labourers
1906 Cummings, D. C.D. C. Cummings United Society of Boilermakers
1907 Gill, AlfredAlfred Gill Bolton Cotton Spinners Association
1908 Shackleton, DavidDavid Shackleton Northern Counties Amalgamated Association of Weavers
1909 Shackleton, DavidDavid Shackleton Northern Counties Amalgamated Association of Weavers
1910 Haslam, JamesJames Haslam Miners Federation of Great Britain
1911 Mullin, WilliamWilliam Mullin Amalgamated Association of Card and Blowing Room Operatives
1912 Thorne, WillWill Thorne National Union of Gas Workers and General Labourers
1913 Davis, William JohnWilliam John Davis Amalgamated Society of Brassworkers
1915 Seddon, JamesJames Seddon National Amalgamated Union of Shop Assistants, Warehousemen and Clerks
1916 Gosling, HarryHarry Gosling National Transport Workers Federation
1917 Hill, JohnJohn Hill United Society of Boilermakers
1918 Ogden, John WilliamJohn William Ogden Northern Counties Amalgamated Association of Weavers
1919 Stuart-Bunning, G. H.G. H. Stuart-Bunning Postmen's Federation
1920 Thomas, JimmyJimmy Thomas National Union of Railwaymen
1921 Poulton, Edward L.Edward L. Poulton National Union of Boot and Shoe Operatives
1922 Walker, Robert BarrieRobert Barrie Walker National Union of Agricultural Workers
1923 Williams, JoeJoe Williams Musicians Union
1924 Purcell, AlfAlf Purcell National Amalgamated Furnishing Trades Association
1925 Swales, AlonzoAlonzo Swales Amalgamated Engineering Union
1926 Pugh, ArthurArthur Pugh Iron and Steel Trades Confederation
1927 Hicks, GeorgeGeorge Hicks Amalgamated Union of Building Trade Workers
1928 Turner, BenBen Turner National Union of Textile Workers
1929 Tillett, BenBen Tillett Transport and General Workers Union
1930 Beard, JohnJohn Beard Transport and General Workers Union
1931 Hayday, ArthurArthur Hayday National Union of General and Municipal Workers
1932 Bromley, JohnJohn Bromley Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen
1933 Walkden, AlexanderAlexander Walkden Railway Clerks' Association
1934 Conley, AndrewAndrew Conley National Union of Tailors and Garment Workers
1935 Kean, WilliamWilliam Kean National Union of Gold, Silver and Allied Trades
1936 Findlay, AllanAllan Findlay United Patternmakers Association
1937 Bevin, ErnestErnest Bevin Transport and General Workers Union
1938 Elvin, Herbert HenryHerbert Henry Elvin National Union of Clerks and Administrative Workers
1939 Hallsworth, JosephJoseph Hallsworth National Union of Distributive and Allied Workers
1940 Holmes, BillBill Holmes National Union of Agricultural Workers
1941 Gibson, GeorgeGeorge Gibson Mental Hospital and Institutional Workers Union
1942 Wolstencroft, FrankFrank Wolstencroft Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers
1943 Loughlin, AnneAnne Loughlin National Union of Tailors and Garment Workers
1944 Edwards, EbbyEbby Edwards Miners Federation of Great Britain
1945 Edwards, EbbyEbby Edwards National Union of Mineworkers
1946 Dukes, CharlesCharles Dukes National Union of General and Municipal Workers
1947 Thomson, George WalkerGeorge Walker Thomson Association of Engineering and Shipbuilding Draughtsmen
1948 Hancock, FlorenceFlorence Hancock Transport and General Workers Union
1949 Lawther, WillWill Lawther National Union of Mineworkers
1950 Bullock, HerbertHerbert Bullock National Union of General and Municipal Workers
1951 Roberts, AlfredAlfred Roberts National Association of Card, Blowing and Ring Room Operatives
1952 Deakin, ArthurArthur Deakin Transport and General Workers Union
1953 O'Brien, TomTom O'Brien National Association of Theatrical and Kine Employees
1954 Tanner, JackJack Tanner Amalgamated Engineering Union
1955 Geddes, CharlesCharles Geddes Union of Post Office Workers
1956 Beard, WilfredWilfred Beard United Patternmakers Association
1957 Williamson, TomTom Williamson National Union of General and Municipal Workers
1958 Yates, TomTom Yates National Union of Seamen
1959 Willis, RobertRobert Willis London Typographical Society
1960 Bartlett, ClaudeClaude Bartlett Confederation Of Health Service Employees
1961 Hill, TedTed Hill United Society of Boilermakers
1962 Godwin, AnneAnne Godwin Clerical and Administrative Workers Union
