Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS
The Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS (PACHA) was a commission formed by President Bill Clinton in 1995 to provide recommendations on the US government's response to the AIDS epidemic. President George W. Bush and Secretary Tommy G. Thompson renewed the Council's charter on July 19, 2001.
The Council was not the first Presidential inquiry into HIV. In 1987, Ronald Reagan appointed the President's Commission on the HIV Epidemic (1987–88) to investigate the AIDS epidemic. This was followed by the National Commission on AIDS (1989-1993).
The council is now[when?] cochaired by:
- Thomas A. Coburn, M.D. – an obstetrician and former Republican congressman from Oklahoma who gained a national reputation for his opposition to safer sex as a way to prevent HIV infections. Dr. Coburn is currently serving as the Junior Senator from Oklahoma.
- Louis W. Sullivan, M.D. – President's Office, Morehouse School of Medicine, Sullivan was the Secretary of Health and Human Services during the George H. W. Bush administration
The other members are:
- Rosa M. Biaggi, M.P.H., M.P.A – Connecticut Department of Public Health
- Jacqueline S. Clements – Lincoln Community Health Center. Clements is an HIV testing counselor in rural North Carolina who is living with HIV and lost her husband and child to AIDS.
- Mildred Freeman – Director, Health Education Division, National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education
- John F. Galbraith – President and CEO, Catholic Medical Mission Board
- Edward C. Green, Ph.D. – Senior Research Scientist, Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies
- David Greer – A marketing and communications consultant in Philadelphia. He is living with HIV.
- Cheryl-Anne Hall
- Jane Hu, Ph.D. – CEO & Founder, China Foundation, a philanthropic think tank
- Karen Ivantic-Doucette, M.S.N, FNP, ACRN – Marquette University College of Nursing
- Rashida Jolley
- Franklyn N. Judson, M.D. – Professor and Director, Denver Public Health Department
- Abner Mason – Executive Director, AIDS Responsibility Project
- Sandra S. McDonald – President/Founder, OUTREACH, Inc
- Joe S. McIlhaney, M.D.
- Henry McKinnell, Jr., Ph.D. – Chairman & CEO Pfizer Inc
- Brent Tucker Minor – Co-chair of the Ryan White Planning Council. He is living with HIV.
- Jose A. Montero, M.D. – Associate Professor of Medicine, University of South Florida
- Dandrick Moton – Director, Community and Youth Relations, Choosing to Excel
- David Reznik, D.D.S. – Chief, Dental Service, Grady Health System. Reznik is an expert in oral health care for people living with HIV, and serves on the Ryan White Planning Council of Metropolitan Atlanta.
- Debbie Rock – Executive Director, Baltimore Pediatric HIV Program, Inc
- Reverend Edwin Sanders II – Senior Servant, Metropolitan Interdenominational Church
- Prem Sharma, D.D.S., M.S. – Associate Dean Emeritus, Marquette School of Dentistry
- Lisa Mai Shoemaker – HIV/AIDS Activist/Motivational Speaker
- Anita Smith – Children´s AIDS Fund
- Don Sneed – Executive Director, Renaissance III, a non-profit organization providing AIDS-related services in south Texas. Sneed is a former addict, and is living with HIV.
- M. Monica Sweeney, M.D., M.P.H. – Assistant Clinical Professor of Preventive Medicine, SUNY Health Science Center of Brooklyn
- Ram Yogev, MD – Professor of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Medical School
- Charles W. Blackwell – Served as the Council's only Native American member from 1997 to 2001.
- Beny Primm, MD – The Addiction Research and Treatment Corp.
Critics have said they lack confidence in PACHA and note that the Council as reorganized under President Bush held only two meetings in 2002 and issued only five recommendations to the White House. By comparison, the President's Commission on the HIV Epidemic (Watkins Commission) submitted 597 recommendations to the Reagan Administration.
The Union of Concerned Scientists released a report in February 2004 entitled Scientific Integrity in Policymaking that said that President Bush intentionally appointed under-qualified individuals to PACHA as part of a broader effort to manipulate the government's scientific advisory system by providing the appearance of expert advice while controlling the advice given.
Critics pointed to the appointment of Dr. Joseph McIlhaney, a Texas-based doctor known for rejecting the use of condoms to prevent the spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases and for his advocacy of abstinence-only programs despite negligible evidence that they reduce pregnancy rates among young people.
- National Commission on AIDS
- Office of National AIDS Policy
- President's Commission on the HIV Epidemic
- President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
- "Chickasaw Nation Ambassador Charles W. Blackwell – a Man of Vision". KXII. 2013-01-04. Retrieved 2013-01-20.