Presidential Seal of Turkey

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Presidential Seal of Turkey
Emblem of the President of Turkey.svg
Armiger President of Turkey
Adopted 1923
Escutcheon A red circle with a large 16-pointed star (the Sun) in the center, which is surrounded by 16 five-pointed stars.
Presidential Flag of Turkey.

The Presidential Seal of Turkey is the official seal of the President of Turkey.

It has a large 16-pointed star (the Sun, symbolizing the Republic of Turkey) in the center, which is surrounded by 16 five-pointed stars, symbolizing the 16 Great Turkish Empires in history.[1]

The roots of the Presidential Seal and Presidential Flag of Turkey go back to September 1922, when a similar flag was used on the automobile that took Mustafa Kemal Atatürk to İzmir during the final days of the Turkish War of Independence.[1] This flag is currently on display at the Anıtkabir Museum in Ankara.[1] The Presidential Flag's characteristics and proportions were legalized with the Sancak Talimatnamesi law on October 22, 1925.[1] According to this law, the Presidential Seal's dimensions were defined as "70cm x 70cm", while the Sun in the center (which looked similar to the current one) was a 20-pointed star containing 10 sharp-edged and 10 oval-edged light rays.[1] The "70cm x 70cm" dimensions of the Presidential Seal were maintained in the Turkish Flag Law of May 29, 1936; but were later reduced to "30cm x 30cm" with a new legal amendment that was made on September 14, 1937.[1] The number of the light rays in the Sun of the Presidential Seal were reduced to 16 (8 long and 8 short light rays, all of them sharp-edged) in order to symbolize the 16 Turkic states in history, with another legal amendment on February 18, 1978.[1] The seal and flag took their current shape and proportions with the final legal amendment on January 25, 1985.[1]

The 16 Great Turkic Empires are a Pan-Turkist concept introduced in 1969 by Akib Özbek.[2] [3] Its association with the seal was introduced in 1985, under president Turgut Özal.[4][3] Prior to this assertion, the 16 stars had been taken as representing sixteen medieval beyliks which succeeded the Seljuk Empire.[5]

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Official website of the Presidency of the Republic of Turkey: Detailed description of the Presidential Seal
  2. ^ Haber yayınları (Nihal Atsız's essay)
  3. ^ a b Official website of the presidency
  4. ^ Central Eurasian Studies Review, Vol. 3, Central Eurasian Studies Society, 2004, p. 23
  5. ^ X. Türk Tarih Kongresi, Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 1994, p. 2947. (Turkish))

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