"Terra das Cachoeiras" (Land of the Waterfalls)
Location of the municipality inside Amazonas
|Founded||December 10, 1985|
|• Mayor||Romeiro Mendonça|
|• Total||25,422 km2 (9,815 sq mi)|
|Elevation||122 m (400 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4|
|Website||Town hall of Presidente Figueiredo, AM|
The name of the municipality honors João Batista de Figueiredo Tenreiro Aranha, the first president of the province of Amazonas at the time of the empire.
The origins of the municipality are mainly related to Novo Airão and Itapiranga, since most of the territory that today is President Figueiredo was dismembered, as well as Manaus, whose neighborhood was an influential factor in the development of the region. The first settlements in these poles date from 1657, to the place where today is the municipality of Manaus, and in 1668, the place today is the headquarters of Novo Airão.
It was from these nuclei that the consolidation and expansion of the settlement of the Baixo Rio Negro took place. Integrated in the municipality of Manaus, Novo Airão became a capital district in 1938, then with the name simply Airão. It is in 1955 that the dismemberment of Manaus takes place, being constituted the Autonomous municipality of Novo Airão. In parallel, in 1952 was created the municipality of Itapiranga, counting in its area with the current village of Balbina.
On December 10, 1981, by Constitutional Amendment No. 12, the municipality of Presidente Figueiredo was created, with territories dismembered from Novo Airão (its eastern border bordering Manaus) and Itapiranga (Vila and surroundings of Balbina), as well adjacent areas of Silves and Urucará. The installation of the municipality took place with the general elections of 1982 and consequently with the possession of the mayor and councilors in January 1983.
The municipality contains the 374,700 hectares (926,000 acres) Caverna do Maroaga Environmental Protection Area, established in 1990. It contains part of the 938,720 hectares (2,319,600 acres) Uatumã Biological Reserve, a strictly protected conservation unit created in 2002. It also holds about 2% of the Rio Negro Left Bank Environmental Protection Area, a 611,008 hectares (1,509,830 acres) sustainable use conservation area created in 1995.
In 2009, Presidente Figueiredo had 22 health facilities among hospitals, emergency rooms, health centers and dental services. Of these, 20 were public and only 2 were private. Among public health facilities, all were owned by the municipal network. In total there were 39 beds for hospitalization in that year.
- "Estimativas da população residente no Brasil e Unidades da Federação com data de referência em 1º de julho de 2016" (PDF). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. 12 September 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- "Amazonas » Presidente Figueiredo". IBGE. 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014.
- APA Caverna do Maroaga (Presidente Figueiredo) (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-10-20
- Unidade de Conservação: Reserva Biológica do Uatumã (in Portuguese), MMA: Ministério do Meio Ambiente, retrieved 2016-04-18
- APA Margem Esquerda do Rio Negro (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-06-28
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