1963 Hayday, FrederickFrederick Hayday National Union of General and Municipal Workers
1964 Lowthian, George H.George H. Lowthian Amalgamated Union of Building Trade Workers
1965 Collison, HaroldHarold Collison National Union of Agricultural Workers
1966 O'Hagan, JosephJoseph O'Hagan National Union of Blastfurnacemen, Ore Miners, Coke Workers and Kindred Trades
1967 Douglass, HarryHarry Douglass Iron and Steel Trades Confederation
1968 Wright, LewisLewis Wright Amalgamated Weavers' Association
1969 Newton, John E.John E. Newton National Union of Tailors and Garment Workers
1970 Greene, SidneySidney Greene National Union of Railwaymen
1971 Cooper, JackJack Cooper National Union of General and Municipal Workers
1972 Smith, GeorgeGeorge Smith Union of Construction, Allied Trades and Technicians
1973 Crawford, JosephJoseph Crawford National Association of Colliery Overmen, Deputies and Shotfirers
1974 Allen, AlfredAlfred Allen Union of Shop, Distributive and Allied Workers
1975 Patterson, MarieMarie Patterson Transport and General Workers Union
1976 Plant, CyrilCyril Plant Inland Revenue Staff Federation
1977 McGarvey, DannyDanny McGarvey[5] Amalgamated Society of Boilermakers, Shipwrights, Blacksmiths and Structural Workers
1977 Patterson, MarieMarie Patterson Transport and General Workers Union
1978 Basnett, DavidDavid Basnett National Union of General and Municipal Workers
1979 Jackson, ThomasThomas Jackson Union of Post Office Workers
1980 Parry, TerryTerry Parry Fire Brigades Union
1981 Fisher, AlanAlan Fisher National Union of Public Employees
1982 Sapper, AlanAlan Sapper Association of Cinematograph Television and Allied Technicians
1983 Chapple, FrankFrank Chapple Electrical, Electronic, Telecommunications and Plumbing Union
1984 Buckton, RayRay Buckton Associated Society of Locomotive Engineers and Firemen
1985 Eccles, JackJack Eccles General, Municipal, Boilermakers and Allied Trade Union
1986 Gill, KenKen Gill Technical, Administrative and Supervisory Section
1987 Jarvis, FredFred Jarvis National Union of Teachers
1988 Jenkins, CliveClive Jenkins Manufacturing, Science and Finance
1989 Christopher, TonyTony Christopher Inland Revenue Staff Federation
1990 Maddocks, AdaAda Maddocks National and Local Government Officers Association
1991 Smith, AlecAlec Smith GMB Union
1992 Bickerstaffe, RodneyRodney Bickerstaffe National Union of Public Employees
1993 Tuffin, AlanAlan Tuffin Union of Communication Workers
1994 Knapp, JimmyJimmy Knapp National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers
1995 Mills, LeifLeif Mills Banking, Insurance and Finance Union
1996 Prosser, MargaretMargaret Prosser Transport and General Workers Union
1997 Dubbins, TonyTony Dubbins Graphical, Paper and Media Union
1998 Edmonds, JohnJohn Edmonds GMB Union
1999 Mackenzie, HectorHector Mackenzie UNISON
2000 Donaghy, RitaRita Donaghy UNISON
2001 Morris, BillBill Morris Transport and General Workers Union
2002 Young, TonyTony Young Communication Workers Union
2003 Gruchy, Nigel deNigel de Gruchy National Association of Schoolmasters Union of Women Teachers
2004 Lyons, RogerRoger Lyons Amicus
2005 Drake, JeannieJeannie Drake Communication Workers Union
2006 Mills, GloriaGloria Mills UNISON
2007 Shepherd, AlisonAlison Shepherd UNISON
2008 Prentis, DaveDave Prentis UNISON
2009 Bearcroft, SheilaSheila Bearcroft GMB Union
2010 Rooney, DougieDougie Rooney Unite
2011 Leahy, MichaelMichael Leahy Community
2012 Kenny, PaulPaul Kenny GMB Union
2013 Mercer, LesleyLesley Mercer Chartered Society of Physiotherapy
2014 Taj, MohammadMohammad Taj Unite
2015 Manasseh, LeslieLeslie Manasseh Prospect
2016 Snape, LizLiz Snape UNISON
2017 Bousted, MaryMary Bousted Association of Teachers and Lecturers

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Trades Union Congress, Annual Report of the 1874 Trades Union Congress
  2. ^ Trades Union Congress, Annual Report of the 1900 Trades Union Congress, pp.94-95
  3. ^ Daniel Fairchild Calhoun, The United Front!: The TUC and the Russians, 1923-1928, p.46
  4. ^ Trades Union Congress, Annual Report of the 1945 Trades Union Congress, p.23
  5. ^ John Kerr, "Sir Daniel McGarvey - 'boots' to union boss", The Guardian, 27 April 1977, p.3: McGarvey died in office