Presidential Cabinet (Indonesia)

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Presidential Cabinet
Flag of Indonesia.svg
1st cabinet of Indonesia
Indonesian Government (Executive Branch)
National emblem of Indonesia Garuda Pancasila.svg
Date formed 19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)
Date dissolved 14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)
People and organisations
Head of state Sukarno
Head of government Sukarno
No. of ministers 24
History
Successor Sjahrir I

The Presidential Cabinet (Indonesian: Kabinet Presidensial) was the first cabinet established by Indonesia following the 17 August 1945 Indonesian Declaration of Independence. It comprised 20 ministers and four officials. Its term of office ran from 2 September to 14 November 1945.

Background[edit]

Pamphlet announcing Sukarno's Presidential Cabinet and Indonesia's provincial governors.

Indonesian had been under Japanese occupation since 1942, but by 1943, realizing they were losing the war, the Japanese appointed Indonesian advisors (sanyo) to the administration and appointed nationalist leader Sukarno leader of a new Central Advisory Board (Chuo Sani-kai) in Jakarta[1] On 7 August, the day after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (Indonesian: Panitia Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia) or PPKI was established. Sukarno was chairman, and Hatta vice-chairman. On 19 August 1945, this body created 12 ministries for Indonesia's first cabinet. The cabinet as formed contained sanyo as well as officials who had not worked with the Japanese. The cabinet was responsible to President Sukarno.[2][3]

Composition[edit]

President[edit]

Ministers[edit]

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Minister of Home Affairs Raden Adipati Aria Muharam Wiranatakusumah19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
Minister of Foreign Affairs Achmad Subardjo19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
Minister of People's Security Soeprijadi6 October 1945 (1945-10-06)20 October 1945 (1945-10-20)Independent
 Muhammad Soeljoadikusuma20 October 1945 (1945-10-20)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
Minister of Justice Professor Soepomo19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
Minister of Finance Dr Samsi19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)22 September 1945 (1945-09-22)Independent
 A.A. Maramis22 September 1945 (1945-09-22)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
Minister of Education Ki Hadjar Dewantara19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
Minister of Health Dr. Boentaran Martoatmodjo19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
Minister of Social Affairs Iwa Kusuma Sumantri19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
Minister of Information Amir Sjarifuddin19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
Minister of Transportation Abikusno Tjokrosujuso19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
Minister of Welfare R.P. Soerachman19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
Minister of Public Works Abikusno Tjokrosujuso19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
Deputy Minister of Home Affairs Harmani19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
Deputy Minister of Information Ali Sastroamidjojo19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
State Minister Mohammad Amir19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
State Minister Wahid Hasyim19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
State Minister Sartono19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
State Minister A.A. Maramis19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
State Minister Mohammad Amir19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent
State Minister Oto Iskandar di Nata19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)Independent

Officials With the Rank of Minister[edit]

  • Chairman of the Supreme Court: Dr. Koesoema Atmadja
  • Attorney General: Gatot Tarunamihardja
  • State Secretary: Abdoel Affar Pringgodigdo
  • State Spokesman: Soekarjo Wirjopranoto

Changes[edit]

On 22 September 1945, Finance Minister Samsi was replaced by A.A. Maramis on health grounds. In a government decree on 6 October, Soeprijadi, a hero of the Blitar rebellion against the occupying Japanese, was officially appointed defense minister. However, as no news was ever heard of him, on 20 October Muhammad Soeljoadikusuma was appointed ad interim defense minister. Attorney General Gatot Tarunamihardja resigned on 24 October. As a temporary measure, Chief Justice Kusumah Atmaja was appointed acting attorney general. Kasman Singodiedjo was appointed to the post on 7 November.

The end of the cabinet[edit]

On 11 November 1945, the Central Indonesian National Committee, which was the de facto legislature, demanded the cabinet be responsible to it, not to President Sukarno. Sukarno agreed to this and dismissed the cabinet.[4]

References[edit]

  • Kahin, George McTurnan (1952) Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia Cornell University Press, ISBN 0-8014-9108-8
  • Ricklefs (1982), A History of Modern Indonesia, Macmillan Southeast Asian reprint, ISBN 0-333-24380-3
  • Simanjuntak, P. N. H. (2003), Kabinet-Kabinet Republik Indonesia: Dari Awal Kemerdekaan Sampai Reformasi (in Indonesian), Jakarta: Djambatan, pp. 15–23, ISBN 979-428-499-8. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ricklefs (1982) p193
  2. ^ Kahin (1952) p139
  3. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) pp. 16-17
  4. ^ Kahin (1952) pp 168-169